Michael Bass, 1st Baron Burton
Michael Arthur Bass, 1st Baron Burton KCVO (12 November 1837 – 1 February 1909), known as Sir Michael Arthur Bass, 1st Baronet, from 1882-86, was a British brewer, Liberal politician and philanthropist. He sat in the House of Commons from 1865-1886 when he was raised to the peerage as Baron Burton.
Bass was born at Burton upon Trent, the elder son of Michael Thomas Bass and the great-grandson of William Bass, the founder of the brewery firm of Bass & Co in Burton. His mother was Eliza Jane, daughter of Samuel Arden. Bass was educated at Burton Grammar School, Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge. He was a Director of the family firm of Bass, Ratcliff, Gretton and Co from 1863, and Chairman of the Directors upon his father's death in 1884. He also served as a Member of Parliament for Stafford from 1865 to 1868, East Staffordshire from 1868-1885 and for Burton from 1885-86. As a brewer, it was uncomfortable to be a Liberal MP as there was a strong temperance element to the Liberal Party at the time.
In 1882, he was created a Baronet, of Stafford in the County of Stafford, chiefly in honour of his father (who was still alive at the time and who had declined every honour offered to him) and with remainder to his brother Hamar Alfred Bass. Four years later, in 1886, he was raised to the peerage as Baron Burton, of Rangemore and of Burton-on-Trent in the County of Stafford, with remainder to heirs male. In 1897, he was created Baron Burton, of Burton-on-Trent and of Rangemore in the County of Stafford, with remainder, in default of male issue, to his daughter and her male issue. In 1904, he was further honoured when he was made a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order.
Lord Burton married Harriett Georgina, daughter of Edward Thornewill (one of the family behind the Thornewill engineering company in Burton), in 1869. He died in London in February 1909, aged 71. He was succeeded in the baronetcy according to the special remainder by his nephew William while the barony of 1886 became extinct. The peerage of 1897 passed according to the special remainder to his daughter Nellie Lisa. Lady Burton died in 1931.
Like his father, Michael Arthur Bass was a generous benefactor to Burton, making many fine contributions to the town, including the Ferry Bridge, Burton, the St Paul's Institute and Liberal Club (now the Town Hall) and St Chad's Church. A bronze statue of Lord Burton, sculpted by F. W. Pomeroy, was erected in front of Burton Town Hall in 1911.
- http://www.freebmd.org.uk/ has his death in Q1, 1909, at St George's, Hanover Square, London. "BASS Michael Arthur [aged] 71 St Geo. H. Sq Vol.1a page 358".
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886.
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907.
- "Bass, Michael Arthur (BS855MA)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.
- Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages [self-published source][better source needed]
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Michael Bass
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Stafford
With: Walter Meller
|New constituency|| Member of Parliament for Staffordshire East
With: John Robinson McClean 1868–1873
Samuel Allsopp 1873–1880
Henry Wiggin 1880–1885
| Member of Parliament for Burton
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation|| Baron Burton
(of Rangemore and of Burton-on-Trent)
| Baron Burton
(of Burton-on-Trent and of Rangemore)
Nellie Lisa Melles
|Baronetage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation|| Baronet
William Arthur Hamar Bass