Michele Parrinello

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Michele Parrinello
ETH-BIB-Parinello, Michele (1945-)-Portr 17881.jpg
Born (1945-09-07) 7 September 1945 (age 76)
Messina, Italy
Awards Fellow of the Royal Society
EPS Europhysics Prize (1990)
Dirac Prize (2009)
Sidney Fernbach Award (2009)
Marcel Benoist Prize (2011)
Dreyfus Prize in the Chemical Sciences (2017)
Benjamin Franklin Medal (Franklin Institute) (2020)
European Chemistry Gold Medal (2020)[1]

Michele Parrinello (born 7 September 1945, Messina) is an Italian physicist particularly known for his work in molecular dynamics (the computer simulation of physical movements of atoms and molecules). Parrinello and Roberto Car were awarded the Dirac Medal and the Sidney Fernbach Award in 2009 for their continuing development of the Car–Parrinello method, first proposed in their seminal 1985 paper,[2] "Unified Approach for Molecular Dynamics and Density-Functional Theory".[3] They have continued to receive awards for this breakthrough, most recently the Dreyfus Prize in the Chemical Sciences[4] and the 2020 Benjamin Franklin Medal in Chemistry.[5]

Parrinello also co-authored highly cited publications on "polymorphic transitions in single crystals"[6] and "canonical sampling through velocity rescaling."[7]

Life and career[edit]

Michele Parrinello was born in Messina (Sicily) and received his Laurea in physics from the University of Bologna in 1968. After working at the International School for Advanced Studies in Trieste, the IBM research laboratory in Zurich, and the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research in Stuttgart, he was appointed Professor of Computational Science at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich in 2001, a position he also holds at the Università della Svizzera italiana in Lugano.[8] In 2004 he was elected to Great Britain's Royal Society. In 2011 he was awarded the Marcel Benoist Prize.[9] In 2020 he received the Benjamin Franklin Medal (Franklin Institute) in Chemistry.[10] He has received over 100,000 scientific citations and has an h-index of 152, which is one of the highest among all scientists.

Selected notable contributions[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2020 European Chemistry Gold Medal will be awarded to Prof. Michele Parrinello". EuChemS. March 2, 2020. Retrieved 9 January 2022.
  2. ^ Car, Richard; Parrinello, Michele (1985). "Unified approach for molecular dynamics and density-functional theory". Physical Review Letters. 55 (22): 2471–2474. Bibcode:1985PhRvL..55.2471C. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.55.2471. PMID 10032153.
  3. ^ IEEE Computer Society (15 October 2009). "Car and Parrinello Named 2009 Fernbach Winners" Archived 2011-11-11 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Linda Wang (29 May 2017). Dreyfus Prize in the Chemical Sciences to Michele Parrinello. Chemical & Engineering News. Accessed August 2021.
  5. ^ The Franklin Institute (27 Jan 2020). [1] Announcing the 2020 Franklin Institute Awards Laureates. PR Newswire. Accessed August 2021.
  6. ^ Parrinello, Michele; Rahman, Aneesur (1981). "Polymorphic transitions in single crystals: A new molecular dynamics method". Journal of Applied Physics. 52 (12): 7182–7190. Bibcode:1981JAP....52.7182P. doi:10.1063/1.328693.
  7. ^ Bussi, Giovanni; Donadio, Davide; Parrinello, Michele (2007). "Canonical sampling through velocity rescaling". The Journal of Chemical Physics. 126 (1): 014101. arXiv:0803.4060. Bibcode:2007JChPh.126a4101B. doi:10.1063/1.2408420. PMID 17212484. S2CID 23411901.
  8. ^ Profile: Michele Parrinello. Biography. Università della Svizzera italiana. Accessed August 2021.
  9. ^ RSI (20 September 2011). Ihttp://www5.rsi.ch/home/networks/retedue/approfondimento/giardinodialbert/2011/12/04/michele-parrinello.html Archived 2014-11-08 at the Wayback Machine (in Italian)
  10. ^ Benjamin Franklin Medal 2020
Further reading
External links