Michel Siffre

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Michel Siffre
Michel SiffreP1010680mod.jpg
Born (1939-01-03) 3 January 1939 (age 79)
Nice, France
Occupation Scientist

Michel Siffre (born 3 January 1939) is a French underground explorer, adventurer and scientist. He was born in Nice, where he spent his childhood. At just 10 years of age he explored the Imperial Cave Park, and discovered a passion for caving.

He received a postgraduate degree at the Sorbonne six months after completing his baccalauréat. His many achievements include the creation of the French Institute of Speleology in 1962.

Main achievements[edit]

  • In his youth he became interested in the space race and decided to find a way to contribute. Imagining situations faced by astronauts noticed that some of them could play in a deep cave, that motivated him to start his experiments.
  • The experience of time, two months cloistered in the abyss of Scarasson without time cues on a glacier, from July 1962.[1] He then organized several similar underground experiments for other speleologists. In 1972, Siffre went back underground for a six-month stay in a cave in Texas. He found that without time cues, several people including himself adjusted to a 48-hour rather than a 24-hour cycle.[2]
  • The notes of his experiments were used by NASA. Several astronauts reported experiences similar to those experienced in underground experiments such as loss of short-term memory to being isolated from external time references.

Publications[edit]

  • Hors du temps. L'expérience du 16 juillet 1962 au fond du gouffre de Scarasson par celui qui l'a vécue, Julliard, 1963
  • Des merveilles sous la terre, Hachette, cop. 1976
  • Stalactites, stalagmites, cop. 1984
  • L'or des gouffres: découvertes dans les jungles mayas, Flammarion, 1979
  • Dans les abîmes de la terre, Flammarion, 1975
  • La France des grottes et cavernes, Privat, 1999
  • A la recherche de l'art des cavernes du pays Maya, A. Lefeuvre, 1979
  • Découvertes dans les grottes mayas, Arthaud, 1993
  • Beyond Time, Translated by Herma Briffault, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1964

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Michel Siffre et son horloge de chair Archived 19 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine., Le Monde, 22 July 2004
  2. ^ Caveman: an interview with Michel Siffre Cabinet Magazine #30, summer 2008

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Schut, Une histoire culturelle de la spéléologie, L’Harmattan.