Michael Benjamin Bay
February 17, 1965
|Alma mater||Wesleyan University|
Art Center College of Design
|Relatives||Susan Bay (cousin)|
Michael Benjamin Bay (born February 17, 1965) is an American film director and producer. He is best known for making big-budget, high-concept action films characterized by fast cutting, stylistic cinematography and visuals, and extensive use of special effects, including frequent depictions of explosions. The films he has produced and directed, which include Armageddon (1998), Pearl Harbor (2001) and the Transformers film series (2007–present), have grossed over US$7.8 billion worldwide, making him one of the most commercially successful directors in history.
He is co-founder of commercial production house The Institute, a.k.a. The Institute for the Development of Enhanced Perceptual Awareness. He co-owns Platinum Dunes, a production house which has remade horror films, including The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (2003), The Amityville Horror (2005), The Hitcher (2007), Friday the 13th (2009) and A Nightmare on Elm Street (2010).
Despite his commercial success at the box office, Bay's work is generally held in low esteem by film critics. While The Rock (1996) and Transformers (2007) received moderately positive reviews, most of his other films, particularly the four Transformers sequels, have been received negatively by critics.
Michael Bay was born in Los Angeles. He was raised by his adoptive parents Harriet, a bookstore owner/child psychiatrist, and Jim, a Certified Public Accountant (CPA). Bay was raised Jewish. His grandfather was from Russia. His cousin, Susan Bay, is the widow of Star Trek actor Leonard Nimoy (whom he eventually cast as the voice actor for Sentinel Prime in Transformers: Dark of the Moon). He attended the exclusive Crossroads School, in Santa Monica, California.
Bay often traces his interest in action films back to an incident during his childhood. As a boy, he attached some firecrackers to a toy train and filmed the ensuing fiery disaster with his mother's 8 millimeter camera. The fire department was called and he was grounded.
Bay got his start in the film industry interning with George Lucas when he was 15, filing the storyboards for Raiders of the Lost Ark, which he thought was going to be terrible. His opinion changed after seeing it in the theater and he was so impressed by the experience that he decided to become a film director. He graduated from Wesleyan University in 1986, majoring in both English and Film. He was a member of the Psi Upsilon fraternity and a favorite student of film historian Jeanine Basinger. For his graduate work, he attended Art Center College of Design in Pasadena where he also studied film.
Michael Bay began working at Propaganda Films, directing commercials and music videos, two weeks after finishing his post-graduate degree. His 90-second World War II-inspired Coca-Cola advertisement was picked up by Capitol Records. His first national commercial was for the Red Cross, which won a Clio Award in 1992. He directed Goodby, Silverstein & Partners "Got Milk?" advertisement campaign for the California Milk Processors Board in 1993, which also won a Grand Prix Clio Award for Commercial of the Year.
Bay's success in music videos gained the attention of producers Jerry Bruckheimer and Don Simpson, who selected him to direct his first feature-length film, Bad Boys. The film was shot in Miami in 1994 and starred Will Smith and Martin Lawrence. The action film proved to be a break-out role for Smith, who was segueing from television to films at that time. Shooting in Miami was a good experience for Bay, who would later own a home in the city and spend a great deal of time there. The film was completed for $19 million and grossed a remarkable $141 million at the box office in the summer of 1995. Bay's success led to a strong partnership and friendship with Jerry Bruckheimer.
His follow-up film, The Rock (1996), was an action movie set on Alcatraz Island, and in the San Francisco Bay area. It starred Sean Connery, Nicolas Cage and Ed Harris. It was also produced by Jerry Bruckheimer and Don Simpson, the latter of whom died five months before the film's release. The film is dedicated to him. Connery and Cage won 'Best On-Screen Duo' at the MTV Movie Awards in 1997 and the film was nominated for an Academy Award in the Best Achievement in Sound category for the work of Greg P. Russell, Kevin O'Connell, and Keith A. Wester. After the success of The Rock, Bay established his production company Bay Films, with a two-picture deal with Disney.
In 1998, Bay collaborated with Jerry Bruckheimer again, this time as a co-producer, as well as directing the action-adventure film Armageddon. The film, about a group of tough oil drillers who are sent by NASA to deflect an asteroid away from a collision course with Earth, starred Bruce Willis, Billy Bob Thornton, Ben Affleck and Liv Tyler. It was nominated for 4 Oscars at the 71st Academy Awards including Best Sound, Best Visual Effects, Best Sound Editing, and Best Original Song. The film earned 9.6 million dollars on its opening day and a total of 36.5 million through the first weekend. The production budget, $140 million, was one of the highest of the summer of 1998. Armageddon went on to gross over $553 million worldwide, becoming the highest-grossing film of that year.
In 2001, Bay directed Pearl Harbor. It starred Ben Affleck, Josh Hartnett, Kate Beckinsale and Cuba Gooding, Jr. The film was released on Memorial Day weekend in 2001. Again, Bay produced the film with Jerry Bruckheimer. The film received four Academy Award nominations, including Best Sound, Best Visual Effects, Best Sound Editing and Best Song. Again, Kevin O'Connell received another nomination for Best Sound, but he did not win. Pearl Harbor won in the category for Sound Editing, making it Bay's first (and, to date, only) film to win an Oscar. Michael Bay also directed the music video for nominated track "There You'll Be" by vocal artist Faith Hill.
Bay reteamed with Will Smith and Martin Lawrence for Bad Boys II, a sequel which also marked Bay's fifth collaboration with Jerry Bruckheimer. The film grossed $138 million domestically, enough to cover the production budget, and $273 million worldwide, almost twice as much as the first movie. In 2005, Bay directed The Island, a science fiction film starring Ewan McGregor and Scarlett Johansson. It was the first film Bay made without Jerry Bruckheimer as a producer. The Island cost $126 million to produce and earned $36 million domestically and $127 million overseas making a worldwide total of $163 million. Bay stated that he was not comfortable with the domestic marketing campaign, as it confused the audience to the true subject of the film.
In 2007, he directed and teamed up with Steven Spielberg to produce Transformers, a live action film based on the Transformers franchise. The film was released in the U.S. and Canada on July 3, 2007, with 8 p.m. preview screenings on July 2. The previews earned $8.8 million, and in its first day of general release it grossed $27.8 million, a record for Tuesday box office attendance. It broke the record held by Spider-Man 2 for the biggest July 4 gross, making $29 million. On its opening weekend, Transformers grossed $70.5 million, amounting to a $155.4 million opening week, giving it the record for the biggest opening week for a non-sequel. As of November 2007, the film has made over $319 million domestically and over $709 million worldwide.
Bay returned as director and executive producer for Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen, which was released on June 24, 2009 and went on to gross over $832 million worldwide. Although it received mostly negative reviews by critics, including aggressively critical reviews by American film critics such as Roger Ebert, Michael Phillips and David Denby (who referred to Bay as "stunningly, almost viciously, untalented"), the film was well received by its intended audience and was one of the highest-grossing films of 2009. In 2010, it earned seven Golden Raspberry Award nominations and winning three: Worst Picture, Worst Director and Worst Screenplay. It was also one of the best selling DVD and Blu-ray Discs of 2009, second only to Twilight in DVD format and the number one of all time in Blu-ray format until it was surpassed by Blu-ray sales of James Cameron's Avatar in April 2010.
Bay directed Transformers: Dark of the Moon, released on June 29, 2011. which went on to gross $1.123 billion globally. His next film was a comparatively small film he had been developing for years, called Pain & Gain. The true crime story, based on events described in a Miami New Times article written by Pete Collins, concerns a group of bumbling bodybuilders working together to commit a robbery. It starred Mark Wahlberg, Dwayne Johnson, Anthony Mackie, Tony Shalhoub and Ed Harris.
A fourth Bay-directed Transformers movie, Transformers: Age of Extinction, was released in June 2014. Starring Mark Wahlberg, the film earned $1.1 billion at the global box office. On January 12, 2016, Paramount Pictures released 13 Hours, which Bay produced and directed, based on the 2012 Benghazi attack. While being the lowest-grossing film at the box office of Bay's career, it went on to massive DVD sales upon its digital release in May 2016, earning over $40 million in home video revenue.
On May 23, 2017, Bay was honored with his own Hand and Footprint Ceremony at The TCL Chinese Theatre. His English Mastiff, Rebel, also put her paw in the cement with Bay.
In 2018, it was announced that Bay would direct the Netflix action thriller film 6 Underground, starring Ryan Reynolds, Mélanie Laurent, Manuel Garcia-Rulfo, Adria Arjona, Corey Hawkins, Ben Hardy and Dave Franco. The film was released on December 13, 2019.
Bay will serve as a producer in the upcoming pandemic-themed thriller entitled Songbird featuring Demi Moore, Craig Robinson, Paul Walter Hauser and Peter Stormare in the cast. He is set to direct the dystopian thriller named Little America which is scheduled to film in California sometime in 2020.
Production and effects companies
Bay and Wyndcrest Holdings, a Florida-based investment firm, acquired the digital effects company Digital Domain from James Cameron and Stan Winston in 2006, infusing the struggling business with a $50 million investment. Digital Domain considered an initial public offering in 2009 but ultimately withdrew the offer, because of the lack of interest. The company was sold to Galloping Horse in 2012.
After leaving Propaganda Films, Bay and producer Scott Gardenhour, also formerly at Propaganda, formed The Institute for the Development of Enhanced Perceptual Awareness (now known as The Institute), to produce commercials and other projects. Through The Institute, Bay has directed and produced spots for Victoria's Secret, Lexus, Budweiser, Reebok, Mercedes-Benz, and Nike. One of his Victoria Secret ads was for the 2009 "A Thousand Fantasies" holiday campaign.
451 Media Group
Bay co-founded 451 Media Group with Doug Nunes (who serves as CEO), and with John and Anthony Gentile, who previously marketed brands such as Micronauts, Visionaries, Sky Dancers and the Power Glove. In 2015, the company announced an interactive publishing division to offer "augmented reality" content from printed graphic novels with digital video. The graphic novels employ Touchcode technology from T+ink (previously used in the Power Glove), in which ink used in the printing process unlocks access to exclusive content that is housed on the Machinima Network, which is transferred to users' touch-screen-enabled mobile devices when the printed books are touched to those devices. The company's premiere slate of graphic novels was unveiled at the October 2015 New York Comic-Con. The creators involved included Scott Rosenberg, Skip Woods, George Pelecanos, Mark Mallouk, Clay McLeod Chapman and Peter and Paul Williams.
In June 2016, Bay joined The Rogue Initiative, a production studio and technology company, as a strategic advisor and stakeholder. The studio merges Hollywood production with interactive talent to generate story-driven content for games, mobile, virtual reality, mixed reality, television and feature film. As part of the partnership, Bay will develop and direct a multiplatform action-adventure game and cinematic VR experiences, based on an original IP conceived by him.
Bay lives in Miami with his three English mastiffs, named for characters in his films. As a boy, he donated his Bar Mitzvah money to an animal shelter and often includes his dogs in his films. Bonecrusher appeared as Mikaela's dog "Bones" in Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen. Mason, his first English mastiff, was named for John Patrick Mason, played by Sean Connery in The Rock. Mason appeared as Marcus' dog in Bad Boys II and as Miles' dog in Transformers. He died during production of the latter film in March 2007.
|1995||Bad Boys||Columbia Pictures|
|1996||The Rock||Buena Vista Pictures|
|2003||Bad Boys II||Columbia Pictures|
|2005||The Island||DreamWorks Pictures|
|2009||Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen|
|2011||Transformers: Dark of the Moon||Paramount Pictures|
|2013||Pain & Gain|
|2014||Transformers: Age of Extinction|
|2016||13 Hours: The Secret Soldiers of Benghazi|
|2017||Transformers: The Last Knight|
|TBA||Robopocalypse||20th Century Studios|
Despite his box office success, Bay's work has been poorly received by film critics, and his name is often used pejoratively in art-house circles. Bay has responded to his critics, saying "I make movies for teenage boys. Oh, dear, what a crime." Besides accusing him of making films that pander to a young demographic, critics and audiences have been critical of elements of Bay's filmmaking style such as the overuse of Dutch angles, rapid cutting, and cliché camerawork. Other elements include extreme patriotism, juvenile humor, excessive product placement, oversaturated orange and teal color grading, reusing footage from his previous films, his refusal to make thought-provoking films, and his preference of action and spectacle over story and characters. Another point of contention with Bay's films is his portrayal and use of offensive racial stereotypes as comedic relief; a notable alleged example being the characters Skids and Mudflap in Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen.
Bay has also been accused of heavily objectifying women in his films, with critics describing Bay's manner of filming actresses as "lascivious" and "pornographic". He has faced criticism for routinely making sexist remarks and showing female characters in a stereotypical light. He came under scrutiny for firing Megan Fox in retaliation after she made comments about him mistreating her on the set of the Transformers films and compared him to Hitler and Napoleon. Bay reportedly enlisted the crew of Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen to publish an open letter in his defense that referred to Fox as, among other things, "Ms. Sourpants", "porn star", "unfriendly bitch", and "dumb-as-a-rock".
In 2009, it was reported that Fox, at the age of 15, was made to wash Bay's car while auditioning for Transformers. In 2020, Fox revisited the incident and denied that she was underaged (for Transformers) or "made to 'wash' or work on someone's cars in a way that was extraneous from the materials in the actual script." However, Fox was 15 when she first appeared as a bikini-clad extra in the Bay film Bad Boys II.
Six of Bay's films have been nominated for the Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Picture (Armageddon, Pearl Harbor, Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen, Transformers: Dark of the Moon, Transformers: Age of Extinction, and Transformers: The Last Knight), with Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen winning the "award".
|2003||Bad Boys II||23%|
|2009||Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen||20%|
|2011||Transformers: Dark of the Moon||35%|
|2013||Pain & Gain||51%|
|2014||Transformers: Age of Extinction||18%|
|2016||13 Hours: The Secret Soldiers of Benghazi||51%|
|2017||Transformers: The Last Knight||15%|
- "Monitor". Entertainment Weekly (1194). February 17, 2012. p. 26.
- Curtis, Brian (June 15, 2005). "The Bad Boy of Summer". Slate. The Slate Group. Retrieved July 3, 2010.
- Schumacker, Patrick; Sobel, Ian (June 23, 2009). "The Michael Bay Explosion Tournament". ScreenJunkies.com. Archived from the original on June 25, 2009. Retrieved July 3, 2010.
- "Michael Bay Movie Box Office Results". www.boxofficemojo.com.
- "Michael Bay Movie Box Office Results". www.boxofficemojo.com.
- "The Institute". Archived from the original on November 16, 2010. Retrieved July 3, 2010.
- Fleming, Michael (January 29, 2008). "New Line Sets Up New 'Nightmare'". Variety. Reed Elsevier. Retrieved July 3, 2010.
- "Michael Bay Biography (1965–)". FilmReference.com. Advameg, Inc. Retrieved July 3, 2010.
- Michael Bay Jewish Virtual Library - retrieved July 23, 2013
- Abrams, Nathan (June 20, 2017). "The Secret Jewish History Of The Transformers". The Forward. Retrieved June 4, 2018.
As the adopted son of Jim and Harriet Bay, Michael was raised in a Jewish household.
- Nevo, Joab (April 23, 2014). "Michael Bay Transforms His Transformers". Jewish Business News. Retrieved June 4, 2018.
- "Linkin Park Rocks Russian Transformers Premiere". Orange News. June 24, 2011. Archived from the original on October 1, 2011. Retrieved July 13, 2011.
- Carroll, Larry (April 21, 2009). "Michael Bay Afraid to Offend Leonard Nimoy With Transformers Family Reunion Offer". MoviesBlog.MTV.com. MTV. Archived from the original on February 20, 2011. Retrieved July 3, 2010.
- Boucher, Geoff (May 24, 2009). "Michael Bay, master of the 'huge canvas'". Los Angeles Times. Sam Zell. Retrieved July 3, 2010.
- Breznican, Anthony (June 18, 2009). "'Transformers' blasts back: Another Michael Bay direct hit". USA Today. Retrieved July 3, 2010.
- Vary, Adam B. (June 30, 2010). "Optimus Prime Time". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved July 4, 2010.
- Lauren, Nelson. "Biography". michaelbay.com. Archived from the original on May 31, 2008. Retrieved July 4, 2010.
- Pomerantz, Dorothy (June 22, 2009). "Michael Bay: Making Movies, Enemies and Money". Forbes. p. 2. Retrieved July 3, 2010.
- Basinger, Jeanine (June 21, 1999). "Armageddon". The Criterion Collection. The Criterion Collection. Retrieved July 4, 2010.
- "Michael Bay- Biography". Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved June 17, 2013.
- Hochman, David (July 10, 1998). "Is Michael Bay the Devil?". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved July 4, 2010.
- "Shootout – Michael Bay". AMC TV. Archived from the original on June 22, 2010. Retrieved July 4, 2010.
- "Got Milk? (Aaron Burr)". The Inspiration Room. May 15, 2009. Retrieved July 4, 2010.
- The Playlist Staff (April 23, 2013). "The Best Commercials & Music Videos Of Michael Bay". IndieWire. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- Wilson, Stephanie (September 5, 2008). "Behind the Camera". Haute Living. Seth Semilof. Archived from the original on October 5, 2011. Retrieved July 5, 2010.
- "Martin Lawrence Says Bad Boys 3 is Real". Worst Previews.com. April 21, 2010. Retrieved July 5, 2010.
- Simon, Alex (February 28, 2008) [June 2001]. "Jerry Bruckheimer: The Hollywood Interview". reprinted by The Hollywood Interview.com (originally published by Venice Magazine). Nancy Martinez. Retrieved July 5, 2010.
- Ascher-Walsh, Rebecca (February 6, 1996). "Death of a Hollywood Bad Boy". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved July 6, 2010.
- "1997 MTV Movie Awards – Winners". MTV. June 10, 1997. Retrieved July 6, 2010.
- "Nominees and Winners for the 69th Annual Academy Awards". The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. March 24, 1997. Archived from the original on July 23, 2013. Retrieved July 6, 2010.
- Henckel, Guido (February 1999). "DVD Review – Midas Touch of Destruction". DVD Review. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved July 9, 2010.
- Grover, Ronald (May 31, 2004). "Jerry Bruckheimer: Hollywood's Most Wanted". Businessweek – BW Online. McGraw-Hill. Retrieved July 9, 2010.
- "Nominees & Winners for the 71st Academy Awards". The Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences. March 21, 1999. Archived from the original on November 2, 2013. Retrieved July 9, 2010.
- Gray, Brandon (July 1, 1999). "Daily Box Office: Mild, Mild West". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 9, 2010.
- "Armageddon (1998) – Box Office Mojo". October 11, 1998. Retrieved July 9, 2010.
- "Nominees and Winners for the 74th Annual Academy Awards". The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. May 24, 2002. Retrieved July 29, 2010.
- Horn, John (July 17, 2005). "You Call This Paradise?". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 11, 2010.
- "Transformers (2007) - Box Office Mojo". www.boxofficemojo.com.
- "Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen".
- Ebert, Roger (June 23, 2010). "Reviews – Transformers 2: Revenge of the Fallen". Roger Ebert. Retrieved August 25, 2010.
- Philips, Michael (June 24, 2009). "And the popcorn transforms into earqplugs". Live!. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved August 25, 2010.
- Denby, David (July 6, 2009). "Tommy Guns and Toys". The New Yorker. Retrieved August 25, 2010.
- Nusair, David (June 26, 2009). "The AM Take". AskMen.com. Retrieved August 24, 2010.
- Pols, Mary (June 24, 2009). "Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen Falls Short". Time. Retrieved August 25, 2010.
- "30th Annual Dis-Honors for Cinematic Dreck: RAZZIE Voters Spread the Loathe Around". Golden Raspberry Awards. March 6, 2010. Archived from the original on September 22, 2016. Retrieved August 31, 2010.
- "Top-Selling DVDs of 2009". The Numbers. Nash Information Services, LLC. August 31, 2010. Retrieved August 31, 2010.
- Drawbaugh, Ben (October 29, 2010). "Transformers 2 tops chart, best selling Blu-ray of all time?". Engadget. Archived from the original on November 25, 2009. Retrieved August 31, 2010.
- Lawler, Richard (April 26, 2010). "Avatar smashes Blu-ray sales records, has some owners ready to smash incompatible players". Engadget. Archived from the original on April 29, 2010. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
- Barr, Merrill (January 9, 2010). "Transformers 3 Set for 2011 at The Film Stage". The Film Stage. Archived from the original on August 26, 2010. Retrieved September 2, 2010.
- "Transformers: Dark of the Moon (2011) - Box Office Mojo". www.boxofficemojo.com.
- Lauren, Nelson (September 13, 2009). "Transformers 3, Pain & Gain, Bad Boys 3". michaelbay.com. Archived from the original on October 12, 2009. Retrieved June 16, 2010.
- Collins, Pete (December 23, 1999). "Pain & Gain". Miami New Times. Kevin Thornburg. Retrieved September 2, 2010.
- Wigler, Josh. "'Transformers' Director Michael Bay On His Next Movie, Taylor Lautner And 'Bad Boys 3'". MTV News.
- Kit, Borys (January 20, 2010). ""Disturbia" director counts on "Four"". Reuters. Retrieved September 2, 2010.
- Motoko, Rich (July 1, 2009). "HarperCollins Buys Series From James Frey". The New York Times. Sulzberger family. Retrieved September 2, 2010.
- 'Transformers 4' arriving in June 2014, CNN, February 14, 2012.
- "Transformers: Age of Extinction (2014) - Box Office Mojo". www.boxofficemojo.com.
- "Michael Bay's Benghazi Film Gets Trump Bump in Home Video".
- Riley, Jenelle (May 23, 2017). "Michael Bay Reflects on His Career as He Receives Hands and Feet Honor". Variety. Retrieved November 22, 2017.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (March 7, 2018). "Michael Bay Lining Up 'Robopocalypse' & '6 Underground' As Next Projects". Deadline. Retrieved June 11, 2018.
- Hipes, Patrick (October 1, 2019). "'6 Underground' Trailer: Ryan Reynolds Sums It Up – "This Is All So [Bleeping] Dangerous"". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved February 7, 2020.
- Ravindran, Manori (June 28, 2020). "Michael Bay's Pandemic Thriller 'Songbird' Scores First Sale with Germany's Leonine (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
- "California Unveils 12 Upcoming Films Planning to Shoot in the State". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
- Fuller, Brad (December 21, 2009). "Platinum Dunes: The Official Site". Bloody Disgusting. Brad Miska and Tom Owen. Archived from the original on June 12, 2008. Retrieved September 13, 2010.
- Com, Michael Bay Dot (December 9, 2009). "Victoria's Secret "A Thousand Fantasies" (90 sec)" – via Vimeo.
- McNary, Dave (August 25, 2015). "Michael Bay’s 451 Media Group Launching Interactive Publishing Arm". Variety.
- Wickline, Dan (August 25, 2015). "Michael Bay’s 451 Media Group To Publish Hi-Tech Graphic Novels". Bleeding Cool.
- Damore, Meagan (August 25, 2015). "Michael Bay's 451 Media Group Announces Interactive Graphic Novels". Comic Book Resources.
- Kamen, Matt (August 26, 2015). "Michael Bay is launching a range of 'augmented reality comics'". Wired.
- "VR explosions are en route as Michael Bay teams with The Rogue Initiative". June 21, 2016.
- Diamond, Jamie (July 17, 2003). "AT HOME WITH – Michael Bay – A Slam-Bang Master with a House of Om". The New York Times. Retrieved July 4, 2010.
- Lauren, Nelson (May 6, 2007). "Sunday Post". michaelbay.com. Archived from the original on January 6, 2009. Retrieved July 4, 2010.
- "Mason Rock Bay". IMDb. Retrieved July 4, 2010.
- David, Mark (September 6, 2011). "Michael Bay Bails in Montecito". Variety. Retrieved September 4, 2019.
- Josh Eells (January 4, 2016). "13 Hours': Can Michael Bay Pull Off a Gritty Movie About Benghazi?". Rolling Stone. Retrieved March 10, 2016.
- Fleming, Mike Jr. (May 22, 2018). "Netflix, Michael Bay, Ryan Reynolds & Skydance Set Action Franchise 'Six Underground'". Deadline. Retrieved June 11, 2018.
- Dela Paz, Maggie (November 6, 2020). "Michael Bay in Talks to Direct Remake of Danish Thriller Ambulance". ComingSoon.net. Retrieved November 6, 2020.
- Selcke, Dan (July 7, 2014). "Here's a learned analysis of why Michael Bay movies are bad, but pretty". The A.V. Club. Retrieved January 16, 2016. "No matter how many buildings, spacecrafts, [sic] and sentient robots Michael Bay explodes, the director can’t seem to get any respect. His movies are panned by critics, and his bombastic filmmaking style is routinely mocked by respectable, erudite writers on the Internet."
- Curtis, Bryan (June 15, 2005). "The Bad Boy of Summer: Michael Bay vs. his Critics." Slate.com. Retrieved July 25, 2014.
- Sharf, Zack (June 23, 2017). "Here Are The 555 Times Michael Bay Has Used Product Placement". IndieWire. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
- Goble, Andrew (January 30, 2019). "Why this stylized filter is all over your Instagram feed". Fast Company. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
- Tartar, Andre. "Michael Bay Recycles Scenes From His Earlier Films". Vulture. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
- Heritage, Stuart (December 12, 2019). "Every Michael Bay film – ranked!". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
- Stern, Marlow (June 1, 2016). "The World According to Michael Bay, the Donald Trump of Cinema". The Daily Beast. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
- "What Michael Bay films taught us about women". GQ. August 4, 2014. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
- "'Transformers' Director Michael Bay Fends Off Racist Robot Criticism | Access Online". Access. June 24, 2009. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
- Piaella, Gabriella (June 1, 2016). "A Condensed History of Michael Bay Being a Sexist Jerk". The Cut. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
- Stern, Marlow (February 8, 2018). "When Michael Bay Degraded Megan Fox—Then Tried to Sabotage Her Career". The Daily Beast. Retrieved July 12, 2020.
- Finn, Natalie (June 1, 2016). "Michael Bay's Chauvinist Reputation Remains Intact and No One Seems Less Concerned About That Than Michael Bay". E! Online. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
- Buchanan, Kyle (June 26, 2014). "7 Ways to Tell You're a Woman in a Michael Bay Movie". www.vulture.com. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
- "Transformers: A reminder that Megan Fox auditioned for the movie by washing Michael Bay's car while he filmed it". Flickering Myth. June 12, 2017. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
- Solomons, Jason (July 4, 2009). "Trailer trash: Duncan Jones follows his dad into space | Hats off to Johnny Depp | How Megan Fox got the job". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved July 12, 2020.
- "Megan Fox Addresses 'Sexualized' Michael Bay Audition on Instagram". The Blast. June 23, 2020. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
- "Rotten Tomatoes T-Meter Rating of Bad Boys". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved February 20, 2013.
- "Rotten Tomatoes T-Meter Rating of The Rock". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved February 20, 2013.
- "Rotten Tomatoes T-Meter Rating of Armageddon". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved February 20, 2013.
- "Rotten Tomatoes T-Meter Rating of Pearl Harbor". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved February 20, 2013.
- "Rotten Tomatoes T-Meter Rating of Bad Boys II". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved February 20, 2013.
- "Rotten Tomatoes T-Meter Rating of The Island". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved February 20, 2013.
- "Rotten Tomatoes T-Meter Rating of Transformers". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved February 20, 2013.
- "Rotten Tomatoes T-Meter Rating of Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved February 20, 2013.
- "Rotten Tomatoes T-Meter Rating of Transformers: Dark of the Moon". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved February 20, 2013.
- "Rotten Tomatoes T-Meter Rating of Pain & Gain". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved February 20, 2013.
- "Transformers: Age of Extinction". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved August 4, 2014.
- "13 Hours: The Secret Soldiers of Benghazi". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
- "Transformers: The Last Knight". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved June 20, 2017.
- "6 Underground". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved December 14, 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Michael Bay.|