Michal Lipson

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Michal Lipson
Alma mater
Scientific career
Institutions

Michal Lipson (born 1970) is an American physicist known for her work on silicon photonics. Lipson was named a 2010 MacArthur Fellow for contributions to silicon photonics especially towards enabling GHz silicon active devices .[1] Until 2014, she was the Given Foundation Professor of Engineering at Cornell University in the school of electrical and computer engineering and a member of the Kavli Institute for Nanoscience at Cornell.[2] She is now the Eugene Professor of Electrical Engineering at Columbia University.[3] In 2009 she co-founded the company PicoLuz, which develops and commercializes silicon nanophotonics technologies.[4][5] In 2019, she co-founded Voyant Photonics, which develops next generation lidar technology based on silicon photonics.[6] She is the recipient of the IEEE Photonics Award.

Education[edit]

After spending two years as a BS student at the Instituto de Física of the University of São Paulo, Lipson obtained a BS in physics from The Technion – Israel Institute of Technology in 1992. She went on to obtain a PhD in physics from the same university in 1998, with the thesis topic "Coupled Exciton-Photon Modes in Semiconductor Optical Microcavities." Lipson spent 2 years as a postdoctoral associate with Lionel Kimerling at MIT, and then accepted a position at Cornell University in 2001.

Career and research[edit]

Lipson is best known for her work on silicon photonics. She developed (along with other researchers around the world at IBM, Intel, Ghent University) silicon photonic components such as waveguide couplers, ring resonators, modulators, detectors, WDM wavelength sources and sensors on silicon platform. She published the first paper on a class of versatile waveguides known as Slot-waveguides in 2004,[7] which has since been cited over one thousand times. In all her work has been cited 32373 times (as of January 18, 2018).[8] She was also the first to demonstrate optical parametric gain in silicon,[9] which was considered an important step towards building optical amplifiers in silicon.

Lipson's McArthur fellowship [1] citation mentions her work in ring modulators (circular waveguides) as the key contribution of Lipson via the continued refinement of both opto-electronic and purely optical circuits for smaller size,[10] increased efficiency, and accelerated switching speed [11] The resulting silicon-based photonic integrated circuits have the potential to improve signal transmission and processing dramatically.

Lipson has received numerous honors, including being the recipient of a Fulbright Fellowship[12] and an NSF Young Investigator Career award. She is also an elected fellow of Optical Society of America (OSA). Her current research interests include optical metamaterials, low-power and compact optical modulators, and slot waveguides. Her work has appeared in Nature, Nature Photonics, and other journals.

Awards and honors[edit]

Selected works[edit]

  • Slot waveguides:
    • V. R. Almeida; Qianfan Xu; C. A. Barrios; M. Lipson (2004). "Guiding and Confining Light in Void Nanostructure". Optics Letters. 29 (11): 1209–11. Bibcode:2004OptL...29.1209A. doi:10.1364/OL.29.001209. PMID 15209249.
    • Chen, L., Shakya, J. and Lipson, M. (2006). "Subwavelength confinement in an integrated metal slot waveguide on silicon". Optics Letters. 31 (14): 2133–2135. Bibcode:2006OptL...31.2133C. doi:10.1364/OL.31.002133. PMID 16794703.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  • Frequency combs
    • J. S. Levy, A. Gondarenko, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, A. L. Gaeta, M. Lipson, "CMOS-compatible multiple-wavelength oscillator for on-chip optical interconnects." Nature Photonics 4, 37–40 (2010).[22]
    • B. Stern, X. Ji, Y. Okawachi, A. L. Gaeta, M. Lipson, "Battery-operated integrated frequency comb generator". Nature. 562, 401 (2018).[23]
    • A. Dutt, C. Joshi, X. Ji, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, K. Luke, A. L. Gaeta, M. Lipson, "On-chip dual-comb source for spectroscopy". Science Advances 4, e1701858 (2018).[24]
  • Ultralow-loss silicon and silicon nitride
    • J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, J. T. Robinson, K. Preston, L. Chen, M. Lipson, "Low loss etchless silicon photonic waveguides". Optics Express. 17, 4752–4757 (2009).[25]
    • K. Luke, A. Dutt, C. B. Poitras, M. Lipson, "Overcoming Si3N4 film stress limitations for high quality factor ring resonators". Optics Express. 21, 22829–22833 (2013).[26]
    • A. Griffith, J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, M. Lipson, "High quality factor and high confinement silicon resonators using etchless process". Optics Express, 20, 21341–21345 (2012).[27]
    • X. Ji, F. A. S. Barbosa, S. P. Roberts, A. Dutt, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, A. Bryant, A. L. Gaeta, M. Lipson, "Ultra-low-loss on-chip resonators with sub-milliwatt parametric oscillation threshold". Optica, 4, 619–624 (2017).[28]
  • Nonlinear optics in silicon

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Michal Lipson - MacArthur Foundation". Macfound.org. Retrieved 2010-09-29.
  2. ^ "Cornell Nanophotonics Group - Team". nanophotonics.ece.cornell.edu. Retrieved 2010-09-29.
  3. ^ "Michal Lipson".
  4. ^ "About PicoLuz - PicoLuz". www.picoluz.com. Archived from the original on 2016-11-13. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
  5. ^ a b "Faculty | Lipson Nanophotonics Group". lipson.ee.columbia.edu. Archived from the original on 2016-10-25. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
  6. ^ "Voyant Photonics: Enabling Machines To Sense Their World".
  7. ^ http://nanophotonics.ece.cornell.edu/Publications/voidNanostructure.pdf
  8. ^ https://scholar.google.com/scholar?start=0&q=Michal+Lipson+&hl=en&as_sdt=0,5
  9. ^ Nature (2006). "Access : Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip". Nature. 441 (7096): 960–963. Bibcode:2006Natur.441..960F. doi:10.1038/nature04932. PMID 16791190.
  10. ^ Sasikanth Manipatruni; Kyle Preston; Long Chen; Michal Lipson (2010). "Ultra-low voltage, ultra-small mode volume silicon microring modulator". [Opt. Express]. 18 (17): 18235–18242. Bibcode:2010OExpr..1818235M. doi:10.1364/OE.18.018235. PMID 20721214. .
  11. ^ Sasikanth Manipatruni; Qianfan Xu; Brad Schmidt; Jagat Shakya; Michal Lipson (2007). High Speed Carrier Injection 18 Gbit/s Silicon Micro-ring Electro-optic Modulator. [in Proceedings of Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2007)]. pp. 537–538. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.651.8810. doi:10.1109/LEOS.2007.4382517. ISBN 978-1-4244-0924-2. .
  12. ^ "2007 - 2008 U.S. Scholar Directory: Engineering". Fulbright Scholar Program web site. Archived from the original on 2008-10-09. Retrieved 2008-12-05.
  13. ^ "Cornell's Michal Lipson wins NSF 'Early Career' award to study photonic circuits | Cornell Chronicle". www.news.cornell.edu. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
  14. ^ "Michal Lipson | Blavatnik Awards for Young Scientists". blavatnikawards.org. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
  15. ^ "Michal Lipson — MacArthur Foundation". www.macfound.org. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
  16. ^ "News and Events - School of Electrical and Computer Engineering - Cornell Engineering". www.ece.cornell.edu. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
  17. ^ https://www.osa.org/en-us/awards_and_grants/awards/award_description/rwwood/
  18. ^ "Registrar : Trinity College Dublin, the University of Dublin, Ireland". www.tcd.ie. Retrieved 2020-01-06.
  19. ^ "Michal Lipson Wins the 2019 IEEE Photonics Award | Columbia Engineering".
  20. ^ "Michal Lipson". www.nasonline.org.
  21. ^ "2019 NAS Election". www.nasonline.org. Retrieved 2019-05-14.
  22. ^ Levy, Jacob S.; Gondarenko, Alexander; Foster, Mark A.; Turner-Foster, Amy C.; Gaeta, Alexander L.; Lipson, Michal (January 2010). "CMOS-compatible multiple-wavelength oscillator for on-chip optical interconnects". Nature Photonics. 4 (1): 37–40. Bibcode:2010NaPho...4...37L. doi:10.1038/nphoton.2009.259. ISSN 1749-4885.
  23. ^ Stern, Brian; Ji, Xingchen; Okawachi, Yoshitomo; Gaeta, Alexander L.; Lipson, Michal (October 2018). "Battery-operated integrated frequency comb generator". Nature. 562 (7727): 401–405. arXiv:1804.00357. Bibcode:2018Natur.562..401S. doi:10.1038/s41586-018-0598-9. ISSN 0028-0836. PMID 30297798.
  24. ^ Dutt, Avik; Joshi, Chaitanya; Ji, Xingchen; Cardenas, Jaime; Okawachi, Yoshitomo; Luke, Kevin; Gaeta, Alexander L.; Lipson, Michal (March 2018). "On-chip dual-comb source for spectroscopy". Science Advances. 4 (3): e1701858. Bibcode:2018SciA....4.1858D. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1701858. ISSN 2375-2548. PMC 5834308. PMID 29511733.
  25. ^ Cardenas, Jaime; Poitras, Carl B.; Robinson, Jacob T.; Preston, Kyle; Chen, Long; Lipson, Michal (2009-03-16). "Low loss etchless silicon photonic waveguides". Optics Express. 17 (6): 4752–7. Bibcode:2009OExpr..17.4752C. doi:10.1364/OE.17.004752. ISSN 1094-4087. PMID 19293905.
  26. ^ Luke, Kevin; Dutt, Avik; Poitras, Carl B.; Lipson, Michal (2013-09-23). "Overcoming Si_3N_4 film stress limitations for high quality factor ring resonators". Optics Express. 21 (19): 22829. arXiv:1306.2994. Bibcode:2013OExpr..2122829L. doi:10.1364/OE.21.022829. ISSN 1094-4087. PMID 24104169.
  27. ^ Griffith, Austin; Cardenas, Jaime; Poitras, Carl B.; Lipson, Michal (2012-09-10). "High quality factor and high confinement silicon resonators using etchless process". Optics Express. 20 (19): 21341–5. Bibcode:2012OExpr..2021341G. doi:10.1364/OE.20.021341. ISSN 1094-4087. PMID 23037257.
  28. ^ Ji, Xingchen; Barbosa, Felippe A. S.; Roberts, Samantha P.; Dutt, Avik; Cardenas, Jaime; Okawachi, Yoshitomo; Bryant, Alex; Gaeta, Alexander L.; Lipson, Michal (2017-06-20). "Ultra-low-loss on-chip resonators with sub-milliwatt parametric oscillation threshold". Optica. 4 (6): 619. arXiv:1609.08699. Bibcode:2017Optic...4..619J. doi:10.1364/OPTICA.4.000619. ISSN 2334-2536.

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