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Michael San Nicolas

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Michael San Nicolas
San Nicolas smiling in a suit
Delegate to the
U.S. House of Representatives
from Guam's at-large district
In office
January 3, 2019 – January 3, 2023
Preceded byMadeleine Bordallo
Succeeded byJames Moylan
Member of the Guam Legislature
In office
January 7, 2013 – January 3, 2019
Personal details
Michael Franklin Quitugua San Nicolas

(1981-01-30) January 30, 1981 (age 43)
Talofofo, Guam, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Kathryn Santos Ko
(m. 2005)
EducationUniversity of Guam (BA)

Michael Franklin Quitugua San Nicolas (born January 30, 1981) is a Guamanian Democratic Party politician, who served as the delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives for Guam's at-large congressional district from 2019 to 2023.[1] San Nicolas was elected by his colleagues in the 116th United States Congress to serve as vice chair of the United States House Committee on Financial Services.[2] Rather than run for reelection in 2022, San Nicolas ran and lost in the Democratic primary of the 2022 Guamanian gubernatorial election. From 2013 to 2019, San Nicolas served as senator in the 32nd, 33rd, and 34th Guam legislatures.

Early life[edit]

San Nicolas, born January 30, 1981, in Tamuning, Guam. He is the eldest son of Miguel Borja San Nicolas and Eva Quitugua San Nicolas of Talofofo, Guam, both long-time educators at the Guam Department of Education. His paternal grandfather Enrique Santos San Nicolas served in the Guam Congress and his maternal grandfather is former Speaker of the Guam Legislature Franklin Joseph Arceo Quitugua. He is the great grandson of Ignacio Perez Quitugua, who served in the 1st to 9th Guam Legislatures.[3]

San Nicolas attended Father Dueñas Memorial School, John F. Kennedy High School, and Southern High School, graduating from the latter.[3] San Nicolas met his future wife, Kathryn Santos Ko, while attending John F. Kennedy High School. They married in 2005, and together have two children.

In November 1998, President Bill Clinton visited Guam and delivered a speech to a large rally gathered at Adelup.[4] As a youth speaker, San Nicolas introduced President Clinton to the attendees.[5]

San Nicolas studied history at the University of Guam. While attending the university, he served as Speaker of the 22nd Guam Youth Congress from 1998 to 2000 and elected by his peers as President of the Student Government Association in 2002–2003. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Guam in 2004.[3]

Prior to running for the legislature in 2012, San Nicolas had worked as Chief of Staff for Senator Carmen Fernandez in the 27th Guam Legislature[6] and subsequently as Assistant Vice President and Financial Adviser at the Bank of Guam.[5]

Guam legislature[edit]


San Nicolas ran for senator in the Guam Legislature as a Democrat in 2012. He placed 8th in the primary election with 6,570 votes and advanced to the general election, where he placed 5th with 16,625 votes, winning a seat in the incoming 32nd Guam Legislature.[7] San Nicolas served three consecutive terms in the Guam Legislature[8][9] before becoming Guam's At-Large Congressional Delegate in 2019.

Election Guam Legislature Primary Rank (Votes) General Rank (Votes) Result
2012 32nd Guam Legislature 8 (6,570) 5 (16,625) Elected[7]
2014 33rd Guam Legislature 5 (5,974) 10 (16,738) Re-elected[10]
2016 34th Guam Legislature 2 (9,414) 2 (19,686) Re-elected[8]

Committee leadership[edit]

San Nicolas served as Chairman of a number of committees during his tenure in the Guam Legislature, including the Aviation, Ground Transportation, Regulatory Concerns and Future Generations in the 32nd Guam Legislature,[11] the Committee on Finance & Taxation, General Government Operations, and Youth Development in the 33rd Guam Legislature,[12] the Committee on Rules in the first year of the 34th Guam Legislature, and the Committee on General Government Operations and Federal, Foreign, & Regional Affairs in the 34th Guam Legislature.[13]

Guam Legislature Term Position Committee
32nd Guam Legislature 2013-2015 Chairman Committee on Aviation, Ground Transportation, Regulatory Concerns and Future Generations[11]
33rd Guam Legislature 2015-2017 Chairman Committee on Finance & Taxation, General Government Operations, and Youth Development[12]
34th Guam Legislature 2017 Chairman Committee on Rules[13]
2017-2019 Chairman Committee on General Government Operations and Federal, Foreign, & Regional Affairs[13]

Actions taken in the Guam legislature[edit]

Repealing pay increases for elected and appointed officials[edit]

After the 2014 general election acting Governor Ray Tenorio introduced a bill to increase salaries of elected and appointed officials retroactively. The bill was passed by the legislature in San Nicolas' absence.[14] In December, San Nicolas introduced a bill to repeal the raises,[15] which failed passage.[16] Starting later that month, San Nicolas began to donate the pay increase to local charities.[17][18]

San Nicolas introduced a bill in 2015 to repeal the elected and appointed officials' pay raises, among other related matters.[19] The bill was enacted, but the provision repealing the pay raises was removed before passage.[20] San Nicolas revisited repealing the pay raises for elected and appointed officials by introducing a new bill later in the year, but it failed passage in November.[21] The Guam Legislature reconsidered and passed the new bill in January 2016.[22] Governor Calvo vetoed the new bill. An attempted override of the new bill failed.[23]

Senator San Nicolas introduced a bill in 2017, which would reduce the salaries of elected and appointed officials that had been raised by Public Law 32-208.[24] A similar measure, which affected only the salaries of the attorney general, the public auditor, the governor, the lieutenant governor, and members of the Guam Legislature was introduced days prior was passed by the legislature in March, vetoed by Governor Calvo, then was overridden by the legislature in May.[25]

Federal affairs[edit]

In May 2014, San Nicolas introduced a resolution to request that Congresswoman Madeleine Z. Bordallo introduce legislation to the United States Congress to allow government of Guam employees to be covered under Social Security.[26] In June, the resolution passed with the unanimous support of the Guam Legislature.[27] In April 2015, Senator San Nicolas met with professionals in the Social Security Administration and the Staff Director of Rep. Xavier Becerra (D-CA) Ranking Member of the Subcommittee on Social Security to secure a path to providing Social Security benefits to government of Guam workers.[28]

Senator San Nicolas introduced Resolutions No. 63-34 (COR), 64-34 (COR), and 65-34 (COR) in 2017, which each seek to improve Section 30 tax collections, which were adopted.[29][30][31]

In 2017, San Nicolas introduced Resolution No. 215-34 (COR), which requests the Federal Trade Commission to review the trade practices and market concentration in Guam's fuel market,[32][33] which passed unanimously.[34]

Other initiatives[edit]

In March 2014, San Nicolas introduced a bill to allow foster children to be included in the government of Guam's group health insurance, expanding their treatment options.[35] On October 3, the bill was passed by the Guam Legislature.[36]

Delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives[edit]


In November 2017, San Nicolas announced his intention to become the 2018 general election candidate of the Democratic Party of Guam to serve as the Guam Delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives in the 116th U.S. Congress.[6] He defeated eight-term incumbent Guam Congressional Delegate Madeleine Z. Bordallo in the Democratic primary election in August by 3.4% of the vote, advancing to the general election in November.[37] He defeated Republican Party candidate Doris Flores Books in the General Election in November.[38][39]

In 2020, San Nicolas was re-elected. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, Guam cancelled party primaries and all qualified candidates appeared on the November 3 general election ballot. San Nicolas came in first in a three-way race against former Guamanian delegate to Congress Democrat Robert A. Underwood and Republican territorial senator Wil Castro, but did not win an outright majority.[40] In the November 17 runoff, San Nicolas defeated Underwood earning more than 59% of the vote.[41]

In February 2024, San Nicolas announced his candidacy for delegate in the November 2024 election. In primary election San Nicolas would challenge Ginger Cruz, environmental activist David Lotz and senator Amanda Shelton.[42]

Election Guam Legislature Primary General Runoff Results
2018 United States House of Representatives 12,456 19,193 Elected
2020 United States House of Representatives 13,000 10,467 Re-elected
2024 United States House of Representatives TBA TBA TBA


San Nicolas was sworn in as Guam's Congressional Delegate to the 116th U.S. Congress on January 3, 2019.[43] In March 2021, after Rep. Marjorie Taylor Greene suggested that Guam was a foreign country, San Nicolas brought members of the Guam National Guard to Greene's office.[44]


On May 8, 2019, Congresswoman Maxine Waters, Chairwoman of the House Financial Services Committee of the 116th Congress, announced that San Nicolas was elected to serve as Vice Chair of the House Financial Services Committee.[2][45][46]

Ethics investigation[edit]

Since October 2019, San Nicolas was under investigation by the House Ethics Committee.[47] According to the House Ethics Committee, "The Committee is aware of public allegations that Delegate Michael San Nicolas may have engaged in a sexual relationship with an individual on his congressional staff, converted campaign funds to personal use, and/or accepted improper or excessive campaign contributions." In 2023 these allegations lapsed the statute of limitations with no formal charges, following closure of the ethics investigation a year prior. "[48][49][50][51]

Committee assignments[edit]

San Nicolas has been assigned to the following committees and subcommittees of the U.S. House of Representatives:

Caucus memberships[edit]

While in Congress, San Nicolas joined a number of congressional caucuses, including:

Political positions[edit]

Supplemental Security Income[edit]

During the 2018 election, San Nicolas proposed that the Supplemental Security Income program should be extended to residents of Guam. San Nicolas introduced the Guam Supplemental Security Income Equality Act on January 3, 2019.[58] Thirty-eight members of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus support the bill.[59]

War claims[edit]

The Guam World War II Loyalty Recognition Act was enacted as a provision of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017.[60] The United States Treasury has advised that without further action by the U.S. Congress, claimants would not be able to be paid.[61] San Nicolas has introduced two bills to allow payments to be made to those who have filed war claims, H.R. 1141[62] and H.R. 1365.[63][64] H.R. 1365 was reported out of the House Natural Resources Committee unanimously[65] and was passed with unanimous consent by the U.S. House of Representatives on Wednesday, July 24, 2019.[66][67]

Cockfighting in US territories[edit]

In December 2018, the Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018 extended a federal ban on animal fighting to U.S. Territories, which had previously been excluded, effective a year following enactment.[68][69][70] San Nicolas has cosponsored Puerto Rican Resident Commissioner Jenniffer González's bill to repeal the ban, which would affect cockfighting in Guam.[71]

Agent Orange and other herbicide exposure in Guam[edit]

Agent Orange and other herbicides were used for tactical purposes in Vietnam during the Vietnam War. Herbicides related to Agent Orange with known negative health affects are also documented as having been used on Guam during the same period. In recognition of this fact, San Nicolas introduced H.R. 1713 to provide for presumptive herbicide exposure status for veterans seeking health coverage and compensation who served in Guam around the Vietnam War period. This language was successfully enacted as a component of the "Honoring our Pact Act" passed in the 117th Congress.[72][73][74][75]

Reimbursement of Earned Income Tax Credit[edit]

During a meeting of the financial service committee, San Nicolas urged for the U.S. Treasury to reimburse the Government of Guam for payments it has made to individuals claiming the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) for the Guam income tax. This matter was successfully codified in the "American Rescue Plan" enacted in the 117th Congress.[76][77]

Financial services[edit]

During a financial services committee meeting, San Nicolas stated that the territories had been neglected by financial services companies, citing that the website Zillow, which had executives in attendance, does not include Guam in for its offerings for mortgage loans.[78][79]

San Nicolas asked a number of large financial institutions to explore the possibility of lowering interest rates in rural areas. A number of chief executives of big banks expressed interest in exploring charging lower rates to rural borrowers.[80][81]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Office of U.S. Congressman Michael F.Q. San Nicolas. Representative San Nicolas Sworn into 116th Congress. Washington, 3 January 2019
  2. ^ a b House Financial Services Committee. Waters Announces San Nicolas as Financial Services Committee Vice Chair, Washington. 8 May 2019.
  3. ^ a b c KUAM, Michael San Nicolas, Hagatna, July 2012.
  4. ^ James Bennet. Guam Extends Big Welcome to Clinton New York Times. New York, 24 November 1998.
  5. ^ a b Josh Tyquiengco. [1] VOTE 2012 - The Challengers - Michael F.Q. San Nicolas. Hagatna, 13 July 2012.
  6. ^ a b John I Borja. Sen. Michael San Nicolas announces run for Congress. Pacific Daily News. Hagatna, 22 November 2017.
  7. ^ a b Guam Election Commission (July 5, 2013). "2012 Election Comparative Analysis Report". Page 62
  8. ^ a b Guam Election Commission (June 29, 2017). "2016 Election Comparative Analysis Report". Page 77
  9. ^ Guam Election Commission (November 28, 2016). "Official Results - 2016 Election".
  10. ^ Guam Election Commission (June 29, 2015). "2014 Election Comparative Analysis Report". Page 65
  11. ^ a b 32nd Guam Legislature. Legislative Committees, Hagatna.
  12. ^ a b 33rd Guam Legislature. Legislative Committees, Hagatna.
  13. ^ a b c 34th Guam Legislature. Legislative Committees, Hagatna.
  14. ^ Guam Legislature, Bill No. 1 (8-S) Voting Sheet, Hagatna, Guam.
  15. ^ Guam Legislature, Bill No. 435-32 (COR), Hagatna, Guam.
  16. ^ Guam Legislature, Bill No. 435-32 (COR) Voting Sheet, Hagatna, Guam.
  17. ^ Robert Q. Tupaz. Lawmakers got retro pay. Guam Daily Post. Tamuning, Guam.
  18. ^ Shawn Raymundo. San Nicolas donates pay raise to hospital volunteers. Pacific Daily News. Hagatna, Guam.
  19. ^ Guam Legislature, Bill No. 4-33 (LS), Hagatna, Guam.
  20. ^ Guam Legislature, Public Law 33-3, Hagatna, Guam.
  21. ^ Guam Legislature, Bill No. 204-33 (COR) Voting Sheet, Hagatna, Guam.
  22. ^ Guam Legislature, Bill No. 204-33 (COR) Voting Sheet, Hagatna, Guam.
  23. ^ Guam Legislature, Bill No. 204-33 (COR) Override Voting Sheet, Hagatna, Guam.
  24. ^ Guam Legislature. Bill No. 11-34 (COR). Hagatna.
  25. ^ Guam Legislature. Guam Public Law 34-9, Hagatna, Guam.
  26. ^ News Release, San Nicolas, Won Pat, Resolution Calls on Congresswoman to Seek SS Coverage for DC GovGuam Employees, Pacific News Center, Hagatna, 9 May 2014.
  27. ^ News Release, San Nicolas: Social Security Resolution Now With "Our Able Congresswoman to See It Through", Pacific News Center, Hagatna, 17 June 2014.
  28. ^ Staff. Senator San Nicolas Meets with Social Security Administration to Move Retirement Reform Forward. Pacific News Center. Hagatna, 21 April 2015.
  29. ^ Guam Legislature. Bill No. 63-34 (COR) Hagatna.
  30. ^ Guam Legislature. Bill No. 64-34 (COR) Hagatna.
  31. ^ Guam Legislature. Bill No. 65-34 (COR) Hagatna.
  32. ^ Guam Legislature. Resolution No. 215-34 (COR) Hagatna.
  33. ^ Pacific Daily News. Senator: FTC should review Guam fuel market Hagatna.
  34. ^ Guam Legislature. Voting Record Resolution No. 215-34 (COR) Hagatna.
  35. ^ Louella Lousinio, Foster kids health insurance pushed, Marianas Variety, Tamuning, 27 March 2014.
  36. ^ Clynt Ridgell, Maternity Ward Bill Passes Along With All Other Bills That Were Voted On, Pacific News Center, Hagatna, 3 October 2014.
  37. ^ Guam Election Commission. 2018 Primary Election Results Archived 2018-10-20 at the Wayback Machine, Hagatna, 26 August 2018.
  38. ^ John Borja, Sen. Michael San Nicolas announces run for Congress, Pacific Daily News, Hagatna, 18 November 2018.
  39. ^ Aguon, Mindy (November 7, 2018). "Guam elects first female governor". The Guam Daily Post. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  40. ^ "Final unofficial results, delegate runoff election". Guam Daily Post. November 4, 2020. Retrieved November 3, 2020.
  41. ^ "Summary Results Report Guam 2020 Runoff" (PDF). November 17, 2020. Retrieved November 17, 2020.
  42. ^ "Decision 2024: Third Democratic candidate for Guam Delegate enters race". KUAM News. February 21, 2024. Retrieved February 21, 2024.
  43. ^ a b Gaynor Daleno. Guam's delegate-elect joining Hispanic caucus. Guam Daily Post. Tamuning, 19 November 2018.
  44. ^ Folley, Aris (2021-03-16). "Guam delegate visits Greene's office with books, cookies after she called US territory a foreign land". TheHill. Retrieved 2021-03-17.
  45. ^ Gaynor D. Daleno. San Nicolas scores key role in committee that oversees banks , Tamuning. 9 May 2019
  46. ^ Louella Losinio. San Nicolas elected US House financial panel vice chair, Tamuning. 10 May 2019.
  47. ^ Congressional Misconduct Database, govtrack.us, 2019, retrieved 2020-02-11
  48. ^ Itkowitz, Colby (2019), "House Ethics panel investigating Guam delegate over allegations of affair with staffer", Washington Post, Washington, retrieved 2020-02-05
  49. ^ Cochrane, Emily (2019), "House Ethics Committee Opens Investigation Into Guam Delegate", New York Times, New York, retrieved 2020-02-10
  50. ^ Lantry, Lauren (2019), House Ethics Committee investigates Guam delegate accused of sexual relationship with congressional staffer, ABC News, retrieved 2020-02-10
  51. ^ Tully-McManus, Katherine (2019), Guam delegate under investigation for alleged sexual relationship with staffer, other offenses, Washington: Roll Call, retrieved 2020-02-10
  52. ^ U.S. House Committee on Financial Services. Subcommittee on Investor Protection, Entrepreneurship, and Capital Markets, Washington.
  53. ^ U.S. House Committee on Financial Services. Subcommittee on National Security, International Development and Monetary Policy, Washington.
  54. ^ U.S. House Committee on Natural Resources. Members|About|The House Committee on Natural Resources, Washington.
  55. ^ U.S. House Committee on Natural Resources. Subcommittee|SubCommittees|The House Committee on Natural Resources, Washington.
  56. ^ U.S. House Committee on Natural Resources. Subcommittee|SubCommittees|The House Committee on Natural Resources, Washington.
  57. ^ Rafael Bernal. Hispanic Caucus boasts record membership in new Congress thehill.com, 2 January 2019.
  58. ^ Congress.gov H.R.208 - Guam Supplemental Security Income Equality Act, Washington, DC.
  59. ^ Joycelynn Atalig. Congressional caucus backs San Nicolas’ bill, Tumon. 15 May 2019.
  60. ^ Foreign Claims Settlement Commission. Federal Register :: Filing of Claims Under the Guam World War II Loyalty Recognition Act Washington, DC. 03 April 2017.
  61. ^ Phillip Leon Guerrero. San Nicolas: Expect ‘significant’ delays in war claims due to statutory difficiencies Hagatna. 4 February 2019.
  62. ^ Representative Michael F.Q. San Nicolas. H.R.1141 - To make technical corrections to the Guam World War II Claims Fund. Washington. 11 February 2019.
  63. ^ Representative Michael F.Q. San Nicolas. H.R.1365 - To make technical corrections to the Guam World War II Loyalty Recognition Act. Washington. 26 February 2019.
  64. ^ Haidee V. Eugenio. Another bill to fix war claims payment glitch, as governor lobbies in D.C. for help Hagatna. 28 February 2019.
  65. ^ Kevin Kerrigan. War claims correction bill clears committee, Guam Daily Post, Tamuning. 21 July 2019.
  66. ^ Gerry Partido. House passes Guam war claims funding bill with unanimous consent and no objections; H.R. 1365 now headed to Senate, Pacific News Center, Tumon. 26 July 2019.
  67. ^ Haidee Eugenio Gilbert. Guam's war claims payment fix bill passes US House, now goes to Senate, Pacific Daily News, Hagatna. 25 July 2019.
  68. ^ Congress. H.R.2 - Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, Washington, DC.
  69. ^ Kevin Kerrigan. Cockfighting ban now federal law, Tamuning, 22 Dec 2018.
  70. ^ Anumita Kaur. Federal law won't stop Guam cockfights, enthusiasts say, Hagåtña, 21 December 2018.
  71. ^ Congress. H.R.1189 - To repeal section 12616 of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, and for other purposes, Washington, D.C.
  72. ^ John O'Connor. Bill would grant herbicide exposure status to Guam vets, Tamuning, 12 February 2019.
  73. ^ John O'Connor. New Agent Orange bill introduced, Tamuning, 14 March 2019.
  74. ^ Haidee V. Eugenio. Bill seeks help for 52,000 exposed to toxic herbicides on Guam, region, Hagatna, 14 March 2019.
  75. ^ Congress. H.R.1713 - Lonnie Kilpatrick Central Pacific Relief Act, Washington, D.C.
  76. ^ Haidee V. Eugenio. On EITC payout request, Treasury secretary says Guam has some 'highly technical tax issues' , Hagatna, 10 April 2019.
  77. ^ Guam Daily Post. San Nicolas asks feds to pay EITC from 2008 onward, Tamuning, 10 April 2019.
  78. ^ Haidee V. Eugenio. Delegate points to national groups' neglect of Guam, territories, Hagatna, 3 April 2019.
  79. ^ Guam Daily Post. Stop neglecting the territories,' San Nicolas says in DC , Tamuning, 4 April 2019.
  80. ^ Haidee Eugenio. Guam Del. Mike San Nicolas presses 'Big Banks' to lower rural interest rates, Hagatna. 16 April 2019.
  81. ^ Kevin Kerrigan. San Nicolas asks big banks for input on lower rural interest rates , Tamuning. 16 April 2019.

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives
from Guam's at-large congressional district

Succeeded by