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October 19, 1899|
Padria, Sardinia, Italy
May 29, 1931 (aged 31)|
Michele Schirru (Italian pronunciation: [miˈkɛle ˈskirru]; (19 October 1899 in Padria – 29 May 1931 in Rome) was a naturalized American anarchist who was executed in Italy for his intent to assassinate Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini.
Michele Schirru was born in Padria, Sardinia, on October 19, 1899, but raised in Pozzomaggiore. He attended school until he reached the 6th grade, then he was hired as a blacksmith's apprentice. After his father left for the USA to work in New York City, Michele was admitted, self-taught, to the Maritime School of La Spezia, but he was forced to stop his studies because of pneumonia.
Decision to Leave Italy
Michele Schirru was disappointed by the abandonment of the PSI's factory occupations of 1919-1920, as he himself clearly expressed in his manifesto. Disappointed because of the... abandonment of these occupations, because of the betrayal of the PSI he describes how he decided to leave Italy. From his manifesto: "When the workers, submitting to the cowardly betrayal of the Socialist Party and General Confederation of Labour leadership, returned the factories to their legal owners, I was one of those who felt disgusted and humiliated at the missed opportunity and for the precious energies that had been squandered in vain. So I decided to expatriate, feeling that there was nothing more to be done in Italy."