Michigan's 9th congressional district
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|Michigan's 9th congressional district|
|Current Representative||Sander Levin (D–Royal Oak)|
|Ethnicity||82.0% White, 10.0% Black, 3.4% Asian, 2.1% Hispanic, 0.3% Native American|
Michigan's 9th congressional district used to be contained within Oakland County in the southeast areas of the state of Michigan and encompassed most of the county. The district area has changed significantly in the 2012 redistricting, now south and east of the previous district borders. The district now includes the communities of Warren, Bloomfield and Sterling Heights.
|Election results from presidential races|
|2012||President||Obama 57 - 42%|
|2008||President||Obama 56 - 43%|
|2004||President||Bush 51 - 49%|
|2000||President||Bush 51 - 47%|
|1996||President||Clinton 46 - 43%|
|1992||President||Clinton 44 - 35%|
The 9th congressional district is largely a successor of the old 11th congressional district, at least since Joe Knollenberg was the representative of both. The old 9th district's representative Dale Kildee now represents Michigan's 5th congressional district.
The only areas that survived in the 9th congressional district across the 2002 redistricting were Pontiac, Waterford, Auburn Hills, some of Orion Township, Oakland Township, Rochester and Rochester Hills. The 9th congressional district was for all intents and purposes the one eliminated by the 2012 redistricting. Portions of it were reassigned to 4 different congressional districts, all of which largely preserved other former districts.
The district from 1992-2002 was largely based in Pontiac and Flint, Michigan, with the strong Democrat voting record in these places compensating for the largely Republican leaning of most of the rest of the district's area.
Prior to 1992 the 9th congressional district did not overlap at all with the one that existed after 1992. It largely corresponded to the later Michigan's 2nd congressional district, covering most of the west coast counties starting with Muskegon and taking in a portion of Grand Traverse County. It also included about half of Ottawa County, Montcalm County, half of Ionia County, and two eastern townships of Kent County, Michigan.
Sander Levin has announced that he will be running for re-election in 2014. George Brikho, the only Republican candidate in the 2014 election, has been criticized for suggesting Adolf Hitler was a better leader than Hillary Clinton.
Cities and townships
List of representatives
|District created||March 4, 1873|
|Jay A. Hubbell||Republican||March 4, 1873 - March 3, 1883||43rd-47th|
|Byron M. Cutcheon||Republican||March 4, 1883 - March 3, 1891||48th-51st|
|Harrison H. Wheeler||Democratic||March 4, 1891 - March 3, 1893||52nd|
|John W. Moon||Republican||March 4, 1893 - March 3, 1895||53rd|
|Roswell P. Bishop||Republican||March 4, 1895 - March 3, 1907||54th-59th|
|James C. McLaughlin ||Republican||March 4, 1907 - November 29, 1932||60th-72nd||Died|
|Vacant||November 29, 1932 –
March 4, 1933
|Harry W. Musselwhite||Democratic||March 4, 1933 - January 3, 1935||73rd|
|Albert J. Engel||Republican||January 3, 1935 - January 3, 1951||74th-81st|
|Ruth Thompson||Republican||January 3, 1951 - January 3, 1957||82nd-84th|
|Robert P. Griffin ||Republican||January 3, 1957 - May 11, 1966||85th-89th||Resigned after being appointed to the US Senate|
|Vacant||May 11, 1966 –
November 8, 1966
|Guy Vander Jagt ||Republican||November 8, 1966 - January 3, 1993||89th-102nd|
|Dale Kildee ||Democratic||January 3, 1993 - January 3, 2003||103rd-107th||Redistricted from the 7th district, Redistricted to the 5th district|
|Joe Knollenberg||Republican||January 3, 2003 - January 3, 2009||108th-110th||Redistricted from the 11th district|
|Gary Peters||Democratic||January 3, 2009 - January 3, 2013||111th-112th||Redistricted to the 14th district|
|Sander M. Levin||Democratic||January 3, 2013 -||113th-||Redistricted from the 12th district|
|House Election 2012: Michigan's 9th district|
|Democratic||Sander Levin (incumbent)||208,846||61.9%||+1|
|House Election 2010: Michigan's 9th district|
|Democratic||Gary Peters (incumbent)||125,730||49.8%||-2.2%|
|House Election 2008: Michigan's 9th district|
|Republican||Joe Knollenberg (incumbent)||150,574||43%||-9%|
|House Election 2006: Michigan's 9th district|
|Republican||Joe Knollenberg (incumbent)||142,279||52%|
Historical district boundaries
- James C. McLaughlin died November 29, 1932; the vacancy was not filled.
- Robert P. Griffin resigned on May 10, 1966, to be appointed the following day to the United States Senate to fill vacancy caused by the death of Patrick V. McNamara; Guy Vander Jagt was elected simultaneously in a special election November 8, 1966, to fill the unexpired term in the 89th and for a full term in the 90th Congress.
- Dale Kildee now represents the 5th District.
- Gary Peters's webpage
- Govtrack.us for the 9th District - Lists current Senators and representative, and map showing district outline
- The Political graveyard: U.S. Representatives from Michigan, 1807-2003
- U.S. Representatives 1837-2003, Michigan Manual 2003-2004
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present