Michael R. Bromwich

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Michael R. Bromwich
Inspector General of the
United States Department of Justice
In office
Preceded by Richard J. Hankinson
Succeeded by Glenn A. Fine
Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar swears in Michael Bromwich as the new Director of the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation, and Enforcement on June 21, 2010 as Betsy Hildebrandt, DOI Communications Director holds the Bible

Michael R. Bromwich (born December 19, 1953) is a litigation attorney who was designated by President Barack Obama on June 15, 2010, to be the first director of the newly created Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement, which replaces the Minerals Management Service[1] in the wake of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.


Bromwich graduated summa cum laude from Harvard College in 1976. He subsequently received a master’s degree in public policy from John F. Kennedy School of Government, as well as a law degree from Harvard Law School in 1980.[1]


Bromwich was a federal prosecutor in the U.S. Attorney's Office for the Southern District of New York and served as associate counsel in the Office of Independent Counsel for Iran-Contra. Bromwich was one of three lawyers for the government in the prosecution of Oliver L. North.[1]

He was the Inspector General for the Department of Justice from 1994 to 1999. He headed an investigation into the FBI laboratory; the investigation into the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103; the FBI's conduct regarding Aldrich Ames; the handling of classified information by the FBI and the Department of Justice in the campaign finance investigation; the alleged deception of a congressional delegation by high-ranking officials of the Immigration and Naturalization Service; and the Justice Department's role in the CIA crack cocaine controversy.[1][2]

In 1999, he joined Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson.[2] He joined the New York office of Fried Frank, where he headed the firm's internal investigations, compliance and monitoring practice group .[1][2]

In 2002, he served as an independent monitor for the Metropolitan Police Department of the District of Columbia.[1]

In 2005, he was appointed to act as independent investigator for the Houston Police Department, to conduct an investigation and audit of its crime laboratory and property room. Bromwich and his team's investigations reported their conclusions in a final report published in 2007. They found pervasive fraud in the Houston crime lab, including fabrications of forensic analysis, false statements, and other forms of misconduct, and recommended major changes to crime lab procedure. Houston closed its crime lab and reestablished a new crime lab, independent of law enforcement, in 2014, with new procedures and standards.[3]

In 2018, he began leading the legal team of former FBI Deputy Director Andrew McCabe.


In 2013, Bromwich was appointed by Judge Denise Cote to serve as Apple's antitrust compliance monitor in United States v. Apple Inc. [4] In the opening months of his tenure, Apple contended that he was "conducting a roving investigation" that was "interfering with Apple’s business operations",[5] and Bromwich countered that Apple was preventing him from speaking to most of the Apple executives he wished to interview.[6] In early 2015, in the midst of Apple's legal challenge to the imposition of a special monitor, the conservative editorial page of Wall Street Journal criticized Bromwich for charging exorbitant fees for his services, and agreed with Apple that he was wandering outside of the bounds of his mandate from the Court, while also suggesting that his selection for the assignment in the first place had more to do with his long-standing political connections to Judge Cote than with any relevant experience.[7]


  1. ^ a b c d e f "President Obama Announces Bromwich to Fix Oil Industry Oversight". White House Office of the Press Secretary. June 15, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c "Fried Frank > Bromwich, Michael R". Ffhsj.com. Retrieved 2010-06-16. 
  3. ^ Brandon L. Garrett, The Crime Lab in the Age of the Genetic Panopticon, 115 Mich. L. Rev. 979 (2017).
  4. ^ Edwards, Jim (January 3, 2014). "Apple's 'extremely angry' top executives will 'never get over' losing their price-fixing case". Business Insider. businessinsider.com. Retrieved 2014-01-06. 
  5. ^ (PDF) http://www.businessinsider.com/document/52c70f6d6bb3f7984d0e77cc/apple%20mot%200(2).pdf. Retrieved 2014-01-06.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ (PDF) http://www.businessinsider.com/document/52c70fc569bedd3e6e0e77c8/0.pdf. Retrieved 2014-01-06.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ "All Along the Apple Watchtower" (editorial). Wall Street Journal. wsj.com. February 16, 2015. Retrieved 2018-03-20.  (Subscription required.)