Michael Rabin (May 2, 1936 – January 19, 1972) was an American violinist. He has been described as "one of the most talented and tragic violin virtuosi of his generation." His complete Paganini "24 Caprices" for solo violin are available as a single CD, and an additional six CD set contains most of his concerto recordings. Despite his brief career—he died at 35—they remain seminal recordings of each of the pieces.
Michael Rabin was of Romanian-Jewish descent. His mother Jeanne was a Juilliard-trained pianist, and his father George was a violinist in the New York Philharmonic. He began to study the violin at the age of seven. His parents encouraged his musical development. After a lesson with Jascha Heifetz, the master advised him to study with Ivan Galamian, who said he had "no weaknesses, never." He began studies with Galamian in New York and at the Meadowmount School of Music and the Juilliard School. His Carnegie Hall debut took place in January 1950, at the age of 13, as soloist with the National Orchestral Association, playing Vieuxtemps' Concerto No. 5 under the direction of Léon Barzin. Subsequently, he appeared with a number of American orchestras before his Carnegie Hall debut on 29 November 1951, at the age of 15, in the Paganini D major Concerto, with Dimitri Mitropoulos conducting the New York Philharmonic. His 1958 recording of this concerto is considered by many to be the most impressive recording of this work, and the recording itself is notable for the full tone captured by the audio engineers.
Michael Rabin recorded concertos by Mendelssohn, Glazunov, Paganini (No. 1 in D major; 2 recordings), Wieniawski (No. 1 in F-sharp minor, No. 2 in D minor), and Tchaikovsky, as well as Bruch's Scottish Fantasy and the Paganini Caprices for solo violin. He recorded the Bach Sonata in C major for solo violin and the Third and Fourth sonatas for solo violin by Eugène Ysaÿe, as well as other virtuoso pieces, including an album with the Hollywood Bowl Orchestra.
Rabin played in a bel canto style. For many years, he played the "Kubelik" Guarnerius del Gesu of 1735. He toured widely, playing in all major cities in the U.S., Europe, South America, Southern Africa, and Australia. He even appeared on a 1951 episode of the variety television series "Texaco Star Theatre."
During a recital in Carnegie Hall, he suddenly lost his balance and fell forward. This was an early sign of a neurological condition which was to affect his career adversely. His death, at the age of 35, resulted from a fall in his apartment in New York City.
The following is a description of the character of Rabin's playing:
Michael Rabin was one of the most superlative talents to emerge anywhere in the world. In 1950, at 14, he established himself as a genuine prodigy when he brilliantly recorded eleven Paganini caprices. A young man of extraordinary promise whose violinistic attributes were practically flawless, he possessed a powerful "fourth finger" that would make almost any violinist green with envy. All this was abetted by an instinctive suavity of phrasing and delivery recalling only the most supreme among his colleagues. Tenderness, charm, and a certain gentleness of character pervaded much of his playing, along with his tremendous virtuoso flair and daring. In his prime years his performance consistently exuded the aura of youth. It was the art of a phenomenal young violinist still en route to intellectual, spiritual, and cultural maturity. The premature demise of Michael Rabin was a tragic loss to the world of violin art, and we can best pay him tribute by continuing to listen to and revel in the splendor of his recorded heritage.
- Eder, Bruce. "Michael Rabin Biography". All Music. All Music. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- Althouse (March–April 2010). "American Record Guide": 248–249.
- Michael Rabin 1966, touring Southern Africa
- BBC Radio 3 - "The Life and Genius of Michael Rabin", 11 December 2012. Accessed 16 May 2015
- Michael Rabin: America's Virtuoso Violinist, by Anthony Feinstein (2005)
- Played the violin solos in the 1954 MGM film 'Rhapsody' starring Elizabeth Taylor
- CD program notes, Paganini Caprices Op. 1 for unaccompanied violin, Michael Rabin, EMI Classics