Michael Grätzel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Michael Grätzel
Michael Grätzel.jpg
Born (1944-05-11) 11 May 1944 (age 73)
Dorfchemnitz, Sachsen
Residence Switzerland
Nationality Swiss
Fields photochemistry
Institutions École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne[1]
Alma mater Freie Universität Berlin
Notable students Henry Snaith (postdoc)[2][3]
Known for Dye-sensitized solar cells
Notable awards Harvey Prize (2007)
Balzan Prize (2009)
Millennium Technology Prize (2010)
Albert Einstein World Award of Science (2012)
Marcel Benoist Prize (2013)
King Faisal International Prize (2015)
Grätzel cells on the SwissTech Convention Center.

Michael Grätzel (born 11 May 1944, in Dorfchemnitz, Saxony, Germany)[4] is a professor at the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne where he directs the Laboratory of Photonics and Interfaces. He pioneered research on energy and electron transfer reactions in mesoscopic-materials and their optoelectronic applications. He co-invented with Brian O'Regan the Grätzel cell in 1988 and pioneered the use of nanomaterials in lithium ion batteries.[2][5][6][7]

Author of over 1000 publications,[1] two books and inventor or co-inventor of over 80 patents,[8] he has been the Mary Upton Visiting Professor at Cornell University and a Distinguished Visiting Professor at the National University of Singapore, and is currently a Distinguished Scientist at King Abdulaziz University.[9] He was an Invited Professor at the University of California, Berkeley, the École normale supérieure de Cachan (Paris) and Delft University of Technology.


His work has been cited over 250,000 times, his h-index is 224,[1] making him one of the 10 most highly cited chemists in the world.[10] He was a frequent guest scientist at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, Colorado, was a fellow of the Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science. In 2009 he was named Distinguished Honorary Professor by the Chinese Academy of Science (Changchun) and the Huazhong University of Science and Technology.

He has received numerous awards including the Millennium 2000 European innovation prize, the 2001 Faraday Medal of the British Royal Society, the 2001 Dutch Havinga Award, the 2004 Italgas Prize, two McKinsey Venture awards in 1998 and 2002 and the 2005 Gerischer Prize. In 2007 he was awarded the Harvey Prize of Technion for pioneered research on energy and electron transfer reactions in mesoscopic-materials and their optoelectronic applications. In 2009 he was awarded the Balzan Prize for the Science of New Materials. His most recent awards include: 2013 Marcel Benoist Prize; 2012 Albert Einstein World Award of Science;[11] 2011 Gutenberg Research Award;[citation needed] 2011 Paul Karrer Gold Medal; 2011 Wilhelm Exner Medal.[12] On 9 June 2010, Grätzel received Millennium Technology Prize, for development of dye-sensitized solar cells. The cash prize, worth 800,000 euros, was awarded, in Helsinki, Finland, by the President of Finland, Tarja Halonen.[13] In 2015 he received the King Faisal International Prize in Chemistry and in 2017 the Global Energy Prize. He holds a doctorate from the Technical University of Berlin and honorary doctorates from Faculty of Science and Technology at Uppsala University, Sweden [14] (1996), Turin and Nova Gorica. He was elected honorary member of the Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles. Dr. Grätzel is a member of the Scientific Advisory Committee at the IMDEA Nanoscience Institute.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Michael Grätzel's publications indexed by Google Scholar
  2. ^ a b Snaith, H. J.; Moule, A. J.; Klein, C. D.; Meerholz, K.; Friend, R. H.; Grätzel, M. (2007). "Efficiency Enhancements in Solid-State Hybrid Solar Cells via Reduced Charge Recombination and Increased Light Capture". Nano Letters. 7 (11): 3372. doi:10.1021/nl071656u. 
  3. ^ Anon (2013). "365 days: Nature's 10, Ten people who mattered this year". Nature. 504 (7480): 357. doi:10.1038/504357a. 
  4. ^ Pete Pokkinen: Huippututkija harkitsi nuorena pianistin uraa. Helsingin Sanomat, 10.6.2010, p. B7. (in Finnish)
  6. ^ Dye-Sensitized Titanium Dioxide
  7. ^ Graetzel, M. (1981). "Artificial photosynthesis: Water cleavage into hydrogen and oxygen by visible light". Accounts of Chemical Research. 14 (12): 376. doi:10.1021/ar00072a003. 
  8. ^ https://worldwide.espacenet.com/searchResults?submitted=true&locale=en_EP&DB=EPODOC&ST=advanced&IN=GR%C3%84TZEL+MICHAEL
  9. ^ http://dsc.kau.edu.sa/Pages-Distinguished-Scientists.aspx
  10. ^ "Prof. Michael Graetzel". EPFL. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  11. ^ "Albert Einstein World Award of Science 2012". Retrieved August 13, 2013. 
  12. ^ Editor, ÖGV. (2015). Wilhelm Exner Medal. Austrian Trade Association. ÖGV. Austria.
  13. ^ "PROFESSOR GRÄTZEL WINS THE 2010 MILLENNIUM TECHNOLOGY GRAND PRIZE FOR DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELLS". Millennium Technology Prize. 9 June 2010. Archived from the original on 13 June 2010. Retrieved 9 June 2010. 
  14. ^ http://www.uu.se/en/about-uu/traditions/prizes/honorary-doctorates/
Preceded by
Robert S. Langer
Millennium Technology Prize winner
2010 (for dye-sensitized solar cells)
Succeeded by
Linus Torvalds
Shinya Yamanaka