Michael Andrew (swimmer)

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Michael Andrew
Michael Andrew After 50m Victory at 2018 Pan Pacific Championships.jpg
Andrew in 2018
Personal information
Full nameMichael Charles Andrew[1][2]
Nickname(s)Lawrence
National teamUnited States
Born (1999-04-18) April 18, 1999 (age 23)[3]
Edina, Minnesota, U.S.[4]
Height6 ft 6 in (1.98 m)
Weight205 lb (93 kg)
Sport
SportSwimming
StrokesBackstroke, breaststroke, butterfly, freestyle, individual medley
CoachPeter Andrew[5]
Medal record
Men's swimming
Representing the  United States
Event 1st 2nd 3rd
Olympic Games 1 0 0
World Championships (LC) 1 3 2
World Championships (SC) 5 3 1
Pan Pacific Championships 1 0 1
World Junior Championships 4 3 3
Total 12 9 7
Olympic Games
Gold medal – first place 2020 Tokyo 4×100 m medley
World Championships (LC)
Gold medal – first place 2022 Budapest 4×100 m mixed medley
Silver medal – second place 2019 Gwangju 4×100 m medley
Silver medal – second place 2022 Budapest 50 m freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2022 Budapest 4×100 m medley
Bronze medal – third place 2022 Budapest 50 m butterfly
Bronze medal – third place 2022 Budapest 50 m breaststroke
World Championships (SC)
Gold medal – first place 2016 Windsor 100 m medley
Gold medal – first place 2018 Hangzhou 4×50 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2018 Hangzhou 4×100 m medley
Gold medal – first place 2018 Hangzhou 4×50 m mixed freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2018 Hangzhou 4×50 m mixed medley
Silver medal – second place 2016 Windsor 4×50 m freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2016 Windsor 4×50 m medley
Silver medal – second place 2018 Hangzhou 4×50 m medley
Bronze medal – third place 2018 Hangzhou 100 m medley
Pan Pacific Championships
Gold medal – first place 2018 Tokyo 50 m freestyle
Bronze medal – third place 2018 Tokyo 4×100 m mixed medley
World Junior Championships
Gold medal – first place 2015 Singapore 50 m backstroke
Gold medal – first place 2017 Indianapolis 50 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2017 Indianapolis 50 m backstroke
Gold medal – first place 2017 Indianapolis 50 m butterfly
Silver medal – second place 2015 Singapore 50 m freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2015 Singapore 50 m butterfly
Silver medal – second place 2015 Singapore 4×100 m medley
Bronze medal – third place 2015 Singapore 4×100 m mixed medley
Bronze medal – third place 2017 Indianapolis 50 m breaststroke
Bronze medal – third place 2017 Indianapolis 100 m breaststroke
Junior Pan Pac Championships
Silver medal – second place 2014 Maui 100 m backstroke

Michael Charles Andrew (born April 18, 1999) is an American competitive swimmer and an Olympic gold medalist. He was the 2016 world champion in the 100 meter individual medley. At his first Olympic Games, the 2020 Summer Olympics, he won a gold medal and set a world record as part of the 4x100 meter medley relay, placed fourth in the 100 meter breaststroke, fourth in the 50 meter freestyle, and fifth in the 200 meter individual medley.[6] Andrew's swims in 2021 at the 2020 Olympics made him the first swimmer to represent the United States at an Olympic Games in an individual breaststroke event as well as another individual event other than an individual medley in the then-125-year-history of swimming at the Summer Olympics.[7] He has won 76 medals at Swimming World Cup circuits.[8]

In 2017, Andrew became the first person to achieve three world junior records in one session at a World Junior Swimming Championships.[9] At the 2019 World Aquatics Championships, he became the first male swimmer to final in all four strokes, backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly, and freestyle, in the 50 meter events at a single World Aquatics Championships.[10] At the 2022 World Aquatics Championships, he won three medals in individual events, a silver medal in the 50 meter freestyle, a bronze medal in the 50 meter breaststroke, and a bronze medal in the 50 meter butterfly.[11]

Andrew is the world junior record holder in the 50 meter freestyle and a former holder of world junior records in the 50 meter backstroke, 50 meter butterfly, 100 meter breaststroke, and 200 meter individual medley in long course meters.[12][13][9] He is also a world record and Olympic record holder in the long course 4x100 meter medley relay, in which he swam breaststroke, along with Ryan Murphy (backstroke), Caeleb Dressel (butterfly), and Zach Apple (freestyle).[6] Over the course of his career, Andrew has also achieved multiple continental and national records in the 50 meter breaststroke and 100 meter breaststroke events.[14][15]

Early life[edit]

Andrew's parents, Peter and Tina, are South African natives who moved to America in 1997.[4][16] His father served in the South African Navy as a diver.[17] His mother appeared in the British and South African versions of Gladiators, as Laser and Sheena respectively, and his younger sister used to swim.[18]

His family lived in Aberdeen, South Dakota, from 1997 to 2011, where Andrew started swimming at age 7 and competed for the Aberdeen Swim Club.[5][19] Soon after, Andrew's father decided he wanted to coach Andrew himself so his parents bought and converted a nightclub in Aberdeen into a four-lane pool so Andrew could train with Peter as coach, then purchased the building next door and made it into their home.[17] The family moved to Lawrence, Kansas, in 2011.[4] As the house in Lawrence did not come with a pool, they built a shed and a two-lane training pool in the backyard where Andrew was coached by his father.[4][17] In 2013, Andrew turned professional at the age of 14 and became the youngest American swimmer to do so.[20] As a junior swimmer he broke more than 100 National Age Group records (long course meters and short course yards combined), more than any other American swimmer.[21][22] Part of Andrew's coaching by his father during his youth included training in a non-traditional way, using a method called Ultra Short Race Pace Training (USRPT), he has continued to train with this approach into adulthood.[5][23]

Andrew was home-schooled as part of an online program through Liberty University for part of his teenage years after he turned pro in swimming.[24][25] Taking a home-schooling pathway for education, he chose not to compete in high school nor collegiate swimming.[17] When the University opened a pool in 2018, Andrew participated in the first event held at the pool, the 2018 TYR Junior National Cup, to be part of its grand opening.[26]

2014–2017: International career beginnings[edit]

2014 Junior Pan Pacific Championships[edit]

At the 2014 Junior Pan Pacific Swimming Championships, in August in Maui, Hawaii, Andrew won the silver medal in the 100 meter backstroke with a time of 55.81 seconds, placed ninth in the 100 meter butterfly and the 50 meter freestyle, 20th in the 200 meter individual medley, 22nd in the 100 meter freestyle and the 100 meter breaststroke, and swam exhibition in the 4×100 meter freestyle relay and the 4×100 meter medley relay.[27]

2015: International debut[edit]

2015 World Junior Championships[edit]

2015 World Junior Championships
Gold medal – first place 50 m backstroke 25.13 (CR)
Silver medal – second place 50 m freestyle 22.36
Silver medal – second place 50 m butterfly 23.84
Silver medal – second place 4×100 m medley relay 3:37.51
Bronze medal – third place 4×100 m mixed medley relay 3:50.24

In August 2015, Andrew made his international debut when he was 16 years old at the 2015 FINA World Junior Swimming Championships in Singapore.[28][29] He competed in ten events, eight individual and two relays, reached the semifinals or final in all ten events, competed in the final in nine events, and won medals in five events.[30] He won the gold medal in the 50 meter backstroke, breaking the Championships record in both the heats and the final.[28] He also won the silver medal in the 50 meter freestyle and the 50 meter butterfly, placed 4th in the 100 meter backstroke, 4th in the 100 meter breaststroke, 7th in the 200 meter individual medley, 8th in the 50 meter breaststroke, and 9th in the 100 meter butterfly.[30][31] For his two relay events, Andrew won a silver medal as part of the men's 4×100 meter medley relay where he swam backstroke in the prelims and butterfly in the final and a bronze medal on the mixed 4×100 meter medley relay where he swam the breaststroke leg of the relay in the final.[30] FINA named him male swimmer of the meet.[32]

2016: First world title[edit]

2016 US Olympic Trials[edit]

Andrew competed in his first Olympic Trials at the 2016 USA Swimming Olympic Trials in Omaha, Nebraska when he was 17 years old.[33] He swam in five individual events: 50 meter freestyle, 100 meter freestyle, 100 meter breaststroke, 100 meter butterfly, and 200 meter individual medley.[34][35] While he did not make the USA Olympic Team for the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Andrew was closest to making the team in the 100 meter breaststroke where he finished in fourth place.[35][36] With his swim of 59.96 seconds in the prelims heats of the 100 meter breaststroke, Andrew became the youngest American to swim the event in less than one minute, set a National Age Group record in the event, and broke the world junior record of 1:00.12 in the event set by Anton Chupkov of Russia.[36][37][12][38] Andrew lowered his National Age Group and world junior records in the final of the 100 meter breaststroke by swimming the race in 59.82 seconds.[36][39] His time of 1:59.44 in the 200 meter individual medley semifinals tied the world junior record in the event set in 2013 by Gunnar Bentz.[36][40]

2016 World Short Course Championships[edit]

2016 World Short Course Championships
Gold medal – first place 100 m individual medley 51.84
Silver medal – second place 4×50 m freestyle relay 1:24.47 (h)
Silver medal – second place 4×50 m medley relay 1:31.97 (h)

At the 2016 World Swimming Championships held in Windsor, Canada in December 2016 and conducted in short course meters, Andrew won the gold medal and his first individual world title at a world championships meet open to all ages in the 100 meter individual medley with a time of 51.84.[41] He finished 17 hundredths of a second ahead of 2016 Olympic medalist Daiya Seto of Japan who finished second.[42] In the 50 meter breaststroke he finished ninth in the semifinals and did not advance to the final. Likewise, Andrew placed 23rd in the 200 meter individual medley prelims with a time of 1:57.87 and split a 21.44 on the mixed 4×50 meter freestyle relay that placed 11th in the prelims, he did not advance to the next stage of competition in either event.[43] He also contributed to the heats in the 4×50 meter freestyle relay and the 4×50 meter medley relay, winning silver medals in both. He swam a 21.51 for his 50 meters in the 4×50 meter freestyle relay and a 26.62 for his 50 meters of breaststroke in the 4×50 meter medley relay.[43]

2017: Breaking long course world junior records[edit]

On March 4, 2017, Andrew broke the world junior record in the 200 meter individual medley at the 2017 Arena Pro Swim Series in Indianapolis with his time of 1:59.12 in the final.[13][44]

2017 World Junior Championships[edit]

2017 World Junior Championships
Gold medal – first place 50 m freestyle 21.75 (WJ,CR)
Gold medal – first place 50 m backstroke 24.63 (WJ,CR)
Gold medal – first place 50 m butterfly 23.22 (WJ,CR)
Bronze medal – third place 50 m breaststroke 27.39
Bronze medal – third place 100 m breaststroke 1:00.37

At the 2017 FINA World Junior Swimming Championships in Indianapolis in August 2017, Andrew won three gold medals and two bronze medals.[45] In the prelims of the 50 meter freestyle, Andrew broke the world junior record of 22.00, set in the event by Yu Hexin in 2014, with his time of 21.75.[46] In the final of the 50 meter freestyle, Andrew swam a 21.75 again, tied his world junior record, and won the gold medal in the event.[47] For the 50 meter backstroke, Andrew broke the world junior record set by Kliment Kolesnikov at 24.94 in 2016 with a time of 24.63 in the prelims.[48] Andrew tied his world junior record of 24.63 in the final of the 50 meter backstroke and won the gold medal.[49] In the 50 meter butterfly semifinals, Andrew swam a 23.27 and broke the world junior record of 23.39 set by Li Zhuhao in 2015.[50] In the final, Andrew lowered the world junior record he set in the semifinal to a 23.22 and won the gold medal.[51] In the final of the 50 meter breaststroke he swam a 27.39 and won the bronze medal, and in the 100 meter breaststroke final he won the bronze medal with a time of 1:00.37.[45]

Andrew's swims in the evening of August 26, 2017, setting world junior records in the 50 meter backstroke, 50 meter butterfly, and 50 meter freestyle, made him the first swimmer in the world to achieve three world junior records in one session at a FINA World Junior Swimming Championships meet.[9] The time span for Andrew achieving these three records was less than one hour.[39] In addition to the five events he medalled in, Andrew placed 8th in the 200 meter individual medley and 4th in the 4×100 freestyle relay for his prelims relay contributions.[45]

2017 Swimming World Cup[edit]

At the Beijing stop of the 2017 Swimming World Cup in November 2017, Andrew set a world junior record in the short course 100 meter individual medley with his time of 51.86 seconds and finished second overall.[52][53] The following week at the World Cup stop in Singapore, Andrew lowered the world junior record to 51.65 seconds.[54][55] Andrew shared video footage of the race on his YouTube channel later the same month.[56] Also in Singapore, Andrew helped set a new world junior record in the mixed 4x50 meter medley relay, splitting a 26.02 for the breaststroke leg of the relay in the final.[57]

2018–2021: Transitioning to senior competition[edit]

2018: National to international ascent[edit]

2018 National Championships[edit]

Andrew won multiple individual events at the 2018 Phillips 66 National Championships in Irvine, California in July 2018.[58] He won the final of the 50 meter butterfly in a time of 22.93, which broke the Championship record of 23.05 set by Caeleb Dressel in 2017.[59][60] For the 50 meter breaststroke, Andrew tied the US Open record of 26.86 set by Adam Peaty in 2017 and set a new Championship record in the prelims.[59][61] In the final of the 50 meter breaststroke, Andrew won the event with a time of 26.84 and set a new US Open record.[59][14] In the 100 meter breaststroke, Andrew won in a time of 59.38 seconds.[58] Andrew won the final of the 50 meter freestyle with a 21.49, which was less than four tenths of a second ahead of second place finisher Caeleb Dressel and third place finisher Nathan Adrian.[59][62] He also finished in third place in the 100 meter butterfly with a time of 51.68, placed fourth in the 50 meter backstroke in a time of 24.62, and swam a 49.87 and placed 26th in the 100 meter freestyle.[59]

NBC Sports named Andrew male swimmer of the meet.[63] He also received press coverage from ESPN who highlighted Andrew's winning four national titles spanning breaststroke, butterfly, and freestyle events.[64] His wins qualified him for the 2018 Pan Pacific Championships and the 2019 World Championships, which was his first time qualifying for a senior long course team at an international swimming competition.[58]

2018 Pan Pacific Championships[edit]

2018 Pan Pacific Championships
Gold medal – first place 50 m freestyle 21.46
Bronze medal – third place 4x100 m mixed medley relay 3:41.74

At the 2018 Pan Pacific Championships held in Tokyo, Japan in August, Andrew won two medals.[2] He swam a time of 21.46 seconds in the 50 meter freestyle, finished over four tenths of a second before the next fastest swimmer, Caeleb Dressel also of the United States, and won the gold medal.[2][65][66] As part of the mixed 4x100 meter medley relay with Kathleen Baker (backstroke), Caeleb Dressel (butterfly), and Simone Manuel (freestyle), Andrew won a bronze medal.[2] Andrew attributed his gold medal in the 50 meter freestyle to his training method, USRPT.[67] In addition to the events he medaled in, Andrew placed seventh in the final, also called the A final, of the 100 meter breaststroke in a time of 1:00.04, placed first place in the B-final, which was 9th overall, in the 100 meter backstroke with a time of 53.55, and also won the B-final of the 100 meter butterfly with his time of 51.53 seconds.[2]

For his performances at the 2018 National Championships and Pan Pacific Championships, Andrew was nominated for the USA Swimming Golden Goggle Award for "Breakout Performer of the Year", and for his execution in the 50 meter freestyle race at the Pan Pacific Championships he was nominated for the "Male Race of the Year" Golden Goggle Award.[68][69] He won the award "Breakout Performer of the Year", winning one of the two awards he was nominated for.[70]

2018 Swimming World Cup[edit]

In November, Andrew competed at the 2018 Swimming World Cup stop in Beijing, China, tying the American record of 26.15 seconds in the short course 50 meter breaststroke set by Cody Miller.[71] Later in the World Cup circuit, at the Singapore stop, he set new American records in the short course 50 meter breaststroke and 50 meter butterfly.[72][73][74] His time of 26.10 seconds in the 50 meter breaststroke broke the American record of 26.15 seconds set by him and Cody Miller.[73] For the 50 meter butterfly, Andrew lowered the American record from the time of 22.38 seconds set by Tom Shields in 2016 to 22.32 seconds in the final after first breaking the record with his time of 22.37 seconds in the prelims heats of the event.[72][74]

2018 World Short Course Championships[edit]

2018 World Short Course Championships
Gold medal – first place 4×50 m mixed freestyle relay 1:27.89 (h)
Gold medal – first place 4×50 m mixed medley relay 1:36.40 (WR,CR)
Gold medal – first place 4×50 m freestyle relay 1:34.03 (h)
Gold medal – first place 4×100 m medley relay 3:19.98 (h)
Silver medal – second place 4×50 m medley relay 1:30.90 (NR)
Bronze medal – third place 100 m individual medley 51.58

At the 2018 World Swimming Championships swam in short course meters in Hangzhou, China in December, Andrew competed in a total of ten events and won five medals in relay events, four gold medals and one silver medal, and one medal in an individual event, a bronze medal in the 100 meter individual medley where he was the only male swimmer from the United States who was entered to compete in the event.[75][76] For his other four events, Andrew placed 10th in the 100 meter breaststroke with a time of 57.24 seconds, 10th in the 50 meter freestyle at 21.18 seconds, 11th in the 50 meter butterfly in 22.81 seconds, and 18th in the 50 meter breaststroke with a time of 26.62 seconds.[76]

In the final of the mixed 4x50 meter medley relay, Andrew swam the breaststroke leg of the relay and with his relay teammates Olivia Smoliga (backstroke), Kelsi Dahlia (butterfly), and Caeleb Dressel (freestyle), helped set a new world record time of 1:36.40 in the event.[77] Andrew also swam the breaststroke leg of the 4x50 meter medley relay where he won a silver medal and helped set a new American record in the event with finals relay teammates Ryan Murphy (backstroke), Caeleb Dressel (butterfly), and Ryan Held (freestyle).[78] Swimming in the prelims heats of the mixed 4x50 meter freestyle relay, 4x50 meter freestyle relay, and 4x100 meter medley relay, Andrew helped advance each relay to the final of each event and won a gold medal in each race when the finals relays won.[76]

2019: Finalling in 50 meter sprints[edit]

2019 World Long Course Championships[edit]

2019 World Long Course Championships
Silver medal – second place 4x100 m medley relay 3:28.45 (h)

Andrew became the first man to make it to the finals in the 50 meter events for all four strokes at a World Championships meet in July 2019 at the 2019 World Aquatics Championships held in Gwangju, South Korea.[10][79] In the finals he placed 4th in the 50 meter butterfly, 5th in the 50 meter backstroke, 6th in the 50 meter freestyle, and 7th in the 50 meter breaststroke.[80] He earned one medal at the meet, a silver medal in the 4x100 meter medley relay where he swam a 59.75 for the breaststroke leg of the relay in the prelims heats.[81] In his individual event at the 100 meter distance, Andrew ranked 19th with a time of 1:00:04 in the 100 meter breaststroke.[80]

International Swimming League[edit]

In fall 2019, Andrew was a member of the inaugural season of the International Swimming League, swimming for the New York Breakers who competed in the Americas Division.[82] In addition to being a swimmer for the team, Andrew shared the role of co-owner of the New York Breakers with his parents.[83] At the American Final, in College Park, Maryland, he won the 50 meter backstroke, tying with LA Current swimmer Matt Grevers.[84] For the 2019 season, Andrew's performances earned him the Most Valuable Player designation for the New York Breakers.[85]

2020: Pandemic disrupts competition[edit]

Rebounding from his 19th place finish at the 2019 World Championships, Andrew swam a personal best time of 59.14 seconds in the 100 meter breaststroke to win the final at the 2020 TYR Pro Swim Series meet in Des Moines, Iowa in March 2020.[86] At the same meet he also improved his best times in the 200 meter individual medley and 100 meter butterfly.[79] Later in the month, when the 2020 Olympic Games were postponed to 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic, Andrew continued training after a six to seven week break from swimming in a pool.[79][87] One of the ways Andrew adapted to the hiatus in international swimming competition was by experimenting and posting videos of his daily life as a professional swimmer on his YouTube channel.[79]

International Swimming League[edit]

Andrew served as a team captain for the New York Breakers in the 2020 International Swimming League.[85][88]

2021: Olympic Games debut[edit]

Olympic Trials build-up[edit]

At the 2021 TYR Pro Swim Series meet in Indianapolis, Andrew swam and won three individual events.[89] On Thursday May 13, 2021 Andrew competed in the 100 meter breaststroke, swimming a personal best in the finals with a time of 58.67 and setting a new U.S. Open record and a new Pro Swim Series record for the event.[90][91] His swim was the second fastest time in the 100 meter breaststroke long course event in the history of the US.[92] The next day, Friday May 14, 2021, Andrew set another Pro Swim Series record this time in the 100 meter butterfly with a time of 50.80.[93] Saturday May 15, 2021 he won the 200 individual medley swimming a 1:56.84.[89] His swims drew the attention of SwimSwam who chose Andrew as their “Ultra Swim Swimmer of the Month” for the month of May 2021 because of his achievements in his breaststroke, butterfly, and individual medley races and his potential for making the US Olympic Team for the 2020 Olympic Games.[94]

Heading into the 2020 USA Swimming Olympic Trials, Andrew qualified to compete in seven individual events including the 50 meter freestyle, 100 meter freestyle, 100 meter backstroke, 100 meter breaststroke, 200 meter breaststroke, 100 meter butterfly, and 200 meter individual medley.[95][96][97] He qualified for the 200 meter breaststroke in April 2021 at the TYR Pro Swim Series meet in Mission Viejo where he swam a 2:11.32 in the final of his debut racing the event, which was over three seconds faster than the Wave II trials qualification time.[96]

As part of press coverage leading up to the 2020 Olympic Trials (held in June 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic), SwimSwam named Andrew as their top pick in the men's 100 meter breaststroke.[98] Attempting to predict the results, Sports Illustrated selected Andrew as finishing first in the 100 meter breaststroke, second in the 100 meter butterfly, and second in the 200 meter individual medley.[99] Sports Illustrated also listed Andrew as one of two potential breakthrough performers to follow at the meet along with Regan Smith.[100] Andrew also garnered attention from ABC Sport regarding his stance on FINA and potential bans on swimmers participating in the International Swimming League in relation to discussions of prize money for swimmers at the Olympic Games.[101]

Andrew entered to swim six events at the Olympic Trials, the seven events he qualified to swim minus the 200 meter breaststroke.[102][103] In the Omega Timing records book published on the 13th of June 2021 and containing a list of current American Records, Championship Records, US Open Records, and World Records, Andrew was the only male to have set one of these records (the US Open record in the 100 meter breaststroke) in 2021.[104]

2020 US Olympic Trials[edit]

On day one of the USA Olympic Trials, June 13, 2021, Andrew swam a 58.19 in the morning prelims for the 100 meter breaststroke, coming in as the fastest swimmer for the prelims heats and setting a new American Record, US Open Record, and Championship Record in the process.[105][106] His swim also moved him up in rankings to the third fastest swimmer in the event all-time globally and all-time fastest American.[107] In the semifinals for the 100 meter breaststroke the same day, Andrew swam a 58.14, ranking as #1 out of all semifinals swimmers for the event and breaking his own American Record, US Open Record, and Championship Record he set in the prelims.[108][109] Additionally, the first 50 meters of his 100 meter breaststroke clocked in at 26.83 seconds, which broke the former US Open record in the 50 meter breaststroke he set at 26.84 seconds in 2018.[108] Both Andrew and second fastest swimmer in the semifinals, Nic Fink, dropped substantial time in the prelims and semifinals, advancing to the finals the next day.[110][111][112] Andrew's setting the American record twice in one day was an NBC Olympics highlight from day one of the Olympic Trials.[15] According to NBC Sports, Andrew's swims on day one of the Olympic Trials in the prelims and semifinals where he set an American record in each swim was a first for anyone to do so.[113]

In the morning on day two of the Olympic Trials, Monday the 14th of June 2021, Andrew swam a 53.66 in the prelims of the 100 meter backstroke, ranking 7th out of all heats.[114][115] Competing in his first final of the 2020 Olympic Trials in the evening of day two, Andrew swam a 58.73 in the 100 meter breaststroke, ranking #1 for the event.[116] He qualified for the US Olympic Swimming Team in the 100 meter breaststroke, this was his first time qualifying to compete at an Olympic Games.[117][29] Two events later, Andrew swam a 53.82 in the 100 meter backstroke semifinals, ranking #8, and qualifying for the final.[117][118] Andrew making his first US Olympic Team and the 2020 Summer Olympics with the 100 meter breaststroke was highlighted by local news, Aberdeen News and FOX4, swimming news, SwimSwam, and national news, NBC Olympics and NBC Sports.[29][19][119][120][121]

Day three of competition, Andrew competed in the final of the 100 meter backstroke in the evening, swimming a 53.59 and ranking 8th.[122]

In the prelims of the 200 meter individual medley June 17, 2021, Andrew swam a 1:56.25, ranking first, and advancing to the semifinals.[123][124] He dropped more than half a second off his former best time in the 200 meter individual medley with his swim, rising to number five fastest American swimmer in the event to that point in time. [125] Andrew lowered his personal best time in the 200 meter individual medley in the semifinals, swimming a 1:55.26, ranking first for the semifinals heats, and advancing to the final the next day.[126][127] His swim moved him from number five to number three all-time fastest American swimmer in the event as well as making him the fastest swimmer globally for the 2021 year up to then.[128] Andrew also made the top five fastest swimmers all-time globally in the 200 meter individual medley, coming in at number five with his time of 1:55.26.[127] In the final, Andrew finished first with a time of 1:55.44 and qualified for the 2020 Summer Olympics in the event, making it his second event to swim at the Olympic Games.[129][130]

On the seventh day of competition, Andrew competed in the prelims heats of the 50 meter freestyle, swimming a 21.72, ranking second, and advancing to the semifinals later that day.[131][132] He ranked second for both semifinals with a time of 21.55 and qualified for the final on day eight, the last day, of competition.[133][134] Andrew swam a 21.48 in the final, took second place, and qualified to swim the 50 meter freestyle at the 2020 Summer Olympics.[135][136] This marked the first time a swimmer for the United States qualified to compete individually at the Olympic Games both in breaststroke and an event other than an individual medley.[7][136]

2020 Summer Olympics[edit]

2020 Summer Olympics
Gold medal – first place 4x100 m medley relay 3:26.78 (WR)

Prior to the 2020 Summer Olympics, the US Olympic swim team trained together in Hawaii.[137] Andrew filmed some of the typical activities the swimmers took part in during the training camp, edited them together into a vlog format, and shared the video publicly on his YouTube channel to provide viewers a perspective on what it is like to train as a swimmer on the US Olympic team in the time period between qualifying for and competing in an Olympic Games.[138] Andrew was one of 45 entrants in the 200 meter individual medley, 50 entrants in the 100 meter breaststroke, and one of 72 entrants in the 50 meter freestyle at the Olympic Games in Tokyo, Japan.[139]

On the first day of swimming competition, Saturday July 24, 2021, Andrew swam in his first race at an Olympic Games.[140] He won the fifth heat in the prelims of the 100 meter breaststroke, ranked third overall with a time of 58.62, and advanced to the semifinals.[140][141] In the semifinals on July 25, Andrew ranked fifth overall with a time of 58.99 and advanced to the final of the event.[142][143] Andrew swam a 58.84 in the final and finished in fourth place ahead of his American teammate Andrew Wilson who tied for sixth place.[144][145]

On day five, Andrew finished the 200 meter individual medley in the prelims heats with a time of 1:56.40, advancing to the semifinals ranked first overall.[146] In his semifinal heat, Andrew finished second with a time of 1:57.08, which ranked him fourth for both semifinals heats and qualified him for the final of the event.[147][148] In the final on day seven of competition, Andrew finished with a time of 1:57.31, and placed fifth overall in the 200 meter individual medley.[149][150]

In the evening of day seven, Andrew ranked 11th in the prelims heats of the 50 meter freestyle and qualified for the semifinals with his time of 21.89.[151] In the semifinals on day eight, Andrew swam a 21.67 and advanced to the final tied ranked for fifth.[152]

On the final day of competition, Andrew took fourth place with a time of 21.60 in the 50 meter freestyle final.[153] In the final of the 4x100 meter medley relay, Andrew swam the breaststroke leg of the relay and won the gold medal and set the world record and an Olympic record with his relay teammates Ryan Murphy, Caeleb Dressel, and Zach Apple in a time of 3:26.78.[6][154][155][156][157] This was the first time Andrew won an Olympic medal.[154] He swam a 58.49 for the breaststroke leg of the relay, lowering the split time from the previous world record, a 58.57 by Eric Shanteau in 2009, by eight hundredths of a second.[6]

The relay wins by the United States swimmers, including Andrew in the 4x100 meter medley relay, were highlighted by Time magazine as an uplifting note to the 2020 Olympic Games saying, "The relay medals were a welcome boost on the final day, after a disappointing fifth place finish in the first-ever mixed medley relay the day before".[158] Additionally, Andrew became the first athlete in swimming at the Summer Olympics for the United States, a 125 year history at the time of the Olympic Games in 2021, to compete in an individual breaststroke event and an individual non-breaststroke event that was not an individual medley.[7] While Andrew's individual swims were historic for a swimmer of any gender, male, female, or transgender, representing the United States at the Olympic Games, he did not receive a nomination from the USA Swimming Foundation for an individual Golden Goggle Award for this accomplishment.[159] Instead he was nominated for the Golden Goggle Award for "Relay Performance of the Year" for his contribution of lowering the world record split time on the breaststroke leg of the gold-medal-winning and world-record-setting 4x100 meter medley relay.[160]

Andrew's swims throughout the Summer Olympics and at the meets in 2021 leading up to the Olympic Games earned him a spot on the 2021–2022 US National Team in four individual events, the 100 meter breaststroke, the 50 meter freestyle, the 200 meter individual medley, and the 100 meter butterfly.[161][162] Andrew was the only male swimmer and one of seven total swimmers, six were female, for the United States to make the national team in four or more individual events for the year.[161]

International Swimming League[edit]

Andrew remained one of the co-owners of the New York Breakers and decided not to compete as a swimmer in the 2021 International Swimming League season.[88]

2021 World Short Course Championships[edit]

For the 2021 World Short Course Championships in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates starting December 16, Andrew entered to compete in six individual events, the 50 meter breaststroke, 100 meter breaststroke, 50 meter butterfly, 100 meter butterfly, 50 meter freestyle, and 100 meter individual medley.[163] Andrew and his teammates for the Championships being announced ranked as number two, only behind Kyle Chalmers of Australia setting a new world record in the 100 meter freestyle, for "The Week That Was" honor from Swimming World for the week of November 1, 2021.[164]

On day one of competition, Andrew qualified for the semifinals of the 100 meter breaststroke with a time of 57.54 seconds in the prelims heats, which ranked him eighth.[165] He swam a 57.83 in the semifinals of the event, ranked 14th, and did not qualify for the final.[166] Andrew ranked 33rd in the prelims heats of the 100 metre butterfly on day two with a time of 51.69 seconds and did not qualify for the semifinals.[167] Day three, Andrew swam in the 100 meter individual medley prelims heats, not qualifying for the semifinals with his time of 53.04, which ranked him 17th overall.[168] In the prelims heats of the 50 meter freestyle, Andrew qualified for the semifinals ranking 15th with a 21.52.[169] In the semifinals Andrew did not qualify for the final, ranking 16th overall with his time of 21.63 seconds.[170] On day four, Andrew decided not to compete in the 50 meter butterfly.[171] The same day, Andrew and two other United States swimmers, Rhyan White and Michael Brinegar, officially withdrew from competition, which followed the withdrawal of teammates Lydia Jacoby and Katie Grimes one day earlier.[172]

2022: Stabilizing senior competition[edit]

In February 2022, Andrew raced the 100 meter freestyle, 50 meter breaststroke, and 100 meter butterfly on the second day of competition of the 4th Copa Heller Cup in Querétaro, Mexico, notably winning the 50 meter breaststroke over Arno Kamminga of the Netherlands with a time of 27.19 seconds.[173] In early March, Andrew swam a 59.05 at the 2022 Pro Swim Series stop in Westmont, Illinois to win the 100 meter breaststroke, finishing just 0.19 seconds off a Pro Swim Series record of 58.86 seconds set by Adam Peaty in 2017, though Andrew had already broken the record twice in May 2021, first with a 58.82 and then again with a 58.67.[90][174] The next day he won the 100 meter butterfly with a time of 51.74, finishing 0.03 seconds ahead of second-place finisher Shaine Casas.[175] He won the 50 meter freestyle with a 21.73 on the fourth and final day of competition.[176]

2022 International Team Trials[edit]

At the 2022 US International Team Trials in Greensboro, North Carolina, Andrew ranked first in the prelims heats of the 50 meter butterfly on day two with a time of 23.09 seconds and qualified for the evening final.[177] He placed second in the final, finishing in a time of 22.87 seconds, just 0.03 seconds behind the first-place finisher.[178] On the third day, he placed second in the 100 meter butterfly with a 50.88 and won the 50 meter breaststroke with a new American record and US Open record time of 26.52 seconds.[179][180] Later in the same session, he placed fifth in the 50 meter backstroke with a time of 24.80 seconds.[181] The following day, he placed second in the 100 meter breaststroke with a time of 58.51 seconds.[182] He placed second in the final of the 50 meter freestyle on the fifth and final day with a personal best time of 21.45 seconds.[183] In total, he was named to the 2022 World Aquatics Championships team roster by USA Swimming in four individual events, the 50 meter and 100 meter breaststroke, the 100 meter butterfly, and the 50 meter freestyle.[184] Three days later, USA Swimming officially added him to the roster in a fifth individual event, the 50 meter butterfly.[185]

2022 World Long Course Championships[edit]

2022 World Long Course Championships
Gold medal – first place 4×100 m mixed medley relay 3:38.79 (h)
Silver medal – second place 50 m freestyle 21.41
Silver medal – second place 4×100 m medley relay 3:27.79
Bronze medal – third place 50 m butterfly 22.79
Bronze medal – third place 50 m breaststroke 26.72

The first day of swimming competition at the 2022 World Aquatics Championships in Budapest, Hungary in June, Andrew placed ninth in the semifinals of the 100 meter breaststroke with a time of 59.63 seconds.[186] Day two, he won a bronze medal in the 50 meter butterfly with a personal best time of 22.79 seconds, finishing just 0.01 seconds behind silver medalist Nicholas Santos of Brazil and marking his first medal in an individual event at a FINA World Aquatics Championships.[11] Two days later, he swam a 26.72 in the final of the 50 meter breaststroke to win the bronze medal and occupy one of the three podium spots, with Nic Fink of the United States taking the gold medal and Nicolò Martinenghi of Italy taking the silver medal.[11][187] Later in the same session, he won a gold medal in the 4×100 meter mixed medley relay when the finals relay finished first in 3:38.79, in the prelims heats earlier in the day he contributed a split of 50.69 for the butterfly leg of the relay to help qualify it for the final ranking first.[188][189]

Three days later, on day seven, Andrew won his first and only medal of the finals session in the 50 meter freestyle, finishing 0.09 seconds behind gold medalist Ben Proud of Great Britain and 0.16 seconds ahead of bronze medalist Maxime Grousset of France with a personal best time of 21.41 seconds to win the silver medal.[190] He followed his silver medal up with a fourth-place finish in the final of the 100 meter butterfly less than 40 minutes later with a time of 51.11 seconds.[191] He concluded competition on the eighth and final day, splitting a 50.06 for the butterfly leg of the 4×100 meter medley relay in the final to help achieve a time of 3:27.79 and win the silver medal behind only the Italy relay team.[192][193] In July, following his performances, Andrew was named as a member of the roster for the 2022 Duel in the Pool.[194]

2022 World Short Course Championships[edit]

For the 2022 World Short Course Championships, in Melbourne, Australia, Andrew was named to the roster in five individual events, the 50 meter freestyle, 50 meter breaststroke, 100 meter breaststroke, 50 meter butterfly, and 100 meter butterfly.[195]

International championships (50 m)[edit]

Meet 50 free 100 free 50 back 100 back 50 breast 100 breast 50 fly 100 fly 200 medley 4×100 free 4×100 medley 4×100 mixed medley
Junior level
PACJ 2014 1st (b) 22nd 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 22nd 1st (b) 20th exb[b] exb[b]
WJC 2015 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s) 4th 8th 4th 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 9th 7th 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 3rd place, bronze medalist(s)
WJC 2017 1st place, gold medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s) 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s) 8th 4th[a]
Senior level
PAC 2018 1st place, gold medalist(s) 1st (b) 7th 1st (b) 3rd place, bronze medalist(s)
WC 2019 6th 5th 7th 19th 4th 2nd place, silver medalist(s)[a]
OG 2020 4th 4th 5th 1st place, gold medalist(s)
WC 2022 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) 9th 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) 4th 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s)[a]
a Andrew swam only in the prelims heats.
b Andrew swam only in exhibition.

International championships (25 m)[edit]

Meet 50 free 50 breast 100 breast 50 fly 100 fly 100 medley 200 medley 4×50 free 4×50 medley 4×100 medley 4×50 mixed free 4×50 mixed medley
WC 2016 9th 1st place, gold medalist(s) 23rd 2nd place, silver medalist(s)[a] 2nd place, silver medalist(s)[a] 11th
WC 2018 10th 18th 10th 11th 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s)[a] 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 1st place, gold medalist(s)[a] 1st place, gold medalist(s)[a] 1st place, gold medalist(s)
WC 2021 16th DNS 14th DNS 33rd 17th
a Andrew swam only in the prelims heats.

Personal best times[edit]

Long course meters (50 m pool)[edit]

As of July 7, 2022
Long Course
Event Time Meet Date Note(s)
50 m freestyle 21.41 2022 World Aquatics Championships June 24, 2022
100 m freestyle 49.87 2018 USA Swimming Championships July 25, 2018
50 m backstroke 24.39 2019 Sette Colli June 21, 2019
100 m backstroke 53.40 2019 Sette Colli June 22, 2019
50 m breaststroke 26.52 2022 US International Team Trials April 28, 2022 US, Former NR
100 m breaststroke 58.14 sf 2020 USA Swimming Olympic Trials June 13, 2021 AM, NR, US
200 m breaststroke 2:11.32 2021 TYR Pro Swim Series - Mission Viejo April 10, 2021
50 m butterfly 22.79 2022 World Aquatics Championships June 19, 2022
100 m butterfly 50.80 2021 TYR Pro Swim Series - Indianapolis May 14, 2021 PSS
200 m individual medley 1:55.26 sf 2020 USA Swimming Olympic Trials June 17, 2021
400 m individual medley 4:26.24 2017 Arena Pro Swim Series January 14, 2017
Legend: AMAmericas record; NRAmerican record; USUS Open record; PSSPro Swim Series record;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Short course meters (25 m pool)[edit]

Event Time Meet Date Notes
50 m freestyle 20.94 FINA World Cup 2018 November 15, 2018
100 m freestyle 48.89 FINA World Cup 2016 August 26, 2016
50 m backstroke 23.11 FINA World Cup 2018 November 16, 2018
100 m backstroke 50.36 FINA World Cup 2018 October 6, 2018
50 m breaststroke 26.02 2020 International Swimming League October 10, 2020
100 m breaststroke 57.24 2018 World Swimming Championships December 11, 2018
50 m butterfly 22.32 FINA World Cup 2018 November 17, 2018
100 m butterfly 50.61 2020 International Swimming League November 14, 2020
100 m individual medley 51.16 FINA World Cup 2018 November 15, 2018
200 m individual medley 1:56.37 2015 Ontario Junior International December 6, 2015
400 m individual medley 4:13.39 FINA World Cup 2017 November 10, 2017

Legend: h = heats; r = relay lead-off

Swimming World Cup circuits[edit]

The following medals Andrew has won at Swimming World Cup circuits.[8]

Edition Gold medals Silver medals Bronze medals Total
2015 0 0 2 2
2016 0 6 1 7
2017 0 3 2 5
2018 4 25 4 33
2019 7 13 9 29
Total 11 47 18 76

World records[edit]

World junior records[edit]

Long course meters[edit]

No. Event Time Meet Date Location Status Age Ref
1 100 m breaststroke 59.96 h 2016 US Olympic Trials June 26, 2016 Omaha, Nebraska Former 17 [37][12]
2 100 m breaststroke (2) 59.82 2016 US Olympic Trials June 27, 2016 Omaha, Nebraska Former 17 [36][39]
3 200 m individual medley 1:59.44 sf, = 2016 US Olympic Trials June 30, 2016 Omaha, Nebraska Former 17 [40]
4 200 m individual medley (2) 1:59.12 2017 Arena Pro Swim Series March 4, 2017 Indianapolis, United States Former 17 [13][44]
5 50 m backstroke 24.63 h 2017 World Junior Championships August 25, 2017 Indianapolis, United States Former 18 [48]
6 50 m freestyle 21.75 h 2017 World Junior Championships August 25, 2017 Indianapolis, United States Current 18 [46]
7 50 m backstroke (2) 24.63 = 2017 World Junior Championships August 26, 2017 Indianapolis, United States Former 18 [9][49]
8 50 m butterfly 23.27 sf 2017 World Junior Championships August 26, 2017 Indianapolis, United States Former 18 [9][50]
9 50 m freestyle (2) 21.75 = 2017 World Junior Championships August 26, 2017 Indianapolis, United States Current 18 [9][47]
10 50 m butterfly (2) 23.22 2017 World Junior Championships August 27, 2017 Indianapolis, United States Former 18 [51]

Legend: h – heats; sf – semifinal; = – tied pre-existing record

Short course meters[edit]

No. Event Time Meet Date Location Status Age Ref
1 100 m individual medley 51.86 2017 Swimming World Cup November 11, 2017 Beijing, China Former 18 [52][53]
2 100 m individual medley (2) 51.65 2017 Swimming World Cup November 18, 2017 Singapore Former 18 [54][55]
3 4x50 m mixed medley relay 1:41.91 2017 Swimming World Cup November 18, 2017 Singapore Former 18 [57]

World records[edit]

Long course meters[edit]

No. Event Time Meet Date Location Status Age Ref
1 4x100 m medley relay[a] (breaststroke) 3:26.78 (58.49) 2020 Summer Olympics August 1, 2021 Tokyo, Japan Current 22 [6]

a with Ryan Murphy (backstroke), Caeleb Dressel (butterfly), Zach Apple (freestyle)

Short course meters[edit]

No. Event Time Meet Date Location Status Age Ref
1 4x50 m mixed medley relay[a] (breaststroke) 1:36.40 (25.75) 2018 World Swimming Championships December 13, 2018 Hangzhou, China Former 19 [76][77]

a with Olivia Smoliga (backstroke), Kelsi Dahlia (butterfly), Caeleb Dressel (freestyle)

Continental and national records[edit]

Long course meters[edit]

No. Event Time Meet Date Location Type Status Age Notes Ref
1 50 m breaststroke 26.86 h, = 2018 US National Championships July 27, 2018 Irvine, California US Former 19 [59][61]
2 50 m breaststroke (2) 26.84 2018 US National Championships July 27, 2018 Irvine, California US Former 19 [14][59]
3 100 m breaststroke 58.67 2021 TYR Pro Swim Series May 13, 2021 Indianapolis, Indiana US Former 22 [91]
4 100 m breaststroke (2) 58.19 h 2020 US Olympic Trials June 13, 2021 Omaha, Nebraska AM, NR, US Former 22 [105][107]
5 50 m breaststroke (3) 26.83 sf, 2020 US Olympic Trials June 13, 2021 Omaha, Nebraska US Former 22 [108]
6 100 m breaststroke (3) 58.14 sf 2020 US Olympic Trials June 13, 2021 Omaha, Nebraska AM, NR, US Current 22 [108][112]
7 4x100 m medley relay 3:26.78 2020 Summer Olympics August 1, 2021 Tokyo, Japan AM, NR Current 22 WR, OR [6]
8 50 m breaststroke (4) 26.52 2022 US International Team Trials April 28, 2022 Greensboro, North Carolina NR, US Current US 23 [180]
Legend: WRWorld record; AMAmericas record; NRAmerican record; USUS Open record; OROlympic record;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Short course meters[edit]

No. Event Time Meet Date Location Type Status Age Notes Ref
1 50 m breaststroke 26.15 = 2018 Swimming World Cup November 3, 2018 Beijing, China NR Former 19 [71]
2 50 m breaststroke (2) 26.10 2018 Swimming World Cup November 16, 2018 Singapore NR Former 19 [72][73]
3 50 m butterfly 22.37 h 2018 Swimming World Cup November 17, 2018 Singapore NR Former 19 [72][74]
4 50 m butterfly (2) 22.32 2018 Swimming World Cup November 17, 2018 Singapore NR Former 19 [72][74]
5 4x50 m mixed medley relay 1:36.40 2018 World Championships December 13, 2018 Hangzhou, China AM, NR Current 19 Former WR [77]
6 4x50 m medley relay 1:30.90 2018 World Championships December 15, 2018 Hangzhou, China NR Former 19 [78]
Legend: WRWorld record; AMAmericas record; NRAmerican record;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Physique[edit]

Ultra Short Race Pace Training[edit]

Michael Andrew has adopted a unique training style called Ultra Short Race Pace Training.[196] In an interview with NBC Olympics Andrew spoke about his training:

We train as specific as possible. Our sessions are shorter but intentional every time, using USRPT (ultra-short race pace training). I use blood flow restriction to train and recover. We use power plates to train fast twitch fibers.[16]

USRPT, short for Ultra-Short Race-Pace Training, is an evidence-based training program/stroke curriculum developed by Dr. Bent S. Rushall for the sport of swimming that Andrew started using as his training method when he was 10 years old.[197]

In the Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine, Nugent et al., 2019 reviewed the science behind the USRPT methodology finding most of the science to be anecdotal in nature, highlighting the training records of Andrew as one form of more concrete scientific evidence, and emphasizing the importance of statistical evidence in proving the effectiveness of the USRPT methodology.[198]

Diet[edit]

Andrew follows a ketogenic diet as part of his training.[16]

Highlights[edit]

Awards and honors[edit]

Personal life[edit]

Andrew has a girlfriend named Destiny, they started dating February 1, 2020.[206]

Andrew is a Christian. He has said, “Faith is everything. I know that God gives life and without God and what he has done for my family and I, there would be no point in swimming or being here.”[207]

Controversy[edit]

In the weeks leading up to the 2020 Summer Olympics, Andrew made headlines for defending his decision to go to Tokyo without being vaccinated against COVID-19, which he had tested positive for a few months prior.[208] His decision drew attention from national newspaper USA Today who stated Andrew was the biggest name to come out openly about not getting a COVID-19 vaccine in advance of the 2020 Summer Olympics.[209] Athletes were not required to get a COVID-19 vaccine to compete at the 2020 Olympics and estimates put 80 to 90% of athletes on the U.S. team as having received the vaccine, which made Andrew part of the minority that did not get vaccinated.[210] Speaking to Reuters via a media conference call, Andrew clarified, "My reason behind it is -- for one, it was in the last moment I didn't want to put anything in my body that I didn't know how I would potentially react to. As an athlete on the elite level, everything we do is very calculated. For me in the training cycles and especially at trials, I didn't want to risk any days out, because there are periods where if you take a vaccine, you have to deal with some days off."[211]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Records
Preceded by Men's 4×100-meter medley relay world record-holder (long course)
August 1, 2021 – present
With: Ryan Murphy, Caeleb Dressel, Zach Apple
Succeeded by
Incumbents