Michel Foucault bibliography

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Michel Foucault (1926–1984) was a prominent twentieth-century French philosopher, who wrote prolifically. Many of his works were translated into English. Works from his later years remain unpublished.[1]


Year Original French English Translation
1954 Maladie mentale et personnalité (Paris: PUF, 1954) re-edited as Maladie mentale et psychologie (1962) Mental Illness and Psychology trans. by A. M. Sheridan-Smith, (New York: Harper and Row, 1976), reprinted as Madness: The Invention of an Idea, (Harper Perennial, 2011)
1961 Histoire de la folie à l'âge classique – Folie et déraison (Paris: Plon, 1961) Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason trans. by R. Howard, (London: Tavistock, 1965) – abridged; History of Madness ed. Jean Khalfa, trans. Jonathan Murphy and Jean Khalfa, (London: Routledge, 2006) – unabridged
1963 Naissance de la clinique – une archéologie du regard médical (Paris: PUF, 1963) The Birth of the Clinic: An Archaeology of Medical Perception
1963 Raymond Roussel (Paris: Gallimard, 1963) Death and the Labyrinth: the World of Raymond Roussel
1966 Les mots et les choses – une archéologie des sciences humaines (Paris: Gallimard, 1966) The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences
1969 L'archéologie du savoir (Paris: Gallimard, 1969) Archaeology of Knowledge (first three chapters available[2] ) trans.A. M. Sheridan Smith (London: Routledge, 2002)
1971 L'ordre du discours (Paris: Gallimard, 1971) "The Discourse on Language" translation appears as an appendix to the Archaeology of Knowledge trans. A. M. Sheridan Smith (New York: Pantheon, 1972), pp. 215–37
1975 Surveiller et punir (Paris: Gallimard, 1975) Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison
1976–84 Histoire de la sexualité
  • Vol I: La Volonté de savoir (Paris: Gallimard, 1976)
  • Vol II: L'Usage des plaisirs (Paris: Gallimard, 1984)
  • Vol III: Le Souci de soi (Paris: Gallimard, 1984)
  • Vol IV: Les aveux de la chair (Paris: Gallimard, 2018)[3]
The History of Sexuality
  • Vol I: The Will to Knowledge
  • Vol II: The Use of Pleasure
  • Vol III: The Care of the Self
  • Vol IV: The Confessions of the Flesh

Collège de France Course Lectures[edit]

Year Given Original French English Translation
1970–71 La Volonté de Savoir (2011) Lectures on the Will to Know (2013) [4]
1971–72 Théories et Institutions Pénales (2015) Penal Theories and Institutions (forthcoming)
1972–73 La Société Punitive (2013) The Punitive Society (2015) [5]
1973–74 Le pouvoir psychiatrique (2003) Psychiatric Power (2006) [6]
1974–75 Les anormaux (1999) Abnormal (2004) [7]
1975–76 ″Il faut défendre la société″ (1997) Society Must Be Defended (2003) [8]
1977–78 Sécurité, territoire, population (2004) Security, Territory, Population (2007) [9]
1978–79 Naissance de la biopolitique (2004) The Birth of Biopolitics (2008) [10]
1979–80 Du gouvernement des vivants (2012) On the Government of the Living (2014) [11]
1980–81 Subjectivité et Vérité (2014) Subjectivity and Truth (2017) [12]
1981–82 L'Herméneutique du sujet (2001) The Hermeneutics of the Subject (2005) [13]
1982–83 Le Gouvernement de soi et des autres (2008) The Government of Self and Others (2010) [14]
1983–84 Le courage de la vérité (2009) The Courage of Truth (2011) [15]

Collaborative works[edit]

Year Original French English Translation
1973 Moi, Pierre Rivière, ayant égorgé ma mère, ma soeur et mon frère (Gallimard) I, Pierre Riviere, Having Slaughtered my Mother, my Sister and my Brother (Penguin, 1975)
1978 Herculine Barbin dite Alexina B. (Gallimard, 1978) Herculine Barbin (New York: Pantheon, 1980).
1982 Le Désordre des familles. Lettres de cachet with Arlette Farge (Gallimard) Disorderly Families: Infamous Letters from the Bastille Archives (Univ Of Minnesota Press, 2017)

Other books[edit]

Year Original French English Translation
1968 "Ceci n'est pas une pipe" This is not a pipe (1991)
1980 Interview with Michel Foucault originally published in Italian, then in French in 1994 Remarks on Marx (1991)
2001 Berkeley lecture series, never published in French Fearless Speech (2001)
2013 Mal faire, dire vrai. Fonction de l'aveu en justice (2012) Wrong-Doing, Truth-Telling: The Function of Avowal in Justice (2013)


In French, almost all of Foucault's shorter writings, published interviews and miscellany have been published in a collection called Dits et écrits, originally published in four volumes in 1994, latterly in only two volumes.

In English, there are a number of overlapping anthologies, which often use conflicting translations of the overlapping pieces, frequently with different titles. Richard Lynch's bibliography of Foucault's shorter work is invaluable for keeping track of these multiple versions. The major collections in English are:

  • Language, counter-memory, practice, ed. Donald F. Bouchard (1977)
  • Power/Knowledge, ed. Colin Gordon (1980)
  • The Foucault Reader, ed. Paul Rabinow (1984)
  • Politics, Philosophy, Culture: Interviews and Other Writings, 1977–1984, tr. Alan Sheridan, ed. Lawrence D. Kritzman (1988)
  • Foucault Live (2nd Ed.), ed. Sylvère Lotringer (1996)
  • The Politics of Truth, ed. Sylvère Lotringer (1997)
  • Ethics: subjectivity and truth (Essential Works Vol. 1), ed. Paul Rabinow (1997)
  • Aesthetics, Method, Epistemology (Essential Works Vol.2), ed. James D. Faubion (1998)
  • Power (Essential Works Vol. 3), ed. James D. Faubion (2000)
  • The Essential Foucault, eds. Paul Rabinow and Nikolas Rose (2003)


In a 1967 lecture, called in English either "Different spaces" or Of Other Spaces[16] (reprinted in Aesthetics, Method, and Epistemology, and in The Visual Culture Reader, ed. Nicholas Mirzoeff), Foucault coined a novel concept of the heterotopia.

Works available online[edit]


  1. ^ Kuznicki, Jason (2008). "Foucault, Michel (1926–1984)". In Hamowy, Ronald (ed.). The Encyclopedia of Libertarianism. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE; Cato Institute. pp. 189–81. doi:10.4135/9781412965811.n110. ISBN 978-1-4129-6580-4. LCCN 2008009151. OCLC 750831024. ...and still more of [his work] was destroyed [after his death]....
  2. ^ "The Archaeology of Knowledge by Michel Foucault". Marxists.org. Retrieved 2008-09-21.
  3. ^ Les aveux de la chaire
  4. ^ Foucault, Michel (2013). Lectures on the will to know. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 9781403986566.
  5. ^ Foucault, Michel (2015). The Punitive Society. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 9781403986603.
  6. ^ Foucault, Michel (2008). Psychiatric power : lectures at the Collège de France, 1973–1974. New York: Picador. ISBN 9780312203313.
  7. ^ Foucault, Michel (2004). Abnormal : lectures at the Collège de France, 1974–1975. New York: Picador. ISBN 9780312424053.
  8. ^ Foucault, Michel (2003). Society must be defended" : lectures at the Collège de France, 1975–76. New York: Picador. ISBN 9780312422660.
  9. ^ Foucault, Michel (2009). Security, territory, population : lectures at the Collège de France, 1977–1978. New York: Picador/Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 9780312203603.
  10. ^ Foucault, Michel (2010). The birth of biopolitics : lectures at the Collège de France, 1978–1979. New York: Picador. ISBN 9780312203412.
  11. ^ Foucault, Michel (2014). On the Government of the Living : lectures at the Collège de France, 1979–1980. New York Palgrave Macmillan: Picador. ISBN 9781403986627.
  12. ^ Foucault, Michel (2017). Subjectivity and Truth : lectures at the Collège de France, 1980–1981. New York Palgrave Macmillan: Picador. ISBN 9781403986641.
  13. ^ Foucault, Michel (2006). The hermeneutics of the subject : lectures at the Collège de France, 1981–1982. New York: Picador. ISBN 9780312425708.
  14. ^ Foucault, Michel (2011). The government of self and others : lectures at the Collège de France, 1982–1983. New York: Picador/Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 9780312572921.
  15. ^ Foucault, Michel (2012). The courage of truth (the government of self and others II) : lectures at the Collège de France, 1983–1984. New York Palgrave Macmillan: Picador. ISBN 9781250009104.
  16. ^ "Michel Foucault, Of Other Spaces (1967), Heterotopias". Foucault.info. Retrieved 2008-09-21.