Michigan & Smiley
Michigan and Smiley are Jamaica's Legendary Reggae Dancehall Singing Duo superstars of the late 1970s first wave of dancehall music, consisting of Papa Michigan (born Anthony Fairclough) and General Smiley (born Erroll Bennett).
They duo of Michigan (Anthony Fairclough) and Smiley recorded at Clement "Coxsone" Dodd's Studio One in Jamaica, pressing their first number one hit single, "Rub a Dub Style", which featured their call and response style vocals, overdubbed on the Studio One riddim, "Vanity" (the instrumental alias given to Alton Ellis' Rocksteady classic, "I'm Just A Guy"). Their next single, perhaps a larger hit, "Nice Up the Dance" was a version of the quintessential Studio 1 rhythm, "Real Rock". These singles, with four other tracks, also versions of Studio One rhythms, were released as their first album, Nice Up the Dance. The names of these two singles were quickly incorporated into the lexicon of dancehall phraseology. Their call and response style was likewise influential on the future developments of the music, blending together straightforward singing styles and toasting. By 1982, they caught the attention of Henry "Junjo" Lawes, who recorded their biggest hit, "Diseases" over the "Mad Mad" riddim. This track was featured on their second LP, Downpression. They went on to cut an album for Channel One Records, Step by Step. The last of their hit records was "Sugar Daddy", pressed on RAS Records, which featured yet another reworking of "Mad Mad". The duo continues to record and make appearances at festivals and have both released solo recordings.
Michigan is set to release the album DJ Legend, to be preceded in September 2014 by an EP of the same name.
- Rub a Dub Style (1980) Studio One
- Downpression (1982) Greensleeves
- Live at Reggae Sunsplash (1982) Trojan (with Eek-a-Mouse)
- Sugar Daddy (1983) RAS
- Back in the Biz (1991) VP
- Reality Must Rule Again (1992) VP
- Uptown/Downtown (1995) VP
- Michigan & Smiley on Twitter
- General Smiley & Papa Michigan - Nice Up The Dance (Ba Ba Boom Riddim)
- Michigan & Smiley- Stress- Pepperseed Riddim
- Steffens, Roger "Michigan & Smiley Biography", Allmusic, Macrovision Corporation