|United States Ambassador to Japan|
May 15, 1989 – July 19, 1993
|President||George H. W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Mike Mansfield|
|Succeeded by||Walter Mondale|
|United States Secretary of State|
January 20, 1989 – January 25, 1989
|President||George H. W. Bush|
|Preceded by||George Shultz|
|Succeeded by||James Baker|
|13th Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs|
May 18, 1984 – March 2, 1989
|Preceded by||Lawrence Eagleburger|
|Succeeded by||Robert M. Kimmitt|
|United States Ambassador to the Philippines|
March 12, 1982 – April 18, 1984
|Preceded by||Richard W. Murphy|
|Succeeded by||Stephen W. Bosworth|
|President of the Brookings Institution|
October 2, 1995 – July 1, 2002
|Preceded by||Bruce K. MacLaury|
|Succeeded by||Strobe Talbott|
Michael Hayden Armacost
April 15, 1937
|Education||Carleton College (BA) |
Columbia University (PhD)
Michael Hayden Armacost (born April 15, 1937) is a retired American diplomat and a fellow at Stanford University's Freeman Spogli Institute. He was acting United States Secretary of State during the early days of the administration of President George H. W. Bush, before Secretary James Baker was confirmed by the Senate. Armacost also served as United States Ambassador to Japan and the president of the Brookings Institution from 1995 to 2002.
Armacost was a White House Fellow in 1969-1970. Founded in 1964, the White House Fellowship is one of America’s most prestigious programs for leadership and public service. The Fellowship, awarded on a strictly non-partisan basis, offers exceptional young leaders first-hand experience working at the highest levels of federal government.
In January 1977 Armacost was selected as a member of the National Security Council to handle East Asian and Chinese affairs under the Carter administration until July 1978, when he was replaced by Nicholas Platt. Years later he was appointed to be the United States Ambassador to Japan from 1989 to 1993, Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs from 1984 to 1989, and United States Ambassador to the Philippines from 1982 to 1984, during a critical period of political upheaval during the Ferdinand Marcos presidency.
He has received the President's Distinguished Service Award, the Defense Department's Distinguished Civilian Service Award, and the Secretary of State's Distinguished Services Award.
Armacost is the author of three books, the most recent of which, Friends or Rivals?, was published in 1996 and draws on his tenure as ambassador. He also co-edited, with Daniel Okimoto, The Future of America's Alliances in Northeast Asia, published in 2004 by Stanford Walter H. Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center. Armacost has served on numerous corporate and nonprofit boards, including TRW, AFLAC, Applied Materials, USEC, Inc., Cargill, Inc, Carleton College, and The Asia Foundation.
Armacost received a Bachelor of Arts in international relations (1958) and an honorary degree (1989) from Carleton College. He was an international fellow of the School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University in 1961. He earned his Ph.D. from Columbia University in 1965.
- The International Who's Who, 1989–90. 1989. ISBN 9780946653508.
- "Faculty Spotlight: Michael Armacost". aparc.fsi.stanford.edu. October 29, 2014. Retrieved July 29, 2020.
- "Inside the Manila Embassy". Kai Bird. Archived from the original on October 9, 2009. Retrieved November 12, 2009.
- "The Future of America's Alliances in Northeast Asia" (PDF). Retrieved September 8, 2023.
- "Board of Trustees - Carleton College".
- "The Regional Institutes and the International Fellows Program" (PDF). SIPA News. June 2006. Retrieved September 3, 2021.
- "Carleton Announces New Board of Trustees Chair, Members - Carleton College". www.carleton.edu. Retrieved September 8, 2023.
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA): 2007 Autumn Conferment of Decorations on Foreign Nationals, p. 1.
- The Mismatch between Northeast Asian Change and American Distractions, by Michael H. Armacost, NBR Analysis, January 2007
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Forging Even Closer Japan-US Ties | Nippon.com