Michigan's 3rd congressional district

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Michigan's 3rd congressional district
Michigan US Congressional District 3 (since 2013).tif
Michigan's 3rd congressional district since January 3, 2013
Representative
  Peter Meijer
RGrand Rapids
Distribution
  • 68.54% urban[1]
  • 31.46% rural
Population (2019)752,287[2]
Median household
income
$64,919[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+6[4]

Michigan's 3rd congressional district is a U.S. congressional district in West Michigan. From 2003 to 2013 it consisted of the counties of Barry and Ionia, as well as all except the northwest portion of Kent, including the city of Grand Rapids. The district was extended to Battle Creek after redistricting in 2012.

The district is currently represented by Peter Meijer, a member of the Republican Party. Until January 2021, it was represented by Justin Amash, a Libertarian. He was first elected in the 2010 general election; until July 2019, was a member of the Republican Party. From July 2019 to April 2020, Amash served as an Independent. Between April 2020 and his departure from the House of Representatives in January 2021, Amash was the only Libertarian member of the House.

Major cities[edit]

Recent election results in statewide races[edit]

Year Office Winner & margin
1992 President Bush 46 – 34%
1996 President Dole 53 – 39%
2000 President Bush 60 – 38%
2004 President Bush 59 – 40%
2008 President McCain 49 – 48%
2012 President Romney 53 – 46%
2016 President Trump 52 – 42%
2018 Senate James 51 – 47%
2018 Governor Schuette 49 – 48%
2020 President Trump 51 – 47%
2020 Senate James 53 – 45%

History of 3rd congressional district[edit]

Prior to 1992 the 3rd congressional district largely consisted of Calhoun County the home of Battle Creek and Eaton County along with about half the area of Lansing, and Kalamazoo County, including the city of Kalamazoo, but not Portage and the adjacent south-ward township. With the 1992 redistricting the old 3rd district was split between the 6th congressional district, and the 7th congressional district with most of Lansing itself going to the 8th congressional district. Meanwhile, the 3rd district was reconfigured to become the Grand Rapids district, covering much of the territory which had been the 5th district from 1873 to 1993.

List of members representing the district[edit]

Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history Location
District created March 4, 1843
James B. Hunt Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1847
28th
29th
Elected in 1843.
Re-elected in 1844.
Retired.
1843–1853
[data unknown/missing]
Hon. Kingsley S. Bingham, Michigan - NARA - 529951cr.jpg
Kinsley S. Bingham
Democratic March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1851
30th
31st
Elected in 1846.
Re-elected in 1848.
Retired.
James L. Conger Whig March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
32nd Elected in 1850.
Retired.
Samuel Clark Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd Elected in 1852.
Lost re-election.
1853–1863
[data unknown/missing]
DavidSWalbridge.jpg
David S. Walbridge
Republican March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1859
34th
35th
Elected in 1854.
Re-elected in 1856.
Retired.
Francis William Kellogg - Brady-Handy.jpg
Francis William Kellogg
Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1863
36th
37th
Elected in 1858.
Re-elected in 1860.
Redistricted to the 4th district.
Cropped Hon. John W. Longyear, Mich - NARA - 525422.tif
John W. Longyear
Republican March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1867
38th
39th
Elected in 1862.
Re-elected in 1864.
Retired.
1863–1873
[data unknown/missing]
Austin Blair cph.3b29566.jpg
Austin Blair
Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1873
40th
41st
42nd
Elected in 1866.
Re-elected in 1868.
Re-elected in 1870.
Retired to run for Governor of Michigan.
GeorgeWillard.jpg
George Willard
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1877
43rd
44th
Elected in 1872.
Re-elected in 1874.
Retired.
1873–1883
[data unknown/missing]
Jonas Hartzell McGowan.png
Jonas H. McGowan
Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1881
45th
46th
Elected in 1876.
Re-elected in 1878.
Retired.
Lacey edward.jpg
Edward S. Lacey
Republican March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1885
47th
48th
Elected in 1880.
Re-elected in 1882.
Retired.
1883–1893
[data unknown/missing]
James O'Donnell (Michigan Congressman).jpg
James O'Donnell
Republican March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1893
49th
50th
51st
52nd
Elected in 1884.
Re-elected in 1886.
Re-elected in 1888.
Re-elected in 1890.
Redistricted to the 2nd district and lost re-election.
Julius Caesar Burrows.jpg
Julius C. Burrows
Republican March 4, 1893 –
January 23, 1895
53rd Redistricted from the 4th district and re-elected in 1892.
Re-elected in 1894.
Resigned when elected U.S. Senator.
1893–1903
[data unknown/missing]
Vacant January 23, 1895 –
December 2, 1895
Alfred Milnes (Michigan Congressman).png
Alfred Milnes
Republican December 2, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
Elected to finish Burrows's term.
Lost re-election.
Todd-Albert-M.jpg
Albert M. Todd
Democratic[5] March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1899
55th Elected in 1896.
Lost re-election.
Gardner 4332078515 e5c35fbe13 o.jpg
Washington Gardner
Republican March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1911
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
Elected in 1898.
Re-elected in 1900.
Re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Lost renomination.
1913–1933
[data unknown/missing]
John M. C. Smith, Congressman from Michigan, NPC photo.jpg
John M. C. Smith
Republican March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1921
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
Elected in 1910.
Re-elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
Retired.
William H. Frankhauser Republican March 4, 1921 –
May 9, 1921
67th Elected in 1920.
Died.
Vacant May 9, 1921 –
June 28, 1921
John M. C. Smith, Congressman from Michigan, NPC photo.jpg
John M. C. Smith
Republican June 28, 1921 –
March 30, 1923
67th
68th
Elected to finish Frankhauser's term.
Re-elected in 1922.
Died.
Vacant March 30, 1923 –
June 19, 1923
68th
Arthur B. Williams (Michigan Congressman).jpg
Arthur B. Williams
Republican June 19, 1923 –
May 1, 1925
68th
69th
Elected to finish Smith's term.
Re-elected in 1924.
Died.
Vacant May 1, 1925 –
August 18, 1925
69th
Joseph L. Hooper (Michigan Congressman).jpg
Joseph L. Hooper
Republican August 18, 1925 –
February 22, 1934
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
Elected to finish Williams's term.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Re-elected in 1932.
Died.
1933–1943
[data unknown/missing]
Vacant February 22, 1934 –
January 3, 1935
73rd
Henry Mahlon Kimball (Michigan Congressman).jpg
Henry M. Kimball
Republican January 3, 1935 –
October 19, 1935
74th Elected in 1934.
Died.
Vacant October 19, 1935 –
December 17, 1935
Verner W. Main (Michigan Congressman).jpg
Verner Main
Republican December 17, 1935 –
January 3, 1937
Elected to finish Kimball's term.
Lost renomination.
Paul W. Shafer (Michigan Congressman).jpg
Paul W. Shafer
Republican January 3, 1937 –
August 17, 1954
75th
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
Elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Died.
1943–1953
[data unknown/missing]
1953–1963
[data unknown/missing]
Vacant August 17, 1954 –
January 3, 1955
83rd
August E. Johansen (Michigan Congressman).jpg
August E. Johansen
Republican January 3, 1955 –
January 3, 1965
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
Elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Re-elected in 1962.
Lost re-election.
1963–1973
[data unknown/missing]
Paul H. Todd, Jr.jpg
Paul H. Todd Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1967
89th Elected in 1964.
Lost re-election.
Garry E. Brown 95th Congress 1977.jpg
Garry E. Brown
Republican January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1979
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
Elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Lost re-election.
1973–1983
[data unknown/missing]
Howard Wolpe 99th Congress 1985.jpg
Howard Wolpe
Democratic January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1993
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Retired to run for Governor of Michigan.
1983–1993
[data unknown/missing]
Paul B. Henry 99th Congress 1985.jpg
Paul B. Henry
Republican January 3, 1993 –
July 31, 1993
103rd Redistricted from the 5th district and re-elected in 1992.
Died.
1993–2003
MI 3rd congressional district (106th Congress).PNG
Vacant July 31, 1993 –
December 7, 1993
Vern Ehlers, official portrait, 111th Congress.jpg
Vern Ehlers
Republican December 7, 1993 –
January 3, 2011
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
Elected to finish Henry's term.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Retired.
2003–2013
MI03 110.svg
Justin Amash, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Justin Amash
Republican January 3, 2011 –
July 4, 2019
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
Elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
Retired.
2013–present
Michigan US Congressional District 3 (since 2013).tif
Independent July 4, 2019 –
April 28, 2020
Libertarian April 28, 2020 –
January 3, 2021
Rep. Peter Meijer official photo 117th Congress.jpg
Peter Meijer
Republican January 3, 2021 –
Present
117th Elected in 2020.

Recent election results[edit]

2012[edit]

Michigan's 3rd congressional district, 2012[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Justin Amash (incumbent) 171,675 52.6
Democratic Steve Pestka 144,108 44.2
Libertarian Bill Gelineau 10,498 3.2
Independent Steven Butler (write-in) 2 0.0
Total votes 326,283 100.0
Republican hold

2014[edit]

Michigan's 3rd congressional district, 2014[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Justin Amash (incumbent) 125,754 57.9
Democratic Bob Goodrich 84,720 39.0
Green Tonya Duncan 6,691 3.1
Total votes 217,165 100.0
Republican hold

2016[edit]

Michigan's 3rd congressional district, 2016[8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Justin Amash (incumbent) 203,545 59.5
Democratic Douglas Smith 128,400 37.5
Taxpayers Ted Gerrard 10,420 3.0
Total votes 342,365 100.0
Republican hold

2018[edit]

Michigan's 3rd congressional district, 2018[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Justin Amash (incumbent) 169,107 54.4
Democratic Cathy Albro 134,185 43.2
Taxpayers Ted Gerrard 7,445 2.4
Independent Joe Farrington (write-in) 3 0.0
Total votes 310,740 100.0
Republican hold

2020[edit]

Michigan's 3rd congressional district, 2020[10]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Peter Meijer 213,649 53.0
Democratic Hillary Scholten 189,769 47.0
Independent Richard Fuentes (write-in) 1 0.0
Total votes 403,419 100.0
Republican gain from Libertarian

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ MICHIGAN CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS BY URBAN AND RURAL POPULATION AND LAND AREA
  2. ^ "My Congressional District".
  3. ^ "My Congressional District".
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ In 1896, Albert M. Todd and Ferdinand Brucker were elected on the "Democratic Peoples Union Silver" ticket, a union of elements from the Democratic Party and Populist Party. They were seated as part of the Democratic Party in Congress.
  6. ^ https://www.politico.com/2012-election/results/house/michigan
  7. ^ https://mielections.us/election/results/14GEN/
  8. ^ "2016 Michigan Election Results - Official Results". Michigan Department of State. November 8, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  9. ^ https://www.politico.com/election-results/2018/michigan/
  10. ^ "2020 Michigan Election Results Official". Michigan Secretary of State. Retrieved November 23, 2020.

References[edit]

Coordinates: 42°43′12″N 85°14′14″W / 42.72000°N 85.23722°W / 42.72000; -85.23722