|Born||Michael Francis Geoghegan
4 October 1953
|Known for||Former CEO, HSBC|
Michael Francis Geoghegan CBE (born 4 October 1953) is an international banking business executive, who served as the chief executive (CEO) of HSBC from 26 March 2006 to 31 December 2010. He joined HSBC in 1973 and had previously led the group's South American and European operations.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Professional career
- 3 Political views
- 4 Personal life
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Early life and education
Michael Geoghegan was born in Windsor, UK, and was educated in the UK and Ireland.
Early Career and HSBC : 1973 - 2006
He joined HSBC in 1973 as an international manager and, since then, spent twelve years in North and South America, eight years in Asia, seven years in the Middle East and three years in Europe. Geoghegan arrived in Brazil in March 1997 to establish the Group's operations in the country following the creation of Banco HSBC Bamerindus S.A. He was appointed a group general manager of HSBC Holdings plc in the same year.
In January 2000, as president of HSBC Bank Brasil S.A.- Banco Multiplo, he became responsible for all of HSBC's business throughout South America and chaired the group's regional executive committee. In October 2000 he became President of HSBC Investment Bank Brasil HSBC Seguros S.A. which resulted from the Group’s acquisition of CCF and the incorporation of certain activities of HSBC Brasil.
Appointed Group CEO of HSBC till retirement: 2006 - 2010
HSBC announced on 28 November 2005 that he would succeed Stephen Green as Chief Executive of HSBC Holdings, as Green became Group Chairman of HSBC Holdings. Geoghegan was named Deputy Chairman of HSBC Bank plc 26 May 2006. In that management shuffle, the group management board was created in 2006. Before that, the chairman essentially held the duties of a chief executive, while the chief executive served as the deputy. Green said he wanted to break that tradition, having a management cadre to look after the business, while the chairman would oversee the controls of the business through compliance and audit and the direction of the business.
He has shifted the chief executive's office of HSBC Group from London to Hong Kong on 28 January 2010. He became the chairman of The Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation.
With group chairman Stephen Green planning to depart HSBC to accept a government appointment as Minister of Trade, Geoghegan was expected to become the next chairman. However, while many current and former senior employees supported the tradition of promoting the chief executive to chairman, many shareholders were instead pushed for an external candidate. Geoghegan's detractors noted that while he was effective at getting things done, they argued that his blunt style was unsuited to leading the board and representing HSBC with heads of government, and his appointment as chairman would also flout UK governance guidance that discouraged chief executives becoming chairman. Geoghegan had reportedly threatened to quit if he was passed over in favour of former Goldman Sachs President John L. Thornton. HSBC's board of directors had reportedly been split over the succession planning, and investors were alarmed that this row would damage the company.
On 23 September 2010, Geoghegan announced he would step down as chief executive of HSBC.  He was succeeded as chief executive of HSBC by Stuart Gulliver, while Green was succeeded as Chairman by Douglas Flint; Flint was serving as HSBC's finance director (chief financial officer). Geoghegan remains with HSBC as an adviser until 30 June 2011. In an interview after he retired, Geoghegan stated that he was proud that Flint and Gulliver were chosen to lead HSBC.
Following a 2012 US senate investigation into charges of money laundering against HSBC Mexico, Michael Geoghegan left HSBC. Subsequently HSBC CEO David Flint admitted that the bank was considering a bonus clawback procedure against Michel Geoghegan and Sandy Flockhart linked to the record settlement between HSBC and the United States Department of Justice
In April 2016 Geoghegan was named as one of the clients of Panamanian corporate service provider Mossack Fonseca, and The Guardian newspaper reported on his legal use of offshore firms to "manage his wealth". It was also revealed that Geoghegan held his Kensington townhouse through an offshore company, and planned avoiding paying taxes by renting the property to himself.
Opposition to public spending cuts
Though generally in favor of reducing public spending, Geoghegan warned in 2010 not to cut spending too the extent that it is "cutting into the muscle" of the western world", which could lead to social conflict and strikes.
Comments on Brexit
In April 2016, Geoghegan wrote an op-ed in the Financial Times, in which he argued in favor of Brexit. He argued that claims of what could happen to The City in case of Brexit were exaggerated and that, upon leaving the EU, the UK would move into a position of strength "because Europe needs Britain far more than Britain needs Europe," deriving from the assumption that Brussels would seek to retain unfettered access to the UK and because Britain imports more goods from Europe than are being sold there. However, Geoghegan urged Brexit campaigners to acknlowledge he EU's laudable ambition to prevent another devastating European war.
In May 2016, Geoghegan and Peter Udale, an independent risk consultant, wrote a paper supporting the UK leaving the European Union. They argued that the Bank of England has "given the impression that all the risks lie on the leave side", and that London has allowed the EU to impose an excessive amount of regulations on the financial sector, lost control to the Eurozone states, as well as key governmental powers such as the ability to set taxation. The paper concluded that "a vote to leave would allow the UK to take back control over the City, would reduce the risk of future euro-contagion to the UK financial services sector and the wider UK economy, would return primacy over areas such as taxation to the UK and, over the long term, would make the City a more competitive, prosperous global financial centre."
Geoghegan is married with two sons. In June 2003 he was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in recognition of his contribution to British business interests in Brazil. Geoghegan is not a UK resident and has non-domiciled tax status.
- "HSBC Replaces An Irreplaceable CEO". Forbes. Archived from the original on 30 September 2010. Retrieved 11 March 2013.
- Reece, Damian (20 December 2010). "HSBC ex-chief Michael Geoghegan relaxes as another marathon looms". The Daily Telegraph. London.
- "M. F. Geoghegan Profile". Forbes.com. Forbes. Retrieved 2009-08-08.
- "Michael Geoghegan: Executive Profile & Biography". BusinessWeek. McGraw-Hill. Retrieved 2009-08-08.
- Wilson, Harry; Farrell, Sean; Aldrick, Philip (22 September 2010). "HSBC investors against Michael Geoghegan becoming chairman". The Daily Telegraph. London.
- "HSBC chief Michael Geoghegan 'to quit' after failing to get top job". NewsCore. 24 September 2010.
- Wilson, Harry (23 September 2010). "Douglas Flint to be HSBC chairman, Michael Geoghegan to leave in radical reshuffle". The Daily Telegraph. London.
- "Great HSBC reshuffle".Euromoney
- Watt, Holly; Pegg, David (7 April 2016). "Former HSBC boss tried to avoid tax on £8m Kensington house". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
- McDonald, Henry (2010-08-06). "HSBC chief warns against savage cuts in public sector". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-09-06.
- Geoghegan, Michael (April 27, 2016). "The City of London can survive and thrive after Brexit". Financial Times.
- "Former CEO of HSBC: Brexit would make London a 'prosperous global financial centre'". Business Insider. Retrieved 2017-09-06.
- Blackhurst, Chris (1 September 2009). "Michael Geoghegan on how HSBC beat the crash". Management Today. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
- "Michael Francis Geoghegan CBE". Businessweek. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
|Group Chief Executive of HSBC Group
2006 – 2011