Michael Bray

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Michael Bray
Criminal statusserved 46 months from 1985 to 1989; living in Wilmington, Ohio since December 2003
Spouse(s)Jayne Bray (1976–present)
Criminal chargeconspiracy and possessing unregistered explosive devices in relation to 10 different bomb attacks
Penalty10 years

Michael Bray is an American Lutheran minister who was convicted in 1985 of two counts of conspiracy and one count of possessing unregistered explosive devices in relation to ten bombings of women's health clinics and offices of liberal advocacy groups in Washington, D.C., Maryland and Virginia.[1] He is considered "the intellectual father of the extreme radical fringe of the antiabortion movement which engages in terrorism."[2] Initially sentenced to ten years in prison, he agreed to a plea bargain and served 46 months from 1985 to 1989.

He and his wife, Jayne, are named defendants in the Supreme Court decision Bray v. Alexandria. He is considered to be a terrorist by the National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism.[3]

In 1994, the F.B.I. suspected that he and other anti-abortion figures might be developing "a conspiracy that endeavors to achieve political or social change through activities that involve force or violence", as stated in a confidential Teletype message sent to all 56 F.B.I. field offices.[4]


Michael Bray attended the United States Naval Academy for one year as a Midshipman.[5] He was based in Bowie, Maryland, and later moved to Wilmington, Ohio, where he professes to be a member of the Army of God, considered a terrorist organization[6] by the US Federal Bureau of Investigation. Bray's writings can be found on the Army of God website.[7]

  • Bray, Michael (1994), A TIME TO KILL: A Study Concerning the Use of Force and Abortion, Portland, Oregon: Advocates for Life Publications


  1. ^ News in Brief The Times 23 May 1985
  2. ^ Stern, Jessica (2003). Terror in the name of God: why religious militants kill. New York: HarperCollins. p. 148. ISBN 0-06-050533-8. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  3. ^ "The MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base". Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
  4. ^ Johnston, David (August 4, 1994), "F.B.I. Undertakes Conspiracy Inquiry In Clinic Violence", New York Times
  5. ^ CBSNews.com. "Right To Kill?", 26 March 1999. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-12-23. Retrieved 2016-07-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-10-29. Retrieved 2018-11-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

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