Michael VI Bringas

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Michael VI Bringas
Emperor and Autocrat of the Romans
Michael VI tetarteron (reverse).jpg
Gold tetarteron of Michael's reign
Byzantine emperor
Reign31 August 1056 – 31 August 1057
Coronation22 August 1056[1][2][3]
PredecessorTheodora
SuccessorIsaac I Komnenos
Died1059

Michael VI Bringas (Greek: Μιχαήλ Βρίγγας), called Stratiotikos or Stratioticus ("the Military One", "the Warlike", or "the Bellicose") or Gerontas ("the Old"), reigned as Byzantine emperor from 1056 to 1057.

Career[edit]

Apparently a relative of the powerful courtier Joseph Bringas (influential during the reign of Romanos II),[4] Michael Bringas was an elderly patrician and a member of the court bureaucracy[citation needed] who had served as military finance minister (and hence the epithet Stratiotikos).[1] Michael Bringas was chosen by the empress Theodora as her successor shortly before her death on August 31, 1056.[5] The appointment had been secured through the influence of Leo Paraspondylos, Theodora's most trusted adviser.

Although Michael managed to survive a conspiracy organized by Theodosios, a nephew of the former emperor Constantine IX Monomachos,[4] he was faced with the disaffection of the military aristocracy. His most costly error was to ignore the perceived rights of the general Nikephoros Bryennios, whom he restored to his former rank after his falling out with the Empress Theodora, but refused to restore his wealth and estates.[6] After dismissing Bryennios's grievances in an audience, the emperor completely alienated the military, which remained a powerful element of society.[citation needed] Michael compounded his error by rebuffing Bryennios after he had already ordered the restored general to lead a division of 3,000 men to reinforce the army in Cappadocia.[6] From here Bryennios began plotting to overthrow Michael VI, and it was his capture that precipitated the military nobility to rally around the general Isaac Komnenos, who was proclaimed emperor in Paphlagonia on 8 June 1057.[1]

Although Michael lost heart, the bureaucrats around him attempted to defend their position and assembled an army against the rebels.[citation needed] On 26 August 1057, the government's army was routed at the Battle of Petroe near Nicaea,[7] and Isaac Komnenos advanced on Constantinople. Michael VI attempted to negotiate with the rebels through the famous courtier Michael Psellos, offering to adopt Isaac as his son and to grant him the title of kaisar (Caesar),[8] but his proposals were publicly rejected. Privately Isaac showed himself more open to negotiation, and he was promised the status of co-emperor. However, during the course of these secret negotiations, a riot in favor of Isaac broke out in Constantinople. Patriarch Michael Keroularios convinced Michael VI to abdicate in Isaac's favor on 30[9] or 31 August 1057.[8] The emperor duly followed the patriarch's advice and became a monk. He retired to his private home and died there by 1059.[citation needed]

Sources[edit]

Primary Sources[edit]

  • Michael Psellus, Chronographia.
  • Thurn, Hans, ed. (1973). Ioannis Scylitzae Synopsis historiarum. Berlin-New York: De Gruyter. ISBN 9783110022858.

Secondary Sources[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Kazhdan, p. 1366
  2. ^ Garland, Lynda (2002). Byzantine Empresses: Women and Power in Byzantium AD 527-1204. Routledge. p. 167. ISBN 9781134756391.
  3. ^ Smith, William (1872) [1849]. "Michael VI. Stratioticus". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.
  4. ^ a b Norwich, p. 327
  5. ^ Norwich, p. 326
  6. ^ a b Finlay, p. 533
  7. ^ Finlay, p. 536
  8. ^ a b Norwich, p. 332
  9. ^ The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium gives 30 August, based on the arguments of Jonathan Shepard (1977). «Isaac Comnenus' coronation day». Byzantinoslavica 38: 22-30.
Regnal titles
Preceded by Byzantine emperor
1056–1057
Succeeded by