|Ranking Member of the House Veterans' Affairs Committee|
December 3, 2012 – January 3, 2015
|Preceded by||Bob Filner|
|Succeeded by||Corrine Brown|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Maine's 2nd district
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2015
|Preceded by||John Baldacci|
|Succeeded by||Bruce Poliquin|
|Member of the Maine Senate|
from the 3rd district
December 7, 1994 – January 3, 2003
|Preceded by||Margaret Ludwig|
|Succeeded by||Stephen Stanley|
|Member of the Maine House of Representatives|
from the 134th district
December 1980 – December 7, 1994
|Preceded by||Walter Birt|
|Succeeded by||Harry Bailey|
Michael Herman Michaud|
January 18, 1955
Millinocket, Maine, U.S.
Michael Herman Michaud (born January 18, 1955) is an American politician from Maine. Michaud served as the U.S. Representative for Maine's 2nd congressional district 2003 to 2015. He is a member of the Democratic Party. The primarily rural district comprises nearly 80% of the state by area and includes the cities of Lewiston, Auburn, Bangor, and Presque Isle. It is the largest Congressional district by area east of the Mississippi River.
Michaud was previously President of the Maine Senate. He was employed for over two decades at the Great Northern Paper Company and remains a member of the United Steelworkers. He was one of the few members of Congress during his tenure never to have attended college. He did, however, attend the John F. Kennedy School of Government Program for Senior Executives in State and Local Government at Harvard University. He has also been awarded honorary Doctor of Public Service degrees from Maine's Unity College, Husson College, and Maine Maritime Academy.
Michaud, who speaks fluent French, is the first Franco-American to be elected to a U.S. federal office from Maine. He was elected as a co-chair of the congressional French Caucus in January 2011.
Michaud was the Democratic nominee for Governor of Maine in the 2014 election. While initially considered a favorite by some analysts on account of the general unpopularity of incumbent Paul LePage, he lost to the aforementioned by a larger than expected margin. He was succeeded in Congress by Republican Bruce Poliquin in January 2015.
- 1 Early life, education, and business career
- 2 Maine House of Representatives (1980–1994)
- 3 Maine Senate (1994–2003)
- 4 U.S. House of Representatives (2003–2015)
- 5 2014 gubernatorial campaign
- 6 Post-election activities
- 7 Personal life
- 8 Electoral history
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Early life, education, and business career
Michaud was born in Millinocket, Maine, the son of Geneva Jean (née Morrow) and James Michaud, Sr. His parents were both of French-Canadian descent. He grew up in Medway, Maine, and is a graduate of Schenck High School in East Millinocket. He was a mill worker and supervisor at Great Northern Paper Company in East Millinocket, from 1973 until his election to Congress in 2002, during which time he was a member of the United Steelworkers. Michaud's interest in politics began when he campaigned to clean up the Penobscot River in the late 1970s.
Maine House of Representatives (1980–1994)
Michaud was elected to the Maine House of Representatives in 1980 to the 134th district. In 1984, he defeated an independent candidate by a landslide, despite large Republican gains in other districts. He also won re-election in 1986, 1988, 1990, and 1992.
Michaud served eleven terms in the Maine Legislature, including seven in the Maine House of Representatives and four in the Maine Senate. In the House, Michaud represented Medway and East Millinocket. In the Maine Senate, Michaud represented the following towns: Charlotte, Cooper, Crawford, Dennysville, Eastport, Indian Township Indian Reservation, Lubec, Meddybemps, Pembroke, Perry, Pleasant Point, and Union.
- Energy and Natural Resources Committee (Chair)
Maine Senate (1994–2003)
In 1994, he ran for Maine's 3rd Senate district. Despite the fact that it was a Republican wave year, he defeated incumbent State Senator Margaret Ludwig, a millionaire, 58%-42%. In 1996, he won re-election to a second term with 64% of the vote. In 1998, he won re-election to a third term with 77% of the vote. In 2000, he won re-election to a fourth term with 69% of the vote.
During his years in the state legislature, he continued to work at the Great Northern Paper Company until his election to Congress. To accommodate his legislative schedule, he changed his factory shifts, for instance by working weekends.
From 1994–1996, Michaud was appointed to Governor Angus King's Productivity Realization Task Force. In 1997, he was appointed to the Maine Commission on Children's Health Care. After the 1998 election, the Maine Senate found itself divided into 17 Republicans, 17 Democrats and one Independent. In a compromise organization, each party agreed to assume the Senate Presidency for one year, with the single Independent awarded the chair of the crucial Appropriations Committee. Accordingly, in December 2000, Michaud was unanimously elected President of the Maine Senate.
In 2001, Mike was honored with the dedication of the Michael H. Michaud Technology Center for helping to secure state funding for the University of Maine at Presque Isle Houlton Higher Education Center. He also received the College Board's Education Award at the National Council of State Legislatures annual meeting.
- Joint Appropriations Committee (Chair)
U.S. House of Representatives (2003–2015)
Michaud ran for Congress in 2002 for Maine's 2nd congressional district after incumbent Democrat John Baldacci decided to run for Governor of Maine. Michaud faced three other state senators in the Democratic primary. He won the primary with a plurality of 31% of the vote, beating the second place challenger, Susan W. Longley, by 4 percentage points. The general election garnered considerable publicity because Michaud was pro-life, while the Republican was pro-choice. Republican Kevin Raye, of Perry, was the Chief of Staff to U.S. Senator Olympia Snowe. Michaud defeated Raye, 52%–48%.
Michaud won re-election to a second term, defeating Republican businessman Brian Hamel, 58%–39%.
Michaud won re-election to a fourth term, defeating his Republican opponent, professor John Frary 67%-33%.
Michaud won re-election to a sixth term, defeating Republican State Senator and Maine Senate President Kevin Raye (who had run ten years earlier), 58%–42%. He won every county except Washington, the location of Raye's hometown of Perry.
Michaud was the only freshman Democratic member of Congress to vote for the 2003 ban on intact dilation and extraction (IDX), often called partial-birth abortion. However, Michaud's stance on abortion and related reproductive issues has changed since he entered office. When he was elected in 2003, he received a 10% rating by the NARAL Pro Choice America, a reflection of pro-life votes; in 2010, the same organization gave Michaud a 100% rating. This change is likely in part because of the votes Michaud made in favor of allowing and expanding stem cell research, and his vote against banning abortion from federal health care coverage.
Mike Michaud has been an advocate for veterans for as long as he has served in Congress. As Chairman of the Health Subcommittee of the Veterans' Affairs Committee, Michaud has advocated for more extensive healthcare benefits for veterans and also for more inclusive rural healthcare for veterans. In 2007 Michaud came close to being elected Chairman of the Veterans' Affairs Committee. He has also called for lowering the cost of prescription drugs. In addition, Michaud has worked to pass legislation providing scholarships for returning soldiers, and decreasing the rate of homelessness among veterans. Recently, Michaud became an original cosponsor of "Hiring our Veterans Act" which gives tax credits to employers who hire veterans. Michaud has worked with the US Department of Veteran Affairs (VA) on many projects. These include a scholarship foundation for children of soldiers killed in active duty, an expansion of VA care in rural Maine, and a major increase in VA funding.
On May 29, 2014, Michaud called for the resignation of Veterans Affairs Secretary Eric Shinseki in response to problems in the Veterans Health Administration regarding long wait times and coverups of poor performance. He had faced criticism on this issue from his opponents in the Governor's race.
In addition to veterans' health, Michaud has been supporting healthcare on a larger scale. He has voted in favor of increased health coverage for children, and voted against cuts to Medicare. In 2010, he received a 100% rating from the American Public Health Association, along with favorable ratings from other healthcare groups. Michaud joined a group of 44 congressmen in November 2011 to express the importance of men's being screened for prostate cancer. This bipartisan group was formed after the United States Preventive Task Force recommended that healthy men should not have such a screening.
Michaud is a member of the Blue Dog Coalition, a group of conservative Democrats in the House of Representatives. He is the only Congressperson from New England in the coalition. On October 19, 2007, he endorsed former Senator John Edwards for President.
Michaud has a strong record of voting in support of environmental issues. Michaud voted no on opening Outer Continental Shelf to oil drilling, on barring the EPA from regulating greenhouse gases, on scheduling permitting for new oil refinieries, on authorizing construction of new oil refineries, on passage of the Bush Administration national energy policy, and on implementing Bush-Cheney national energy policy. Michaud voted yes on enforcing limits on CO2 global warming pollution by requiring utilities to supply an increasing percentage of their demand from a combination of energy efficiency savings and renewable energy, on tax credits for renewable electricity with PAYGO offsets, on tax incentives for energy production and conservation, on tax incentives for renewable energy, on investing in homegrown biofuel, on criminalizing oil cartels like OPEC, on removing oil and gas exploration subsidies, and on keeping moratorium on offshore oil drilling. Furthermore, Michaud co-sponsored a bill in 2005 to establish greenhouse gas tradeable allowances; the bill was referred to the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works but, however, it never came to vote. He also co-sponsored a bill in 2008 to allow states to define stricter greenhouse gas emission standards than those specified by the federal Clean Air Act. In keeping with his voting record, Michaud adopted a Blue Dog Coalition press release to balance fossil fuels and viable renewable energy. Campaign for America's Future (CAF) has given Michaud a score of 100% on energy issues.
- Committee on Veterans' Affairs
- Subcommittee on Health (Ranking member)
- Committee on Small Business
- Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure
- Addiction, Treatment and Recovery Caucus
- Congressional Biomass Caucus
- Caucus to Fight and Control Methamphetamine
- Congressional Nursing Caucus
- International Conservation Caucus
- Renewable Energy Caucus
- Sudan Caucus
- Congressional Cement Caucus
2014 gubernatorial campaign
On June 13, 2013, Michaud announced that he was forming an exploratory committee to enter the 2014 race for Governor of Maine. His campaign announced on August 14 that he would officially enter the race the next day.
Michaud won the Democratic primary unopposed. He lost the general election to incumbent Republican Paul LePage by a larger than expected margin, in part due to the massive Republican wave election that took place nationwide and in part due to the presence on the ballot of independent candidate Eliot Cutler.
Michaud served as Assistant Secretary of Labor for Veterans' Employment and Training from December 2, 2015 to January 20, 2017. As the head of the Veterans' Employment and Training Service (VETS), Michaud reported to Secretary of Labor Tom Perez. VETS serves as the focal point in the federal government for veterans' employment by preparing military service members for transition to civilian employment, providing veterans with services to assist them in getting good jobs, protecting veterans' employment rights, and promoting veterans' employment in the private sector.
Michaud came out as gay in an editorial released to the Portland Press Herald, Bangor Daily News, and the Associated Press on November 4, 2013; however he stated that he has never had a romantic partner. He is the first openly LGBT congressman to serve the state of Maine; he was one of seven then-current members of the United States House of Representatives to be openly LGBT, and one of eight in either house of Congress. If he had been elected Governor, he would have become the first openly gay Governor in the United States at the time of his election (Gov. Jim McGreevey of New Jersey came out after he had taken office).
|2002||Maine's 2nd congressional district||General||Mike Michaud||Democratic||116,868||52.01%||Kevin Raye||Republican||107,849||47.99%|
|2004||Maine's 2nd congressional district||General||Mike Michaud||Democratic||199,303||58.03%||Brian Hamel||Republican||135,547||39.47%||Carl Cooley||Independent||8,586||2.50|
|2006 ||Maine's 2nd congressional district||General||Mike Michaud||Democratic||179,732||70.52%||Laurence D'Amboise||Republican||75,146||29.48%|
|2008 ||Maine's 2nd congressional district||General||Mike Michaud||Democratic||226,274||67.44%||John Frary||Republican||109,268||32.57%|
|2010 ||Maine's 2nd congressional district||General||Mike Michaud||Democratic||147,042||55.13%||Jason Levesque||Republican||119,669||44.87%|
|2012 ||Maine's 2nd congressional district||General||Mike Michaud||Democratic||191,456||58.19%||Kevin Raye||Republican||137,542||41.81%|
|2014 ||Governor of Maine||General||Mike Michaud||Democratic||265,125||43.37%||Paul LePage||Republican||294,553||48.19%||Eliot Cutler||Independent||51,518||8.43%|
- "Election 2012 - Mike Michaud (D)". Wall Street Journal. 2012. Retrieved 2014-10-31.
- "Biography | Congressman Mike Michaud". Michaud.house.gov. 2007-01-12. Archived from the original on 2014-10-30. Retrieved 2014-10-31.
- Belluck, Pam (2006-06-04). "Long-Scorned in Maine, French Has Renaissance". New York Times. Retrieved 2013-07-11.
- "Michaud to co-chair French caucus". Bangor Daily News. Associated Press. 2011-01-06. Retrieved 2013-07-11.
- "Senate campaign over, Steve Woods is running for governor". Portland Press Herald. Associated Press. November 16, 2012. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
- Juliana L’Heureux (1927-01-07). "Political Genealogy". Mainewriter.com. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
- "General Election Tabulations - November 8, 1994 - Maine House of Representatives - by District (Secretary of State, State of Maine, U.S.A.)". Maine.gov. 1994-11-08. Archived from the original on October 17, 2012. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
- [dead link]
- "Maine Senate | Maine State Senate". Maine.gov. 2013-08-29. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
-  Archived November 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
- "ME State Senate 03 Race - Nov 05, 1996". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
- "ME State Senate 03 Race - Nov 03, 1998". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
- "Michael Michaud (D-Maine)". The Washington Post. Retrieved 23 June 2012.
- "ME District 2 Race - Nov 05, 2002". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
- "ME - District 02 Race - Nov 02, 2004". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
- "ME - District 02 Race - Nov 07, 2006". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
- "ME - District 02 Race - Nov 04, 2008". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
- "ME - District 02 Race - Nov 02, 2010". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
- "ME - District 02 Race - Nov 06, 2012". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
- "U.S. Rep. Mike Michaud calls for VA chief to resign". Kennebec Journal. 2014-05-30. Retrieved 2014-05-30.
- "Michael Michaud on Energy & Oil". OnTheIssues.org. Retrieved 2014-10-31.
- "Senate campaign over, Steve Woods is running for governor". Portland Press Herald. Associated Press. November 16, 2012. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
- Ostermeier, Eric (June 17, 2013). "Michaud Gearing Up to Battle Cutler, History in Maine Gubernatorial Bid". Smart Politics.
- "Mike Michaud reflects on loss, strategy, Eliot Cutler". Portland Press Herald. December 24, 2014. Retrieved April 23, 2016.
- "The Midterm Elections (Spoilers)". The Atlantic. November 7, 2014. Retrieved April 23, 2016.
- "Long Shots Loom as Spoilers in Tight November Races Across Nation". The New York Times. September 27, 2014. Retrieved April 23, 2016.
- "Cutler frees supporters to vote for other candidates, not dropping out". WMTW. October 29, 2014. Retrieved April 23, 2016.
- Fischell, Darren (July 30, 2015). "Obama taps Mike Michaud for veterans employment post". Bangor Daily News.
- "Michaud U.S. House Nomination Biography" (PDF). US House of Representatives. December 2, 2015.
- "Michaud: 'I haven't changed. I'm Mike.'". The Bangor Daily News. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
- "Yes, I'm gay, Michaud says. Now let's get our state back on track". Portland Press Herald. November 4, 2013.
- "Michaud leading Portland Pride Parade". Kennebec Journal/Maine Today Media. June 21, 2014.
- Cooley represented the Socialist Equality Party
- "ME - District 2 Race - Nov 07, 2006". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- "ME - District 2 Race- Nov 04, 2008". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- "ME - District 2 Race- Nov 02, 2010". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- "ME - District 2 Race - Nov 06, 2012". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- "ME - Governor - Nov 04, 2014". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 3 February 2015.
- Mike Michaud at Curlie (based on DMOZ)
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
- Profile at SourceWatch
- Past President of the Maine Senate
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maine's 2nd congressional district
| Ranking Member of the House Veterans' Affairs Committee
|Party political offices|
| Democratic nominee for Governor of Maine