Michel Waisvisz

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Michel Waisvisz (1981)

Michel Waisvisz (/ˈvsvɪs/ VYSSE-viss;[1] 8 July 1949, Leiden – 18 June 2008, Amsterdam) was a Dutch composer, performer and inventor of experimental electronic musical instruments.[2] He was the artistic director of STEIM in Amsterdam from 1981, where he collaborated with musicians and artists from all over the world.


His involvement with STEIM goes back until 1969, when it had been co-founded by his mentor and friend Dick Raaymakers. He has been a member of Amsterdam's Electric Music Theatre scene of the 1970s,[3] performing intensively and raising critical voices against the upcoming high-tech culture.[4] He co-founded and organised the first sound festival in the Netherlands:The Claxon Sound Festival.

Waisvisz had a passionate dedication to a physical, bodily approach to electronic music which he has expressed in the use and presentation of his many developments of hardware and software instruments. From his point of view electronic music is created in direct musical interaction with individual technology, allowing for instant travels into sound through improvisation. This multidimensionality in electronic musical practice has been summed up in the expression of Touch in an essay[5] together with Joel Ryan and Sally Jane Norman in 1998.


Appears On[edit]

Musical instruments[edit]

Hardware Instruments:
TapePuller (1970): an instrument to play seated, pulling a tape with both feet over the tapehead, thus using the recording medium in a performative manner.

CrackleBox (1974): a portable instrument with batteries and a built-in speaker. The oscillator is played by the direct touch of the fingers on the exposed contacts of the circuit. The player's skin becomes part of the circuit.

CrackleSynth (1974): Michel Waisvisz' individual synthesizer. After bending a VCS3 Synth (the "Putney") in the early 70s to play it with a touchable "crackle" surface, this three voiced instrument became Michel Waisvisz' synthesizer development. It has 12 keys with tuning knobs combined with three crackle-patches.

The Hands (1984): One year after the MIDI standard had been introduced, Waisvisz built the first experimental interface making use of sensor data converted into MIDI. The two wooden frames attached to both hands let him play music with hand and arm movements, tilting gestures, and fingered playing. Converting analog sensor data into digital musical data has become a major issue at STEIM in the 1990s, introducing the mini computer The SensorLab.[6]

Software instruments[edit]

He has also worked on the creation of software instruments, developed with STEIM's programmer Frank Baldé:

  • LiSa (Live-Sampling Instrument, since 1995)

Software for the Mac, processing live audio input, or data from the memory in a most versatile way.

  • JunXion (Sensor-to-Midi Matrix, since 2002):

Converting sensor data into musical data today can be done by every laptop computer.

The Energetica Project (since 2005) "Energetica" is Waisvisz' vision of electricity provided for electronic instruments by the effort of the player him/ herself, theoretically developed in the last years of his life. As he has always fought pre-configurations and built-in directions in technology, the subjection to the communal power supplies.

Michel Waisvisz' collaborations include performances with Maarten Altena, Laurie Anderson, Tarek Atoui, Frank Baldé, Lodewijk de Boer, Willem Breuker, Peter Brötzmann, Najib Cheradi, John Cameron (Claw Boys Claw), Truus de Groot, Gunter Hampel, Paul Hubweber, Shelley Hirsch, Mazen Kerbaj, Steve Lacy, Misha Mengelberg, Patrizia van Roessel, Joel Ryan, Christine Sehnoaui, Fausto Senese, Shusaku, Laetitia Sonami, DJ sniff, DJ Spooky, Richard Teitelbaum, Moniek Toebosch, Jan St. Werner, Frans Zwartjes.


  1. ^ "Interview with Michel Waisvisz (1949-2008), Amsterdam, The Netherlands". YouTube. January 11, 2012. Archived from the original on 2021-12-21. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Forgotten Classics: Michel Waisvisz's Crackle". Fact Magazine. 2014-03-13. Retrieved 2022-04-14.
  3. ^ Whitehead, Kevin: New Dutch Swing. An in-depth examination of Amsterdam's vital and distinctive Jazz Scene. New York 1998.
  4. ^ "Crackle - home + news".
  5. ^ Waisvisz, Ryan, Norman: Touchstone. Amsterdam 1998. https://www.dropbox.com/s/1e0c4wgeel359ob/steim_TOUCHSTONE.pdf?dl=0
  6. ^ Bellona, Jon (December 2017). "Physical Intentions: Exploring Michel Waisvisz's The Hands (Movement 1)". Organised Sound. 22 (3): 406–417. doi:10.1017/S1355771817000450. ISSN 1355-7718. S2CID 64714760.

External links[edit]