Michael Francklin

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Michael Francklin By John Singleton Copley, Uniacke Estate Museum Park

Michael Francklin or Franklin (6 December 1733 – 8 November 1782) served as Nova Scotia's Lieutenant Governor from 1766 to 1772. He is buried in the crypt of St. Paul's Church (Halifax).

Early life and immigration[edit]

Born in Poole, England, Francklin immigrated to Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1752. He worked as a trader and merchant, initially in association with Joshua Maugher.


During Father Le Loutre's War, Michael Francklin was captured by a Mi'kmaw raiding party in 1754 and held captive for three months in which he learned the Mi'kmaw language and developed an appreciation for native culture.[1]

Political career[edit]

Governor Franklin's residence (built 1749). (Located on the site of Province House, which still is furnished with his Nova Scotia Council table)
Michael Francklin's Bible, St. John's Anglican Church (Lunenburg), Nova Scotia (1765)

Francklin represented Lunenburg County from 1759 to 1760 and Halifax County from 1761 to 1762 in the Nova Scotia House of Assembly.

On February 7, 1762, Francklin married Susannah Boutineau. In May of that year, he was named to the Nova Scotia Council.

In the early 1770s, he was responsible for bringing about the Yorkshire Emigration. He also played an important role in assisting the return of Acadians after the Expulsion of the Acadians by guaranteeing Catholic worship, land grants and a promise that there would be no second expulsion.

He established the Shubenacadie reserve in 1779.[2]


He died at home in Halifax in 1782. Many Mi'kmaq attended his funeral at St. Paul's Church (Halifax).


See also[edit]



  1. ^ Fischer, L. R. (1979). "Francklin, Michael". In Halpenny, Francess G (ed.). Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vol. IV (1771–1800) (online ed.). University of Toronto Press.
  2. ^ Murdoch, Beamish (1866). A History of Nova-Scotia, Or Acadie. Vol. II. Halifax: J. Barnes. p. 600.
  3. ^ NS Archieves
  4. ^ Frank Patterson. Acadian Tatamagouche and Fort Franklkin, p.75
  5. ^ "Place-names of the Province of Nova Scotia". Halifax, N.S. Royal Print. & Litho. 1922.


External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia
Served under: Lord William Campbell and Francis Legge
Succeeded by