Michel de Klerk

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'Het Schip', Socialist housing Eigen Haard (Own Hearth) in Amsterdam (1917-20)

Michel de Klerk (24 November 1884, Amsterdam – 24 November 1923, Amsterdam) was a Dutch architect. Born to a Jewish family,[1] he was one of the founding architects of the movement Amsterdam School (Expressionist architecture). Early in his career he worked for other architects, including Eduard Cuypers. For a while, he also employed the Indonesian-born Liem Bwan Tjie, who would later become his country's pioneering proponent of the Amsterdam School and modern architecture.[2] Of his many outstanding designs, very few have actually been built. One of his finest completed buildings is 'Het Schip' (The Ship) in the Amsterdam district of Spaarndammerbuurt.

Amsterdam West[edit]

Michel de Klerk

Eigen Haard (Own Hearth), working-class Socialist housing, consisting of three groups of buildings:

  • (1) Spaarndammerplantsoen, North side (1913–15)
  • (2) Spaarndammerplantsoen, South side (1915–16)
  • (3) 'Het Schip', Zaanstraat / Oostzaanstraat / Hembrugstraat (1917–20)

Amsterdam South[edit]

De Dageraad (The Dawn), working-class Socialist housing by Michel de Klerk and Piet Kramer (1920–23). The architectural contribution by Michel de Klerk is shown in this article. See also Piet Kramer.

Wendingen[edit]

Buildings, projects and drawings by Michel de Klerk are published in the architecture and art magazine Wendingen (1918-1932). Three covers of this magazine are designed by de Klerk.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jewish Currents: "A Golden Age of Jewish Architects" by Abbott Gorin Spring 2015
  2. ^ Suryadinata, Leo (2012). Southeast Asian Personalities of Chinese Descent: A Biographical Dictionary, Volume I & II. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. pp. 573–574. ISBN 9814345210. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Suzanne S. Frank, Michel de Klerk 1884-1923 - An Architect of the Amsterdam School, UMI Research Press, Ann Arbor Mich. 1984
  • Manfred Bock, Sigrid Johanisse & Vladimir Stissi, Michel de Klerk 1884-1923 - Architect and Artist of the Amsterdam School, NAI Publishers, Rotterdam 1997
  • Wim de Wit, The Amsterdam School - Dutch Expressionist Architecture 1915-1930, Rotterdam 1983
  • Maristella Casciato, The Amsterdam School, Rotterdam 1996
  • Joseph Buch, A Century of Architecture in The Netherlands, NAI Publishers, Rotterdam 1995