Michael F. Jacobson
Michael F. Jacobson
|Born||July 29, 1943|
|Alma mater||Massachusetts Institute of Technology|
|Center for Science in the Public Interest|
Michael F. Jacobson (born July 29, 1943), who holds a Ph.D. in microbiology from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, is an American scientist and nutrition advocate.
Jacobson co-founded the Center for Science in the Public Interest in 1971, along with two fellow scientists (James B. Sullivan, Albert J. Fritsch) he met while working at the Center for the Study of Responsive Law. When his colleagues left CSPI in 1977, Jacobson became its executive director. In 2017 he was replaced as the executive director by Peter Lurie and holds the position of Senior Scientist; he is also on the board of directors of the organization. He has been a national leader in the movement for healthier diets, focusing both on education and obtaining laws and regulations. It was Jacobson who coined the now widely used phrases "junk food" and "food porn".
Jacobson and his organization have both publicized healthy diets and criticized a wide variety of foods and beverages as unhealthful. He and CSPI frequently use colorful terms to emphasize their opposition to certain foods, for instance referring to fettuccine alfredo as a "heart attack on a plate."
He founded Food Day, a nationwide celebration of healthy, affordable, and sustainably produced food and a grassroots campaign for better policies. Food Day was celebrated annually from 1975–77 and 2011–15. Jacobson also founded Big Business Day and the Center for the Study of Commercialism.
"Soda is the quintessential junk food—just sugar calories and no nutrients," says Jacobson. "Americans are drowning in soda pop—teenagers, in particular. The average teenage boy is consuming two cans of soda pop a day." Jacobson proposes several warning labels, including "Drinking (non-diet) soft drinks contributes to obesity and tooth decay," and "Consider switching to diet soda, water, or skim milk." He once asked a CBS News reporter: "Obesity is an epidemic. One-third of youths already are overweight or obese. Are we just going to sit around and do nothing? Or should we do something—a modest, sensible step of putting a health message on cans and bottles?"
In 2005, Jacobson's organization proposed mandatory warning labels on all containers of sugar-sweetened soft drinks, to warn consumers about the possible health risks of consuming these beverages on a regular basis.
Beginning in 1993, Jacobson spearheaded efforts to require that artificial trans fat, a potent cause of heart disease, be labeled on food packages. As evidence of trans fat's harmfulness accumulated, in 2004 CSPI petitioned the Food and Drug Administration to ban the use of partially hydrogenated vegetable oil, the source of artificial trans fat. The FDA banned that oil in 2015, with June 18, 2018, being the effective date to stop using it.
To bring about changes in eating habits, Jacobson advocates higher taxes on unhealthy foods, greater use of warning labels on food and beverage packaging, restrictions on advertising and selling junk foods (“snack foods"), and lawsuits against food producers and retailers whose practices he believes are detrimental to public health. His publicity campaigns and legal actions regarding such harmful ingredients as urethane (a carcinogen) in alcoholic beverages, sulfite preservatives (deadly allergen) in fresh vegetables, wine, and other foods; sodium nitrite (source of cancer-causing nitrosamines) in bacon and other processed meats; and acrylamide (a carcinogenic contaminant) in baked and fried foods led to governmental restrictions or voluntary actions to reduce or eliminate those substances. Jacobson led the effort to get "Added Sugars" listed on Nutrition Facts labels.
Due to the public-interest passion he brings to his efforts and in part to his criticisms of the food industry, Jacobson's methods have been questioned by the libertarian community, with the Center for Consumer Freedom awarding him "nanny of the year" on three occasions. Some argue that parents have control over their children's diet and can moderate their intake of sugar-sweetened soft drinks. However, Jacobson contends that "kids know about vending machines, and they can go to 7-Eleven and get a big gulp which contains half a gallon (0.5 US gal (1,900 ml)) —a thousand calories, almost!—of soda pop in a single serving... We've come a long way from the six-and-a-half ounce (6.5 US fluid ounces (190 ml)) Coke bottles some 50 years ago."
Works written by Jacobson
- Eater's Digest: The Consumer's Fact-Book of Food Additives, Doubleday & Company Inc. (1972) ASIN B000H7GB4K
- How Sodium Nitrite Can Affect Your Health, Center for Science in the Public Interest (1973)
- Nutrition Scoreboard: your guide to better eating, Center for Science in the Public Interest (1973). Avon Books (1974)
- The Changing American Diet, Center for Science in the Public Interest (Two editions: 1973, 1978)
- Booze Merchants: The Inebriating of America. Jacobson, Robert Atkins, George Hacker. Center for Science in the Public Interest (1983), ISBN 0-89329-099-8
- The Complete Eater’s Digest and Nutrition Scoreboard. Jacobson. Anchor Books (1985).
- Salt: The Brand Name Guide to Sodium Content. Bonnie F. Liebman, Jacobson, Greg Moyer. Warner Books; Reissue edition (1985). ISBN 0-446-35513-5
- The Fast-Food Guide. Jacobson, Sarah Fritschner. Workman Publishing Co. (1986) ISBN 99913-31-76-X
- Marketing Booze to Blacks, Center for Science in the Public Interest (1987) ISBN 0-89329-015-7
- ''Tainted Booze. Charles P. Mitchell, Jacobson. Center for Science in the Public Interest (1988) ISBN 0-89329-017-3
- Marketing Disease to Hispanics: The Selling of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Junk Foods. Center for Science in the Public Interest (1989) ISBN 0-89329-020-3
- The Completely Revised and Updated Fast-Food Guide: What's Good, What's Bad, and How to Tell the Difference. Jacobson, Sarah Fritschner. Workman Publishing Co.; 2nd Revised & Updated edition (1992) ISBN 0-89480-823-0
- Safe Food: Eating Wisely in a Risky World. Jacobson, Lisa Y. Lefferts, Anne Witte Garland. Living Planet Press (1993) ISBN 0-425-13621-3
- What Are We Feeding Our Kids? Jacobson, Bruce Maxwell. Workman Publishing Co. (1994) ISBN 1-56305-101-X
- Marketing Madness: A Survival Guide for a Consumer Society. Jacobson, Laurie Ann Mazur. Westview Press (1995) ISBN 0-89329-020-3
- Restaurant Confidential. Jacobson, Jayne Hurley. Workman Publishing Co. (2002) ISBN 0-7611-0035-0
- Salt: The Forgotten Killer, Center for Science in the Public Interest (2005)
- Liquid Candy: How Soft Drinks are Harming Americans' Health, Center for Science in the Public Interest (2007)
- "CSPI Board of Directors". Center for Science in the Public Interest. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
- O'Neill, Brendon (November 30, 2006). "Is this what you call junk food?". BBC News. Retrieved June 29, 2010.
- Food And Social Media — A Complicated Relationship
- Shin, Annys (February 28, 2011). "Dinner with Michael Jacobson, 'Chief of the Food Police'". Retrieved 6 June 2017.
- "Food Day". Food Day. Archived from the original on 6 June 2017. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
- "Big Business Day". The Nader Page. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
- "Center for Study of Commercialism". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
- Morales, Tatiana. "Warning Labels On Soda?". CBS. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
- "Letter to Secretary Michael Leavitt: Department of Health and Human Services" (PDF). 2005-07-13. Retrieved 2006-08-12.
- "Artificial Trans Fat Timeline" (PDF). Center for Science in the Public Interest. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
- "Final Determination Regarding Partially Hydrogenated Oils (Removing Trans Fat)". Food and Drug Administration. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
- "CSPI petition to HHS, FDA re: Daily reference value for "added sugar"". Center for Science in the Public Interest. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
- Katherine Mangu-Ward (2008-08-15). "A five-egg omelet, a bowl of grits, three slices of French toast topped with powdered sugar and three chocolate-chip pancakes". Reason. Retrieved 2008-08-16.
- "Liquid Candy: How Soft Drinks are Harming Americans' Health" (PDF). Center for Science in the Public Interest. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
- "Salt: The Forgotten Killer" (PDF). Center for Science in the Public Interest. Retrieved 6 June 2017.