Michael Russell (politician)

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Michael Russell

Mike Russell SNP Conference.jpg
Russell in 2019
President of the Scottish National Party
Assumed office
30 November 2020
LeaderNicola Sturgeon
Preceded byIan Hudghton
Cabinet Secretary for the Constitution, Europe and External Affairs
Assumed office
17 February 2020
First MinisterNicola Sturgeon
Preceded byHimself (Constitutional Relations)
Fiona Hyslop (External Relations)
Ministerial offices
Cabinet Secretary for Government Business and Constitutional Relations
In office
26 June 2018 – 17 February 2020
First MinisterNicola Sturgeon
Preceded byDerek Mackay (Constitution)
Succeeded byHimself
Cabinet Secretary for Education and Lifelong Learning
In office
1 December 2009 – 21 November 2014
First MinisterAlex Salmond
Preceded byFiona Hyslop
Succeeded byAngela Constance
Minister for Culture, External Affairs and the Constitution & Minister for Gaelic
In office
12 February 2009 – 1 December 2009
First MinisterAlex Salmond
Preceded byLinda Fabiani
Succeeded byFiona Hyslop
Minister for Environment
In office
17 May 2007 – 12 February 2009
First MinisterAlex Salmond
Preceded bySarah Boyack
Succeeded byRoseanna Cunningham
Parliamentary offices
Member of the Scottish Parliament
for Argyll and Bute
Assumed office
6 May 2011
Preceded byJim Mather
Member of the Scottish Parliament
for South of Scotland
In office
1 May 1999 – 6 May 2003
In office
4 May 2007 – 6 May 2011
Succeeded by
Personal details
Born (1953-08-09) 9 August 1953 (age 67)
Bromley, Kent, England
Political partyScottish National Party
ChildrenOne son, Cailean
Alma materEdinburgh University

Michael William Russell[1] (born 9 August 1953) is a Scottish politician serving as Cabinet Secretary for the Constitution, Europe and External Affairs since 2020. He served as Cabinet Secretary for Education and Lifelong Learning from 2009 to 2014 and Cabinet Secretary for Government Business and Constitutional Relations from 2018 to 2020. A member of the Scottish National Party, Russell has been President of the SNP since November 2020. He has been the Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) for Argyll and Bute since 2011 and was MSP for South of Scotland from 1999 to 2003 and 2007 to 2011.

Russell previously worked as a television producer and director and the author of seven books. He was Chief Executive of the SNP from 1994 to 1999 and was elected to the Scottish Parliament as a regional MSP for the South of Scotland at the first Scottish Parliament elections in 1999. However, he lost his seat in the 2003 Scottish Parliament election. He was elected again in May 2007 and was appointed Minister for Environment in Scotland's first-ever SNP administration by First Minister Alex Salmond.[2]

He was then reshuffled on 10 February 2009 to become Minister for Culture, External Affairs and the Constitution, and was later promoted to the Scottish Cabinet on 1 December 2009 replacing Fiona Hyslop as Cabinet Secretary for Education and Lifelong Learning until November 2014. He was a professor of culture and governance at the University of Glasgow from 2015 to 2016. Russell later served in Nicola Sturgeon's government as Minister for UK Negotiations on Scotland's Place in Europe from August 2016 to June 2018. He returned to the Cabinet in 2018 as Cabinet Secretary for Government Business and Constitutional Relations.


Russell was born in Bromley, Kent to an English mother and a Scottish father.[3][4] He grew up in Troon,[5] where he attended Marr College.[6][7] He went to Edinburgh University, where he studied first theology and then Scottish history and literature.[5][8] He worked in television and the media prior to establishing his own media company, Eala Bhan Ltd.

Russell is a fluent speaker of Gaelic and gave a speech in the language which was the first occasion the European Council was addressed in Gaelic.[9][10]

Political career[edit]

Russell was Chief Executive of the SNP in the period prior to the first Scottish election of 1999 and has been an active member of the SNP for over three decades, often working closely with former party leader Alex Salmond.

Originally a member of the Labour club at Edinburgh University, Russell joined the SNP in 1974 during the February election of that year, was active in Edinburgh, in the Western Isles and in the Inverness constituency and stood for the first time for as an SNP candidate in 1984 in Clydesdale in a local government election. He was then the Clydesdale candidate for the Westminster Parliament in June 1987. Later that year he became the elected Vice Convenor of the SNP responsible for Publicity (succeeding Alex Salmond) and in 1990 was Salmond's campaign manager during the SNP leadership campaign.

During that time he worked as Executive Director of Network Scotland, a media and educational company, but he gave up his party posts in 1991 to concentrate on establishing his own TV production company, Eala Bhan Ltd. He returned to active politics in December 1994 when he became the SNP's first full-time Chief Executive. In that role, he was the party's election director for the 1997 and 1999 campaigns as well as for the successful Perth and Kinross by-election in 1995 (having been deputy campaign director in the 1992 General Election and for the Govan and Glasgow Central by-elections of 1987 and 1988).

In November 2020, Russell was elected President of the SNP.[11]

Scottish Parliament[edit]

Russell attending a Scottish Cabinet meeting in Stranrear as Cabinet Secretary for Education & Lifelong Learning

He was placed second by the party on the South of Scotland list for the 1999 Scottish Parliament elections (as well as standing for the Cunninghame South Constituency which he also fought in 2003) and after his election was appointed SNP Business Manager in the new Parliament which resulted in him becoming a founding member of the Parliamentary Bureau. After John Swinney was elected leader of the SNP in 2000, Russell became Shadow Minister for Education and Culture, a post he held until 2003. He was named as "Debater of the Year" in the Herald Awards in 2000, and was nominated for "Scottish Politician of the Year" in the same awards in 2002 as well as for the Channel 4 "Scottish Politician of the Year" title.

When he lost his seat at the end of the first Scottish Parliament, Russell focused on his work as an author and newspaper columnist, commenting on various aspects of Scottish culture and Scottish politics. He did, however, stand for the leadership of the SNP in 2004, in the election prompted by John Swinney's resignation.[12] He finished third behind Alex Salmond and Roseanna Cunningham. Russell continued as a political commentator, generating some controversy with his strongly pro-modernisation views which were more fully expressed in a book co-written with entrepreneur Dennis MacLeod called Grasping The Thistle (2006).

Many SNP members saw Russell's absence from the Scottish Parliament as a great loss to the SNP's profile and performance there.[who?] In 2006 he was once again placed second on the SNP regional list in the South of Scotland though this time the list was chosen by a one member, one vote system for which Russell had argued over a long period and was re-elected to Parliament in 2007. He was also the party's candidate in the Dumfries constituency.

Following the SNP's narrow victory at the 2007 Scottish Parliament Election, Russell was appointed the Minister for Environment.

In the first reshuffle of the SNP Government in February 2009, Russell was moved to be Minister for Culture, External Affairs and the Constitution.[13]

In December 2009 Russell was promoted to the Scottish Cabinet as Cabinet Secretary for Education and Lifelong Learning following the repositioning of Fiona Hyslop to Culture, Tourism and External Affairs.[14]

Russell left the Scottish Cabinet in November 2014, when Nicola Sturgeon took over as First Minister.[15] On 25 August 2016 he was appointed as the Scottish government's new minister with responsibility for Brexit negotiations with the UK government.[16]

He announced in 2020 that he would not be standing for re-election in 2021.[5]


For many years, Russell has campaigned for justice on behalf of former police detective, Shirley McKie, who was awarded £750,000 compensation by the Scottish Executive in a February 2006 out-of-court settlement. The Justice 1 committee of the Scottish Parliament conducted a nine-month inquiry into the McKie case in 2006, and its report was published on 15 February 2007.[17] In April 2007, Michael Russell and Shirley's father, Iain McKie, published a book on what they described as the worst miscarriage of justice in a generation: Shirley McKie – The Price of Innocence (ISBN 9781841585758). Shirley McKie's case assumed an international significance with a possible linkage to the case of convicted Lockerbie bomber, Abdelbaset al-Megrahi, who was granted leave to appeal against his conviction for a second time by the Scottish Criminal Cases Review Commission on 28 June 2007.[18] Megrahi's appeal began in Edinburgh on 28 April 2009,[19] and a public inquiry into the McKie case started in Glasgow on 2 June 2009.[20]

Russell supported the successful campaign to have The Tinkers' Heart in Argyll listed as a Scheduled Monument, with listing taking place in 2015.[21]

Academic career[edit]

In May 2015, the University of Glasgow announced that Russell would be taking up a part-time post as a professor of culture and governance.[22]

Books and publications[edit]

Russell has written several books, including:[23]

  • Michael Russell, ed. (1990). Glasgow – The Book.
  • Michael Russell, ed. (1992). Edinburgh – A Celebration. Mainstream Publishing. ISBN 978-1-85158-517-5.
  • Michael W. Russell (1997). A Poem of Remote Lives: Images of Eriskay, 1934 – Enigma of Werner Kissling, 1895–1988. Neil Wilson Publishing. ISBN 978-1-897784-46-4.
  • Michael W. Russell (1998). In Waiting: Travels in the Shadow of Edwin Muir. Neil Wilson Publishing. ISBN 978-1-897784-63-1.
  • Michael Russell (2002). A Different Country: Photographs by Werner Kissling. Werner Kissling (photog.). Birlinn Ltd. ISBN 978-1-84158-245-0.
  • Winnie Ewing (2004). Michael Russell (ed.). Stop the World – The Autobiography of Winnie Ewing. Birlinn Ltd. ISBN 978-1-84158-239-9.
  • Dennis MacLeod; Michael Russell (2006). Grasping the Thistle: How Scotland Must React to the Three Key Challenges of the Twenty First Century. Argyll Publishing. ISBN 978-1-902831-86-2.
  • Michael Russell (2007). The Next Big Thing: A Fable of Modern Scotland. Balnakeil Press. ISBN 978-1-905974-00-9.
  • Ian McKie; Michael Russell (2007). Shirley McKie: The Price of Innocence. Birlinn Ltd. ISBN 978-1-84158-575-8.

Personal life[edit]

Russell married Cathleen MacAskill, a primary school head teacher, in March 1980 and they have one son, Cailean. Since August 1992 the family have lived in an 18th-century single storey farm dwelling in Glendaruel on the Cowal peninsula in Argyll and Bute.[8][24]


  1. ^ "BBC News – Election 2011 – Scotland – Argyll & Bute". bbc.co.uk. 11 May 2011. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
  2. ^ "Salmond announces his new cabinet". BBC News. 16 May 2007. Retrieved 12 May 2011.
  3. ^ "FreeBMD Entry Info". Freebmd.org.uk. Retrieved 6 May 2012.
  4. ^ https://en.twitter.com/#!/Feorlean/status/187278114248855553 Archived 6 May 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ a b c "Two leading SNP figures to step down from Holyrood". BBC. 1 March 2020. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  6. ^ "Old boy Michael Russell back at Marr College – Education". Scotsman.com. 30 April 2010. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
  7. ^ "Education Secretary Mike Russell: I was barred from old school for criticising it". The Daily Record. 11 March 2010. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
  8. ^ a b "Me & LInks". Web.mac.com. Archived from the original on 24 July 2009. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
  9. ^ "European Council landmark for Gaelic". BBC News. 9 May 2010. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  10. ^ "Mike Russell addresses EU meeting in Gaelic". BBC News. 11 May 2010. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  11. ^ Learmouth, Andrew. "SNP NEC results revealed: Michael Russell becomes party president". thenational.scot/. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  12. ^ "A DRAMA OUT OF A CRISIS; Commentary. – Free Online Library". Thefreelibrary.com. 29 June 2004. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
  13. ^ "Cabinet and ministers at-a-glance". BBC News. 8 December 2009. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
  14. ^ "Demoted SNP education secretary endorses successor". BBC News. 1 December 2009. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
  15. ^ Brooks, Libby (22 November 2014). "Nicola Sturgeon announces Scottish cabinet with equal gender balance". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  16. ^ "Michael Russell appointed Scottish Brexit minister". BBC News. 25 August 2016.
  17. ^ Scottish Parliament's Justice 1 committee report Archived 5 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine (pages 189–190 deal with Ms McKie's out-of-court compensation award)
  18. ^ Severin Carrell, Scotland correspondent (29 June 2007). "Libyan jailed over Lockerbie wins right to appeal". London: Guardian. Retrieved 12 May 2011.
  19. ^ John Robertson (20 May 2009). "Lockerbie bomber's legal team puts forward appeal bid". Edinburgh: The Scotsman. Retrieved 24 May 2009.
  20. ^ "McKie inquiry evidence to start". BBC News. 1 June 2009. Retrieved 2 June 2009.
  21. ^ "Tinker's Heart campaign pays off with official recognition". HeraldScotland. Retrieved 6 December 2017.
  22. ^ Denholm, Andrew (11 May 2015). "Former SNP minister joins Glasgow University". The Herald. Glasgow. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
  23. ^ "Michael Russell, Esq, MSP Authorised Biography – Debrett's People of Today, Michael Russell, Esq, MSP Profile". Debretts.com. Archived from the original on 30 July 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
  24. ^ "About Mike | Mike Russell MSP for South of Scotland". 13 March 2010. Archived from the original on 13 March 2010. Retrieved 17 November 2011.

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
Alex Salmond
Scottish National Party Vice Convenor for Publicity
Succeeded by
John Swinney
Preceded by
New position
Chief Executive of the Scottish National Party
Succeeded by
Position vacant
next appointee: Peter Murrell