Michael Guest

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Michael Guest
40th United States Ambassador to Romania
In office
September 24, 2001 – July 8, 2004
President George W. Bush
Preceded by James Carew Rosapepe
Succeeded by Jack Dyer Crouch, II
Personal details
Born 1957 (age 59–60)

Michael E. Guest (born 1957) was an openly gay U.S. Ambassador to Romania during the Bush Presidency.[1] Guest was sworn in by U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell on September 18, 2001 and took up his duties on September 24, 2001. His life partner Alex Nevarez was acknowledged by Powell at the swearing-in ceremony in the State Department Diplomatic Reception Room. LGBT rights groups viewed Guest's appointment, and Powell's remarks, as historic and indicative of greater recognition of gay State Department employees and same-sex partners. Socially conservative groups expressed opposition to Guest's appointment and to Powell's gesture.[2]


A Foreign Service officer since 1981, Guest was the first publicly gay man to be confirmed by the U.S. Senate and serve as a U.S. Ambassador. The first publicly gay ambassador, James Hormel, received a recess appointment from Bill Clinton after the Senate failed to confirm his nomination.[3] Guest resided together with Nevarez at the residence of the American Embassy in Bucharest until 2004 when his appointment came to an end. Romania's last anti-gay law, Article 200 of the Penal Code, which criminalised public manifestations of homosexuality, was repealed shortly before Guest's arrival as ambassador in 2001.

During his tenure as ambassador, Guest was outspoken against public corruption, which he said had impeded Romania's development since the fall of communism. At the same time, his ambassadorship was characterized by strong relations between the U.S. and Romania. Romania committed troops to support U.S.-led efforts in Afghanistan and Iraq. Romania was also admitted into NATO and intensified negotiations that would eventually lead to the country's accession into the European Union. President George W. Bush made an official visit to Bucharest in 2002.

Before Guest's departure from Romania at the end of his duties in 2003, then Romanian President Ion Iliescu awarded him the Romanian "Order for Faithful Service in the Rank of Grand Cross" in appreciation for his "high professionalism, dedication to his mission ... and for his personal contribution to the strengthening of the Romanian-American partnership." In April 2003, the National Gay and Lesbian Taskforce recognized him with a Leadership Award, which honors individuals who have made a significant difference in promoting equal rights for lesbian, gay, bisexual and/or transgender people. In 2004, the Department of State awarded him the Charles E. Cobb, Jr. award for Initiative and Success in Trade Development due to his leadership in increasing trade between the U.S. and Romania. In June 2006, the American Foreign Service Association awarded him the Christian Herter Award for Constructive Dissent, for his advocacy on behalf of equality for State Department gay and lesbian employees.


On December 4, 2007 the New York Times reported[4] that Guest had retired from the State Department, where he most recently served as a dean at the Department's Foreign Service Institute. At his retirement ceremony in the Treaty Room, Guest publicly criticized Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice on the issue of discrimination against gay employees and specifically the benefits denied to same-sex partners of department employees. He remarked, "I've felt compelled to choose between obligations to my partner – who is my family – and service to my country. That anyone should have to make that choice is a stain on the Secretary's leadership and a shame for this institution and our country."[5][6]

On December 5, 2008, the Associated Press reported that Guest had been selected as a member of President-elect Barack Obama's transition team at the State Department.[7]

Also in 2008, Guest co-founded the Council for Global Equity (a coalition of human rights and LGBT advocacy organizations seeking U.S. support for LGBT-fair policies abroad), for which he is a senior adviser.[8][9]

Guest was a co-author of the Dallas Principles, drafted in May 2009.[10]

In early 2016, at a Council for Global Equity reception in Washington, D.C., Guest spoke against the anti-immigrant "hateful rhetoric" that Republican candidates had been using on the campaign trail.[11]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Michael E. Guest". nndb.com. Soylent Communications. Retrieved June 10, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Concerned Women for America – Powell Acknowledges Homosexual Partner of Ambassador, Post Says". cultureandfamily.org. Culture and Family Institute. September 20, 2001. Archived from the original on March 10, 2003. 
  3. ^ "Bush Appoints Openly Gay Man as U.S. Ambassador to Romania". National Lesbian and Gay Task Force. Common Dreams. September 25, 2001. Archived from the original on June 11, 2005. 
  4. ^ Editorial Board (December 3, 2007). "Unequal Treatment at the State Department". The New York Times. Retrieved June 10, 2017. 
  5. ^ Shakir, Faiz (December 4, 2007). "Gay Ambassador Resigns Over State Department's Discrimination Against Gay and Lesbian Employees". thinkprogress.org. Think Progress. Retrieved June 10, 2017. 
  6. ^ Ramirez, Jessica (December 9, 2007). "Gays and the State Department". Newsweek. Retrieved June 10, 2017. 
  7. ^ "Clinton looks to loyalists for State Dept. staff". Associated Press. December 5, 2008. Retrieved April 3, 2014. One notable name on the list is Michael Guest 
  8. ^ "Michael Guest Bio" (PDF). U.S. Department of State. Retrieved April 3, 2014. 
  9. ^ Bajko, Matthew S. (September 4, 2008). "Former gay ambassador launches new rights group". The Bay Area Reporter. Retrieved June 10, 2017. 
  10. ^ "Authors". thedallasprinciples.org. The Dallas Principles. Archived from the original on June 8, 2009. 
  11. ^ Lavers, Michael K. (March 1, 2016). "Michael Guest: Anti-immigrant rhetoric 'painful to hear'". Washington Blade. Retrieved June 10, 2017. 
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
James Rosapepe
United States Ambassador to Romania
Succeeded by
Jack Dyer Crouch II