Michael Cohen (lawyer)

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Michael Cohen
Trump executive Michael Cohen 012 (5506031001) (cropped).jpg
Cohen in 2011
Born Michael Dean Cohen
(1966-08-25) August 25, 1966 (age 51)
Long Island, New York, U.S.
Education American University (BA)
Thomas M. Cooley Law School (JD)
Occupation Lawyer
Political party Democratic (before 2002; 2004–2017)
Republican (2002–2004; 2017–present)
Spouse(s) Laura Shusterman (m. 1995)
Children 2

Michael Dean Cohen (born August 25, 1966) is an American attorney who worked as a lawyer for Donald Trump before he became U.S. President and since.[1][2] He was also a vice-president of the Trump Organization and special counsel to Trump,[3] and previously served as co-president of Trump Entertainment and was a board member of the Eric Trump Foundation, a children's health charity. He joined the Trump Organization after having been a partner at Phillips Nizer.[4]

As of April 2018, he was under investigation by federal prosecutors on multiple matters, including bank fraud, wire fraud and campaign finance violations, arising in part from payments made by him in the Stormy Daniels–Donald Trump scandal.[2][5] Cohen ceased to be Trump's lawyer in May 2018.

Early life[edit]

Cohen grew up in the town of Lawrence on Long Island.[4] His mother was a nurse, and his father, who survived the Holocaust, was a surgeon.[4][6] Cohen is Jewish.[7] He attended Lawrence Woodmere Academy[8] and received his BA from American University in 1988 and his JD from Thomas M. Cooley Law School in 1991.[9] Cooley was threatened by the ABA with loss of accreditation in 2017 and 2018 but is now in compliance per the ABA.[10]


Legal career and business ventures[edit]

Cohen began practicing personal injury law in New York in 1992, working for Melvyn Estrin in Manhattan.[8][11] As of 2003, Cohen was an attorney in private practice and CEO of MLA Cruises, Inc., and of the Atlantic Casino.[12] In 2003, when Cohen was a candidate for New York City Council, he provided a biography to the New York City Campaign Finance Board for inclusion in its voters' guide, listing him as co-owner of Taxi Funding Corp. and a fleet of New York City taxicabs numbering over 200.[12][13][14] At the time, Cohen was business partners in the taxi business with Simon Garber.[14]

As of 2017, Cohen was estimated to own at least 34 taxi medallions through 17 limited liability companies (LLCs).[14] Until April 2017, "taxi king" Evgeny Freidman managed the medallions still held by Cohen; this arrangement ended after the city's Taxi and Limousine Commission decided not to renew Freidman's licenses.[14] Between April and June 2017, the New York State Department of Taxation and Finance filed seven tax warrants against Cohen and his wife for $37,434 in unpaid taxi taxes due to the MTA.[15]

In 2006, Cohen was a lawyer at the law firm Phillips Nizer LLP.[16] He worked at the firm for about a year before taking a job at The Trump Organization.[11]

While at the company, Cohen became a close confidant to Donald Trump, maintaining an office near Trump at Trump Tower. Cohen aided Trump in his struggle with the condominium board at the Trump World Tower, which led to Trump successfully obtaining control of the board.[11]

In 2008, Cohen was named COO of the MMA promotion Affliction Entertainment. [17]

Cohen has been involved in real estate ventures in Manhattan, including buying and selling four apartment buildings between 2011 and 2014. The total purchase price of the four buildings was $11 million and the total sales price was $32 million.[11][18] Cohen sold the four properties at above their assessed values, in all-cash transactions, to LLCs owned by persons whose identities are not public.[19] After this was reported by McClatchy DC in October 2017, Cohen said that all four properties were purchased by an American-owned "New York real estate family fund" that paid cash for the properties in order to obtain a tax deferred (Section 1031) exchange, but did not specifically identify the buyer.[18]

In 2015, Cohen purchased an Upper East Side apartment building for $58 million.[11]


Cohen volunteered for the 1988 presidential campaign of Michael Dukakis,[4] was an intern for Congressman Joe Moakley,[6] and voted for Barack Obama in 2008, though he later became disappointed with Obama.[4]

In 2003 he unsuccessfully ran as a Republican for the New York City Council from the Fourth Council District (a Manhattan district).[20] Cohen received 4,205 votes, and was defeated by Democratic candidate Eva S. Moskowitz, who received 13,745 votes.[21] In 2010, Cohen briefly campaigned for a seat in the New York State Senate.[1][6] He was a registered Democrat until he officially registered as a Republican on March 9, 2017.[22][23]

Relationship with Donald Trump and the Trump Organization[edit]

Trump advisor[edit]

He was a co-founder, along with Darrell C. Scott, of the National Diversity Coalition for Trump.[24] Peter J. Gleason a lawyer who filed for protection of documents pertaining to two women with sexual abuse allegations against Eric T. Schneiderman that had been discussed with Cohen, stated without offering details or corroborating evidence that Cohen told him that Trump, if elected as governor of New York in 2013, would help bring the accusations to public attention.[25]


While an executive at the Trump Organization, Cohen was known as Trump's "pit bull." In late 2011, when Trump was publicly speculating about running for the 2012 Republican Party presidential nomination, Cohen co-founded the website "Should Trump Run?" to draft Trump into entering the race.[6]

In an interview with ABC News in 2011, Cohen stated, "If somebody does something Mr. Trump doesn't like, I do everything in my power to resolve it to Mr. Trump's benefit. If you do something wrong, I'm going to come at you, grab you by the neck and I'm not going to let you go until I'm finished."[26]


In 2013, Cohen sent an email to the satirical news website The Onion, demanding that an article The Onion had published which mocked Donald Trump ("When You're Feeling Low, Just Remember I'll Be Dead In About 15 Or 20 Years") be removed with an apology, claiming it was defamatory.[27][28]


In 2015, in response to an inquiry by reporter Tim Mak of The Daily Beast concerning rape allegations (later recanted) by Ivana Trump about her then-husband Donald Trump, Cohen said, "I'm warning you, tread very fucking lightly, because what I'm going to do to you is going to be fucking disgusting."[29]


A video of an interview of Cohen by CNN's Brianna Keilar went viral, in which Cohen said "Says who?" several times in response to Keilar's statement that Trump was behind in all of the polls.[30][31]

Cohen defended Trump against charges of antisemitism.[7]


The Trump–Russia dossier, published in January 2017, alleges that Cohen met with Russian officials in Prague, Czech Republic in 2016 with the objective of paying those who had hacked the DNC and to "cover up all traces of the hacking operation". Cohen has denied the allegations against him,[32][33][34] stating that he was in Los Angeles between August 23 and 29, and in New York for the entire month of September.[35] According to a Czech intelligence source, there is no record of him entering Prague by plane, but Respekt magazine and Politico pointed out that he could have entered by car or train from a neighboring country within the Schengen Area, for example Italy. In the latter case, a record of Cohen entering the Schengen zone from a non-Schengen country should exist.[36][37]

However, on April 13, 2018, the DC Bureau of McClatchy Newspapers reported that Special Counsel Robert Mueller has evidence that Cohen did travel to Prague during the late-summer of 2016, with two sources having confirmed this secret trip. The evidence is said to show that Cohen entered the Czech Republic from (Germany), and since both countries are in European Union's Schengen passport area, Cohen would not have received a passport stamp to enter Czech territory.[38] The following day, Cohen again denied he has "ever been to Prague".[39][40] Cohen also said that he didn't travel to the European Union in August 2016.[41]

In late January 2017, Cohen met with Ukrainian opposition politician Andrey Artemenko and Felix Sater at the Loews Regency in Manhattan to discuss a plan to lift sanctions against Russia. The proposed plan would require that Russian forces withdraw from eastern Ukraine and that Ukraine hold a referendum on whether Crimea should be "leased" to Russia for 50 or 100 years. Cohen was given a written proposal in a sealed envelope that he delivered to then-National Security Advisor Michael Flynn in early February.[42]

On April 3, 2017, Cohen was appointed a National Deputy Finance Chairman of the Republican National Committee.[43][44] In April 2017, Cohen also formed an alliance with Squire Patton Boggs for legal and lobbying counsel on behalf of Trump.[45]

In May 2017, amidst expanding inquiries into alleged Russian interference in the 2016 U.S. election, two congressional panels asked Cohen to provide information about any communications he had with people connected to the Russian government.[46][47][11][48][49] He was also a subject of the Mueller investigation in 2018.[50][51][52]


In May 2018 Rudy Giuliani announced that Cohen was no longer Trump's lawyer.[53] In July, tapes secretly recorded by Cohen of his conversations with Trump about hush payments to Karen McDougal were released, seemingly contradicting earlier statements by Trump denying knowledge of the payments, and raising questions about campaign finance ethics.[54]

Payment to Stormy Daniels[edit]

A January 2018 Wall Street Journal article reported that in October 2016, Cohen used Essential Consultants LLC to pay adult film actress Stormy Daniels regarding an alleged affair she had with Trump in 2006.[55][56] Cohen told The New York Times in February 2018 that the $130,000 was paid to Daniels from his own pocket, that it was not a campaign contribution, and that he was not reimbursed for making it by either the Trump Organization or the Trump campaign.[57] The Washington Post later noted that, by stating that he used his own money to "facilitate" the payment, Cohen was not ruling out the possibility that Trump, as an individual, reimbursed Cohen for the payment.[58] In April 2018, Trump acknowledged for the first time that Cohen has represented him in the Stormy Daniels case, after previously having denied knowledge of the $130,000 payment.[59]

On March 5, the Wall Street Journal cited anonymous sources recounting Cohen as saying he missed two deadlines to pay Daniels because Cohen "couldn't reach Mr. Trump in the hectic final days of the presidential campaign", and that after Trump's election, Cohen had complained that he had not been reimbursed for the payment. Cohen described this report as "fake news".[60]

On March 9, NBC News reported that Cohen had used his Trump Organization email to negotiate with Daniels regarding her nondisclosure agreement, and that Cohen had used the same Trump Organization email to arrange for a transfer for funds which would eventually lead to Daniels' payment.[61] In response, Cohen acknowledged that he had transferred funds from his home equity line of credit to the LLC and from the LLC to Daniels' attorney.[62]

In a March 25, 2018, interview with 60 Minutes, Daniels said that she and Trump had sex once, and that later she had been threatened in front of her infant daughter, and felt pressured to later sign a nondisclosure agreement.[63][64]

On March 26, David Schwarz, a lawyer for Cohen, told ABC's Good Morning America that Daniels was lying in the 60 Minutes interview. Cohen's lawyer sent a cease-and-desist letter claiming Daniels' statements constituted "libel per se and intentional infliction of emotional distress" to Cohen.[65]

Cohen initiated a private arbitration case against Daniels in February 2018, based on an October 2016 non-disclosure agreement signed by Daniels in October 2016 in exchange for $130,000. Cohen obtained an order from an arbitrator barring Daniels from publicly discussing her alleged relationship with Trump.[66][67] Daniels subsequently brought a lawsuit in federal court against Trump and Cohen, arguing that the non-disclosure agreement is legally invalid because Trump never signed it,[68] Cohen responded by seeking to compel arbitration, which would avoid public proceedings.[67] In April 2018, Cohen filed a declaration in the court saying that he would invoke his Fifth Amendment right not to incriminate himself in the Daniels lawsuit.[69][70]

On May 18 lawyers for Cohen filed an objection for Daniel's lawyer Michael Avenatti being allowed to represent her in a case involving Cohen, claiming it, the objection, was based on the violations of ethical rules, and local court rules, amongst other issues.[71]

Recording of discussion regarding Karen McDougal[edit]

In 2016 Karen McDougal, a former Playboy model, claimed that she and Trump had an affair in 2006-2007, a claim that Trump has since denied.[72] The National Enquirer paid McDougal $150,000 for her story, but never published it, in a practice known as catch-and-kill.

Cohen had been known to record conversations and phone calls with other people.[73] On July 20, 2018, it was revealed that Cohen secretly recorded a telephone conversation with Trump discussing a potential hush payment to McDougal. The tape had been classified as a privileged attorney-client communication by the Special Master reviewing the Cohen material, but Trump's attorneys waived that claim, meaning that prosecutors can have it and use it.[74] The call occurred in September 2016,[72] two months before the election and weeks after the Enquirer paid McDougal the $150,000. In the phone conversation Trump and Cohen reportedly discussed whether to buy the rights to her story from the Enquirer. Trump appears to approve the purchase, saying, according to CNN quoting Trump’s lawyer, Rudy Giuliani, “make sure it's done correctly, and make sure it's done by check".[72] When the story of the Enquirer payment came out, a few days before the election, Hope Hicks, then Trump’s spokeswoman, said that the Trump campaign had no knowledge of the alleged affair.[75]

The disclosure also raised questions as to whether campaign finance violations had occurred, in the form of whether the payment by the Enquirer, without the story being published, constitutes an undisclosed contribution to Trump’s campaign.[54]

Essential Consultants LLC[edit]

For many months, Cohen used the LLC[76] for an array of business activities, which were largely unknown to the public, with at least $4.4 million moving through the LLC between when Trump was elected President until January 2018.[77] Transactions described in the records, released to the public and news agencies by Stormy Daniels' lawyer Michael Avenatti,[78][79][80] included hundreds of thousands of dollars that were given to Cohen from two Fortune 500 firms (Novartis and AT&T) with business before the Trump administration, as well as other smaller fees for expenses such as a Mercedes-Benz or private club dues. Cohen claimed that the documents dispersed by Avenatti were inaccurate, when asked to respond by the media.

Many questions were raised about some of the payments, such as four totaling $200,000 that AT&T paid to the LLC between October 2017 and January 2018,[81][82] while at the same time the proposed merger between the company and Time Warner is pending before the Justice Department. AT&T claimed that the money was paid to the LLC and other firms that were used to provide insights into understanding the new administration, and that the LLC did no legal or lobbying work for AT&T.[77][83]

On May 11, 2018, the CEO of AT&T stated that in early 2017 it was approached by Cohen to provide “his opinion on the new President and his administration”. Cohen was paid $600,000 ($50,000 per month) over the year, which its CEO described as “a big mistake”. Novartis was also approached by Cohen and was offered similar services.[84]

Novartis, a Switzerland–based pharmaceutical giant paid the LLC nearly $1.2 million in separate payments.[85] Novartis released a statement May 9, 2018 that it hired the LLC to help the company understand the "health care policy" of the new administration, but it actually did not receive benefit for its investment. The statement continued that Novartis made a decision to not engage Essential Consultants further, but it could not terminate the contract for "cause", raising concerns on why the company did not pursue reimbursement.[86]

Korea Aerospace Industries paid $150,000,[87] ostensibly for advice on "cost accounting standards".[86]

In 2017, LLC received $500,000 from Columbus Nova, a US offshoot of businesses owned by Russian oligarch, Viktor Vekselberg.[87] Vekselberg is a business partner of Soviet-born billionaire and major Republican Party donor, Leonard Blavatnik.[88]

Federal investigation[edit]

Cohen v US – Govt Opposition to TRO Request

As of April 2018, Cohen was under federal criminal investigation by the United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York.[89] Possible charges reportedly include bank fraud, wire fraud and violations of campaign finance law.[5]

On April 9, 2018, the FBI raided Cohen's office at the law firm of Squire Patton Boggs, as well as his home and his hotel room in the Loews Regency Hotel in New York City, pursuant to a federal search warrant.[90][91] The warrant was obtained by the U.S. Attorney's Office for the Southern District of New York, whose public corruption unit is conducting an investigation.[13] Seeking the warrant required high-level approval from the Department of Justice.[2] The Interim U.S. Attorney, Geoffrey Berman, was recused.[92] Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein and FBI Director Christopher Wray – both of whom are Trump appointees – had supervisory roles.[93] The FBI obtained the warrant after a referral from Robert Mueller's Special Counsel investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections, although underlying reasons for the raid were not revealed.[2][94]

Agents seized emails, tax records, business records, and other matter related to several topics, including payments made by Cohen to Stormy Daniels,[2] and records related to Trump's Access Hollywood controversy.[95] Recordings of phone conversations Cohen made were also obtained.[96] According to Stormy Daniels’ attorney Michael Avenatti and civil rights attorney Lisa Bloom, some of the recordings may have included participants located in California, which would make the recordings illegal, as California is a "two party consent" state.[97]

The search included the seizure of materials normally protected by attorney-client privilege, which is subject to a crime-fraud exception if a crime is suspected.[98] However, some legal scholars opined that Trump's denial that he had knowledge of the Daniels payment, combined with denials by Cohen and his lawyer David Schwartz, meant both sides had effectively said the matter did not involve attorney-client communications.[99] The search warrant itself has been sealed, making it unavailable to the public.[100] The FBI also sought documents pertaining to Cohen's ownership of taxi medallions.[13][101] Cohen's taxi fleet is operated by Gene Freidman, who is facing legal trouble for alleged tax evasion.[102]

A few days after the raid McClatchy reported that Mueller investigation was in possession of evidence that Cohen travelled to Prague in August or September 2016. If true, the report bolsters similar claims in 3 of 17 reports from the Trump–Russia dossier. According to McClatchy's confidential sources, Cohen travelled to Prague via Germany, a passage which would not have required use of a passport due to both countries being within the Schengen Area.[103][104][105] In reaction, Cohen denied having ever been to Prague, as he had done in his January 2017 denial following the dossier's release.[106][39][40] The Spectator citing an intelligence source in London echoed the findings of McClatchy that evidence of Cohen visiting Prague was passed to Mueller investigation.[107]. Mother Jones reports that Cohen had told them "I was in Prague for one afternoon 14 years ago", contradicting later statements that he had never visited.[108]

Following the raid, Squire Patton Boggs ended its formal working relationship with Cohen.[109]

Peter J. Gleason, a lawyer who claimed to have represented two women who claim that former New York attorney general Eric T. Schneiderman, "sexually victimized them", claimed to have discussed the case with Cohen in 2013.[25] The account came to light in a letter[110] Gleason sent to Kimba M. Wood, the federal Judge overseeing the case against Cohen, asking for protection of any records that Cohen might have kept about the women, and potentially seized in the raid.

Media reports[edit]

On May 3, 2018, NBC erroneously reported that Cohen's phone lines had been wiretapped for weeks before his office, home and hotel room were raided and that at least one call between the White House and one of the phone lines associated with Cohen was intercepted. Later that day, NBC corrected the story to indicate that Cohen's phone calls had been monitored by pen register, which logs the origins and destinations of calls but not the contents.[111][112]

On May 8, multiple news sources reported that the shell company used to pay Stormy Daniels, had received more than $1 million in payments from an American company linked to a Russian oligarch, with at least one $500,000 payment from Colombus Nova an investment firm in New York, and whose largest client is a company controlled by Viktor Vekselberg, a Ukrainian-born Russian oligarch.[77] Prior to the transactions revelations, done so in part by Daniels lawyer Michael Avenatti, the transactions were not reported.

On May 23, the BBC reported that Cohen had received a secret payment of between $400,000 and $600,000 from intermediaries for Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko to arrange a meeting between Poroshenko and Trump, though Cohen was not registered as a foreign agent.[113] Cohen and the Ukrainian president's office have denied the allegations.[113]

Personal life[edit]

Cohen married Ukraine-born Laura Shusterman in 1994.[11][114][115] Laura Shusterman's father, Fima Shusterman, left Ukraine for New York in 1975.[115] He has a daughter who is currently attending the University of Pennsylvania.[116][117] His uncle, Dr. Morton W. Levine, is a family practitioner that gave medical aid to members of the Lucchese crime family.[115]

Before joining the Trump Organization, Cohen had purchased several homes in Trump's buildings.[6] A 2017 New York Times article reported that Cohen is known for having "a penchant for luxury"; he was married at The Pierre, drove a Porsche while attending college, and at one point, owned a Bentley.[11]


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