|Michael T. Conahan|
April 21, 1952 |
|Criminal charge||Money laundering, fraud and racketeering|
|Criminal penalty||17.5 years in prison
Over $900,000 in fines and restitution
|Criminal status||Federal inmate #15009-067 Federal Correctional Institution, Coleman Low|
Michael T. Conahan is a convicted felon who received a law degree from Temple University. He served from 1994-2007 as Judge on the Court of Common Pleas. In January 2008 Conahan became president judge of Luzerne County, Pennsylvania.
He is currently serving seventeen and a half years in prison for his part in the so-called Kids for Cash scandal.
Kids for Cash
This was not his first brush with questions about his judicial conduct. Ronald Belletiere from Florida was sentenced in the 1990s to 4½ years in federal prison in connection with a Hazleton cocaine-trafficking ring. A witness in that case testified that in 1986, then-Magisterial District Judge Conahan called to tip him off that his drug connection was being investigated. Conahan allegedly referred the man to Belletiere as a safer source to obtain drugs. During a sidebar with a judge in that case, the prosecutor described Conahan as an "unindicted co-conspirator." That disclosure became public in 1994 eight months after Conahan was sworn in for his first term as a county judge. At a press conference he held to deny the allegation, he blamed the charges on "common criminals" looking for favorable treatment with prosecutors.
After becoming Luzerne county's president judge, Conahan used his budgetary discretion to stop funding the county public youth detention facility, agreeing to send juvenile defendants instead to a newly constructed, for-profit facility. He was subsequently accused of agreeing to generate at least $1.3 million per year in receivables that could be billed to taxpayers in exchange for receiving kickbacks from the facility owner. After indictment, he originally pleaded guilty to charges, but later withdrew his plea. His colleague Mark Ciavarella was also indicted on charges of money laundering, fraud and racketeering.
The Pennsylvania state Judicial Conduct Board had received four complaints about Conahan between 2004 and 2008, but later admitted it failed to investigate any of them, nor had it sought documentation regarding the cases involved. In 2006, the FBI was tipped off about Conahan and nepotism in the county courts. An additional investigation into improper sentencing in Luzerne County began early in 2007 resulting from requests for help from several youths that were received by the Philadelphia-based Juvenile Law Center. The Center's attorneys determined that several hundred cases had been tried without the teenaged defendants having received adequate assistance of counsel. In April 2008, the Center petitioned the Pennsylvania Supreme Court seeking relief for alleged violation of the civil rights of those young defendants. The court initially denied the application for relief, then in January 2009 after charges of corruption against the both judges surfaced, it reconsidered in favor of the appellants.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Internal Revenue Service also investigated the two judges, although the particular timeline and scope of the confidential investigations by the federal agencies were not disclosed. Part of the investigation concerned issues that had been raised during disciplinary hearings over the conduct of another troubled former Luzerne County judge, Anne H. Lokuta. In November 2006, Lokuta appeared before Pennsylvania's Judicial Conduct Board to respond to charges regarding her using court workers to do her housework, having openly displayed bias against attorneys arguing cases before her, and having publicly humiliated courthouse staff causing those employees mental distress. The board ruled against Lokuta in November 2008, resulting in her removal from the bench. During the course of those disciplinary hearings, Lokuta accused Conahan of bullying behavior, further charging that he was behind a conspiracy to have her removed. Because Lokuta had aided the FBI's investigation into the "kids for cash" scheme prior to the determination of the disciplinary board, the state Supreme Court stayed the removal order in March 2009 in light of the ongoing corruption investigations. That paused Lokuta's removal and obviated the election that was scheduled for that May to fill the seat her removal would have left vacant. The state Supreme Court decided, 4-1, to uphold Lokuta's removal from the bench in January 2011, making findings that she had indeed received a sufficiently fair trial, regardless of Carnahan's adverse testimony. That court also ordered the expungements of the records of 2,401 of those juveniles who were affected by the judicial misconduct. During the Lokuta hearing, Conahan testified that there were no out-of-court social relationships amongst the county judges. However, Judge Michael Toole, who was later convicted of case fixing, as well as another county judge, had each stayed at a Florida condo jointly owned by Conahan and Ciavarella.
Shortly after his indictment in January 2009, Conahan pleaded guilty. He later withdrew his plea, intending to take the case to trial. Eventually he pleaded guilty once more. On September 23, 2011, he was sentenced to 17.5 years in prison and ordered to pay over $900,000 in fines and restitution. He is being held in the low-security complex component of the Federal Correctional Institution, Coleman, in Florida with an anticipated release date of 2026. 
- "Michael Conahan". mahalo.com. Retrieved March 9, 2010.
- Frank, Thomas (April 1, 2009). "Thomas Frank Says 'Kids for Cash' Incentivizes the Prison Industry". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved August 25, 2009.
- Dave Janoski (staff writer). "Luzerne's other disgraced judge a study in contrasts". thetimes-tribune.com.
- Key player in kids-for-cash learns fate Friday, Standard-Speaker, Dave Janoski, September 18, 2011. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
- "Judge Mark Ciavarella and Judge Michael Conahan". People You'll See in Hell (Internet archive). Archived from the original on April 20, 2013. Retrieved December 8, 2016.
- Janoski, Dave (August 24, 2009). "Ciavarella, Conahan withdraw guilty pleas". citizensvoice.com. Retrieved December 8, 2016.
- "United States of America v Mark Ciavarella Jr and Michael Conahan". The United States Attorney's Office. Retrieved December 8, 2016.
- State Failed to Investigate Complaints in Juvenile Court Kickback Scandal, Juvenile Justice Information Exchange, Noah Echols, March 22, 2010. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
- Lokuta says conduct board kept conahan allegations under wraps, Citizens Voice, Michael R. Sisak, DECEMBER 12, 2009. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
- "Luzerne County". Juvenile Law Center. April 27, 2009. Archived from the original on 2010-04-12. Retrieved 2016-12-08.
- Peter Hall and Leo Strupczewski (January 28, 2009). "Judges to Serve More Than Seven Years in Prison After Pleading Guilty in Kickbacks Probe". The Legal Intelligencer. Retrieved 2009-08-26.
- Leo Strupczewski and Peter Hall (February 9, 2009). "Rumors Intensify About Investigation Into Allegations of Luzerne County Case-Fixing". Pennsylvania Law Weekly. Retrieved 2016-12-08.
- Morgan-Besecker, Terrie (November 5, 2008). "Board: Lokuta violated ethics". Wilkes-Barre Times Leader. Archived from the original on September 1, 2009. Retrieved 2016-12-08.
- Morgan-Besecker, Terrie (August 8, 2009). "Witnesses back Lokuta claim of conspiracy". Wilkes-Barre Times Leader. Archived from the original on August 12, 2009. Retrieved 2016-12-08.
- Morgan-Besecker, Terrie (March 26, 2009). "Ruling: Keep Lokuta seat off ballot". Wilkes-Barre Times Leader. Archived from the original on September 1, 2009. Retrieved 2016-12-08.
- Former judge Lokuta still off the bench, Citizens Voice, Dave Janoski, January 15, 2011. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
- Prisons are no Place for Profit, Juvenile Justice Information Exchange, John Lash, April 12, 2013. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
- "Former Luzerne judge Conahan sentenced to 17.5 years". thetimes-tribune.com. September 23, 2011. Retrieved December 8, 2016.
- Janoski, Dave (December 8, 2016). "Conahan Sent to Florida Prison". citizensvoice.com. The Citizens' Voice. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
- Staff Report (September 9, 2011). "Former Luzerne judge Conahan sentenced to 17.5 years - News". The Times-Tribune. Retrieved December 8, 2016.