|Sir Michael Giddings|
|Born||27 August 1920|
|Died||5 April 2009(aged 88)|
|Service/branch||Royal Air Force|
|Years of service||1940–1976|
|Awards||Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Officer of the Order of the British Empire
Distinguished Flying Cross
Air Force Cross & Bar
|Other work||Independent panel inspector with the Department of Environment|
Air Marshal Sir Kenneth Charles Michael Giddings, KCB, OBE, DFC, AFC & Bar (27 August 1920 – 5 April 2009) was a senior Royal Air Force officer who served as a fighter pilot during the Second World War. After retiring from the military, he became an independent panel inspector with the Department of Environment and chaired a number of inquiries concerning motorway expansion.
Giddings was conscripted into the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve in 1940. On 1 November 1941, he became a Sergeant in the RAFVR. He completed his pilot training in the United States of America. Upon returning to Britain, he joined No. 122 Squadron RAF, based at RAF Turnhouse, and flew Spitfires. With the squadron he flew patrols over the Firth of Forth. He moved with them when they were reposted to RAF Hornchurch in the south of England. He then flew sorties over northern France.
In July 1942, Giddings flew from the aircraft carrier HMS Eagle, situated in the Mediterranean, to Malta. In August he joined No. 246 Squadron RAF and provided air support for the convoys involved in Operation Pedestal. On 1 October 1942, he was regraded to the rank of Pilot Officer on probation. During that month he flew as many as four sorties a day, and shot down at least two enemy aircraft, including an Italian Macchi C.202, and damaged numerous others. He was involved in the defence of the island from the Axis powers until November 1942, when he was injured during an accident. He was taking off when a truck appeared on the runway in front of him. He crashed into it at high speed and broke a wrist and an arm. He then returned to England to recuperate. On 1 November 1943 he was promoted to Flight Lieutenant, and on 1 September 1945 this was made permanent. He later was given seniority from 1 September 1945.
During the summer of 1944, he was made a flight commander in No. 118 Squadron RAF. With them he flew the Spitfire IX. With the squadron he took part in the Battle of Arnhem, and shared the destruction of a Messerschmitt Bf 109. In April 1945, he became the squadron commander of No. 129 Squadron RAF.
In 1946 Giddings attended the Empire Test Pilots' School at RAF Cranfield in Bedfordshire, England. Upon graduating he was sent to the Royal Aircraft Establishment, Farnborough, to test new jet fighters for three years. He was promoted to Squadron Leader on 1 January 1950. He then spent five years as a Staff Officer at RAF Fighter Command. He was then appointed as Commanding Officer of a wing based at RAF Waterbeach. He held this position from 1954 to 1956. He was promoted to Wing Commander on 1 January 1956, as part of the new-year promotions. His next appointment was to Central Fighter Establishment and he commanded their tactics wing. His next flying role was as Commanding Officer of No. 57 Squadron RAF that flew the Handley Page Victor. On 1 July 1960, Giddings was promoted to the rank of Group Captain, and served on the operational staff of Bomber Command.
He was promoted to Air Commodore on 1 January 1965. He was appointed Air Officer Commanding Central Reconnaissance Establishment in 1967, and held the post for one year, until 1968. On 1 January 1969, he was promoted to Air Vice-Marshal. He took another Staff appointment as Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Operational Requirements), in 1969. During this post he was involved in international talks about a Multi-Role Combat Aircraft, which would become the Panavia Tornado. From 1971 to 1973, he was Chief of Staff of No. 18 Group RAF. On 1 January 1974 he was promoted to Air Marshal. His final appointment was as Deputy Chief of the Defence Staff (Operational Requirements). He retired from the RAF on 19 June 1976.
Later life and death
Giddings was an independent panel inspector with the Department of Environment between 1979 to 1991. During this time he resided over many inquiries concerning motorway expansion. He resided over the year-long inquiry in May 1982 concerning the extension of the M1 motorway to link with the A1(M). At the time it was the longest inquiry ever held. He also chaired the inquiry concerning the Archway Road A1 extension in North London. The expansion would have led to the demolition of almost 200 houses and was strongly opposed. During this inquiry he and his family received a number of threats and an attack on their home. This led to Gidding's resignation from the department in 1991.
He died on 5 April 2009.
Honours and decorations
On 9 February 1945, the then Flight Lieutenant Giddings was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) in recognition of gallantry displayed in flying operations against the enemy. Below is the citation published in the London Gazette supplement of 6 February 1945.
|“||Flight Lieutenant Kenneth Charles Michael GIDDINGS (113414), R.A.F.V.R., 118 Sqn.
Flight Lieutenant Giddings has completed a very large number of varied sorties. He has led his flight and, on occasions, the squadron with great skill and determination, factors which have contributed in good measure to the successes obtained. In air fighting Flight Lieutenant Giddings has destroyed four and damaged several more enemy aircraft.
— London Gazette supplement, 6 February 1945
On 8 June 1950, then Squadron Leader Giddings was awarded the Air Force Cross (AFC). On 30 May 1952, it was gazetted that he had been appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the Queen's Birthday Honours. He received a bar to his AFC on 2 January 1956, when he was an Acting Wing Commander. On 1 January 1975, in the New Year Honours, he was appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB).
- "Air Marshal Sir Michael Giddings". Telegraph. 13 April 2009. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
- "Air Marshal Sir Michael Giddings: Spitfire pilot". The Times. 28 April 2009. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
- The London Gazette: . 27 January 1942. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- The London Gazette: . 17 November 1942. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- The London Gazette: . 2 November 1943. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- The London Gazette: . 29 March 1946. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- The London Gazette: . 25 February 1947. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- The London Gazette: . 3 January 1950. Retrieved 2010-04-18.
- The London Gazette: . 27 December 1955. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- The London Gazette: . 28 June 1960. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- The London Gazette: . 29 December 1964. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- The London Gazette: . 3 January 1969. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- The London Gazette: . 7 January 1974. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- The London Gazette: . 21 June 1976. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- The London Gazette: . 6 February 1945. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- The London Gazette: . 2 June 1950. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- The London Gazette: . 30 May 1952. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- The London Gazette: . 30 December 1955. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- The London Gazette: . 1 December 1974. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
Sir Ian McIntosh
|Deputy Chief of the Defence Staff (Operational Requirements)
Sir Hugh Cunningham