Michael A. Hoffman II

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Michael A. Hoffman II
Michael Anthony Hoffman II

(1957-01-02) January 2, 1957 (age 67)
Alma materState University of New York at Oswego
OrganizationIndependent History & Research
Known for

Michael Anthony Hoffman II (born January 2, 1957)[1] is an American author. He has been described as a conspiracy theorist[1][2] and, by the Anti-Defamation League and other sources, as a Holocaust denier and antisemite.[2][3]


Hoffman was born to a Catholic family in Geneva, New York. His father, the chief of physical therapy at Clifton Springs Hospital, was German-American. His mother was Italian-American.[1] According to biographical information on the back cover of his book Judaism Discovered, Hoffman studied at the State University of New York at Oswego under Dr. Richard Funk and Dr. Faiz Abu-Jaber, father of Diana Abu-Jaber.

Hoffman was reportedly taught at an early age about William Morgan, whose disappearance in 1826 resulted in the formation of the Anti-Masonic Party. He said that he learned from his maternal grandfather that elections in the United States were rigged by organized crime. From this, Hoffman was said to have deduced that "[n]othing is as it seems to be," which in turn led to a "life long vocation, researching the subterranean workings of the occult cryptocracy's orchestration of American history".[1]

Hoffman claims to have operated an organic farm and to have lived among the Amish for several years. In 1995, Hoffman moved with his family to northern Idaho. There, he hoped to establish a museum that would detail the "Communist holocaust against Christians" (i.e., the persecution of Christians in the Soviet Union), "the holocaust against the Germans", (i.e., the bombing of Dresden and other major German cities in World War II), and the "Holocaust against Japan" (i.e., the bombing of Tokyo and the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki).[1]

Hoffman has written articles for the UK-based magazine Fortean Times,[4] as well as the Lutheran newspaper Christian News of New Haven, MO, which is published by Otten.[5] He has claimed to have worked as a reporter for the Albany, New York, bureau of the Associated Press. His interests include the alleged occult roots of Freemasonry, the command ideology of the Cryptocracy, Fortean phenomena, and the sacred texts of Orthodox Judaism.[6]


Holocaust denial and the Jews[edit]

Hoffman has been described by the Anti-Defamation League as a "Holocaust denier and anti-Semitic ideologue".[3] Other authorities to call him a Holocaust denier include Michael Barkun of Syracuse University and Michael Whine.[2][7][8] Mattias Gardell has asserted: "Antisemitism is prominent... in the worldview of Michael Hoffman II".[1]

Hoffman has worked on the projects of neo-Nazi Tom Metzger and of the Holocaust deniers Willis Carto, David Irving, Ernst Zündel, and Herman Otten.[9] Hoffman was the Assistant Director of the Institute for Historical Review (IHR), a Holocaust denial organization for a period. He retains a connection with it. Stephen A. Atkins, in his book, Holocaust Denial as an International Movement (2009), wrote that Hoffman's newsletter Revisionist History promotes Holocaust denial and Hoffman contends that "the real Holocaust of World War II was deaths caused by the Allies."[7] He quotes Hoffman denying the existence of gas chambers: "[T]here is no material scientific proof for the existence of Nazi homicidal gas chambers. There are no autopsies available from any source showing that even one Jew died as a result of Zyklon B (hydrocyanic acid) poisoning, among the millions who are alleged to have been killed in this manner."[7]

The Great Holocaust Trial: The Landmark Battle for the Right to Doubt the West's Most Sacred Relic (1985) is a sympathetic account of the 1980s Canadian trials of Ernst Zündel. At the time, Zündel was required to appear before the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal for "spreading false news", by distributing the Holocaust-denying pamphlet Did Six Million Really Die? in Canada. Hoffman's book argues that Holocaust denial material should be completely legal to publish.

On his YouTube channel in 2016, Hoffman said: "Judaism’s focus is on self-worship, people who worship themselves, and this is where I see a corollary with Nazis and with what Hitler was doing." He has claimed that Judaism has a positive view of pedophilia and advocates the hatred of non-Jews.[3] He has claimed that early Jewish texts are equivalent to teachings "from the church of Satan".[10]

Irish slavery myth[edit]

Hoffman is the author of They Were White and They Were Slaves: The Untold Story of Enslavement of Whites in Early America.[11] The book was self-published in 1993.[12]

According to Derrick Jensen, Hoffman is "overtly racist" and "attempts to make the case that the enslavement of whites by commercial interests in Britain and the Americas was worse than the enslavement and genocide of Africans... perpetrated by those same interests."[11] Jensen said "Hoffman's analysis is seriously flawed" but that "his scholarship is impressive, and the story he tells is both interesting and horrifying".[11]

The book's espousal of the Irish slaves myth is considered by Liam Hogan (interviewed by the Southern Poverty Law Center in 2016) to be responsible for the notion being absorbed by white supremacists.[13]


Hoffman is the author of Secret Societies and Psychological Warfare which outlines his conspiracy theory of a shadow government or "cryptocracy"[1] that gains power through manipulation of symbols and twilight language. Examples of such "psychodramas," in Hoffman's view, include Route 66 (which connects various centers of occult significance), and the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, in which Hoffman sees ritualistic elements.[1] The theory of masonic symbolism in the assassination of President Kennedy was first articulated by James Shelby Downard, with whom Hoffman co-authored King/Kill-33 which became the inspiration for a song by Marilyn Manson.[14]

Hoffman also states that this ruling cabal is slowly revealing the truth through movies such as They Live and The Matrix and other forms of symbolic and subliminal communication.[1] Hoffman has appeared on the Alex Jones radio show to discuss his theories. In a 2002 lecture in Sandpoint, Idaho, Hoffman analyzed the 9/11 terror attack in terms of human alchemy and psychological warfare.[15]


Hoffman is the author of these self-published books:

  • The Great Holocaust Trial: The Landmark Battle for the Right to Doubt the West's Most Sacred Relic[16]
  • Adolf Hitler: Enemy of the German People
  • They Were White and They Were Slaves: The Untold History of the Enslavement of Whites in Early America
  • The Israeli Holocaust Against the Palestinians (with Moshe Lieberman)
  • Secret Societies and Psychological Warfare
  • Judaism's Strange Gods
  • Judaism Discovered: A Study of the Anti-Biblical Religion of Racism, Self-Worship, Superstition and Deceit
  • Usury in Christendom: The Mortal Sin that Was and Now is Not
  • A Candidate for the Order (a novel)
  • The Occult Renaissance Church of Rome
  • Twilight Language

Hoffman has also written the introductions for modern reprints, which he also published, of:


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Gardell, Mattias (2003). Gods of the Blood: The Pagan Revival and White Separatism. Duke University Press. pp. 98–100, 363. ISBN 9780822330714. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
  2. ^ a b c Barkun, Michael (2003). "Millennialism, Conspiracy, and Stigmatized Knowledge". A Culture of Conspiracy: Apocalyptic Visions in Contemporary America. University of California Press. p. 34. ISBN 9780520238053. Retrieved January 23, 2022. Michael A. Hoffman II, a Holocaust denier and exponent of multiple conspiracy theories...
  3. ^ a b c "Despite YouTube Policy Update, Anti-Semitic, White Supremacist Channels Remain". Anti-Defamation League. August 15, 2019. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
  4. ^ Fortean Times, issue no. 30.
  5. ^ Dec. 10, 2012, p. 5
  6. ^ Paul Rydeen, "Through a Hoffman Lens Darkly," Crash Collusion,
  7. ^ a b c Stephen E. Atkins, Holocaust Denial as an International Movement (Praeger: 2009), p. 178.
  8. ^ Michael Whine, "The Far Right on the Internet" in The Governance of Cyberspace: Politics, Technology and Global Restructuring (ed. Brian D. Loader: Routledge, 1997), p. 212.
  9. ^ Christian News, Dec. 10, 2012, p. 5
  10. ^ "Anti-Semite Louis Farrakhan Teams Up With Notorious Holocaust Denier at Saviours' Day 2019 Conference". Anti-Defamation League. February 17, 2019. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
  11. ^ a b c Jensen, Derrick (2004). "Power". The Culture of Make Believe. White River Junction, Vermont: Chelsea Green Publishing Company. p. 78. ISBN 9781603581837.
  12. ^ Hogan, Liam (January 14, 2015). "'Irish slaves' - the convenient myth". Open Democracy. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
  13. ^ Amend, Alex; Hogan, Liam (April 19, 2016). "How the Myth of the "Irish slaves" Became a Favorite Meme of Racists Online". Southern Poverty Law Center Hatewatch. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
  14. ^ "Kennedy: King Kill 33 - Manson, Holy Wood & JFK - The NACHTKABARETT".
  15. ^ Inside the 9/11 Conspiracy, [Audio CD, 2002].
  16. ^ Originally published in 1985 by the Institute for Historical Review

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