10 March 1914|
Whiteabbey, County Antrim, Ireland
|Died||12 December 2001
|Years of service||1927–1972|
Lieutenant colonel (Army)
|Other work||Ulster Special Constabulary
Ulster Defence Regiment
Captain Frederick Michael Alexander Torrens-Spence DSO, DSC, AFC (10 March 1914 – 12 December 2001) was a Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm pilot in the Second World War. Torrens-Spence earned the distinction of holding commissions in the Royal Navy, the Royal Air Force, the British Army and the Royal Ulster Constabulary.
Known as 'Tiffy', Torrens-Spence was born in Whiteabbey, County Antrim, Ireland the son of a professional soldier. Educated at "Mourne Grange Public School", Kilkeel, at the age of 13 he attended Dartmouth Royal Naval College.
After initial service in the fleet Torrens-Spence volunteered for flying duties with the Fleet Air Arm, which at that time was under the command of the Royal Air Force. After flying training he was commissioned as a pilot in both the RAF and the Navy. His first postings were on the carriers HMS Furious and, in 1937, Glorious.
World War II
When war broke out, Torrens-Spence was serving on Glorious which was sent through the Suez Canal to hunt German surface raiders. He was then sent home from Aden to join the new carrier HMS Illustrious. Whilst serving on Illustrious which has been dispatched to the Mediterranean in September 1940, He took part in the attack on Italian battleships in the Battle of Taranto as a Swordfish torpedo bomber pilot. During the Swordfish attack in Taranto harbour, he torpedoed one of Italy's newest and largest battleships, the Littorio, sinking her in shallow water. He was awarded the DSC for this action.
He was also involved when the Illustrious was badly damaged; Illustrious was escorting a convoy to Malta when she was attacked by three squadrons of German Stuka dive bombers. Suffering multiple bomb hits (including Torrens-Spence's wardroom) and more than 200 casualties, Illustrious limped to Malta and eventually to America for repairs. Her aircraft were disembarked in Malta and Torrens-Spence flew to Eleusis, near Athens in Greece, with elements of 815 and 819 Squadrons for an active anti-shipping campaign which later earned him the award of the DSO.
At the Battle of Cape Matapan, Torrens-Spence was ordered to find and attack a large Italian naval force. After observing an attack by aircraft from the carrier HMS Formidable achieve no result, he found a hole in the enemy smokescreen and was confronted with the Italian cruiser Pola which he then torpedoed from close range. The cruiser immediately slowed to six knots and the Italian admiral decided to divide his force leaving a large detachment to escort the Pola and sail for home. That night the Royal Navy engaged with the Italian force off Cape Matapan, and with the aid of radar sank the major part of them. The Pola's Captain was rescued by the destroyer HMS Jervis and was heard to remark: "Either that pilot was mad or he is the bravest man in the world". Admiral Andrew Cunningham wrote in his dispatch after the battle: "An example of the spirit of these young officers is the case of Lieutenant F.M.A. Torrens-Spence who rather than be left out, flew with the only available aircraft from Eleusis to Maleme ..... arranged his own reconnaissance and finally took off with a second aircraft in company and took part in the dawn attack."
From March 1941 to October 1941 Torrens-Spence commanded 815 Squadron in Albania where he added to his tally. Unfortunately, this included a hospital ship which the Italians had failed to mark and illuminate. No blame was ever attached to Torrens-Spence, but he was forever saddened by the incident.
From 1942 Torrens-Spence was posted to the UK to become a test pilot at Boscombe Down where he remained for the next three years, until posted back to Illustrious for the closing stages of the war.
He remained in the Navy after the war becoming chief inspector of the Empire Test Pilots' School. He then served in the carrier HMS Theseus, and as commanding officer of RNAS Eglinton (HMS Gannet) in Northern Ireland.
In 1952 he was promoted Captain and sent to the Admiralty to look after future aircraft requirements as deputy director of the Air Warfare Division, naval staff. He wrote the staff requirement for the Buccaneer strike aircraft and steered it through the Admiralty Board.
In 1955 he took command of HMS Delight, a Daring class destroyer deploying in British and Mediterranean waters. Afterwards he commanded a training establishment, RNAS Lossiemouth (HMS Fulmar), before taking command of the aircraft carrier HMS Albion in 1959 where he spent the next two years, most of it in the Far East.
When the Specials were disbanded in 1970 and replaced by the Ulster Defence Regiment, Torrens-Spence took control of the County Armagh Battalion (2 UDR), as a lieutenant colonel, to get it up and running. He retired in 1972.
In 1981 he became Lord Lieutenant of Armagh after Norman Stronge was killed by the Provisional Irish Republican Army in an armed assault on his home, Tynan Abbey. During this time he resided at Laurelvale House, Laurelvale - originally the home of industrialist Thomas Sinton. He was also a Justice of the Peace, served as High Sheriff of Armagh in 1979 and was aide-de-camp to the Queen. He was never overtly involved in politics but remained throughout his life a committed Unionist holding senior office in the Co. Armagh Unionist Association, yet saddened by what he saw as the government's appeasing of terrorism.
He was married to Rachel Torrens-Spence, with whom he had four children. One of his sons, Brigadier Edward John (Johnny) Torrens-Spence CBE, was British Embassy military attaché to the United States.
- Michael Torrens-Spence The Daily Telegraph. Accessed 27 February 2007
- Obituary 13 December 2001 The Times
- Fleet Air Arm Archive Taranto crewlist
- Fleet Air Arm archive 815 Squadron history
- Obituary: Capt F M A Torrens-Spence The News Letter, 6 November 2001
- Training the Naval Pilot. RNAS Lossiemouth 1958 Flight August 1958
- "no. 3638". The Belfast Gazette. 26 January 1979. p. 54. Retrieved 19 July 2009.
- A story of love. The Washington Times; 13 May 2005
- Lamb, Charles, War in a Stringbag. Cassell and Collier Macmillan (1977) ISBN 0-304-29778-X
- Wragg, David, Stringbag: The Fairey Swordfish at War. Leo Cooper Ltd (2004) ISBN 978-1-84415-130-1
Ronald McIlroy Wilson
|High Sheriff of Armagh
John Reginald Miller
Sir Norman Stronge
|Lord Lieutenant of Armagh
1981 – 1989
The Earl of Caledon