Michael Bray

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Michael Bray
Criminal charge conspiracy and possessing unregistered explosive devices in relation to 10 different bomb attacks
Criminal penalty 10 years
Criminal status served 46 months from 1985 to 1989; living in Wilmington, Ohio since December 2003
Spouse(s) Jayne Bray (1976 - present)
Children 11

Rev. Michael Bray is an American Lutheran minister who was convicted in 1985 of two counts of conspiracy and one count of possessing unregistered explosive devices in relation to ten bombings of women's health clinics and offices of liberal advocacy groups in Washington, D.C., Maryland and Virginia.[1] He is considered "the intellectual father of the extreme radical fringe of the antiabortion movement which engages in terrorism."[2] Initially sentenced to ten years in prison, he agreed to a plea bargain and served 46 months from 1985 to 1989.

He and his wife, Jayne, are named defendants in the Supreme Court decision Bray v. Alexandria. He is considered to be a terrorist by the National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism.[3]

In 1994, the F.B.I. suspected that he and other anti-abortion figures might be developing "a conspiracy that endeavors to achieve political or social change through activities that involve force or violence", as stated in a confidential Teletype message sent to all 56 F.B.I. field offices.[4]

Background[edit]

Michael Bray is a former Midshipman at the United States Naval Academy.[5] He was based in Bowie, Maryland, and later moved to Wilmington, Ohio, where he professes to be a member of the Army of God, considered a terrorist organization[6] by the US Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Bray, Michael (1994), A TIME TO KILL: A Study Concerning the Use of Force and Abortion, Portland, Oregon: Advocates for Life Publications

References[edit]

  1. ^ News in Brief The Times 23 May 1985
  2. ^ Stern, Jessica (2003). Terror in the name of God: why religious militants kill. New York: HarperCollins. p. 148. ISBN 0-06-050533-8. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  3. ^ "The MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base". Retrieved 27 November 2014.
  4. ^ Johnston, David (August 4, 1994), "F.B.I. Undertakes Conspiracy Inquiry In Clinic Violence", New York Times
  5. ^ Samuels, David (March 21, 1999). "The Making of a Fugitive". New York Times Magazine.
  6. ^ [1][dead link]

External links[edit]