Michal Lipson (born 1970) is an American physicist known for her work on silicon photonics. Lipson was named a 2010 MacArthur Fellow for contributions to silicon photonics especially towards enabling GHz silicon active devices . Until 2014, she was the Given Foundation Professor of Engineering at Cornell University in the school of electrical and computer engineering and a member of the Kavli Institute for Nanoscience at Cornell. She is now the Eugene Professor of Electrical Engineering at Columbia University. In 2009 she co-founded the company PicoLuz, which develops and commercializes silicon nanophotonics technologies.
After spending two years as a BS student at the Instituto de Física of the University of São Paulo, Dr. Lipson obtained a BS in physics from The Technion – Israel Institute of Technology in 1992. She went on to obtain a PhD in physics from the same university in 1998, with the thesis topic "Coupled Exciton-Photon Modes in Semiconductor Optical Microcavities." Dr. Lipson spent 2 years as a postdoctoral associate with Lionel Kimerling at MIT, and then accepted a position at Cornell University in 2001.
Dr. Lipson is best known for her work on silicon photonics. She developed (along with other researchers around the world at IBM, Intel, Ghent University) silicon photonic components such as waveguide couplers, ring resonators, modulators, detectors, WDM wavelength sources and sensors on silicon platform. She published the first paper on a class of versatile waveguides known as Slot-waveguides in 2004, which has since been cited over one thousand times. In all her work has been cited 32373 times (as of January 18, 2018). She was also the first to demonstrate optical parametric gain in silicon, which was considered an important step towards building optical amplifiers in silicon.
Lipson's McArthur fellowship  citation mentions her work in ring modulators (circular waveguides) as the key contribution of Lipson via the continued refinement of both opto-electronic and purely optical circuits for smaller size, increased efficiency, and accelerated switching speed  The resulting silicon-based photonic integrated circuits have the potential to improve signal transmission and processing dramatically.
Dr. Lipson has received numerous honors, including being the recipient of a Fulbright Fellowship and an NSF Young Investigator Career award. She is also an elected fellow of Optical Society of America (OSA). Her current research interests include optical metamaterials, low-power and compact optical modulators, and slot waveguides. Her work has appeared in Nature, Nature Photonics, and other journals.
Awards and honors
- 2005: National Science Foundation Career Award
- 2010: Blavatnik Award
- 2010: MacArthur Fellow
- 2013: Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
- 2015: Thomson Reuters top 1 percent highly cited researcher in the field of Physics
- 2017: R.W.Wood Prize - Optical Society of America
- 2019: IEEE Photonics Award
- 2019: NAS Comstock Prize in Physics
- 2019: Elected Member of the NAS- National Academy of Sciences
- Slot waveguides:
- V. R. Almeida; Qianfan Xu; C. A. Barrios; M. Lipson (2004). "Guiding and Confining Light in Void Nanostructure". Optics Letters. 29 (11): 1209–11. Bibcode:2004OptL...29.1209A. doi:10.1364/OL.29.001209. PMID 15209249.
- Chen, L., Shakya, J. and Lipson, M. (2006). "Subwavelength confinement in an integrated metal slot waveguide on silicon". Optics Letters. 31 (14): 2133–2135. Bibcode:2006OptL...31.2133C. doi:10.1364/OL.31.002133. PMID 16794703.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- Nonlinear optics in silicon
- Foster, M.A., Turner, A.C., Sharping, J.E., Schmidt, B.S., Lipson, M. and Gaeta, A.L. (2006). "Broadband Optical Parametric Gain on a Silicon Photonic Chip". Nature. 441 (7096): 960–3. Bibcode:2006Natur.441..960F. doi:10.1038/nature04932. PMID 16791190.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- Foster, M.A., Salem, R., Geraghty, D.F., Turner-Foster, A.C., Lipson, M. and Gaeta, A.L. (2008). "Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope". Nature. 456 (7218): 81–84. Bibcode:2008Natur.456...81F. doi:10.1038/nature07430. PMID 18987739.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- Modulation in silicon
- Almeida, V. R., Barrios, C. A., Panepucci, R. R., Lipson, M. (2004). "All-optical control of light on a silicon chip". Nature. 431 (7012): 1081–1084. Bibcode:2004Natur.431.1081A. doi:10.1038/nature02921. PMID 15510144.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- Xu, Q., Schmidt, B., Pradhan, S. and Lipson, M. (2005). "Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator". Nature. 435 (7040): 325–327. Bibcode:2005Natur.435..325X. doi:10.1038/nature03569. PMID 15902253.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- Manipatruni, S., Preston, K., Chen, L. and Lipson, M. (2010). "Ultra-low voltage, ultra-small mode volume silicon microring modulator". Optics Express. 18 (17): 18235–18242. Bibcode:2010OExpr..1818235M. doi:10.1364/OE.18.018235. PMID 20721214.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- Dr. Lipson's group website at Columbia University.
- Dr. Lipson's personal page.
- Press coverage of Ultrafast Oscilloscope[permanent dead link].
- "Michal Lipson - MacArthur Foundation". Macfound.org. Retrieved 2010-09-29.
- "Cornell Nanophotonics Group - Team". nanophotonics.ece.cornell.edu. Retrieved 2010-09-29.
- "Michal Lipson".
- "About PicoLuz - PicoLuz". www.picoluz.com. Archived from the original on 2016-11-13. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
- "Faculty | Lipson Nanophotonics Group". lipson.ee.columbia.edu. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
- Nature (2006). "Access : Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip". Nature. 441 (7096): 960–963. doi:10.1038/nature04932. PMID 16791190.
- Sasikanth Manipatruni; Kyle Preston; Long Chen; Michal Lipson (2010). "Ultra-low voltage, ultra-small mode volume silicon microring modulator". [Opt. Express]. 18 (17): 18235–18242. Bibcode:2010OExpr..1818235M. doi:10.1364/OE.18.018235. PMID 20721214. .
- Sasikanth Manipatruni; Qianfan Xu; Brad Schmidt; Jagat Shakya; Michal Lipson (2007). High Speed Carrier Injection 18 Gbit/s Silicon Micro-ring Electro-optic Modulator. [in Proceedings of Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2007)]. pp. 537–538. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.651.8810. doi:10.1109/LEOS.2007.4382517. ISBN 978-1-4244-0924-2. .
- "2007 - 2008 U.S. Scholar Directory: Engineering". Fulbright Scholar Program web site. Archived from the original on 2008-10-09. Retrieved 2008-12-05.
- "Cornell's Michal Lipson wins NSF 'Early Career' award to study photonic circuits | Cornell Chronicle". www.news.cornell.edu. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
- "Michal Lipson | Blavatnik Awards for Young Scientists". blavatnikawards.org. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
- "Michal Lipson — MacArthur Foundation". www.macfound.org. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
- "News and Events - School of Electrical and Computer Engineering - Cornell Engineering". www.ece.cornell.edu. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
- "Michal Lipson Wins the 2019 IEEE Photonics Award | Columbia Engineering".
- "Michal Lipson". www.nasonline.org.
- "2019 NAS Election". www.nasonline.org. Retrieved 2019-05-14.