Michel Tournier (19 December 1924 − 18 January 2016) was a French writer. He won awards such as the in 1967 for Grand Prix du roman de l'Académie française and the Friday, or, The Other Island Prix Goncourt for in 1970. His inspirations included traditional German culture, The Erl-King Catholicism and the philosophies of Gaston Bachelard. He resided in Choisel and was a member of the Académie Goncourt. His autobiography has been translated and published as The Wind Spirit (Beacon Press, 1988). He was on occasion in contention for the Nobel Prize in Literature. [1 ]
Biography [ edit ]
Paris of parents who met at the Sorbonne while studying German, Tournier spent his youth in Saint-Germain-en-Laye. He learned German early, staying each summer in Germany. He studied philosophy at the Sorbonne and at the university of Tübingen and attended Maurice de Gandillac's course. He wished to teach philosophy at high-school but, like his father, failed to obtain the French agrégation.
Radio France as a journalist and translator and hosted L'heure de la culture française. In 1954 he worked in advertisement for Europe 1. He also collaborated for and Le Monde . From 1958 to 1968, Tournier was the chief editor of Le Figaro Plon. In 1967 Tournier published his first book, , a retelling of Vendredi ou les Limbes du Pacifique Daniel Defoe's , for which he was awarded the Robinson Crusoe . Grand Prix du roman de l'Académie française
Tournier died on 18 January 2016 in
Choisel, France at the age of 91. [2 ]
Selected works [ edit ]
Le Roi des aulnes was made into a 1996 movie Der Unhold ( ) directed by The Ogre Volker Schlöndorff It has also been adapted for the stage by Tom Perrin. This originated as a post-graduate research project at the
Mountview Academy of Dramatic Arts in 2002. The show The Erl King was then taken to the 2003 Edinburgh Festival. [3 ]
Les Météores ( Gemini, 1975)
Le Vent Paraclet ( The Wind Spirit, 1977)
Vendredi ou la Vie sauvage ( Friday and Robinson, 1977)
Le Coq de bruyère ( The Fetishist and Other Stories, 1978)
Gaspard, Melchior et Balthazar ( The Four Wise Men, 1980)
Le Vol du vampire (1981)
Gilles et Jeanne ( Gilles and Jeanne, 1983)
La Goutte d'or ( The Golden Droplet, 1986)
Petites Proses (1986)
Le Medianoche amoureux ( The Midnight Love Feast, 1989)
La Couleuvrine (1994)
Le Miroir des idées ( The Mirror of Ideas, 1994)
Eléazar ou la Source et le Buisson ( Eleazar, Exodus to the West, 1996)
Journal extime (2002)
References [ edit ]
Further reading [ edit ]
Montiel, Luis (2003). "Más acá del bien en el mal. Topografía de la moral en Nietzsche, Mann y Tournier" (PDF). Christopher Anderson.
Michel Tournier's Children: Myth, Intertext, Initiation. Peter Lang. 1998. 145pp. Walter Redfern:
Le Coq De Bruyere. Michel Tournier. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. 1996. 138pp. William Cloonan.
Michel Tournier. Twayne. 1985. 110pp. Colin Davis.
Michel Tournier: Philosophy and Fiction. Clarendon Press. 1988. 222pp. Rachel Edwards.
Myth and the Fiction of Michel Tournier and Patrick Grainville. Edwin Mellen Press. 1999. 310pp. David Gascoigne.
Michel Tournier. Berg. 1996. 234pp. Mairi Maclean.
Michel Tournier: Exploring Human Relations. Bristol Academic. 2003. 308pp. Susan Petit.
Michel Tournier's Metaphysical Fictions. John Benjamins Publishing Company. 1991. 224pp. Pary Pezechkian-Weinberg.
Michel Tournier: marginalité et création. Peter Lang. 1997. 170pp. Language: French. David Platten.
Michel Tournier and the Metaphor of Fiction. Liverpool University Press. 1999. 250pp. Martin Roberts.
Michel Tournier: Bricolage and Cultural Mythology. Anma Libri. 1994. 192pp. Jane Kathryn Stribling.
Plenitude Restored, Or, Trompe L'oeil: The Problematic of Fragmentation and Integration in the Prose Works of Pierre Jean Jouve and Michel Tournier. Peter Lang. 1998. 339pp. Michel Tournier.
The Wind Spirit: An Autobiography. Translated by Arthur Goldhammer. Beacon Press. 1988. 259pp. Vladimir Tumanov.
“John and Abel in Michel Tournier’s Le Roi des Aulnes.” Romanic Review 90 (3) 1999: 417-434. Michael Worton (editor).
Michel Tournier. Longman. 1995. 220pp. Zhaoding Yang.
Michel Tournier: La Conquête de la Grande Santé. Peter Lang. 2001. 175pp. Language: French.
External links [ edit ]