Mike Harcourt

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Michael Franklin Harcourt
Mike Harcourt.jpg
30th Premier of British Columbia
In office
November 5, 1991 – February 22, 1996
Monarch Elizabeth II
Lieutenant Governor David Lam
Garde Gardom
Preceded by Rita Johnston
Succeeded by Glen Clark
Leader of the Opposition in the
Legislative Assembly of British Columbia
In office
April 12, 1987 – November 5, 1991
Premier Bill Vander Zalm
Rita Johnston
Preceded by Bob Skelly
Succeeded by Gordon Wilson
Member of the British Columbia Legislative Assembly
for Vancouver-Mount Pleasant
Vancouver Centre (1986-1991)
In office
October 22, 1986 – May 28, 1996
Serving with Emery Barnes (1986-1991)
Preceded by Gary Lauk
Emery Barnes
Succeeded by Jenny Kwan
39th Mayor of Vancouver
In office
January 1, 1981 – December 8, 1986
Preceded by Jack Volrich
Succeeded by Gordon Campbell
Personal details
Born (1943-01-06) January 6, 1943 (age 74)
Edmonton, Alberta
Political party New Democratic
Spouse(s) Becky Harcourt

Michael Franklin Harcourt (born January 6, 1943) served as the 30th Premier of the province of British Columbia in Canada from 1991 to 1996, and before that as the 39th mayor of BC's largest city, Vancouver from 1980 to 1986.

Early life and education[edit]

Harcourt was student council president at Sir Winston Churchill Secondary School and studied at the University of British Columbia, where he obtained a Bachelor of Arts and a Bachelor of Laws. He founded and became the first director (1969–71) of the Vancouver Community Legal Assistance Society, reputedly Canada's first community law office.[1]

Municipal politics[edit]

Harcourt served as a Vancouver alderman from 1973 to 1980, and as Mayor of Vancouver from 1980 to 1986. As mayor, his term in office was dominated by planning for Expo 86, an event that saw many new developments come to the city.

As a former Vancouver mayor in 2008, Harcourt provided support as a key advisor to newly elected Mayor Gregor Robertson (politician), including topics about sustainability and transportation.[2]

Provincial politics[edit]

He was first elected to the British Columbia Legislature in the 1986 British Columbia provincial election. He became the leader of the British Columbia New Democratic Party (NDP) and the Leader of the Official Opposition in the following year. He was considered to be a moderate within the ranks of his social democratic party.

In the 1991 provincial election, Harcourt led the NDP back to power, defeating the Social Credit party led by Rita Johnston. This marked the second time that the NDP had ever been in power in BC, and the first since 1975.

Harcourt resigned as premier in February 1996 as the result of "Bingogate," a scandal in which an NDP member, former B.C. MLA and MP, David Stupich, used money raised by a charity bingo to fund the party. While it was determined by a BC Ministry of Justice Special Prosecutor that Harcourt was not directly responsible for the scandal, he took political responsibility for it. He was succeeded as premier by Glen Clark, who also ended up resigning as the result of another scandal.[3]

Harcourt's challenges as premier, both within the legislature and with the media, were chronicled in Vancouver journalist Daniel Gawthrop's Highwire Act: Power, Pragmatism, and the Harcourt Legacy,[4] which was published shortly after his resignation as the NDP was preparing for the leadership convention in which Clark was named his successor.


After serving as premier, Harcourt became associated with the University of British Columbia (UBC). He was involved in research relating to sustainable development and cities.

He was severely injured in a near-fatal fall at his cottage[5][6] on Pender Island in November 2002, which resulted in a severe spinal-cord injury. After 13 years as a partial quadriplegic, he describes 20 percent of his body as still paralyzed.[7] The former premier received a widespread outpouring of empathy and support from his fellow British Columbians and his rapid recovery astonished doctors. He spent several months at the world-renowned facility GF Strong. He later published a book about his ordeal, called Plan B.

He was named as a special advisor to Prime Minister Paul Martin on cities on December 12, 2003.

His latest book, City Making in Paradise, was released in August 2007.

In November 2007, he received an honorary doctoral degree in Law (LL.D) from UBC. In February 2009 he was appointed associate director of the new UBC Continuing Studies Centre for Sustainability, where he will contribute to the development of educational programs that emphasize practical knowledge in tackling climate change and other sustainability issues.[8]

In the January 31st, 2014 issue of "High Country News",[9] Harcourt stated he was recruited in the 1960s by an activist group to oppose a freeway that would have connected the Trans-Canada Highway to downtown Vancouver. 'You've been hired to stop the freeway,' he recalled in the article.

Harcourt revealed in April 2014 that he had allowed his NDP membership to lapse and now considers himself an independent. “I don’t know whether it’s a trial separation or a decree absolute," he told the Globe and Mail in an interview. Harcourt cited several complaints against his former party including former leader Adrian Dix's decision to oppose the Kinder-Morgan pipeline and the party's general disposition against mining, logging and other resource-extraction industries, the party's 2009 opposition to the BC Liberal government's proposed carbon tax, and the 2010 caucus revolt that forced the resignation of then-leader Carole James.[10]

Harcourt had repeatedly supported the legalization of cannabis and in May 2014 announced that he would be an advisor to True Leaf Medicine Inc., a Vernon-based start-up company seeking Health Canada approval to produce and sell medicinal marijuana.[11] Harcourt admitted previous personal use of marijuana in the 1960s and 1970s.[7]

Harcourt sits as an advisor to Canada's Ecofiscal Commission.


  1. ^ "Mike Harcourt". Retrieved September 7, 2015. 
  2. ^ Cooper, Sam (2015-02-25). "Harcourt's 'Golden Mile' windfall: Former B.C. premier's family could reap $6-million profit from sale of property". The Province newspaper. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  3. ^ "Harcourt cleared of any Bingogate wrongdoing". CBC News. September 1, 1999. Retrieved September 28, 2011. 
  4. ^ Highwire Act: Power, Pragmatism and the Harcourt Legacy (New Star Books, 1996) — ISBN 9780921586487
  5. ^ CBC Studio One Book Club. An interview and reading with Mike Harcourt. Oct 2, 2005 (Streaming audio available) Archived February 3, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ "Mike Harcourt talks tragedy and triumph in book". CTV. November 19, 2004. Archived from the original on March 21, 2009. Retrieved January 28, 2012. 
  7. ^ a b Mulgrew, Ian (2016-08-26). "Ex-premier Harcourt pumped about legalizing pot plan, likes PM's 'gutsy' move". The Vancouver Sun. 
  8. ^ "Former Premier Mike Harcourt to Guide UBC Continuing Studies Centre for Sustainability". Public Affairs. February 4, 2009. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved January 28, 2012. 
  9. ^ Marsa, Linda (January 31, 2014). "How Vancouver, BC became North America's smart growth leader". High Country News. 
  10. ^ "Former premier Mike Harcourt quits B.C. NDP in nasty public split". Globe and Mail. April 1, 2014. Retrieved April 1, 2014. 
  11. ^ Fong, Petti (May 30, 2014). "Former Premier Mike Harcourt Goes to Pot". BC Business Magazine. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Bob Skelly
Leader of the Opposition in the British Columbia Legislature
Succeeded by
Gordon Wilson