Michael Artin in 1999
28 June 1934|
Harvard Centennial Medal (2005)|
Steele Prize (2002)
Wolf Prize (2013)
National Medal of Science (2013)
|Thesis||On Enriques' Surfaces (1960)|
|Doctoral advisor||Oscar Zariski|
Michael Artin (German: [ˈaɐ̯tiːn]; born 28 June 1934) is an American mathematician and a professor emeritus in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology mathematics department, known for his contributions to algebraic geometry.
Life and career
Artin was born in Hamburg, Germany, and brought up in Indiana. His parents were Natalia Naumovna Jasny (Natascha) and Emil Artin, preeminent algebraist of the 20th century. Artin's parents left Germany in 1937, because Michael Artin's maternal grandfather was Jewish.
Artin did his undergraduate studies at Princeton University, receiving an A.B. in 1955; he then moved to Harvard University, where he received a Ph.D. in 1960 under the supervision of Oscar Zariski, defending a thesis about Enriques surfaces.
In the early 1960s, Artin spent time at the IHÉS in France, contributing to the SGA4 volumes of the Séminaire de géométrie algébrique, on topos theory and étale cohomology. His work on the problem of characterising the representable functors in the category of schemes has led to the Artin approximation theorem, in local algebra. This work also gave rise to the ideas of an algebraic space and algebraic stack, and has proved very influential in moduli theory. Additionally, he has made contributions to the deformation theory of algebraic varieties. He began to turn his interest from algebraic geometry to noncommutative algebra (noncommutative ring theory), especially geometric aspects, after a talk by Shimshon Amitsur and an encounter in Chicago with Claudio Procesi and Lance W. Small, "which prompted [his] first foray into ring theory".
In 2002, Artin won the American Mathematical Society's annual Steele Prize for Lifetime Achievement. In 2005, he was awarded the Harvard Centennial Medal. In 2013, he won the Wolf Prize in Mathematics, and in 2015 was awarded the National Medal of Science. He is also a member of the National Academy of Sciences and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1969), the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, and the American Mathematical Society.
- with Barry Mazur: Etale homotopy. Berlin; Heidelberg; New York: Springer. 1969.
- Algebraic spaces. New Haven: Yale University Press. 1971.
- Théorie des topos et cohomologie étale des schémas. Berlin; New York: Springer-Verlag. 1972.
- in collaboration with Alexandru Lascu & Jean-François Boutot: Théorèmes de représentabilité pour les espaces algébriques. Montréal: Presses de l'Université de Montréal. 1973.
- with notes by C.S. Sephardi & Allen Tannenbaum: Lectures on deformations of singularities. Bombay: Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. 1976.
- Algebra. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall. 1991. 2nd edition. Boston: Pearson Education. 2011.
- with David Mumford: Contributions to algebraic geometry in honor of Oscar Zariski. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 1979.
- with John Tate: Arithmetic and geometry : papers dedicated to I.R. Shafarevich on the occasion of his sixtieth birthday. Boston: Birkhäuser. 1983.
- with Hanspeter Kraft & Reinhold Remmert: Duration and change : fifty years at Oberwolfach. Berlin; New York: Springer-Verlag. 1994.
- Faculty profile, MIT mathematics department, retrieved 2011-01-03
- Date information sourced from Library of Congress Authorities data, via corresponding WorldCat Identities linked authority file (LAF).
- O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Michael Artin", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
- Michael Artin at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- From the MacTutor biography: "His main research area changed from algebraic geometry to noncommutative ring theory".
- "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter A" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
- List of Fellows of the American Mathematical Society, retrieved 2012-11-03.
- Karaali, Gizem (24 March 2011). "Review of Algebra by Michael Artin". MAA Reviews, Mathematical Association of America.
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