Michael Lenson (February 21, 1903 – June 9, 1971) has gained widespread recognition as one of America's most important realist painters. Who Was Who in American Art called him "New Jersey's most important muralist." He is valued for his skill as a draftsman and the technique he achieved by close study of the Old Masters.
Michael Lenson was born as Michael Levenson in Galich, Russia, on February 21, 1903, and emigrated to the United States in 1911. He studied at the National Academy of Design, where he won the $10,000 Chalonier Paris Prize in 1928, which supported four years of additional studies in Europe: at the Slade School of Art in London, the Academie des Beaux Arts in Paris, and in the Netherlands.
He returned from Europe to face an inhospitable art market during the Great Depression. He told an interviewer years later: "I was no more a conquering hero, I came back to nothing." He applied for work with the New York chapter of the Works Progress Administration (WPA), but was rejected because he exceeded the income requirement since one of his brothers was a doctor and the family owned a dry cleaning business. In 1936 he reapplied successfully in New Jersey by not admitting to any family sources of support. He rose to become assistant state supervisor of mural projects for the WPA in New Jersey. He completed several major murals and he supervised a dozen more by other artists. He stayed with the WPA until the program ended in 1943.
His surviving murals, all in Newark, include: "History of the Enlightenment of Man" at Weequahic High School; "History of Newark" in the council chambers at Newark City Hall; and "The Four Freedoms", at the Fourteenth Avenue School. Another mural, "Mining", is in a post office in Mount Hope, West Virginia. Three others were destroyed: "The History of New Jersey", a 16-by-75-foot mural at the Essex Mountain Sanatorium in Verona, was destroyed during renovations; murals for the New Jersey Pavilion of the 1939 World's Fair and for the Charlton Street School in Newark were lost to demolition.
The wittiest paintings of the week are those by Michael Lenson at the Kende Gallery. He paints with some sort of synthetic resins and lacquer and the resulting surfaces, not pleasing to the eye, are as hard and unyielding as the whip-like profilings that imprison his mannered figures. A good deal of imagination goes into these figures, which move from reality to fantasy with the professional ease of ballet dancers.
He painted in oil after 1950, adapting his earlier surrealist elements to the socialist realism of his younger years. "Where Are We Now?" (1955) protested against nuclear proliferation in a way both emotional and political. One critic described his later works as "sometimes difficult to read because they're so visually intricate" but are still perfect representatives of the politically engaged art of the Cold War years.
He painted and exhibited extensively until his death in 1971.
Lenson wrote a weekly column for the Newark Sunday News, "The Realm of Art," from 1956 to 1971. It made him, according to art historian William Gerdts, "New Jersey's most distinguished art critic". He taught at the Rutgers Extension School and Montclair Art Museum, which acquired many of his works upon his death. He testified before a government committee in 1969 to urge increased funding for public libraries in a room decorated with his own murals.
TheButler Institute of American Art in Ohio presented a one-man retrospective exhibition of paintings and drawings by Lenson, "Time, Place and Substance", in 2012-2013.
- Falkenstein, Michelle (August 24, 2003). "Creating Murals With Paint And Purpose". New York Times. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
- Devree, Howard (April 30, 1933). "In the Galleries: Exhibitions Many and Varied" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
- "Murals" (PDF). New York Times. November 23, 1936. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
- Louchheim, Aline B. (December 14, 1951). "Section of Matisse Chapel Designs Opened at Museum of Modern Art" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
- Sozanski, Edward J. (February 10, 2015). "A social realist who later got surreal Michael Lenson's works from the 1930s on tackled serious topics". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
- "Michael Lenson, 68, Artist and Teacher" (PDF). New York Times. June 11, 1971. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
- Time, Place and Substance, Exhibition Catalog