Jump to content

Mike Madigan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Michael Madigan)

Mike Madigan
Madigan in 2013
Chair of the Democratic Party of Illinois
In office
April 3, 1998 – February 22, 2021
Preceded byGary LaPaille
Succeeded byRobin Kelly
67th and 69th Speaker of the Illinois House of Representatives
In office
January 8, 1997 – January 13, 2021
Preceded byLee Daniels
Succeeded byChris Welch
In office
January 12, 1983 – January 11, 1995
Preceded byArthur Telcser
Succeeded byLee Daniels
Minority Leader of the Illinois House of Representatives
In office
January 11, 1995 – January 8, 1997
Preceded byLee A. Daniels
Succeeded byLee A. Daniels
In office
January 7, 1981 – January 8, 1983
Preceded byGeorge Ryan
Succeeded byLee A. Daniels
Majority Leader of the Illinois House of Representatives
In office
January 5, 1977 – January 7, 1981
Preceded byGerald W. Shea
Succeeded byArthur Telcser
Member of the Illinois House of Representatives
In office
January 13, 1971 – February 18, 2021
Preceded byFrank Savickas
Succeeded byEdward Guerra Kodatt
Constituency27th district (1971–1983)
30th district (1983–1993)
22nd district (1993–2021)
Personal details
Michael Joseph Madigan

(1942-04-19) April 19, 1942 (age 82)
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
SpouseShirley Murray
Children4, including Lisa (adopted)
EducationUniversity of Notre Dame (BA)
Loyola University Chicago (JD)

Michael Joseph Madigan (born April 19, 1942) is an American politician who is the former speaker of the Illinois House of Representatives.[1] He was the longest-serving leader of any state or federal legislative body in the history of the United States, having held the position for all but two years from 1983 to 2021.[2] He served in the Illinois House from 1971 to 2021. He represented the 27th District from 1971 to 1983, the 30th district from 1983 to 1993, and the 22nd district from 1993 to 2021. This made him the body's longest-serving member and the last legislator elected before the Cutback Amendment.

Chicago Magazine named Madigan as the fourth most powerful Chicagoan in 2012 and as the second in both 2013 and 2014, earning him the nickname "the Velvet Hammer—a.k.a. the Real Governor of Illinois."[3][4][5] Rich Miller, editor of Illinois political newsletter the Capitol Fax, wrote, "the pile of political corpses outside Madigan's Statehouse door of those who tried to beat him one way or another is a mile high and a mile wide."[6] He was frequently considered the state's political boss and controlled all redistricting in the state for several decades, as well as being chair of the Democratic Party of Illinois for over 20 years. Madigan's patronage network in state and local bodies was extensive.

On January 11, 2021, Madigan announced he would be suspending his effort to be elected to a nineteenth term as Speaker of the Illinois House of Representatives, and on January 13, he was replaced by fellow Democrat Chris Welch.[7][8] Madigan announced that he would resign as state representative effective at the end of February. On February 18, he announced that his resignation would take effect that same day.[9][10]

On March 2, 2022, Madigan was indicted on federal racketeering charges.[11] He is set to stand on trial on October 8, 2024.[12][13]

Early life and career[edit]

Madigan's father, Michael, was "a very strong Democrat, he was a product of the Depression ... He carried with him very strong feelings in favor of many of the enactments of the New Deal."[14] Michael J. Flynn was the Cook County Clerk, and also the Democratic committeeman of Chicago's 13th Ward, an unpaid, political-party leadership position. Madigan's father was a precinct captain in the 13th Ward and worked in the Cook County Clerk's office, where he befriended a young Richard J. Daley, who would later succeed Flynn as County Clerk prior to running for mayor of Chicago. Madigan later characterized the relationship between his father and Richard J. Daley as "political friends." The elder Michael Madigan later worked for 25 years as the 13th Ward superintendent for the City of Chicago Department of Streets and Sanitation.[15]

Madigan was born on April 19, 1942, and was raised in the Clearing neighborhood of Chicago.[16] Madigan graduated from Saint Adrian's Elementary School, St. Ignatius College Prep on the west side of Chicago, and the University of Notre Dame. In 1965, while a first-year law student at Loyola University Chicago School of Law, Madigan purchased a membership in the Lake Shore Club and introduced himself to Chicago Mayor Richard J. Daley as Michael Madigan's son. Within months, at Madigan's father's request, Mayor Daley appointed Madigan to a summer job with the city law department between his first and second years of law school. Madigan also met Daley's son, Richard M. Daley, while both were law students. Madigan's father suffered a heart attack at age 58, and a fatal heart attack at age 60, in 1966. Madigan graduated from Loyola Law School in 1967. Madigan and Neil Hartigan worked together in the city law department. Madigan and Richard M. Daley were both delegates to the 1969-70 Illinois Constitutional convention (which wrote the current Constitution of Illinois, adopted after Illinois voters approved it in the 1970 special election), and became good friends.[17][15][18]

In 1972, Madigan founded the private law firm of Madigan and Getzendanner with Vincent J. "Bud" Getzendanner Jr., a fellow Loyola law graduate, one year his senior.[19] In 1976, Madigan married Shirley Murray, a divorced law firm receptionist with a young daughter, Lisa, whom Madigan adopted; Lisa later became Attorney General of Illinois in 2003.[17]

Democratic Party leadership[edit]

Madigan joined Chicago Mayor Jane Byrne in endorsing Alderman Edward M. Burke in the 1980 Democratic primary race for Cook County State's Attorney, over Madigan's friend Richard M. Daley.[15]

In 1986 Madigan urged Adlai Stevenson III to enter the Democratic primary for Illinois governor. Hartigan withdrew and Stevenson won the primary and was defeated by James R. Thompson for the second time.[15]

13th Ward Democratic committeeman[edit]

In 1969 the 13th Ward precinct captains elected Madigan their committeeman, making him, at age 27, the youngest ward committeeman in Chicago at the time.[15] Madigan's ward organization has been called the most disciplined in Chicago.

Chairman of the Democratic Party of Illinois[edit]

In 1998 the Illinois Democratic Party's Central Committee elected Madigan chair of the Democratic Party of Illinois. Madigan succeeded his protégé and former chief of staff, Gary LaPaille. Madigan fired the state party staff, closed its headquarters in the Merchandise Mart in Chicago, and moved it to Springfield, Illinois, to the same office building as his campaign finance committee staff.[17]

Madigan's position as the Democratic Party Chair was challenged by Mateusz Tomkowiak during the March 2018 Democratic primary for state central committeeman of the 3rd Congressional District.[20]

On February 22, 2021, Madigan resigned as chairman.[21][22]

Illinois House of Representatives[edit]

In November 1970 Madigan was elected to represent the 22nd District in the Illinois House of Representatives.[23] The district, on Chicago's southwest side in the area surrounding Midway International Airport, has recently become majority Hispanic.[24]

Speaker of the Illinois House[edit]

Madigan was Speaker of the Illinois House from 1983 to 2021, with the exception of 1995–1997 when Republicans took control of the Illinois House and Lee Daniels of Elmhurst became Speaker. Madigan recruited candidates who appealed to south suburban Chicago voters and the Illinois House Democratic Majority political action committee he controls spent $272,000 in six south suburban races. Democrats won back nine seats in the Illinois House in the elections of November 1996, regained a majority, and Madigan resumed the Speaker's role and held it until January 2021.[23] He is the longest-serving state House speaker in United States history.[25]

Beginning in the 1980 United States Census, and except in the 1990s, Madigan was the chief mapmaker of the legislative districts of the Illinois General Assembly and the United States Congress in Illinois[15] and during reapportionment he designs the Illinois House districts to increase his majority.[17]

After 2002 – when Democrats took control of all branches of the state government – Madigan feuded with leading Democrats Governor Rod Blagojevich and Senate President Emil Jones.

Some political observers were critical of the level of control Madigan came to hold over Illinois politics, describing him as the state's political boss.[17][26]

In 2016, Madigan was the subject and namesake of a documentary made by the Illinois Policy Institute. The documentary was widely criticized as overly partisan and raised ethical concerns after individuals featured in the movie claimed they were not told the nature of their interviews.[27] In May 2019 Madigan supported a bill to change Illinois's tax rate from a flat rate to a graduated tax rate[28] and sponsored a bill to fine businesses for profiting from human trafficking, involuntary servitude, or sex trade activities.[28]

In January 2021, Madigan announced he would be suspending his campaign for Speaker of the Illinois House after it became apparent that he would not receive the 60 votes necessary to win.[29] On January 13, the Illinois House voted to instead elect Chris Welch to the Speakership, making him the first African American to hold that position.[30][31][32][33] A federal corruption investigation related to Madigan's conduct continued despite his ouster as speaker.[34]

Relationship with Blagojevich[edit]

Madigan and Blagojevich clashed over Blagojevich's proposals for increased state spending.[35] Blagojevich blamed the 2007 budget crisis on Madigan, releasing a statement that said, "The way to be able to finally get budgets that achieve the objective of health care and education for families is to get Mr. Madigan to be a Democrat again and stop being a George Bush Republican."[35] Madigan refused to meet with Blagojevich for more than two months after Blagojevich introduced the budget; rather than the proposed $5 billion in increased spending, he recommended $1 billion, funded by the ending of a tax break.[36] When talks stalled, Madigan invited the entire House to accompany him to budget negotiations.[36]

Madigan opposed Blagojevich's proposed gross receipts tax in 2007.[37] He said the tax was "regressive" and would hurt the poor, who are "the least able in our society to take on additional costs."[37]

Illinois senior Senator Dick Durbin said in 2008 that he received many constituent complaints about the dispute between Blagojevich and Madigan, with letter writers wanting him to step in to negotiate.[38] Durbin said the subject was also often talked about in the United States Congress in Washington, D.C., among the Illinois congressional delegation.[38] Durbin joked that he would rather go to Baghdad to mediate than Springfield.[38]

The Chicago Sun-Times statehouse bureau reporter of 13 years, Dave McKinney, said of Madigan's style as Speaker:[38]

It's sort of the classic case that you get a guy (Madigan) who is steeped in discipline versus a guy who's very undisciplined, like Blagojevich. You can see it in their work habits, in their mannerisms.

Madigan is very measured in what he says. You never see him flying off on things. He is so precise.

This guy has been speaker for almost 30 years. He runs that chamber almost like he runs his house. They come in on time. He knows the rules. He's written the rules.

Madigan likes news clippings given to him every day; he likes to keep up on things. And he likes them clipped and organized in a certain way. With Rod, you get the sense that he's more of a big ideas person, but then doesn't really have the wherewithal to carry through on things to make sure they get done, to deliver.

The relationship between Blagojevich and Madigan hit its low in October 2007, when Blagojevich fired Bronwyn Rains, wife of Madigan's chief of staff Timothy Mapes, from her position of psychologist with the Illinois Department of Children and Family Services.[25] Blagojevich said he based this on Rains's educational background. She had worked for the department for 24 years with no prior record of problems; one observer called the fallout "nuclear war."[25]

Senate Republican Leader Frank Watson and House Republican Leader Tom Cross often met with Madigan, his Senate counterpart at the time Emil Jones, and Blagojevich in an attempt to referee disputes.[25][39] In August 2008, Blagojevich stated that House Democrats who held City of Chicago jobs were fearful of voting in favor of his 2008 capital bill because they thought Madigan might be able to get them fired.[40] Blagojevich told reporters:

They fear their leader, Mr. Madigan, and if Mike Madigan tells them to vote a certain way, they will tell you privately, and I've had these discussions with a couple of state reps, one of whom said, 'I'm afraid if I vote for the jobs bill I'll be fired from my job at Streets and Sanitations [sic]. I'm afraid I'll lose my job.'[40]

Representative Gary Hannig told the newspaper that Blagojevich had told House Democrats he was referring to John C. D'Amico.[40] When contacted, D'Amico said that Blagojevich had asked him if he feared losing his job with the City of Chicago's water department, at which point D'Amico said that he had been in a union for 26 years and could not be fired easily, and instead opposed the capital bill because Mayor Richard M. Daley opposed it.[40]

On December 15, 2008, Madigan announced that he was taking steps to initiate impeachment proceedings against Blagojevich after the governor was arrested on charges of conspiracy and fraud.[41] He named Illinois House of Representatives Majority Leader Barbara Flynn Currie to chair the 21-member House committee on impeachment.[42][43] After the committee reported, Madigan presided over the House deliberations which unanimously voted for the first impeachment of an Illinois governor. Subsequently, the Illinois Senate tried and removed Blagojevich from office, also by a unanimous vote.

Controversy over UIUC admissions[edit]

Madigan refused to testify in the inquiry over his advocacy for more than 40 applicants to the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign.[44] Governor Pat Quinn appointed a commission, to be led by retired Judge Abner Mikva, to investigate attempts by lawmakers and others to influence admissions of unqualified candidates (whose relatives had given money to Madigan, other lawmakers, and the state Democratic Party, which Madigan chairs) at the state's largest university. The August 6, 2009, Admissions Review Commission report stated that the university's top officials (trustees, president, chancellor) were the most culpable, because they should have refused the lawmakers' requests, although he also said a separate commission should be established by Quinn and/or the legislature to look into possible misconduct by Madigan and others.[45]

Metra patronage scandal[edit]

In the summer of 2013 it was reported that Madigan had sought to use his influence to secure patronage hiring and promotion at the Metra commuter rail agency for two of his supporters.[46][47] Metra CEO Alex Clifford rejected these requests, and alleges that the agency's board sought his resignation as a result.

In the wake of this scandal five Metra board members resigned,[48] but Madigan denied violating any ethics rules.[49] An investigation by the Legislative Inspector General found that Madigan "should have realized, given his influential position, that by making the [personnel] requests at the conclusion of meetings with Metra officials to discuss funding and other legislative issues, he would be creating reciprocal expectations."[50]

More than 400 current or retired state and local government employees have strong political ties to Madigan, according to a 2014 investigation by the Chicago Tribune. The former Bureau of Electricity in the Streets and Sanitation Department of the City of Chicago was called "Madigan Electric" by political insiders.[51][52] Madigan recommended at least 26 individuals for jobs at Metra from 1983 to 1991.[53]

Campaign contributions[edit]

Madigan has admitted that he is more likely to return phone calls from campaign contributors than from non-contributors.[15]

Of all the current sitting Democratic Illinois House members, Madigan has received the most campaign contributions from labor unions. Between 2002 and 2012, he received $670,559. This sum includes:[54]

On January 1, 2016, the Chicago Tribune reported that Madigan "has been on a fundraising tear, courtesy of a quirk in state campaign finance law that allows him to amass multiple five-figure contributions from the same donor into four funds he controls."[55] In 2015, Madigan raised more than $7 million. Over 68% of the money that Madigan raised in 2015 came from trial lawyers, law firms, and organized labor unions.

Illinois created its first limit on campaign contributions for the legislature in 2009, but the law allowed politicians to raise money for various campaign funds for their political parties and caucuses. Madigan controls four different campaign fundraising organizations: Friends of Michael J Madigan, the Democratic Majority fund, the Southwest Side 13th Ward fund and the Democratic Party of Illinois account.[55] Additionally, over the past 15 years, Madigan raised more than $658,000 in donations from the Illinois Trial Lawyers Association (ITLA) Legislative PAC.[56]

Tax policy[edit]

In early 2011 leading Illinois Democratic lawmakers and Governor Pat Quinn agreed to raise the Illinois state income tax from 3 to 5.25 percent—a 75% increase. At the time, it was estimated that this would bring in about $7.5 billion a year. The tax increase would mean that a married couple with two kids earning $80,000 a year combined would pay an extra $1,620 in taxes. Democratic leaders said the plan would pull the state out of its $15 billion budget hole. They promised the tax hike would last just four years, and then fall to 3.75 percent.[57]

Between 2011 and 2014 the Illinois state income tax rate was 5 percent.[58] On January 1, 2015, the tax rate was reduced from 5 percent to 3.75 percent, creating a shortfall in revenue of $2.7 billion starting FY 2015.[59] Madigan has said that he would rather increase income taxes than sales taxes.[60] On other occasions, he has introduced budgets that raise taxes in Illinois.

May 2016 tax and budget plan[edit]

On May 25, 2016, Madigan introduced a budget plan that increased spending and "set the state on autopilot for the next year", according to the Chicago Tribune. Madigan's plan allocated $700 million more in funds to public schools. The $700 million would be doled out to poorer school districts such as Chicago Public Schools.[61]

The Illinois Office of Management and Budget said that the tax rate for an average family in Illinois would have to go up by $1,000 to pay for Madigan's plan. That amounts to an increase of the income tax rate to 5.5 percent. Governor Bruce Rauner said that the budget was "the biggest unbalanced budget in Illinois history."[61]

Madigan's plan passed the Illinois House of Representatives on May 25 by a vote of 63 in favor and 53 opposed. The Republican leader in the Illinois House, Jim Durkin, said the bill was "absolutely the biggest joke." Among those opposed were seven Democratic representatives. The seven were targeted for defeat in the fall 2016 campaigns.[62]

Madigan's tax plan proposed spending $47.5 billion for fiscal year 2017. The state estimated that it would bring in approximately $40.5 billion in revenue, meaning that Madigan's budget spends around $7 billion more than the state would have available through tax revenue. The Illinois Policy Institute, a conservative think tank, estimated that the state would need to increase people's income tax from 3.75 to 5.5 percent in order to make up for Madigan's budget gap. The think tank estimated that the increase would amount to around $1,000 on average per family in Illinois.[63]

The City Club comments[edit]

In December 2015 the state of Illinois had had no budget in place for over five months. On December 9, at the City Club in Chicago, Madigan publicly said he thought the state income tax should increase to "at least 5 percent to balance the state's out-of-whack finances".[64]

The Chicago Tribune wrote, "In doing so, Madigan potentially gave new life to Republican Gov. Bruce Rauner's argument that Democrats are to blame for the stalemate in Springfield because they're intent on only raising taxes to dig out of the state budget deficit."[64]

Madigan's exact words were, "A good place to begin, good place to begin would be the level we were at before the income tax expired. ... And starting there, you can go in whatever direction you want to go."[64]

Tax increase reform proposals[edit]

One of Madigan's ideas to raise taxes is to pass a state constitutional amendment that would raise taxes on "millionaires to pay for public schools."[61]

Madigan also has a plan for a graduated rate increase. State representative Lou Lang, a deputy under Madigan, formally introduced Madigan's proposal that would change how Illinois taxpayers are taxed at the state level. Instead of being taxed a flat rate, people would be taxed at a graduated rate, with the rate increasing for higher incomes.[61]

The Tax Foundation released a report in early 2016, using figures from 2011, that showed that Illinois had the fifth-highest tax burden in the United States. Illinois had the second-highest burden when compared to other states in the midwest. Under Madigan's proposal, those figures would change: Illinois would have the fourth-highest and highest tax burden in the U.S. and midwest, respectively. In 2012, Illinois' tax burden was the second highest in the midwest, after Wisconsin, but before Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker passed tax cuts.[65]

Pension reduction legislation[edit]

Madigan was instrumental in the passage of SB-1, a plan that amended state employee pension plans by drastically reducing the constitutionally protected benefits of Illinois state employees in retirement.[66] The Illinois Supreme Court ultimately found these legislative changes to be unconstitutional.[67][68]

As the Illinois Supreme Court ruling stated: "These modifications to pension benefits unquestionably diminish the value of the retirement annuities the members ... were promised when they joined the pension system. Accordingly, based on the plain language of the Act, these annuity-reducing provisions contravene the pension protection clause's absolute prohibition against diminishment of pension benefits and exceed the General Assembly's authority".[69]

AT&T "friends and family plan" bribery scandal[edit]

In October 2022, under a deferred prosecution with the US Department of Justice, AT&T admitted that it arranged for payments to Illinois House Representative Edward Acevedo, an ally of Madigan, in order to unlawfully influence and reward Madigan's vote in 2017 on legislation that would eliminate AT&T's so-called "Carrier of Last Resort" obligation to provide landline telephone service to all Illinois residents, which was expected to save the company millions of dollars.[70] Madigan also helped to defeat an amendment to a bill that became law in 2018 regarding fees for small cell tower attachments that would have been harmful to AT&T's interests.[71][72] Former AT&T Illinois President Paul La Schiazza, who is set to go on trial in September 2024 for the alleged bribery scheme, described AT&T's quid pro quo relationship with Madigan in an email to an AT&T employee as "the friends and family plan."[71][72]

Paprocki eucharist decree[edit]

On June 6, 2019, Bishop Thomas Paprocki issued a decree barring Madigan and Senate President John Cullerton from presenting themselves to receive the Eucharist on account of their role in passing the Reproductive Health Act, which removes spousal consent and waiting periods for abortions. While singling out Madigan and Cullerton specifically, Paprocki also asked that other legislators who voted for the bill not present themselves for Communion either, saying that they had "cooperated in evil and committed grave sin." Madigan said that Paprocki had warned him that he would be forbidden to take the sacrament if he permitted the House to debate and vote on the measure.[73]


On February 18, 2021, Madigan announced through a letter to the Speaker of the Illinois House that he would be resigning from the state representative post which will be effective at the end of February.[9]

Madigan and Getzendanner[edit]

Madigan was founder and continues as senior partner of the law firm Madigan and Getzendanner, specializing in corporate real estate property tax appeals, which has been accused of profiting from Madigan's position and power.[74] Getzendanner and four other staff attorneys handle the tax appeals, while Madigan brings in clients.[75] In 2008 Madigan and Getzendanner represented 45 of the 150 most valuable buildings in downtown Chicago, more than any other property tax appeal firm, and more than twice as many as the second-highest. Clients include the John Hancock Center and the Prudential Plaza.[17][76] From 2006 to 2008 in Cook County, Illinois, Madigan and Getzendanner received the largest reductions for their clients of any tax appeal law firm.[77][78] Venues for property tax appeals law firms in Cook County include hearings before the County Assessor, the County Board of Review, and the County courts. Judges in Illinois are elected in partisan elections, and Madigan, by his Democratic Party leadership roles as committeeman and state chairman, is one of the main persons involved in slating judicial candidates.[17]

After the death of veteran 45th Ward committeeman and longtime chairman of the Cook County Democratic Party Thomas G. Lyons in January 2007, Cook County Democrats met in Chicago on February 1 to fill the vacancy. Madigan nominated Joseph Berrios, a former Illinois State Representative, then a commissioner on the Cook County Board of Review. Cook County Democrats elected Berrios their new chairman.[79][80][81] Madigan political workers aided Berrios's 2010 campaign for Cook County Assessor. Berrios is registered as a lobbyist to Illinois state government and advocates for issues including expanding video poker.[82][83][84] Berrios lobbies Madigan in Springfield, while the Assessor is critical to the lucrative commercial real-estate tax appeals practices of law firms, including Madigan's.[85][86][87] "Even by Illinois's loose conflict of interest standards, the obviousness of the Madigan-Berrios connection is stupefying," wrote Chicago Magazine in 2013.[17] Berrios went on to lose to Fritz Kaegi in the Democratic primary for Cook County Assessor in March 2018. Kaegi then won the general election.[88]

The Madigan family and their role in Illinois government[edit]

Madigan and his wife, Shirley, have four children. His oldest daughter, Lisa Madigan, served as Attorney General of Illinois from 2003 to 2019. Madigan is not Lisa's biological father: she was born Lisa Murray to Shirley and criminal attorney Joel Murray. They divorced and Shirley married Madigan when Lisa was 10 years old.[89] Lisa changed her name when she was 18 and was formally adopted in her 20s.[90][91] Shirley is the head of the Illinois Arts Council.[25] Madigan's son-in-law Jordan Matyas is the chief lobbyist for Regional Transportation Authority, a deputy chief overseeing their Government Affairs Department.[92][93][94]

In 2002 Madigan helped Lisa garner more campaign contributions in her run for Illinois Attorney General than even the candidates for governor that year.[95] At one point, Lisa Madigan's $1.2 million raised was more than all the attorney general candidates in 1998 had raised, combined.[95]

Allegations of misconduct in campaign contributions arose during the 2002 campaign. Madigan was accused of using taxpayer dollars for political purposes.[1] His staffers made numerous visits at public expense to contested Illinois House districts in the winter and spring before the November 2000 election.[96] The Republican gubernatorial candidate, Jim Ryan, suggested that Madigan should resign.[1] Lisa Madigan was running for Attorney General that year and called the allegations baseless.[1] Her opponent in the race called on her to pay back taxpayer-paid bonuses her father had paid staffers before they departed to work on his daughter's campaign.[97] A federal investigation into one of Lisa Madigan's political endorsements ensued after Madigan allegedly contacted a union boss in Chicago shortly before the union endorsed Madigan's daughter for the post, but nothing came of it.[98]

Electoral history[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d "Lisa Madigan defends dad's post". Chicago Sun-Times. September 21, 2002. Archived from the original on October 22, 2012. Retrieved November 9, 2008.
  2. ^ Mihalopoulos, Dan (December 14, 2020). "Madigan's Allies Shut Down Illinois House Probe Into Embattled Speaker". WBEZ. Retrieved January 12, 2021.
  3. ^ "100 Most Powerful Chicagoans". Chicago Magazine. March 2012. Retrieved January 6, 2014.
  4. ^ "100 Most Powerful Chicagoans". Chicago Magazine. March 2013. Retrieved January 6, 2014.
  5. ^ "Mike Madigan". Chicago Magazine.
  6. ^ Miller, Rich (December 5, 2010). "Rahm vs. Madigan: Mayor would take on House speaker". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved January 6, 2014.
  7. ^ Meisel, Hannah (January 13, 2021). "Chris Welch Set To Become First Black House Speaker As Madigan Fades Out". www.nprillinois.org. Retrieved January 15, 2021.
  8. ^ "Michael Madigan suspending campaign for House speaker". WGN-TV. January 11, 2021. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  9. ^ a b Wall, Craig (February 18, 2021). "Mike Madigan, longtime IL House speaker and representative, announces resignation after 50 years in post". ABC 7 Chicago. Archived from the original on February 19, 2021. Retrieved February 8, 2022.
  10. ^ Miller, Rich (February 18, 2021). "*** UPDATED x4 - Zahdan won't be appointed *** Madigan resigns effective today". Capitol Fax. Retrieved February 19, 2021.
  11. ^ Meisner, Jason; Long, Ray (March 2, 2022). "Ex-House Speaker Michael Madigan, long the state's most powerful pol, indicted on federal racketeering charges". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved September 3, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  12. ^ "The toppling of Michael Madigan: How his reign as speaker ended and Emanuel 'Chris' Welch's emerged". Chicago Tribune. January 8, 2023.
  13. ^ "Former Speaker Michael Madigan's racketeering trial delayed until October". CBS News. January 3, 2024.
  14. ^ DuMont, Bruce (Interviewer) (1986). Chicago Magazine Interview 1986 - Mike Madigan (Early Political Career) (mp3). Event occurs at 3:19. Retrieved January 11, 2020.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g DuMont, Bruce (August 1986). "Michael Madigan. (Speaker of the Illinois House) (interview)". Chicago Magazine. Vol. 35. Tribune Company. pp. 112(10).
  16. ^ Fremon, David (1988). Chicago Politics Ward by Ward. Indiana University Press. ISBN 978-0-253-31344-7.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h Ylisela Jr., James (December 2013). "Michael Madigan Is the King of Illinois". Chicago Magazine. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  18. ^ Neal, Steve (September 11, 1986). "Madigan's Intent On Remaining Speaker". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved December 28, 2014.
  19. ^ "Michael J. Madigan". Madigan and Getzendanner. Retrieved February 1, 2014.
  20. ^ "Madigan's state central committee opponent explains his bid". capitolfax.com. December 6, 2017. Retrieved February 27, 2021.
  21. ^ "Madigan Resigns as Chair of State Democratic Party". WMAQ-TV. February 22, 2021. Retrieved February 27, 2021.
  22. ^ Lauterbach, Cole (February 23, 2021). "Madigan steps down as head of Illinois Democratic Party days after resigning legislative seat". Washington Examiner. Retrieved February 27, 2021.
  23. ^ a b Pearson, Rick (April 1997). "What is Mike Madigan up to?". Illinois Issues. University of Illinois Springfield. Retrieved January 30, 2014.
  24. ^ Groskopf, Christopher; Germuska, Joe; Boyer, Brian (May 27, 2011). "Illinois House and Senate districts". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
  25. ^ a b c d e Bernstein, David (February 2008). "Mr. Un-Popularity". Chicago Magazine. Retrieved November 9, 2008.
  26. ^ Kass, John (June 6, 2012). "When it comes to Madigan, there's no debate: It's time to take out the trash". Chicago Tribune.
  27. ^ Piner, Michael. "New Madigan Documentary Surprises Some of the People in it". Chicago Reader.
  28. ^ a b Kapos, Shia (May 28, 2019). "PRITZKER's BIG WIN — BRADY, MUNOZ stake in video gambling — ABORTION BILL fate uncertain". www.politico.com. Politico. Retrieved May 30, 2019.
  29. ^ Petrella, Dan; Pearson, Rick; Munks, Jamie (January 11, 2021). "In politically calculated move, Illinois House Speaker Michael Madigan suspends bid for another term but doesn't bow out". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 23, 2021.
  30. ^ Hinton, Rachel (January 13, 2021). "Illinois House Speaker Emanuel 'Chris' Welch sworn in to succeed Mike Madigan". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved January 15, 2021.
  31. ^ Homan, Timothy R. (January 13, 2021). "Illinois Democrats oust longest-serving state House Speaker in US history". TheHill. Retrieved January 15, 2021.
  32. ^ O'Connor, John (January 13, 2021). "Illinois replaces longest-serving legislative leader in US". Associated Press. Retrieved January 23, 2021.
  33. ^ Pearson, Rick; Petrella, Dan; Munks, Jamie; Long, Ray; Crepeau, Megan (January 13, 2021). "Michael Madigan's decadeslong grip on Illinois ends as House Democrats make Rep. Emanuel 'Chris' Welch state's first Black speaker". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 23, 2021.
  34. ^ Meisner, Jason; Long, Ray (January 22, 2021). "Michael Madigan may no longer be 'Mr. Speaker,' but federal corruption probe still looms despite his sidelining". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 23, 2021.
  35. ^ a b Wills, Christopher (July 10, 2007). "Illinois Democrats turn on each other". Associated Press. Retrieved November 7, 2008.
  36. ^ a b "State budget talks give way to stalls, stunts". The Associated Press. The Southern Illinoisan. July 14, 2007. Retrieved July 16, 2007.
  37. ^ a b Christopher, Wills (May 11, 2007). "House does more than thump Gov.'s gross receipts tax". The Lincoln Courier. Archived from the original on November 3, 2007. Retrieved November 9, 2008.
  38. ^ a b c d Povse, Paul (July 10, 2008). "Blagojevich vs. Madigan: Governor's veto raises stakes in bitter impasse". St. Louis Beacon. Archived from the original on July 20, 2013. Retrieved November 8, 2008.
  39. ^ Miller, Rich (October 10, 2007). "Firing Injects More Poison Into Statehouse Atmosphere". River City Reader. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011. Retrieved November 9, 2008.
  40. ^ a b c d Miller, Rich (August 8, 2008). "Once again, Blagojevich proves why he can't be trusted". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on November 6, 2008. Retrieved November 9, 2008.
  41. ^ Long, Ray; Rick Pearson (December 15, 2008). "Mike Madigan launches impeachment inquiry". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Co. Retrieved December 15, 2008.
  42. ^ Mike Robinson; Deanna Bellandi; John O'Connor (December 16, 2008). "Illinois impeachment panel begins work". Yahoo! News. Yahoo! Inc. Archived from the original on March 4, 2020. Retrieved December 16, 2008.
  43. ^ Sweet, Lynn (December 15, 2008). "Illinois House Speaker Mike Madigan, Majority leader Barbara Flynn Currie on Blagojevich impeachment. Transcript". Chicago Sun-Times. Sun-Times News Group. Archived from the original on December 17, 2008. Retrieved December 16, 2008.
  44. ^ "Madigan won't testify on U of Ill. admissions" Chicago Tribune, July 18, 2009
  45. ^ "State of Illinois Admissions Review Commission Report and Recommendations - August 6, 2009" (PDF).
  46. ^ Clair, Richard Wronski and Stacy St. "Metra CEO memo alleges more Madigan influences".
  47. ^ "State job crafted after referral by House Speaker Michael Madigan - Gate House".
  48. ^ "5th Metra board member Stanley Rakestraw resigns".
  49. ^ "Scandal puts focus on Mike Madigan, toothless Illinois ethics law". Rockford Register Star. July 30, 2013.
  50. ^ Long, Ray (July 8, 2014). "Madigan's Metra influence detailed in report". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on July 4, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2023.
  51. ^ Kidwell, David; Chase, John; Richards, Alex (January 5, 2014). "How Madigan builds his patronage army; No government job too small for House speaker to exert his considerable influence". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
  52. ^ Wilson, Jordan (May 18, 2009). "Madigan Electric". Chicago Sun-Times.
  53. ^ Wronski, Richard. "Metra releases names from its 'patronage files'".
  54. ^ "Candidate Summary - Michael J. Madigan", OpenSecrets
  55. ^ a b Pearson, Rick. "Madigan uses quirk in law to stockpile 2016 campaign cash against Rauner". Chicago Tribune.
  56. ^ "Report: Political donations from trial lawyers topped $35 million in 15 years - Cook County Record". cookcountyrecord.com.
  57. ^ Goldblatt, Jeff (January 7, 2011). "The Taxman Cometh?".
  58. ^ "Madigan's budget solution is to make Illinois the most heavily taxed state in the Midwest". Illinois Policy | Illinois' comeback story starts here. January 28, 2016. Retrieved May 27, 2016.
  59. ^ Journal, Wall Street (December 30, 2014). "Illinois Faces Big Revenue Hit in 2015". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
  60. ^ Tribune, Chicago (December 10, 2015). "Madigan: Raise income tax rate back to 5 percent, for starters". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved May 27, 2016.
  61. ^ a b c d Garcia, Monique; Geiger, Kim (May 26, 2016). "Madigan budget: $700 million more for schools; Rauner ally says plan is $7 billion short". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved May 27, 2016.
  62. ^ Sfondeles, Tina (May 25, 2016). "House passes budget that gov's office dubbed 'phoniest phony'". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved May 27, 2016.
  63. ^ "Editor's desk: Hands up! Michael Madigan wants even more". Northwest Herald. May 26, 2016. Retrieved May 27, 2016.
  64. ^ a b c Geiger, Kim (December 10, 2015). "Madigan: Raise income tax rate back to 5 percent, for starters". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved May 27, 2016.
  65. ^ "Madigan's budget solution is to make Illinois the most heavily taxed state in the Midwest". Illinois Policy Institute. January 28, 2016. Retrieved May 27, 2016.
  66. ^ "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart.
  67. ^ "Chicago". Archived from the original on July 28, 2013. Retrieved September 25, 2019.
  68. ^ "Illinois Pension Law Court Ruling". Retrieved September 25, 2019.
  69. ^ "Ill. Supreme Court overturns city pension reforms".
  70. ^ Brodkin, Jon (October 14, 2022). "AT&T to pay $23M fine for bribing powerful lawmaker's ally in exchange for vote". Ars Technica. Archived from the original on October 14, 2022. Retrieved May 26, 2024.
  71. ^ a b Brodkin, Jon (May 14, 2024). "AT&T paid bribes to get two major pieces of legislation passed, US gov't says". Ars Technica. Archived from the original on May 14, 2024. Retrieved May 26, 2024.
  72. ^ a b Meisner, Jason (May 13, 2024). "'We're on the friends and family plan now': New details emerge in alleged AT&T scheme to bribe House speaker". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on May 13, 2024. Retrieved May 26, 2024.
  73. ^ Malagón, Elvia (June 6, 2019). "Catholic bishop in Springfield: No communion for Madigan, Cullerton for supporting 'abominable' Illinois abortion rights bill". The Chicago Tribune. Retrieved June 6, 2019.
  74. ^ Kidwell, David (September 25, 2010). "In Justice deal, all roads lead to Madigan; Illinois House speaker's clients involved in development linked to village's proposed tollway interchange". Chicago Tribune.
  75. ^ Kidwell, David; Chase, John; Gibson, Ray (January 22, 2010). "The Madigan Rules; House Speaker Michael Madigan says he follows a personal code of conduct to avoid conflicts of interest. Even so, some clients of his private law firm have benefited from his public actions". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
  76. ^ Chase, John; Kidwell, David; Gibson, Ray (January 24, 2010). "Madigan's kind of town; House speaker's clout touches key levers of power as his law firm becomes a top player in Chicago skyscrapers property tax appeals". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 2, 2010.
  77. ^ Bernstein, David (October 2010). "Joseph Berrios, Candidate for Cook County Assessor: Under the Microscope". Chicago Magazine. Retrieved September 16, 2013.
  78. ^ Mihalopoulos, Dan; Little, Darnell (January 29, 2010). "Assessor Candidate Benefits From Property Tax Lawyers". The New York Times. Retrieved September 18, 2012.
  79. ^ Pearson, Rick; Sheehan, Charles (January 14, 2007). "Thomas G. Lyons: 1931-2007; Leader of Cook County Democrats; Long political career included work as 45th Ward committeeman, lawmaker, lawyer and lobbyist". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved September 17, 2013.
  80. ^ "Democrat leader Lyons to resign next month". Chicago Tribune. January 10, 2007. Retrieved September 17, 2013.
  81. ^ Ciokajlo, Mickey (February 2, 2007). "Democrats elect a new chief; County party names 1st Hispanic leader". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved September 17, 2013.
  82. ^ Bernstein, David (October 2010). "Cook County Campaign Contribution Limits to Board of Review Not Being Enforced; THE FRIENDLY BAR: A county effort to cap campaign donations by property tax attorneys turns out to be toothless". Chicago Magazine. Retrieved September 18, 2013.
  83. ^ Tulsky, Fredric N.; Sullivan, John (January 8, 2012). "Disclosure Often Spotty Or Inaccurate". The New York Times. Retrieved September 18, 2012.
  84. ^ Olmstead, Rob (January 31, 2008). "Anonymous board receives lots of attention". Daily Herald (Arlington Heights, IL). p. 5.
  85. ^ Warren, James (April 10, 2010). "Look at Assessor Race. Isn't Democracy Grand?". The New York Times. Retrieved September 18, 2012.
  86. ^ Mihalopoulos, Dan (November 5, 2010). "Hard Work and Money Helped State Democrats Resist G.O.P. Tide". The New York Times. Retrieved September 18, 2012.
  87. ^ Joravsky, Ben (October 14, 2010). "No White Knight, No Silver Bullet". Chicago Reader. Retrieved October 5, 2012.
  88. ^ Dardick, Hal. "New Cook County Assessor Fritz Kaegi cleans house of Joe Berrios workers, says change will take time". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  89. ^ The Associated Press (September 22, 2002). "For Madigan, an eclectic resume and a powerful father". The Northwest Indiana Times. Retrieved July 7, 2017.
  90. ^ McCormick, John (October 13, 2002). "Famous dad a mixed blessing for Madigan". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 25, 2017.
  91. ^ Kleine, Ted (February 5, 1998). "The Girl Can't Help It: Why Lisa Madigan seems destined to join her father in Springfield". Chicago Reader. Retrieved March 25, 2017.
  92. ^ "Who's Who in Chicago Business 2013, Influential Family". Crain's Chicago Business. September 9, 2013.
  93. ^ McKinney, Dave. "RTA hires Mike Madigan's son-in-law for top lobbying job". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
  94. ^ Arnold, Tony (February 28, 2011). "Illinois GOP slams RTA's Madigan son-in-law hire; GOP denounces hiring of Madigan's son-in-law". WBEZ. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
  95. ^ a b "Lisa Madigan raking in campaign cash; Attorney general's race:Many say her father's influence has been a help". Dubuque Telegraph-Herald. Associated Press. March 6, 2002. Archived from the original on October 22, 2012. Retrieved November 9, 2008.
  96. ^ Hinz, Greg (July 15, 2002). "Madigan staffers lend helping hands". Crain's Chicago Business. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
  97. ^ Fornek, Scott (August 22, 2002). "Lisa Madigan urged to repay bonuses Foe Birkett says she owes taxpayers for cash dad paid staffers". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on October 22, 2012. Retrieved November 9, 2008.
  98. ^ McKinney, Dave (October 25, 2002). "FBI probing alleged call to union boss: Investigating Lisa Madigan endorsement". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on October 22, 2012. Retrieved November 9, 2008.

External links[edit]

Illinois House of Representatives
Preceded by
Frank Savickas
Carl Klein
Member of the Illinois House of Representatives
from the 27th district

Served alongside: Walter C. McAvoy, Robert Terzich, Edmund Kucharski, John Beatty
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Frank Giglio
Miriam Balanoff
Philip Collins
Member of the Illinois House of Representatives
from the 30th district

Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of the Illinois House of Representatives
from the 22nd district

Succeeded by
Preceded by Majority Leader of the Illinois House of Representatives
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minority Leader of the Illinois House of Representatives
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minority Leader of the Illinois House of Representatives
Political offices
Preceded by Speaker of the Illinois House of Representatives
Succeeded by
Preceded by Speaker of the Illinois House of Representatives
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by Chair of the Illinois Democratic Party
Succeeded by