|Michel El Murr|
|Born||Michel El Murr
September 29, 1932
Metn, Greater Lebanon, French Mandate of Lebanon of the Third French Republic
|Occupation||Engineer, politician and businessman|
|Home town||Bteghrine Lebanon|
Early life and education
Michel Murr lived in West Africa during much of the 1960s and made a sizable fortune there in the construction industry. He returned to Lebanon and then, was elected to parliament in 1968 by aligning himself with Pierre Gemayel who dominated politics in the predominantly Maronite Christian Metn district. Murr lost his reelection bid in 1972, a defeat which he is said to have blamed on Gemayel.
After 1975-76 Civil war, he supported the Phalange militia and the Lebanese Forces (LF), but not its "Arabist" camp, along with Karim Pakradouni. In the mid-1980s, he supported the pro-Syrian LF faction of Elie Hobeika and participated in the negotiation of the Tripartite Accord, an agreement by Hobeika, Druze chieftain Walid Jumblatt and Amal leader Nabih Berri that would have legalized the Syrian presence in Lebanon. Hobeika and Murr were subsequently ousted from the LF by Samir Geagea. They spent the rest of the war years in Syrian-controlled Zahle, waiting for the day when Damascus would complete its occupation of Lebanon.
Following Syria's takeover of Beirut in October 1990, he was rewarded for his loyalty to the Syrians and assumed the post of interior minister. Then he also served as deputy prime minister. When he was in office, he openly cooperated with the Syrian authorities. Murr was also appointed interior minister to the cabinet led by then prime minister Salim Hoss in 1998. Murr continued to serve in this post until 2000 when his son Elias Murr replaced him. Before the general elections of 2000, the Metn district was designed by Syrian and Lebanese authorities to facilitate Murr's election victory.
He is the current leader of the Metn Bloc that is an independent political party.
His son, Elias Murr, married Karine Lahoud, the daughter of then-army commander Emile Lahoud in 1992. Later they divorced. Michel Murr is the grandfather of Lebanese politician Nayla Tueni and ex-father-in-law of late Gebran Tueni.
|This article is part of a series on the
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