|Birth name||Michael Leonard Brecker|
March 29, 1949|
Cheltenham, Pennsylvania, United States
|Died||January 13, 2007
New York City, New York, United States
|Genres||Jazz, post-bop, jazz fusion, funk, R&B, rock|
|Instruments||tenor saxophone, EWI|
|Associated acts||Steps Ahead, Miles Davis, Charles Mingus, Pat Metheny, Jaco Pastorius, Steely Dan, Todd Rundgren, Horace Silver, Chick Corea, James Taylor, John Abercrombie, Billy Cobham, Herbie Hancock, George Benson, Quincy Jones, Eddie Gómez, Elvin Jones, Joni Mitchell, Parliament-Funkadelic, Mike Stern, Spyro Gyra|
Michael Leonard Brecker (March 29, 1949 – January 13, 2007) was an American jazz saxophonist and composer. Acknowledged as "a quiet, gentle musician widely regarded as the most influential tenor saxophonist since John Coltrane", he was awarded 15 Grammy Awards as both performer and composer. He was awarded an Honorary Doctorate from Berklee College of Music in 2004, and was inducted into the Down Beat Jazz Hall of Fame in 2007. Brecker died from complications of leukemia in New York City. His funeral was held on January 15, 2007 in Hastings-on-Hudson, New York.
Early life & career
Michael Brecker was born in Philadelphia and raised in Cheltenham Township, a local suburb. His father Bob (Bobby) was a lawyer who played jazz piano and his mother Sylvia was a portrait artist. Michael Brecker was exposed to jazz at an early age by his father. He grew up as part of the generation of jazz musicians who saw rock music not as the enemy but as a viable musical option. Brecker began studying clarinet at age 6, then moved to alto saxophone in eighth grade, settling on the tenor saxophone as his primary instrument in his sophomore year. He graduated from Cheltenham High School in 1967 and after a year at Indiana University he moved to New York City in 1969, where he carved out a niche for himself as a dynamic and exciting jazz soloist. He first made his mark at age 21 as a member of the jazz-rock band Dreams—a band that included his older brother, trumpeter Randy Brecker, trombonist Barry Rogers, drummer Billy Cobham, keyboardist Jeff Kent and bassist Doug Lubahn. Dreams was short-lived, lasting only a year, but Miles Davis was seen at some gigs prior to his recording Jack Johnson.
Most of Brecker's early work is marked by an approach informed as much by rock guitar as by R&B saxophone. After Dreams, he worked with Horace Silver and then Billy Cobham before once again teaming up with his brother Randy to form the Brecker Brothers. The band followed jazz-rock trends of the time, but with more attention to structured arrangements, a heavier backbeat, and a stronger rock influence. The band stayed together from 1975 to 1982, with consistent success and musicality.
Sideman and leader
Brecker was in great demand as a soloist and sideman. He performed with bands whose styles ranged from mainstream jazz to mainstream rock. Altogether, he appeared on over 700 albums, either as a band member or a guest soloist. He put his stamp on numerous pop and rock recordings as a soloist. His featured guest solos with James Taylor and Paul Simon are excellent examples of that strand of his work. For example, on Taylor's 1972 album, One Man Dog, Brecker's solo on the track "Don't Let Me Be Lonely Tonight" complements the other acoustic instruments and sparse vocal. On Simon's 1975 album Still Crazy After All These Years, Brecker's solo on the title track is used to a similar effect. His solos are often placed in the bridge, or appended as a rideout coda. Such a combination of musical structure and instrumentation typifies (and to some extent defines) this jazz-rock fusion style. Other notable jazz and rock collaborations included work with Steely Dan, Lou Reed, Donald Fagen, Dire Straits, Joni Mitchell, Eric Clapton, Billy Joel, John Lennon, Aerosmith, Dan Fogelberg, Frank Sinatra, Frank Zappa, Bruce Springsteen, Roger Daltrey, Parliament-Funkadelic, and Cameo.
Brecker also recorded or performed with leading jazz figures during his era, including Herbie Hancock, Chick Corea, Chet Baker, George Benson, Quincy Jones, Charles Mingus, Jaco Pastorius, McCoy Tyner, Pat Metheny, Elvin Jones, and Claus Ogerman.
Brecker played tenor saxophone on two Billy Joel albums. In 1983, Brecker played on three tracks on the album An Innocent Man ("Careless Talk", "Tell Her About It" and "Keeping The Faith"). In 1986, he played on "Big Man on Mulberry Street" on the album The Bridge.
During the early 1980s, he was also a member of NBC's Saturday Night Live Band. Brecker can be seen in the background sporting sunglasses during Eddie Murphy's James Brown parody. After a stint co-leading the all-star group Steps Ahead with Mike Mainieri, Brecker recorded a solo album in 1987. That eponymously titled debut album marked his return to a more traditional jazz setting, highlighting his compositional talents and featuring the EWI (Electronic Wind Instrument), which Brecker had previously played with Steps Ahead. In 1987 he featured his new solo album at the JVC Newport Jazz Festival, incorporating the EWI. Brecker continued to record albums as a leader throughout the 1990s and 2000s, winning multiple Grammy Awards. His solo and group tours consistently sold out top jazz venues in major cities worldwide.
He went on tour in 2001 with a collaborative group, Hancock-Brecker-Hargrove. This tour was dedicated to jazz pioneers John Coltrane and Miles Davis. Brecker paid homage to Coltrane by performing Coltrane's signature piece, "Naima". The composition is a definitive work for tenor sax; its demanding solo enabled Brecker to show his complete mastery of the instrument. The concert CD from the tour, Directions in Music: Live At Massey Hall (2002), won a Grammy in 2003.
While performing at the Mount Fuji Jazz Festival in 2004, Brecker experienced a sharp pain in his back. Shortly thereafter in 2005, he was diagnosed with the blood disorder myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Despite a widely publicized worldwide search, Brecker was unable to find a matching stem cell donor. In late 2005, he was the recipient of an experimental partial matching stem cell transplant. By late 2006, he appeared to be recovering, but the treatment proved not to be a cure. He made his final public performance on June 23, 2006, playing with Hancock at Carnegie Hall.
Early in his career, Brecker played a Selmer Super Balanced Action saxophone, later moving from the older model to its successor, the Selmer Mark VI tenor saxophone (serial number 86xxx, manufactured in 1960) as his main instrument using a customized Dave Guardala mouthpiece. His earlier mouthpieces included a metal Otto Link STM (during the mid-1970s) and a metal Dukoff in the late 1970s and early 1980s. As for reeds, Michael used #2 or #2-1/2 medium-stiffness LaVoz brand (cut from arundo donax -- "Giant" or "Spanish" reed).
On February 11, 2007, Brecker was awarded two posthumous Grammy awards for his involvement on his brother Randy's 2005 album Some Skunk Funk.
On May 22, 2007, his final recording, Pilgrimage, was released and received a good critical response. It was recorded in August 2006 with Pat Metheny on guitar, John Patitucci on bass, Jack DeJohnette on drums and Hancock and Brad Mehldau on piano. Brecker was critically ill when it was recorded, but the other musicians involved praised the standard of his musicianship. Brecker was again posthumously awarded two additional Grammy Awards for this album in the categories of Best Jazz Instrumental Solo and Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Individual or Group, bringing his Grammy total to 15.
Brecker's search in the International Bone Marrow Registry for a match prompted his wife and manager to organize a series of bone marrow drives throughout the world, including the Red Sea, Monterey, and Newport Jazz Festivals. Brecker was subsequently featured in a film directed by Noah Hutton (son of Debra Winger and Timothy Hutton), named More to Live For. It documents Brecker's battle with leukemia, and the production of his final recording. By going public with his illness, Brecker raised tens of thousands of dollars for testing, and signed up many thousands of donors, but was unable to find a match for himself.
Herbie Hancock said that around nine months before his death, Brecker had started practicing Buddhism and three months later joined Soka Gakkai International, a group associated with Nichiren Buddhism. At Brecker's memorial service, Hancock, Wayne Shorter and Buster Williams (who all practice the same form of Buddhism) as well as Brecker's son, Sam, sat in a line with their backs to the audience while facing an inscribed scroll (Gohonzon) hanging in a wooden shrine (Butsudan) and chanted, "Nam myoho renge kyo" for five minutes.
As leader or co-leader
- 1975: The Brecker Bros. with the Brecker Brothers
- 1976: Back to Back with the Brecker Brothers
- 1976: Don't Stop the Music with the Brecker Brothers
- 1978: Heavy Metal Be-Bop with the Brecker Brothers
- 1980: Detente with the Brecker Brothers
- 1981: Straphangin' with the Brecker Brothers
- 1983: Cityscape (Michael Brecker & Claus Ogerman) with Marcus Miller, Eddie Gómez, Steve Gadd, and Alex Acuña
- 1983: Steps Ahead with Mike Mainieri, Eddie Gómez, Peter Erskine, and Eliane Elias
- 1987: Michael Brecker with Pat Metheny, Kenny Kirkland, Charlie Haden, and Jack DeJohnette
- 1988: Don't Try This at Home
- 1990: Now You See It… (Now You Don't)
- 1992: Return of the Brecker Brothers with the Brecker Brothers
- 1994: Out of the Loop with the Brecker Brothers
- 1996: Tales from the Hudson
- 1998: Two Blocks from the Edge with Joey Calderazzo, James Genus, Jeff "Tain" Watts, and Don Alias
- 1999: Time Is of the Essence with Larry Goldings, Pat Metheny, Elvin Jones, Jeff "Tain" Watts, and Bill Stewart
- 2001: Nearness Of You: The Ballad Book with Pat Metheny, Herbie Hancock, Charlie Haden, Jack DeJohnette, James Taylor
- 2003: Wide Angles
- 2007: Some Skunk Funk with Randy Brecker
- 2007: Pilgrimage with John Patitucci, Jack DeJohnette, Pat Metheny, Herbie Hancock, and Brad Mehldau
- 1969 Score - Randy Brecker
- 1970 Dream - Dreams
- 1971 Imagine My Surprise - Dreams
- 1972 Something/Anything? - Todd Rundgren
- 1973 A Wizard, a True Star - Todd Rundgren
- 1973 In Pursuit of the 27th Man - Horace Silver
- 1974 Todd - Todd Rundgren
- 1974 The Chicago Theme - Hubert Laws (CTI)
- 1974 Crosswinds (Billy Cobham album) - Billy Cobham (Atlantic)
- 1974 Journey - Arif Mardin (Atlantic)
- 1974 Get Your Wings – Aerosmith (Columbia)
- 1975 The Rape of El Morro - Don Sebesky (CTI)
- 1975 Good King Bad - George Benson (CTI)
- 1975 A Funky Thide of Sings – Billy Cobham
- 1976 The Main Attraction - Grant Green (Kudu)
- 1976 End of a Rainbow - Patti Austin
- 1976 The Art of Tea - Michael Franks
- 1976 Jaco Pastorius
- 1976 Hear & Now - Don Cherry
- 1977 Ghost Writer - Garland Jeffreys
- 1977 Havana Candy - Patti Austin
- 1977 You Can't Live Without It - Jack Wilkins
- 1978 Zappa in New York
- 1978 Live at the Bottom Line - Patti Austin
- 1978 Merge - Jack Wilkins
- 1979 Shadows and Light - Joni Mitchell with Pat Metheny, Jaco Pastorius, Lyle Mays and Don Alias
- 1979 In a Temple Garden - Yusef Lateef)
- 1979 In Out and Around with Mike Nock (p), Mike Brecker (ts) and Al Foster (d)
- 1980 Gaucho - Steely Dan
- 1980 80/81 - Pat Metheny
- 1980 Scissors Cut - Art Garfunkel
- 1981 Three Quartets - Chick Corea
- 1983 "Careless Talk", "Tell Her About It", "Keeping The Faith" (album An Innocent Man) - Billy Joel
- 1984 L.A. Is My Lady - Frank Sinatra
- 1984 Night - John Abercrombie
- 1985 Mastertouch (Torsten de Winkel (g), with (b), Alphonse Mouzon (dr), Joachim Kühn (p))
- 1986 "Big Man on Mulberry Street" (album The Bridge) - Billy Joel
- 1987 Exiles (album) - Dan Fogelberg
- 1987 The Camera Never Lies - Michael Franks
- 1988 Times Like These - Gary Burton
- 1988 Getting There - John Abercrombie
- 1995 Young Lions & Old Tigers - Dave Brubeck
- 1995 Infinity - McCoy Tyner
- 1996 The New Standard - Herbie Hancock
- 1996 Across America - Art Garfunkel
- 1997 West Side Story - Dave Grusin
- 1999 The Truth: Heard Live at the Blue Note - Elvin Jones (Half Note)
- 2001 Hourglass - James Taylor
- 2001 Reunion - Jack Wilkins
- 2002 Rendezvous in New York with Chick Corea's Three Quartets Band
- 2002 American Dreams with Charlie Haden
- 2003 Louis Bellson and His Big Band with Michael Brecker, Randy Brecker, Herb Geller, Benny Bailey, Howard Johnson, and Lew Soloff
- 2004 The Passage Andy Narell - Song for Mia Solo.
- 2004 Live from the Village Vanguard, Vol. 3 with the John Abercrombie Quartet
- 2004 Horacio Hernandez: Live at the Modern Drummer Festival with Marc Quinones, Michael Brecker, John Patitucci, and Hilario Duran
- 2007 Gil Evans and His Orchestra with Gil Evans, Randy Brecker, Michael Brecker, Lew Soloff, Herb Geller, Mike Mainieri, Howard Johnson and Billy Cobham
- 2010 Kingston Morning - Dave Eggar
- "Michael Brecker 3/29/49 - 1/13/07 | Dusty Wright's Culture Catch". Culturecatch.com. 2007-01-16. Retrieved 2012-06-25.
- "Directions In Music – Michael Brecker/ Herbie Hancock/ Roy Hargrove | Jazzbo Notes". Webcache.googleusercontent.com. 2012-06-09. Retrieved 2012-06-25.
- Gans, Charles J. (AP). "Saxophonist Completes Final Pilgrimage". The San Francisco Chronicle. May 24, 2007. Retrieved 2013-03-30.
- Small, Mark. "Saxophonist Michael Brecker—11-Time Grammy Winner, Session Player with Jazz and Pop Legends—to Welcome Entering Class, Accept Honorary Doctorate at Berklee College of Music Fall Convocation". Retrieved 22 August 2012.
- "In Memorium – MICHAEL BRECKER – Jazz-Rock Artists". Jazz-rock.com. Retrieved 2012-06-25.
- Kilgannon, Corey (June 2, 2007). "''New York Times'' "A Jazzman's Farewell Album, All Heart and Soul" June 2, 2007". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 2012-06-25.
- Ratliff, Ben (February 22, 2007). "Celebrating a Saxophonist's Art and Heart". The New York Times.
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