Michael Ellis Fisher
3 September 1931
Fyzabad, Colony of Trinidad and Tobago
|Died||26 November 2021(aged 90)|
|Alma mater||King's College London|
|Known for||Theory of phase transitions |
|Awards||Irving Langmuir Award (1971)|
Wolf Prize (1980)
Boltzmann Medal (1983)
NAS Award for Scientific Reviewing (1983)
Lars Onsager Prize (1995)
Royal Medal (2005)
BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award (2009)
|Institutions||University of Maryland, College Park|
|Doctoral advisor||Cyril Domb|
Michael Ellis Fisher (3 September 1931 – 26 November 2021) was an English physicist, as well as chemist and mathematician, known for his many seminal contributions to statistical physics, including but not restricted to the theory of phase transitions and critical phenomena.
Michael E. Fisher received his BSc from King's College London in 1951, where he also earned a PhD in physics in 1957. He was appointed to the faculty as a lecturer the following year, becoming a full professor in 1965.
In 1966 he moved to Cornell University where he became professor of chemistry, physics, and mathematics, chairing the chemistry department from 1975 to 1978. In 1971, he became a Fellow of the Royal Society. In 1973, he and Jack Kiefer were the first two Cornell faculty elected as Horace White Professors. Fisher was elected Secretary of the Cornell University Senate. In 1983, he was elected a member of the National Academy of Sciences, chemistry section. Since 1987 he was at the Institute for Physical Science and Technology, which is part of the University of Maryland College of Computer, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences. He retired in 2012.
Fisher lived in Maryland with his wife Sorrel. They had four children. Two of them are also theoretical physicists: Daniel S. Fisher is professor of Applied Physics at Stanford, while Matthew P. A. Fisher is professor of Physics at the University of California, Santa Barbara.
Fisher together with Kenneth G. Wilson and Leo Kadanoff won the Wolf Prize in 1980. The prize was awarded with the following comment:"Professor Michael E. Fisher has been an extraordinarily productive scientist, and one still at the height of his powers and creativity. Fisher's major contributions have been in equilibrium statistical mechanics, and have spanned the full range of that subject. He was mainly responsible for bringing together, and teaching a common language to chemists and physicists working on diverse problems of phase transitions."
Lars Onsager Prize
Fisher won the Lars Onsager Prize in 1995 "for his numerous and seminal contributions to statistical mechanics, including but not restricted to the theory of phase transitions and critical phenomena, scaling laws, critical exponents, finite size effects, and the application of the renormalization group to many of the above problems" (official laudatio).
Award and honours
- Guggenheim Fellowship (1970)
- Irving Langmuir Prize of the American Physical Society (1971)
- Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1979)
- Wolf Prize (1980)
- Boltzmann Medal of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (1983)
- NAS Award for Scientific Reviewing of the National Academy of Sciences (1983)
- Lars Onsager Prize of American Physical Society (1995)
- Royal Medal in physics (2005):
- 2009 BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in Basic Sciences (co-winner with Richard Zare); see
- 2015 Rudranath Capildeo Prize for Applied Sciences and Technology-Gold, awarded by the Trinidad and Tobago's National Institute of Higher Education, Research, Science and Technology (NIHERST)
- Suplee, Anne (29 April 2020). "Michael E. Fisher, 1931-2021". UMD Physics. Retrieved 1 December 2021.
- 2 Professors Are Named To Horace White Chairs, Cornell Chronicle, vol. 4, no. 19, 22 February 1973. Page 3. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
- "Stanford University Department of Applied Physics". Retrieved 13 September 2016.
- KITP at UCSB
- Simply-Smart. "קנת ג' ווילסון (Kenneth G. Wilson)". Retrieved 13 September 2016.
- "The Boltzmann Award". Retrieved 13 September 2016.
- "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter F" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 16 April 2011.
- "NAS Award for Scientific Reviewing". National Academy of Sciences. Archived from the original on 18 March 2011. Retrieved 27 February 2011.
- "Michael E Fisher". Retrieved 13 September 2016.
- BBVA Foundation (15 April 2010). "Richard N. Zare and Michael E. Fisher, 2009 BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge in Basic Sciences". YouTube. Retrieved 13 September 2016.
- Interview with M.E. Fisher by the Spanish Physical Society
- "Institute for Physical Science and Technology". Retrieved 13 September 2016.