Michael Persinger

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Michael A. Persinger
Michael Persinger.jpg
Persinger in 2010
Born (1945-06-26)June 26, 1945
Jacksonville, Florida, U.S.
Died August 14, 2018(2018-08-14) (aged 73)
Sudbury, Ontario, Canada
Nationality Canadian
Citizenship Canadian
American
Alma mater University of Wisconsin
University of Tennessee
University of Manitoba
Known for Director of Laurentian University's Consciousness Research Laboratory. Notable for his work in the field of neurotheology.
Awards

LIFT (Leader in Faculty Teaching), 2007
TVO (Ontario) Best Lecturer 2007
Laurentian University Research Excellence Award 1989

Sudbury Regional Brain Injury Association Lifetime Membership Award 2001
Scientific career
Fields Neurotheology, Neuroscience, Parapsychology, Biophysics, Geophysics, Epilepsy
Institutions Laurentian University

Michael A. Persinger (June 26, 1945 – August 14, 2018) was a professor of psychology at Laurentian University, a position he had held from 1971 until his death in 2018.[1] His most well-known hypotheses include the temporal lobes as the central correlate for mystical experiences, subtle changes in geomagnetic activity as mediators of parapsychological phenomena, the tectonic strain within the Earth’s crust as the source of luminous phenomena attributed to unidentified aerial objects, and the importance of specific quantifications for energy (10−20 Joules), photon flux density (picoWatt per meter squared), and small shifts in magnetic field intensities (picoTesla to nanoTesla range) for integrating cellular activity as well as human thought with universal phenomena.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10]

Persinger's experimental work on paranormal experiences has received widespread media coverage[11][12][13][14] but has also been widely criticised.[15][16][17][18][19] His major research themes have included electromagnetic field effects upon biological organisms, epilepsy, temporal lobe functions, properties of biophotons, geophysical-human interactions, physical cosmology, and the quantifiable examination of what Persinger terms "low-probability phenomena" such as time travel, parallel universes, and the universe as a simulation.[20] He has published over 500 technical articles in scientific journals, more than a dozen chapters in various books, and seven of his own books.[21] His book with Ghislaine Lafreniere, entitled Space-Time Transients and Unusual Events (1977), documents the search for patterns in phenomena that are not compatible with current scientific paradigms.[20][22][23]

He argued that all phenomena including consciousness, spiritual experiences, and “paranormal events” can be explained by universal physical mechanisms and can be verified using the scientific method.[1] He contended quantitative differences in energy, rather than qualitative distinctions, are responsible for the apparent mind-body duality.[24] Further, he has claimed that the structure and function of the brain determine the boundaries of human perception of the universe, and that shared quantitative values connect local phenomena with fundamental properties of the cosmos - expanding upon the work of Sir Arthur Eddington.[25][26]

Early life[edit]

Persinger attended Carroll College from 1963 to 1964 and graduated from the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 1967. He received his M.A. in physiological psychology from the University of Tennessee in 1969 and his Ph.D. from the University of Manitoba in 1971.[21]

Research and academic work[edit]

Persinger's work focuses on the commonalities that exist between the sciences, and aims to integrate fundamental concepts of various branches of science.[27] He organized the Behavioral Neuroscience Program at Laurentian University in Sudbury, Ontario, integrating chemistry, biology, and psychology.[1] Persinger has published hundreds of peer-reviewed academic journal articles, contributing to several fields of study.[21]

Clinical and experimental neuropsychology[edit]

Most of Persinger’s published articles involved with consciousness have focused on the persistence of experiences reported by individuals who display complex partial epilepsy within the normal population of people who are creative, subject to frequent paranormal experiences, or who have sustained a mild impact of mechanical energy to the cerebrum.[28][29][30] One of his notable experiments, spanning about three decades, involved a helmet (“the God Helmet”), whereby weak physiologically-patterned magnetic fields were applied across the temporal lobes of hundreds of volunteers. The research received wide media coverage[11][12][13] with high-profile visitors to Persinger's laboratory including Susan Blackmore and Richard Dawkins reporting positive[19] and negative[14] results respectively.

Experiences often associated with mystical reports such as out-of-body-experiences, intrusive thoughts, and the sensed presence were reported by hundreds of volunteers over decades of studying the phenomenon, which were not associated with the subjects’ suggestibility.[31][32][33][34] Subsequent theory and quantitative electroencephalographic measurements supported the contention that the sensed presence of a "sentient being" could be a normal brain-based prototype for god experiences or related mystical phenomena and was actually the left hemispheric awareness of the right hemispheric equivalent to the left hemispheric sense of self.[35] Similar experiences were reported by people who had applied Todd Murphy’s technology.[36] However, other researchers either did not replicate or only partially replicated the experimental effects with variations of the helmet.[37][38][39][32] In 2014, Tinoco and colleagues[32] reported an independent replication of an experimental protocol which measured verbal behavior associated with field exposures using the helmet configuration.[40] In an earlier study by Richards and colleagues, semantic memory was similarly affected by applications of weak magnetic fields over the temporal lobes.[41]

Regarding Persinger's claims, the psychologist Richard Wiseman has written they have not been replicated and the "scientific jury is unconvinced".[15] The research has also been criticized by psychologist Craig Aaen-Stockdale, writing in The Psychologist.[16] Other researchers have criticized Persinger for insufficient double-blinding and argued that there was no physiologically plausible mechanism by which his device could affect the brain.[17][42] Persinger responded that the researchers had an incorrect computer setup[43] and that many of his previous experiments were indeed carried out double-blind.[43] Both claims are disputed.[18]

Quantum biophysics[edit]

Persinger has suggested that ultraweak photon emissions (picoWatt per meter squared) could serve as a medium through which local and non-local space could be connected.[44] Power densities of spontaneous background photon emissions indicate potential solutions for Lorentz contractions and galactic sources that define the properties of space-time.[45] He has quantified the relationship between Casimir and magnetic energies and showed by calculation the dual properties of photons (particle/wave) could be derived if the electron displayed a discrete particle and wave value with each orbit.[46] He argued that macroscopic manifestations would involve the thixotrophic changes in water that included viscosity, pH, and interfacial water. With Nirosha J. Murugan and her colleagues, Persinger showed that spring water exposed for days within the dark to weak, temporally-patterned magnetic fields emitted increased photon emissions within a specific band of visible light whose power occurred within the width of a cell membrane.[47][48]

During the first decade of the 21st century, Persinger and his colleagues, Blake T. Dotta and David Vares, measured ultraweak photon emissions from human volunteers, experimental animals, cells, aqueous reactions, and air.[49][50][51] Increases in numbers of photon counts under hyperdark conditions during cellular activity and certain types of cognition were associated with small decreases in local geomagnetic intensity with the potential for non-local effects.[52] Persinger and his colleagues experimentally demonstrated that simultaneous application of temporally-patterned magnetic fields and specific wavelengths of light to cells stored energy that was subsequently released as the same wavelength of light more than an hour later.[53]

Geophysical and human interaction research[edit]

One of Persinger's lifelong endeavors has been to establish a mechanism underlying geophysical-behavioral correlates using experimental simulations.[54][55][56][57][58][59][60] The Tectonic Strain Theory (TST) developed by Persinger and John S. Derr predicted that luminous phenomena and associated physical effects were produced by manifestations of tectonic strain that often precede by weeks to months seismic events within the region.[61][62] Persinger argues that the labeling of these manifestations such as unidentified flying objects (UFOs) has changed over the centuries and reflects the characteristics of the culture despite a common mechanism.[63][64] The support for the theory was primarily correlational.[65][66][67][68] The temporal contiguity of reports of unidentified luminous phenomena preceding local seismicity due to injections of fluids was considered a quasi-experimental support for the hypothesis.[62] Alternative models, developed by Persinger and David Vares, were quantified for interaction between quantum values and specific magnitude earthquakes, global climate variations, interactions with population densities, discrete energies as mediators of disease, and processes by which human cognition could be covertly affected by Schumann Resonances and geomagnetic activity.[69][70] The hypothesis was recently criticized by a prominent blogger.[71] Persinger has estimated that the total biomass of the planet was equivalent to the accumulated solar energy (solar constant) on the Earth’s surface. The shared photon origin was considered one source for “entanglement” between living systems.[72]

Parapsychological research[edit]

Persinger has stated that he studies parapsychological phenomena because “the ultimate subject matter of science is the unknown”.[1] He believes that verifiable spontaneous and experimental types of parapsychological phenomena are physical and associated with non-local interactions between human brain activity and geophysical processes.[3] For example, Persinger has presented evidence that the moderate strength correlation between geomagnetic activity at the time of a precognitive experience and what the geomagnetic activity would be two to three days before the event was considered supportive evidence that energetic antecedents before the event, not the event itself, was being discerned.[73] Review of the physical properties with W. G. Roll of verified poltergeist phenomena indicated the prevalence of physical properties coupled to increases in geomagnetic activity due to minute changes in the Earth’s rotational (angular) momentum.[74] During the 1980s, Persinger showed that both experimental and spontaneous cases of “telepathy and clairvoyance (“remote viewing”) were more likely when the global geomagnetic activity was lower than the days before or afterwards.[75] Measurement of the brain activity of “psychic” individuals such as Ingo Swann[76] and Sean Harribance[77] revealed unusual electrical brain patterns in the right hemisphere (parahippocampal region), increased photon emissions from the right cerebral hemisphere, and small decreases in the intensity of the geomagnetic field when the details of their experiences were most accurate.

Physical cosmology[edit]

Later in his career, Persinger and his lifelong colleague Stanley Koren quantitatively, through calculations, explored the non-traditional relationships between the smallest and largest increments of space and time.[78][79] For example, the time required for the universe to expand one Planck’s length was Planck’s time, and the time for Planck’s length to expand one Planck’s length was the age of the universe.[80] This duration for a proton was about 3 ms, which considered the optimal point duration for interactive magnetic fields. Dark matter and energy were considered matter and energy yet to occur before the final epoch. Persinger has authored several publications in physical cosmology relating gravity and light to universal constants.[81] Three different approaches solved for a velocity associated with entanglement of 1023 meters per second, which predicted that excess correlation could show a discrete latency.[82] Because the product of this velocity, the speed of light, and the upper boundary for the rest mass of a photon[83] resulted in 10−20 J, Persinger has hypothesized that photons could have both local and non-local effects.[84]

Free speech[edit]

In 2016, Persinger was controversially removed as the instructor of a first-year psychology course.[85] The provost at Laurentian said they objected to his asking students to sign a statement of understanding that vulgar language might be used in the class. The Laurentian University Faculty Association filed a grievance against the school for violating Persinger's academic freedom. Current and former students also protested the decision.[86]

"One of my techniques is to expose people to all types of different words [...] silly words, complex words, emotional words, profane words. Because they influence how you make decisions and how you think."[87]

Death[edit]

Persinger died on August 14, 2018 at the age of 73.[88][89]

Books and select publications[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Nik TheSaint (2012-12-09), Michael Persinger - Psychotropic drugs and nature of reality, retrieved 2017-06-18 
  2. ^ Persinger, Michael A. (1987). Neuropsychological bases of God beliefs. New York: Prager Publishers. ISBN 0275926486. 
  3. ^ a b Persinger, Michael A. (Fall 2001). "The Neuropsychiatry of Paranormal Experiences" (PDF). Neuropsychiatric Practice and Opinion. 13:4: 515–524. 
  4. ^ Persinger, Michael A. (1983). "Religious and Mystical Experiences as Artifacts of Temporal Lobe Function: A General Hypothesis". Perceptual and Motor Skills. 57: 1255–1262. doi:10.2466/pms.1983.57.3f.1255. 
  5. ^ Persinger, Michael A. (Summer 2010). "10-20 Joules as a Neuromolecular Quantum in Medicinal Chemistry: An Alternative Approach to Myriad Molecular Pathways?". Current Medicinal Chemistry. 17: 3094–3098. doi:10.2174/092986710791959701. 
  6. ^ Persinger, Michael A. (2015). "Inverse relationship between photon flux densities and nanotesla magnetic fields over cell aggregates: Quantitative evidence for energetic conservation". FEBS Open Bio. 5: 413–418. doi:10.1016/j.fob.2015.04.015. 
  7. ^ Persinger, Michael (December 2008). "Quantitative discrepancy in cerebral hemispheric temperature associated with "two consciousnesses" is predicted by neuroquantum relations". NeuroQuantology. 6: 369–378. 
  8. ^ Persinger, Michael (2007). "A theory of neurophysics ad quantum neuroscience: implications for brain function and the limits of consciousness". Intern. J. Neuroscience. 117: 117–157. 
  9. ^ Dotta, Blake (2011). "Photon emissions from human brain and cell culture exposed to distally rotating magnetic fields shared by separate light-stimulated brains and cells". Brain Research: 77–88. 
  10. ^ Persinger, Michael (2008). "A Neuroquantologic approach to how human thought might affect the Universe". NeuroQuantology. 6: 262–271. 
  11. ^ a b "What God does to your brain". 
  12. ^ a b "What god does to your brain: Controversial science of neurotheology aims to find out why people have faith". 
  13. ^ a b "This is your brain on god". 
  14. ^ a b BBC Article
  15. ^ a b Wiseman, Richard. (2011). "The Haunted Brain". Csicop.org. Retrieved 2014-10-11.
  16. ^ a b Craig Aaen-Stockdale (2012). "Neuroscience for the Soul". The Psychologist. 25 (7): 520–523. 
  17. ^ a b Granqvist, P; Fredrikson, M; Unge, P; Hagenfeldt, A; Valind, S; Larhammar, D; Larsson, M (2005). "Sensed presence and mystical experiences are predicted by suggestibility, not by the application of transcranial weak complex magnetic fields". Neuroscience Letters. 379 (1): 1–6. doi:10.1016/j.neulet.2004.10.057. PMID 15849873. Lay summaryBioEd Online (December 9, 2004). 
  18. ^ a b Larsson, M., Larhammarb, D., Fredrikson, M., and Granqvist, P. (2005), "Reply to M.A. Persinger and S. A. Koren's response to Granqvist et al. "Sensed presence and mystical experiences are predicted by suggestibility, not by the application of transcranial weak magnetic fields"", Neuroscience Letters, 380 (3): 348–350, doi:10.1016/j.neulet.2005.03.059 
  19. ^ a b Roxanne Khamsi (2004-12-09). "Electrical brainstorms busted as source of ghosts". Nature. 
  20. ^ a b Persinger, Michael A. (1977). Space-time transients and unusual events. Chicago: Nelson-Hall. p. 231. ISBN 0-88229-334-6. 
  21. ^ a b c "Persinger CV". neurocogconsultants.app.box.com. Retrieved 2017-06-17. 
  22. ^ Persinger, Michael (June 2016). "Translocations In Space-Time and Simultaneous States of the Universe:Convergent Quantifications and Alternative Solutions from the Principles of Physics for the Challenges of "Time Travel" and "Parallel Universes"". Journal of Advances in Physics. 11: 2347–3487. 
  23. ^ Persinger, Michael (July 2016). "Quantitative Conditions and Convergent Operations That Are Compatible With the Universe as a Persistent Generator of Successive Simulations". Journal of Advances in Physics. 12: 2347–3487. 
  24. ^ Persinger, Michael A. (2015). "The physical bases to consciousness: Implications of convergent quantifications" (PDF). Journal of Systems and Integrative Neuroscience. 1: 55–64. doi:10.15761/jsin.1000111. 
  25. ^ Persinger, Michael A. (1999). "On the nature of space-time in the observation of physical events in science" (PDF). Perceptual and Motor Skills. 88: 1210–1216. doi:10.2466/pms.1999.88.3c.1210. 
  26. ^ Persinger, Michael A. (2013). "Support for Eddington's Number and his Approach to Astronomy: Recent Developments in the Physics and Chemistry of the Human Brain". International Letters of Chemistry, Physics, and Astronomy. 13: 8–19. doi:10.18052/www.scipress.com/ilcpa.13.8. 
  27. ^ Persinger, M. A. (1999). "On the nature of space-time in the observation of physical events in science". Perceptual and Motor Skills. 88: 1210–1216. doi:10.2466/pms.1999.88.3c.1210. 
  28. ^ Persinger, Michael (1987). "Temporal lobe epileptic signs and correlative behaviors displayed by normal populations". The Journal of General Psychology. 114: 179–195. 
  29. ^ Baker-Price, Laura (2003). "Intermittent burst-firing weak (1 microtesla) magnetic fields reduce psychometric depression in patients who sustained closed head injuries: a replication and electroencephalographic validation". Perceptual and motor skills. 96: 965–974. 
  30. ^ Corradini, Paula (2014). "Spectral power, source localization and microstates to quantify chronic deficits from "mild" closed head injury: Correlation with classic neuropsychological tests". Brain Injury: 1–11. 
  31. ^ St.- Pierre, Linda S. (2009). "Experimental facilitation of the sensed presence is predicted by the specific patterns of the applied magnetic fields, not by suggestibility: re-analyses of 19 experiments". International Journal of Neuroscience. 116: 1079–1096. doi:10.1080/00207450600808800. PMID 16861170. 
  32. ^ a b c Tinoco, Carlos A. (2014). "Magnetic Stimulation of the Temporal Cortex: A Partial "God Helmet" Replication Study". Journal of Consciousness Exploration & Research. 5: 234–257. 
  33. ^ Persinger, Michael (2003). "The sensed presence within experimental settings: implications for the male and female concept of self". The Journal of Psychology. 137: 5–16. 
  34. ^ Booth, Nicholas (2009). "Discrete Shifts Within the Theta Band Between the Frontal and Parietal Regions of the Right Hemisphere and the Experiences of a Sensed Presence". Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience. 21: 279–283. 
  35. ^ Persinger, Michael A. (2002). "EXPERIMENTAL FACILITATION OF THE SENSED PRESENCE: POSSIBLE INTERCALATION BETWEEN THE HEMISPHERES INDUCED BY COMPLEX MAGNETIC FIELDS". The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 190. doi:10.1097/00005053-200208000-00006. 
  36. ^ Tsang, E.W. (2009). "ELECTROPHYSIOLOGICAL AND QUANTITATIVE ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHIC MEASUREMENTS AFTER TREATMENT BY TRANSCEREBRAL MAGNETIC FIELDS GENERATED BY COMPACT DISC THROUGH A COMPUTER SOUND CARD: THE SHAKTI TREATMENT". International Journal of Neuroscience. 114: 1013–1024. doi:10.1080/00207450490461323. 
  37. ^ Andersen, M. (2014). "Mystical Experience in the Lab". Method & Theory in the Study of Religion. 
  38. ^ Granqvist, P. (2005). "Sensed presence and mystical experiences are predicted by suggestibility, not by the application of transcranial weak complex magnetic fields". Neuroscience Letters. 379: 1–6. doi:10.1016/j.neulet.2004.10.057. PMID 15849873. 
  39. ^ Larsson, M. (2005). "Reply to MA Persinger and SA Koren's response to Granqvist et al."Sensed presence and mystical experiences are predicted by suggestibility, not by the application of transcranial weak magnetic fields". Neuroscience Letters. 380. doi:10.1016/j.neulet.2005.03.059. 
  40. ^ Richards, Pauline M. (1993). "Modification of activation and evaluation properties of narratives by weak complex magnetic field patterns that simulate limbic burst firing". International Journal of Neuroscience. 71: 71–85. doi:10.3109/00207459309000594. 
  41. ^ Richards, Pauline (July 2009). "Modification of Semantic Memory in Normal Subjects by Application Across the Temporal Lobes of a Weak (1 Microt) Magnetic Field Structure that Promotes Long-Term Potentiation in Hippocampal Slices". Electro- and Magnetobiology. 15: 141–148. 
  42. ^ Craig Aaen-Stockdale (2012). "Neuroscience for the Soul". The Psychologist. 25 (7): 520–523. the magnetic fields generated by the God helmet are far too weak to penetrate the cranium and influence neurons within. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) uses field strengths of around 1.5 tesla in order to induce currents strong enough to depolarise neurons through the skull and cause them to fire. Persinger’s apparatus, on the other hand has a strength ... 5000 times weaker than a typical fridge magnet. Granqvist argues that there is simply no way that this apparatus is having any meaningful effect on the brain, and I’m inclined to agree. 
  43. ^ a b St-Pierre, LS; Persinger, MA (2006). "Experimental facilitation of the sensed presence is predicted by the specific patterns of the applied magnetic fields, not by suggestibility: re-analyses of 19 experiments". International Journal of Neuroscience. 116 (9): 1079–96. doi:10.1080/00207450600808800. PMID 16861170. Lay summaryPersinger's Onlline Commentary. 
  44. ^ Dotta, Blake T. (2011). "Increased Photon Emissions from the Right But Not the Left Hemisphere While Imagining White Light in the Dark: The Potential Connection Between Consciousness and Cerebral Light". Journal of Consciousness Exploration & Research. 
  45. ^ Persinger, Michael A. (2013). "Dimensional Analyses of Geometric Products and the Boundary Conditions of the Universe: Implications for a Quantitative Value for the Latency to Display Entanglement" (PDF). The Open Astronomy Journal. 
  46. ^ Persinger, Michael A. (2015). "Thixotropic Phenomena in Water: Quantitative Indicators of Casimir-Magnetic Transformations from Vacuum Oscillations (Virtual Particles)". Entropy. doi:10.3390/e17096200. 
  47. ^ Murugan, Nirosha J. (2015). "Delayed Shifts in pH Responses to Weak Acids in Spring Water Exposed to Circular Rotating Magnetic Fields: A Narrow Band Intensity-Dependence" (PDF). International Research Journal of Pure & Applied Chemistry. 5. 
  48. ^ Dotta, Blake (2014). "Photon emission from melanoma cells during brief stimulation by patterned magnetic fields: Is the source coupled to rotational diffusion with the membrane?". General Physiological Biology. 33: 63–73. 
  49. ^ Persinger, Michael A. (Spring 2011). "Photon emissions from human brain and cell culture exposed to distally rotating magnetic fields shared by separate light-stimulated brains and cells". Brain Research. 1388: 77–88. doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2011.03.001. 
  50. ^ Dotta, Blake T. (2012). "Increased photon emission from the head while imagining light in the dark is correlated with changes in electroencephalographic power: Support for Bókkon's biophoton hypothesis". Neuroscience Letters. 513: 151–154. doi:10.1016/j.neulet.2012.02.021. 
  51. ^ Dotta, Blake T. (2016). "Ultra-weak Photon Emissions Differentiate Malignant Cells from Non- Malignant Cells In Vitro". Archives in Cancer Research. 
  52. ^ Persinger, Michael A. (2013). "Congruence of Energies for Cerebral Photon Emissions, Quantitative EEG Activities and ~5 nT Changes in the Proximal Geomagnetic Field Support Spin-based Hypothesis of Consciousness". Journal of Consciousness Exploration and Research. 
  53. ^ Karbowski, Lukasz M. (2016). "Experimental Evidence That Specific Photon Energies Are "Stored" in Malignant Cells for an Hour: The Synergism of Weak Magnetic Field-LED Wavelength Pulses" (PDF). Biology and Medicine. 
  54. ^ Mulligan, Bryce (2012). "Experimental simulation of the effects of sudden increases in geomagnetic activity upon quantitative measures of human brain activity: Validation of correlational studies". Neuroscience Letters. 516: 54–56. 
  55. ^ Persinger, Michael (2014). "Infrasound, human health, and adaptation: an integrative overview of recondite hazards in a complex environment". Natural Hazards. 70: 501–525. 
  56. ^ Michon, A.L. (1997). "Experimental simulation of the effects of increased geomagnetic activity upon nocturnal seizures in epileptic rats". Neuroscience Letters. 224: 53–56. 
  57. ^ Persinger, Michael (June 1995). "Vestibular experiences of humans during brief periods of partial sensory deprivation are enhanced when daily geomagnetic activity exceeds 15-20 nT". Neuroscience Letters. 194: 69–72. 
  58. ^ Persinger, Michael (1999). "Wars and increased solar-geomagnetic activity: Aggression or change in intraspecies dominance?". Perceptual and motor skills. 88: 1351–1355. 
  59. ^ Persinger, Michael (2001). "Geophysical variables and behavior: CIV. Power-frequency magnetic field transients (5 MicroTesla) and reports of haunt experiences within an electronically dense house". Perceptual and motor skills. 92: 673–674. 
  60. ^ Suess, L.A.H. (2001). "Geophysical variables and behavior: XCVI. "Experiences" attributed to christ and mary at marmora, ontario, canada may have been consequences of environmental electromagnetic stimulation: Implications for religious movements". Perceptual and motor skills. 93: 435–450. 
  61. ^ Persinger, Michael (2013). "Luminous shapes with unusual motions as potential predictors of earthquakes: A historical summary of the validity and application of the tectonic strain theory". International Journal of Geosciences. 4: 387–396. 
  62. ^ a b Persinger, Michael A. (1990). "Geophysical Variables and Behavior: LXII. Temporal Coupling of UFO Reports and Seismic Energy Release within the Rio Grande Rift System: Discriminative Validity of the Tectonic Strain Theory". Perceptual and Motor Skills. 71: 567–572. doi:10.2466/pms.1990.71.2.567. 
  63. ^ Persinger, Michael (1984). "Prediction of historical and contemporary luminosity (UFO) reports by seismic variables within Western Europe". Experientia. 40: 676–681. 
  64. ^ Persinger, Michael (1984). "Geophysical variables and human behavior: XVIII. Expected perceptual characteristic and local distributions of close UFO reports". Perceptual and motor skills. 58: 951–959. 
  65. ^ Derr, J.S. (1986). "Luminous phenomena and earthquakes in southern Washington". Experientia. 42: 991–999. 
  66. ^ Persinger, Michael (1990). "The tectonic strain theory as an explanation for UFO phenomena: A non-technical review of the research, 1970-1990". Journal of UFO Studies. 2: 105–137. 
  67. ^ Persinger, Michael (1990). "Geophysical variables and behavior: LXII. Temporal coupling of UFO reports and seismic energy release within the rio grande rift system: Discriminative validity of the tectonic strain theory". Perceptual and Motor Skills. 71: 567–572. 
  68. ^ Persinger, Michael. "Geophysical variables and behavior: LXXIV. Man-made fluid injections into the crust and reports of luminous phenomena (UFO reports) - is the strain field an aseismically propagating hydrological pulse?". Perceptual and motor skills. 77: 1059–1065. 
  69. ^ Vares, David (2015). "Correlations between US county annual cancer incidence and population density". American Journal of Cancer Research. 5: 3467–3474. 
  70. ^ Vares, David (2016). "Quantification of the diminishing earth['s magnetic dipole intensity and geomagnetic activity as the causal source for global warming within the oceans and atmosphere". International Journal of Geosciences. 7: 78–90. 
  71. ^ Neuroskeptic. "Magnetism: From Neuroscience to Climate Change?". 
  72. ^ Persinger, Michael A. (2016). "The Biomass of the Earth as the Direct Energy-Mass Equivalence from ~3.5 Billions of Years of Solar Flux". World Scientific News. 
  73. ^ Persinger, Michael A. (1988). "Increased geomagnetic activity and the occurrence of bereavement hallucinations: Evidence for melatonin-mediated microseizuring in the temporal lobe?". Neuroscience Letters. 88: 271–274. doi:10.1016/0304-3940(88)90222-4. 
  74. ^ Roll, William G. (1998). "Poltergeist and Nonlocality: Energetic Aspects of RSPK". The Journal of Parapsychology. 
  75. ^ Persinger, Michael A. (1985). "Geophysical Variables and Behavior: XXX. Intense Paranormal Experiences Occur during Days of Quiet, Global, Geomagnetic Activity". Perceptual and Motor Skills. 61: 320–322. doi:10.2466/pms.1985.61.1.320. 
  76. ^ Persinger, Michael A. (2002). "Remote Viewing with the Artist Ingo Swann: Neuropsychological Profile, Electroencephalographic Correlates, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), and Possible Mechanisms". Perceptual and Motor Skills. 94: 927–949. doi:10.2466/pms.2002.94.3.927. 
  77. ^ Persinger, Michael A. (2012). "Protracted parahippocampal activity associated with Sean Harribance". International Journal of Yoga. 
  78. ^ Persinger, Michael A. (2014). "Evidence for a Causal Relationship Between Mach's Principle and the Quantitative Latency for Universal Entanglement". International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy. 
  79. ^ Persinger, Michael (May 2016). "Inflections of periodicities of background photon spectral power densities are predicted by the lorentz contraction for a potential indicator for the intrinsic structure of space". Journal of Advances in Physics: 4014–4017. 
  80. ^ Persinger, Michael A. (2007). "A THEORY OF NEUROPHYSICS AND QUANTUM NEUROSCIENCE: IMPLICATIONS FOR BRAIN FUNCTION AND THE LIMITS OF CONSCIOUSNESS". International Journal of Neuroscience. 117: 157–175. doi:10.1080/00207450500535784. 
  81. ^ Persinger, Michael A. (2012). "Potential Origins of a Quantitative Equivalence Between Gravity and Light" (PDF). The Open Astronomy Journal. 
  82. ^ Persinger, Michael A. (2015). "Entanglement Velocity of 10^ sup 23^ m* s^ sup-1^ To Accommodate Recent Measurements of Large Scale Structures of the Universe". International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy. 
  83. ^ Tu, Liang-Cheng (2005). "The mass of the photon". Reports on Progress in Physics. 68: 77–130. doi:10.1088/0034-4885/68/1/R02. 
  84. ^ Persinger, Michael A. (2016). "Hidden Connections Between NanoTesla Magnetic Fields, Cosic Molecular Resonance, and Photonic Fields Within Living Systems". World Scientific News. 
  85. ^ "Free speech or foul play? Longtime prof removed for offensive language policy". CBC News. Retrieved 2017-06-17. 
  86. ^ "Students rally in defence of controversial Laurentian University professor". 
  87. ^ "Laurentian University professor removed for asking students to agree to profane language". - CBC News, January 4, 2016
  88. ^ http://obituaries.sudbury.com/mobile/obituary.aspx?id=40474
  89. ^ "Laurentian University's Michael Persinger, human brain researcher, dies". CBC. August 15, 2018. Retrieved August 16, 2018. 

External links[edit]