|Born||30 May 1957|
|Political party||Liberal Party of Australia|
|Profession||Lawyer and banker|
Micheal Norman Kroger (born 30 May 1957) is a businessman and power broker within the Victorian division of the Liberal Party of Australia. Kroger was the Liberal state president in Victoria until 30 November 2018.
Kroger was educated at Wesley College, Melbourne, where his father Jack Kroger was a senior master. He became politically active while studying at Monash University where he graduated with Bachelor of Jurisprudence and Bachelor of Laws degrees. While president of the campus Liberal Club, Kroger is largely credited with the creation of the Sir Robert Menzies Lecture. With his close friend Peter Costello he forged an alliance with right-wing and Catholic Australian Labor Party politicians in an effort to counter far left-wing and centre-left forces within the Australian Union of Students. He became president of the Australian Liberal Students' Federation in 1978.
In 1987, age 30 Kroger was elected as the president of the Victorian division of the Liberal Party of Australia and was president until 1992, becoming the longest serving president in the Victorian Division's history. He instituted a series of reforms, including a move to increase the power of the party executive in preselections. While this led to several preselection challenges in 1988 and 1989 (most notably Costello's successful challenge against Roger Shipton in Higgins), it also helped in the election of several young Victorian federal parliamentarians who are widely considered to have bright futures although, as of 2005, this pattern had not been replicated at state level.
From the 1990s the Victorian division of the Liberal Party was factionalized between Kroger's supporters and those of the more conservative former Premier, Jeff Kennett. This has led to some bruising preselections, such as the Kennett-backed Louise Asher defeating the Kroger and Costello-backed Mitch Fifield in Brighton in 1999. However, both backed Petro Georgiou when he was challenged for his preselection by Josh Frydenberg in 2006. However, Peter Costello is no longer factionally aligned with Kroger.
In 1993 Kroger established an investment company, JT Campbell & Co, and currently serves as chairman. He has also spent five years (1998 to 2003) as a director of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation.
In May 2012 he very publicly expressed concern over matters relating to Peter Costello's apparent idea of returning to the Federal Liberal parliamentary party. Kroger's former wife, Helen Kroger, was demoted on the Liberal Party senate ticket and was almost facing a challenge by some Liberal for the Senate whip position. Costello has said that Kroger asked him for help regarding Helen Kroger's troubles with the Liberal party, though Costello decided not to help.
Kroger was nominated to become state president of the Victorian Liberal party for the second time. Tony Snell stood down as state president at the Liberal state council in March 2015 and Kroger was elected his successor.
Kroger was challenged in 2017 for the Liberal party presidency by Peter Reith. Reith suffered a stroke prior to the vote, and it did not proceed. In April 2018, Bastiaan was elected metropolitan male Vice President of the Liberal Party (Victorian Division) at the party's annual State Council. Michael Kroger retained the party presidency by a vote of 721-448 against former Vice President Greg Hannan. In 2018, Kroger declared his intention to not seek another term as Liberal President. He retired as State President of the Liberal Party on 30 November 2018.
Kroger’s first wife Helen Kroger was elected to the Senate for Victoria at the 2007 election after being preselected in the safe second position on the Liberal ticket, along with the aforementioned Mitch Fifield and number three candidate Scott Ryan. Senator Kroger lost her Senate seat at an election in 2013 and in 2016 for the seat of Bruce[clarification needed]. Despite their divorce, Michael and Helen remain close friends and are considered to be political allies.
- G. Henderson, Australia Answers, Random House, Sydney, 1990.
- The Age: Doyle's choice: Dads Army or new blood (11 March 2005)
- Poll Bludger: Federal Election 2004 Victoria
- AM: Kennett wins factional battle
- ABC Online News: Georgiou win unrelated to refugee policy: Costello