Michael Edwards (fragrance expert)

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Michael Edwards
Michael Edwards, 2014
Michael Edwards, 2014
BornMichael Anthony Edwards
(1943-12-10) 10 December 1943 (age 80)
Zomba, Nyasaland
OccupationFragrance expert, author, editor
NationalityAustralian, British
Notable worksFragrances of the World, Perfume Legends: French Feminine Fragrances

Michael Anthony Edwards (10 December 1943) is a British fragrance taxonomist, historian, and founding editor of Fragrances of the World, the largest guide to perfume classification. His lectures and writings, including the book Perfume Legends: French Feminine Fragrances, pioneered critical scholarship on the history of perfumery, while his fragrance wheel marked a major innovation in perfume retail. He resides in Australia, France, and the United States.

Early life and career[edit]

Michael Edwards was born on 10 December 1943 in Zomba, Nyasaland (present-day Malawi). After attending school in the United Kingdom and Rhodesia, he briefly studied biochemistry at the University of Natal[citation needed] before accepting a marketing job in London at the Beecham Group, specializing in toiletries. Edwards later moved to Paris to join Norton Simon as the international marketing director for Halston.[1]

Publication of Fragrances of the World[edit]

By 1984, Michael Edwards, then working in Sydney, was aware of the need for a guide to help retailers suggest perfumes to consumers. That year, Edwards independently published The Fragrance Manual, the first retailer’s guide to fragrance classification. The manual proved a success, going through several editions, and was expanded at the request of Nordstrom, first to include American fragrances, followed by men's fragrances and niche brands.[2][3]

The 1992 edition of The Fragrance Manual was the first to feature a "fragrance wheel". This annular taxonomy organized fragrance families in relation to one another, showing their interchange, a system better suited to retail than the linear, sectional genealogy used in previous editions. It was widely adopted in the industry.[4]

Renamed Fragrances of the World in 2000 and published annually, Edwards’ guide has become an authoritative reference in the fragrance industry, colloquially termed the 'Fragrance Bible'. Its online database, updated weekly, archives profiles of over 16,000 fragrances.[5]

Publication of Perfume Legends[edit]

In 1990, Michael Edwards proposed to perfumer Guy Robert, president of the French Society of Perfumers, the creation of a book detailing the history of French feminine perfume, drawing from interviews to be held with famous perfumers. This was to be a novel effort, as perfumers rarely discussed their work publicly, instead preferring the secrecy traditional to the fragrance industry. Robert agreed to lend his support, becoming, alongside perfumer Edmond Roudnitska, a key advocate on Edwards’ behalf.[6][7]

Over the course of six years, Edwards interviewed some 150 perfumers, couturiers, bottle designers, and industry executives, while gaining unprecedented access to private and corporate archives. The resulting book was titled Perfume Legends: French Feminine Fragrances.[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Interview with Michael Edwards - creator of Fragrances of the World ~ by Grant Osborne — Basenotes.net". www.basenotes.net.
  2. ^ "Michael Edwards, Fragrances Of The World 2010 Edition, rare exclusive Interview with Michael Edwards, , Perfume Legends: French Feminine Fragrances, the cult book and collectors item. Michael Edwards, author and fragrance expert, Sniffapalooza Magazine, perfumes, fragrances, Mark David Boberick, Raphaella Barkley, images by Michel Roudiniska". www.sniffapaloozamagazine.com.
  3. ^ "De-mist-ifying fragrances". www.frontiermagazine.co.uk.
  4. ^ "Fragrance Families - the Perfumed Court". Archived from the original on 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2014-01-22.
  5. ^ Edwards, Michael. Fragrances of the World. Sydney, N.S.W.: Fragrances of the World, 2014. Print.
  6. ^ "Guy Robert: A Tribute - by Michael Edwards - The Perfume Magazine - August 2012". www.theperfumemagazine.com.
  7. ^ Edwards, Michael. Perfume Legends: French Feminine Fragrances. Levallois: HM Éditions, 1996. Print.
  8. ^ "Perfume Legends : French Feminine Fragrances by Michael Edwards « Bois de Jasmin". boisdejasmin.com.

External links[edit]