Michael William McCrum CBE (23 May 1924 – 16 February 2005) was an English academic and ancient historian who served as Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge, Master of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, and Head Master of Tonbridge School and Eton College.
Life and career
McCrum was born at Alverstoke in Hampshire. The son of a naval Captain, he grew up at naval bases where his father was stationed. He was educated at Horris Hill School, Newbury and Sherborne School before Second World War service as an able seaman and then sub-lieutenant in the Royal Navy. He then won a scholarship to read classics at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. He graduated in 1948 with a Double First.
After graduation, McCrum became a master at Rugby School. He married the daughter of the headmaster, Sir Arthur fforde, in 1952. He was appointed Fellow of Corpus Christi in 1950 and was an (innovative) Tutor there under the Master, Sir George Thomson, and was also Director of Classical Studies.
McCrum left Cambridge in 1962 to become headmaster of Tonbridge School, where he earned a good reputation and transformed the school, emphasising academic standards and implementing sweeping reforms, including the abolition of the old traditions of fagging and caning of junior boys by "praepostors" (senior boys). However, he did not abolish caning by masters, and made considerable use of it himself. He made the Cadet Corps voluntary instead of compulsory. The Tonbridgian (the school magazine) wrote in 1967 that "Never have there been so many changes in so short a time". By a stratagem, he contrived that straw boater hats ("barges") be retained, although there was a clear majority for their outright abolition in the poll of the boys which he arranged. His impressive stature and his ability to memorize the name and face of every boy (and teacher) in the school during the first week of the autumn term helped him to command respect. He later described part of his task at Tonbridge as having been "the reduction of stupid anachronisms" and "giving boys more liberties, provided they do not take them"; corporal punishment, he said, was "often the lesser of two evils".
He criticised the reduction of the age of majority and the voting age to 18, saying that while they might be outwardly more mature than formerly, 18-year-olds "were still searching for guidance and authority" and "were less aware than formerly of the framework of tradition and the concept of the family community" under the increasing influence of the press and media.
In 1970 he became Head Master of Eton College, ostensibly a more prestigious position but perhaps one that allowed less initiative or authority than at Tonbridge (though it still allowed him to cane boys). He raised standards at Eton after the era of Anthony Chenevix-Trench, whose weaknesses differentiated him from the self-disciplined McCrum. The curriculum was modernised and academic standards improved. Just before leaving Eton he oversaw the final abolition of fagging, as he had at Tonbridge earlier.
Corpus Christi College
In 1980, McCrum returned to Corpus Christi, Cambridge as Master, introducing women to the college in 1982. In 1987 he became the last of the University of Cambridge's part-time Vice-Chancellors. He was president of the Cambridge Society from 1989 to 1996.
He chaired the Oxford and Cambridge Schools Examination Board from 1981 to 1987, and the School Governing Bodies Association from 1989 to 1994.
In his farewell speech as Vice-Chancellor he called for university lecturers to be better paid.
An Anglican, he was chairman of the Cathedrals Fabric Commission for England (from 1991) and was a member of the BBC/IBA religious affairs committee (while headmaster of Tonbridge; despite his reforming zeal in other respects, formal daily chapel services remained part of the fabric of school life while he was there; he did make attendance voluntary at Eton).
He was appointed CBE in 1998.
In addition to a collection of historical documents in Latin and Greek, compiled during his first spell at Corpus Christi, he wrote a biography of Thomas Arnold, the distinguished headmaster of Rugby.
- McCrum, Michael (1989). Thomas Arnold, head master: A reassessment. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-211798-X.
- McCrum, Michael (2002). The Man Jesus: Fact and Legend. London: Janus Publishing Company. ISBN 1-85756-452-9.
- McCrum, Michael; & Woodhead, A. G. (1966). Select documents of the principates of the Flavian emperors: Including the year of revolution, A.D. 68-96. Cambridge: University Press. OCLC 6819036
- John E. Lewis. "McCrum, Michael William (1924–2005)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2009.
- Bourne, Richard. "Eton's topper", The Observer, London, 2 December 1969.
- Rogers, Byron. "Eton's new head: a man for freedom". The Times, London, 2 December 1969, p. 1.
- "An educational 'toothless wonder'", The Times, London, 14 September 1964, p. 6.
- "Votes at 18 was 'hasty'", The Guardian, London, 18 February 1970, p. 5.
- Berthoud, Roger. "The good discipline of aiming at excellence", The Times, London, 14 July 1980, p. 12.
- Pallister, David. "Etonians end the era of fagging", The Guardian, London, 25 April 1980, p. 22.
- Devlin, Tim. "Heads see big demand for more independent schools despite Labour threat to end benefits", The Times, London, 1 October 1974, p. 2.
- "University News", The Times, London, 17 November 1979.
- Chorlton, Penny. "Corpus Christi to admit women", The Guardian, London, 26 October 1981, p. 3.
- Gow, David. "Exam warning in vice-chancellor's parting shot", The Guardian, London, 3 October 1989, p. 2.
|Head Master of Eton College
Sir Eric Anderson
Sir Duncan Wilson
|Master of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge
Sir Tony Wrigley
The Lord Adrian
|Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge
Sir David Williams