2018 Michigan gubernatorial election

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Michigan gubernatorial election, 2018

← 2014 November 6, 2018 2022 →
Turnout4,239,807
  Gretchen Whitmer Portrait.jpg President Donald Trump with Bill Schuette (cropped 2).jpg
Nominee Gretchen Whitmer Bill Schuette
Party Democratic Republican
Running mate Garlin Gilchrist Lisa Posthumus Lyons
Popular vote 2,266,193 1,859,534
Percentage 53.3% 43.8%

Michigan Governor Election Results by County, 2018.svg
County Results
Whitmer:      40-50%      50–60%      60–70%      70–80%
Schuette:      40–50%      50–60%      60–70%      70–80%

Governor before election

Rick Snyder
Republican

Elected Governor

Gretchen Whitmer
Democratic

The Michigan gubernatorial election of 2018 took place on November 6, 2018, to elect the next Governor of Michigan, concurrently with the election of Michigan's Class I U.S. Senate seat, as well as other elections to the United States Senate in other states and elections to the United States House of Representatives and various state and local elections.

The filing deadline was April 24, 2018. The Republican, Democratic and Libertarian parties chose their nominees in a partisan primary on August 7, 2018.[1] 2018 is the first year for the Libertarian Party to hold a gubernatorial primary alongside the two other major parties in the state of Michigan.[2] The Working Class Party, U.S. Taxpayers Party, Green Party and Natural Law Party chose their nominees at state party conventions.[3]

Incumbent Republican Governor Rick Snyder was term-limited.[4]

Democrat Gretchen Whitmer was elected with 53.3% of the vote.[5]

Republican primary[edit]

Candidates[edit]

Nominated[edit]

Eliminated in primary[edit]

Declined[edit]

Endorsements[edit]

Jim Hines
Organizations
  • Right to Life of Michigan[19]
Patrick Colbeck
U.S. Senators
State officials
Media Personalities
Businessmen
  • Bob Lutz, Former General Motors Vice-Chairman and ex-Chrysler President[25]
Other
  • Jack R. Lousma, former NASA astronaut and retired USMC colonel[26]
  • Mark Gurley, co-director of the Michigan Oak Initiative and as the Grassroots vice-chair for the MIGOP[27]
  • Dawn Dodge, Speakers Bureau Director for the Republican Women's Federation of Michigan[28]
  • Wes Nakagiri, Michigan Tea Party Leader, One of the 17 Republican At-Large Delegates sent to the 2016 Republican National Convention
Organizations
  • Right to Life of Michigan[19]
  • Michigan Vaccine Freedom PAC[29]
Brian Calley
U.S. Governors
U.S. Representatives
State and local officials
Individuals
Organizations
  • Right to Life of Michigan[19]
  • Grand Rapids Area Chamber of Commerce[37]
  • Detroit Regional Chamber of Commerce[38]
  • Home Builders Association of Michigan[39]
  • Michigan Vaccine Freedom PAC[29]
Newspapers

Debates[edit]

Host
network
Date Link(s) Participants
Bill
Schuette
Patrick
Colbeck
Brian
Calley
Jim
Hines
WOOD-TV May 9, 2018 [42] Invited Invited Invited Invited
WDIV-TV June 28, 2018 Invited Invited Invited Invited

Polling[edit]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Brian
Calley
Patrick
Colbeck
Jim
Hines
Bill
Schuette
Other Undecided
Mitchell Research July 30, 2018 413 ± 5.0% 18% 9% 10% 40% 23%
EPIC-MRA July 21–22, 2018 1,045 ± 3.1% 24% 11% 8% 42% 15%
Emerson College July 19–21, 2018 202 ± 7.3% 13% 7% 9% 35% 36%
Marist College July 15–19, 2018 337 ± 6.3% 26% 11% 33% 1% 30%
JMC Analytics July 5–12, 2018 600 ± 4.0% 17% 10% 4% 25% 45%
Target-Insyght June 24–26, 2018 400 ± 5.0% 16% 8% 4% 45% 21%
NMB Research (R-Better Jobs PAC) June 18–21, 2018 23% 45% 29%
Public Opinion Strategies (R-Schuette) May 22–24, 2018 500 ± 4.4% 19% 6% 1% 42%
Public Opinion Strategies (R-Schuette) April 29 – May 1, 2018 600 ± 4.0% 20% 6% 2% 42%
Glengariff Group April 19–21, 2018 400 ± 4.9% 23% 4% 1% 36% 0%[43] 34%
Denno Research April 2–3, 2018 500 ± 4.0% 13% 4% 1% 23% 59%
Strategic National (R) March 19–20, 2018 400 ± 4.9% 18% 7% 3% 27% 45%
Marketing Resource Group March 13–17, 2018 600 ± 4.0% 13% 2% 2% 29% 54%
Public Opinion Strategies (R-Schuette) February 10–13, 2018 800 ± 3.4% 15% 5% 2% 42%
Strategic National (R) December 16–17, 2017 600 ± 4.0% 19% 5% 2% 30% 44%
Target-Insyght November 1–6, 2017 400 ± 5.0% 14% <5% <5% 38%
Mitchell Research September 21–24, 2017 400 ± 5.0% 13% 52% 36%
Marketing Resource Group September 13–18, 2017 216 ± 4.0% 13% 3% 3% 33% 48%
Target-Insyght July 25–27, 2017 344 ± 5.4% 14% 4% 1% 42% 39%
Marketing Resource Group May 8–11, 2017 216 ± 4.0% 11% 7% 32% 51%

Results[edit]

Results by county:
Republican primary results[44]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Bill Schuette 501,959 50.7
Republican Brian Calley 249,185 25.2
Republican Patrick Colbeck 129,646 13.1
Republican Jim Hines 108,735 11.0
Total votes 989,525 100.0

Democratic primary[edit]

Candidates[edit]

Nominated[edit]

Eliminated in primary[edit]

Write-In[edit]

  • Bill C. Cobbs, businessman[48]

Declined[edit]

Endorsements[edit]

Abdul El-Sayed
U.S. Senators
U.S. Representatives
State legislators
  • Abdullah Hammoud, State Representative[65]
Organizations
Celebrities
Political candidates
Other individuals

Debates[edit]

Host
network
Date Participants
Abdul
El-Sayed
Shri
Thanedar
Gretchen
Whitmer
WOOD-TV June 20, 2018 Invited Invited Invited
WDIV-TV July 19, 2018 Invited Invited Invited

Polling[edit]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Bill
Cobbs
Abdul
El-Sayed
Shri
Thanedar
Gretchen
Whitmer
Other Undecided
EPIC-MRA July 21–22, 2018 1,054 ± 3.1% 19% 22% 49% 10%
Change Research (D-El-Sayed) July 20–21, 2018 1,503 27% 15% 33% 24%
Emerson College July 19–21, 2018 282 ± 6.4% 12% 17% 39% 31%
Marist College July 15–19, 2018 442 ± 5.5% 22% 27% 31% <1% 20%
Target-Insyght June 24–26, 2018 400 ± 5.0% 17% 19% 40% 2% 22%
Glengariff Group April 20–22, 2018 400 ± 4.9% 3% 7% 30% 26% 35%
Denno Research April 6–7, 2018 500 ± 4.0% 2% 2% 15% 17% 63%
Marketing Resource Group March 13–17, 2018 233 ± 6.4% 3% 10% 21% 18% 48%
Target-Insyght March 6–8, 2018 500 ± 4.5% 4% 6% 20% 34% 3% 33%
EPIC-MRA (D-Thanedar) February 17–22, 2018 600 ± 4.0% 3% 8% 24% 34% 31%
Target-Insyght November 1–6, 2017 400 ± 5.0% 4% 13% 2% 45% 8% 28%
Marketing Resource Group September 13–18, 2017 255 ± 4.0% 8% 4% 3% 27% 58%

Results[edit]

Results by county:
Democratic primary results [44]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Gretchen Whitmer 588,436 52.0
Democratic Abdul El-Sayed 342,179 30.2
Democratic Shri Thanedar 200,645 17.7
Total votes 1,131,447 100.0

Libertarian primary[edit]

The Libertarian Party is one of three parties that have a primary in Michigan.[84]

Candidates[edit]

Nominated[edit]

Eliminated in Primary[edit]

Endorsements[edit]

John Tatar
Organizations
  • Michigan Vaccine Freedom PAC[29]

Debates[edit]

Host
network
Date Participants
Bill
Gelineau
John
Tatar
WOOD-TV[86] July 15, 2018 Invited Invited
WJBK-TV[87] July 22, 2018 Invited Invited

Results[edit]

Libertarian primary results[44]
Party Candidate Votes %
Libertarian Bill Gelineau 4,034 57.8
Libertarian John Tatar 2,941 42.2
Total votes 6,975 100.0

Green Convention[edit]

The Green Party chose candidates for the 2018 ballot at its state convention on May 5, 2018 at the University of Michigan-Flint.[88]

Candidates[edit]

Declared & Nominated[edit]

  • Jennifer Kurland, President of the Redford Union School Board[88]

U.S. Taxpayers Party[edit]

Candidates[edit]

Declared & Nominated[edit]

  • Todd Schleiger

Natural Law Party[edit]

Candidates[edit]

Declared & Nominated[edit]

General election[edit]

Predictions[edit]

Source Ranking As of
The Cook Political Report[90] Lean D October 16, 2018
The Washington Post[91] Lean D October 16, 2018
FiveThirtyEight[92] Likely D October 25, 2018
Rothenberg Political Report[93] Lean D October 12, 2018
Sabato's Crystal Ball[94] Likely D October 11, 2018
RealClearPolitics[95] Lean D October 12, 2018
Daily Kos[96] Lean D October 5, 2018
Fox News[97][a] Likely D October 12, 2018
Politico[98] Lean D October 12, 2018
Governing[99] Lean D October 2, 2018
Notes
  1. ^ The Fox News Midterm Power Rankings uniquely does not contain a category for Safe/Solid races

Endorsements[edit]

Bill Schuette (R)
U.S. Executive Branch Officials
U.S. Governors
U.S. Representatives
State Representatives[111]
State Senators[111]
Organizations
Local officials
Other individuals
Gretchen Whitmer (D)[127]
U.S. Executive Branch Officials
  • Barack Obama, 44th President of the United States[128]
  • Joe Biden, 47th Vice President of the United States and Former U.S Senator, DE [129]
  • Hillary Clinton, 67th U.S. Secretary of State, former U.S. Senator (D-NY), former First Lady of the United States, 2016 Democratic Nominee for President[130]
  • Eric Holder, 82nd United States Attorney General[131]
U.S. Senators
U.S. Representatives
State officials
Local officials
Labor unions
Organizations
Notable Individuals
Bill Gelineau (L)[152]
Notable Individuals
  • Mary Buzuma, 2014 Candidate for Governor
  • Kenneth Proctor, 2010 Candidate for Governor
  • Greg Creswell, 2006 Candidate for Governor
Todd Schleiger (USTP)[153]
Organizations
  • The Modern Whig Party
  • The Education Watchdogs
  • Protect OutStolen Treasures

Polling[edit]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Bill
Schuette (R)
Gretchen
Whitmer (D)
Bill
Gelineau (L)
Other Undecided
Mitchell Research November 5, 2018 827 ± 3.4% 41% 48% 5% 6%
Mitchell Research November 4, 2018 701 ± 3.7% 40% 54% 1% 1%
Change Research November 2–4, 2018 880 43% 51% 2% 3%[154]
Research Co. November 1–3, 2018 450 ± 4.6% 43% 47% 1% 9%
Glengariff Group October 25–27, 2018 600 ± 4.0% 38% 50% 2% 2%[155] 9%
Emerson College October 24–26, 2018 822 ± 3.6% 41% 52% 3% 4%
Mitchell Research October 25, 2018 400 ± 5.0% 43% 48% 4% 4%
Target-Insyght October 22–24, 2018 800 ± 3.0% 44% 48% 1% 4%[156] 4%
EPIC-MRA October 18–23, 2018 600 ± 4.0% 41% 46% 3% 3% 7%
Michigan State University October 13–22, 2018 169 39% 47%
ALG Research (D-Whitmer) October 15–21, 2018 906 ± 3.3% 36% 47% 4% 6%[157] 11%
38% 48% 13%
Marketing Resource Group October 14–18, 2018 600 ± 4.0% 36% 50% 2% 4% 7%
ALG Research (D-Whitmer) October 8–14, 2018 800 ± 3.5% 36% 46% 3% 2%[158] 13%
Mitchell Research September 30 – October 7, 2018 654 ± 3.8% 38% 46% 6% 10%
Glengariff Group September 30 – October 2, 2018 600 ± 4.0% 35% 47% 5% 13%
ALG Research (D-Whitmer) September 24–30, 2018 800 ± 3.5% 37% 49% 2% 2%[158] 10%
EPIC-MRA September 21–25, 2018 600 ± 4.0% 37% 45% 2% 5% 11%
Ipsos September 14–24, 2018 1,150 ± 3.0% 39% 52% 4% 6%
Target-Insyght September 10–14, 2018 800 ± 3.0% 41% 50%
Mitchell Research September 12–13, 2018 1,009 ± 3.0% 38% 48% 5% 9%
ALG Research (D-Whitmer) September 8–13, 2018 798 ± 3.5% 38% 45% 3% 3%[158] 11%
Strategic National (R) September 8–9, 2018 1,000 ± 3.1% 39% 49% 12%
Glengariff Group September 5–7, 2018 600 ± 4.0% 36% 50% 2% 4%[159] 10%
Gravis Marketing August 14–16, 2018 647 ± 3.9% 37% 52% 11%
Strategic National (R) August 13–14, 2018 700 ± 3.7% 36% 45% 2% 17%
Emerson College July 19–21, 2018 600 ± 4.3% 36% 43% 9% 12%
Marist College July 15–19, 2018 886 ± 3.9% 38% 47% 1% 14%
Target-Insyght June 24–26, 2018 800 ± 3.0% 37% 42% 20%
NMB Research (R-Better Jobs PAC) June 18–21, 2018 800 ± 3.5% 39% 40% 20%
EPIC-MRA April 30 – May 3, 2018 600 ± 4.0% 38% 43% 19%
Glengariff Group January 16–19, 2018 600 ± 4.0% 33% 40% 25%
Michigan State University September 14, 2017 – January 18, 2018 963 ± 3.2% 35% 41% 24%
EPIC-MRA December 9–13, 2017 600 ± 4.0% 38% 35% 27%
Target-Insyght November 1–6, 2017 1,000 ± 3.6% 40% 41% 19%
EPIC-MRA August 27 – September 1, 2017 600 ± 4.0% 37% 37% 26%

Fundraising[edit]

Campaign finance reports as of August 27, 2018
Candidate (party) Total receipts Total disbursements Cash on hand
Gretchen Whitmer (D) $7,134,218.66 $5,599,850.57 $1,534,368.09
Bill Schuette (R) $6,175,889.09 $4,741,577.63 $1,434,311.46
Bill Gelineau (L) $54,785.88 $51,267.71 $3,518.17
Source: Michigan Department of State[160]

Debates[edit]

Two televised debates between Schuette and Whitmer were scheduled. The first debate was held on Friday, October 12 hosted by Grand Rapids television station WOOD-TV.[161][162] That debate mainly concentrated on issues and there were no surprises or major errors from either candidate.[163] The second debate was hosted by Detroit television station WDIV and was held on Wednesday, October 24.[164] The two again clashed on various issues,[165] but Schuette made a blooper when he mixed up Whitmer's name with that of former governor Jennifer Granholm.[166][167]

Results[edit]

Michigan gubernatorial election, 2018[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Gretchen Whitmer 2,266,193 53.31% +6.45%
Republican Bill Schuette 1,859,534 43.75% -7.17%
Libertarian Bill Gelineau 56,606 1.33% +0.20%
Taxpayers Todd Schleiger 29,219 0.69% +0.08%
Green Jennifer Kurland 28,799 0.68% +0.21%
Natural Law Keith Butkovich 10,202 0.24% N/A
n/a Write-ins 32 0.00% 0.00%
Total votes 4,250,585 100.0% N/A
Democratic gain from Republican

References[edit]

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  100. ^ Trump, Donald J. (17 September 2017). "Attorney General Bill Schuette will be a fantastic Governor for the great State of Michigan. I am bringing back your jobs and Bill will help". Twitter. Retrieved 2017-12-26.
  101. ^ Conradis, Brandon (September 16, 2017). "Trump endorses Michigan attorney general for governor". Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  102. ^ "Vice president Mike Pence supports Bill Schuette for governor". The Oakland Press. November 27, 2017.
  103. ^ "Engler backs Schuette for governor in GOP primary". Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  104. ^ "Walker endorses in Michigan governor race". The Detroit News. December 7, 2017.
  105. ^ Bill Schuette. ""Bill Schuette has served our state honorably as Attorney General, and is without a doubt the best choice for Michigan's future." - @JackBergman_MI1". Twitter.
  106. ^ "Here's who has endorsed Republican candidates for Michigan governor". April 5, 2018. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  107. ^ "Moolenaar Endorses Schuette". Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  108. ^ "Trott: Bill Schuette is a Problem Solver, Focused on Job Creation for Michigan - Bill Schuette for Governor - Official Site". October 2, 2017. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  109. ^ Bill Schuette. "Great news! I am happy to announce that 7th District Congressman Tim Walberg has endorsed my campaign for Governor! With Congressman Walberg's support, we will cut taxes and create bigger paychecks in Michigan! #PaycheckAgenda". Twitter.
  110. ^ Bill Schuette. "Join Mike Bishop and I this morning in Rochester Hills to knock doors and make phone calls!". Twitter.
  111. ^ a b "Schuette Announces Legislative Leadership Team". Bill Schuette for Governor. January 16, 2018.
  112. ^ Egan, Paul (March 22, 2018). "Michigan Chamber of Commerce endorses Attorney General Bill Schuette for governor". Detroit Free Press.
  113. ^ "Michigan Restaurant Association Endorses Bill Schuette for Governor" (PDF). MRA. May 9, 2018.
  114. ^ "Detroit Police Officers Association Endorses Bill Schuette for Governor". Bill Schuette for Governor. May 3, 2018.
  115. ^ "43 County Prosecutors Endorse Bill Schuette For Governor". Bill Schuette for Governor. April 9, 2018.
  116. ^ Bill Schuette. "More Great News! I'm proud to receive the endorsement of the 30,000 members of Michigan Realtors. I look forward to working with them to grow our paychecks and population, while making Michigan Win Again! #PaycheckAgenda". Twitter.
  117. ^ "Detroit Fire Fighters Association Endorses Bill Schuette for Governor". Bill Schuette for Governor. June 1, 2018.
  118. ^ "Michigan's Leading Job and Economic Growth Creators Again Endorse Bill Schuette for Governor". Bill Schuette for Governor. August 28, 2018.
  119. ^ "Small Business Association of Michigan Endorses Schuette for Governor". Small Business Association of Michigan. August 14, 2018.
  120. ^ ABC of Michigan. "ABC of Michigan PAC is proud to endorse @SchuetteOnDuty for Governor. Bill is the clear choice to fight for and defend the free enterprise principles that make this state and country great! #ABCMeritShopProud". Twitter.
  121. ^ "NRA Endorses Bill Schuette for Governor of Michigan". NRA-ILA. September 25, 2018.
  122. ^ "Small Business Endorses Bill Schuette for Governor". NFIB. September 26, 2018.
  123. ^ Jr., Dave Bartkowiak. "Oakland County Sheriff endorses Bill Schuette for Michigan..." Clickondetroit.com. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  124. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 23, 2017. Retrieved October 23, 2017.
  125. ^ "Florida Attorney General Pam Bondi Endorses Bill Schuette for Governor". Schuette for Governor. April 16, 2018.
  126. ^ Donald Trump Jr. "Excited to see @JohnJamesMI and @SchuetteOnDuty win big tonight in Michigan. They're both great candidates who are #MAGA to the core. #MISEN #MIGOV". Twitter.
  127. ^ "Endorsements". Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  128. ^ Barack Obama. "Today, I'm proud to endorse even more Democratic candidates who aren't just running against something, but for something—to expand opportunity for all of us and to restore dignity, honor, and compassion to public service. They deserve your vote:". Twitter.
  129. ^ name="Marc Daalder" group="Detroit Free Press">Daalder, Marc. "Joe Biden endorses Gretchen Whitmer in Michigan's governor race". Detroit Free Press. Marc Daalder. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  130. ^ Hillary Clinton. ".@GretchenWhitmer never backs down from tackling the problems facing Michigan's working families, and she was a key leader in addressing Detroit's financial crisis. The Flint water crisis was a powerful motivator in Gretchen's decision to jump in the race". Twitter.
  131. ^ Gretchen Whitmer. "Thank you @EricHolder for your support! #LetsGetItDone". Twitter.
  132. ^ Debbie Stabenow. "Garlin Gilchrist II is a tremendous choice! He's a proven problem solver and community leader with a strong background in technology. @Gretchenwhitmer and @garlin are the partners in Lansing we need to get things done for MI families!". Twitter.
  133. ^ Gary Peters. "We need leaders in Lansing who will expand access to affordable health care and fight for middle class families. That's why I'm proud to support @gretchenwhitmer for Governor and @garlin for Lieutenant Governor! #MIGOV". Twitter.
  134. ^ Conant, Caitlin (6 August 2018). "Who and what to watch in politics this week - the competitive primaries". CBS. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  135. ^ Gretchen Whitmer. "I'm proud to have the support of @BernieSanders! Join us Friday, October 19th for a rally with Senator Sanders at @UMich's Rackham Auditorium". Twitter.
  136. ^ a b c d Gray, Kathleen. "Congressional Democrats endorse Gretchen Whitmer for Governor". Detroit Free Press. Gannett Company. Retrieved 12 Mar 2018.
  137. ^ Jay Inslee. "Bill Schuette may call her Jennifer, but I'm looking forward to calling @gretchenwhitmer Governor. #migov". Twitter.
  138. ^ Bartkowiak Jr., Dave. "Former Michigan Gov. Blanchard Endorses Gretchen Whitmer for Governor". ClickOnDetroit. Post-Newsweek Stations/Graham Media Group. Retrieved 15 Sep 2017.
  139. ^ Garlin Gilchrist. "Enjoyed the opportunity to sit down and engage with the Genesee County Democratic Party and special guest former Lieutenant Governor, Honorable John Cherry. Thank you for building our people power to #StandTALLforMichigan". Twitter.
  140. ^ Curtis Hertel Jr. "Proud to support @gretchenwhitmer for Governor!". Twitter.
  141. ^ Gretchen Whitmer. "Thank you Rep. Sneller for your support!". Twitter.
  142. ^ "Endorsements". Gretchen Whitmer for Governor. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  143. ^ Gretchen Whitmer. "Thank you for your support, @RepDanKildee!". Twitter.
  144. ^ Gretchen Whitmer. "Elections are won through hard work and determination. I'm so grateful for the support of @mayormikeduggan and everyone who put in the work to help us win. Now let's get to work and make sure we do it again in November!". Twitter.
  145. ^ Randick, Michael (November 14, 2017). "Iron Workers Local 25 Endorses Gretchen Whitmer for Governor". Praise 102.7.
  146. ^ Bieber, Ron (April 11, 2018). "Michigan AFL-CIO Endorses Gretchen Whitmer for Governor - Michigan AFL-CIO". Michigan AFL-CIO.
  147. ^ Langefeld, Riley (January 16, 2018). "Michigan Education Association endorses Gretchen Whitmer for governor". The Michigan Daily.
  148. ^ "International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers Michigan State Conference Endorses Gretchen Whitmer for Governor". Medium.com. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  149. ^ Williams, Dennis (March 19, 2018). "United Automobile Workers Endorse Gretchen Whitmer for Governor". UAW.
  150. ^ "Cecile Richards on Twitter". Retrieved August 1, 2018.
  151. ^ "Chelsea Handler on Twitter". Retrieved July 30, 2018.
  152. ^ "ENDORSEMENTS (Bottom of campaign website homepage)". The Bill Gelineau for Governor Committee. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  153. ^ "Endorsements from Todd Schleiger's website" (PDF). August 11, 2018. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  154. ^ Todd Schleiger (U.S. Taxpayers), Jennifer Kurkland (G), and Keith Butkovich (Natural Law) with 1%
  155. ^ Includes Jennifer Kurkland (G), Keith Butkovich (Natural Law), Todd Schleiger (U.S. Taxpayers) with 1%
  156. ^ Todd Schleiger (U.S. Taxpayers) with 2%, Jennifer Kurland (G) with 1%, Keith Butkovich (Natural Law) with 1%
  157. ^ Includes Jennifer Kurland (G) with 2%
  158. ^ a b c Jennifer Kurland (G)
  159. ^ Includes Jennifer Kurland (G) with 0.8%, Keith Butkovich (NL) with 0.5%, and Todd Schleiger (UST) with 0.5%. https://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=822587
  160. ^ "Campaign finance data". Retrieved September 24, 2018.
  161. ^ https://www.woodtv.com/news/elections/schuette-whitmer-to-debate-in-grand-rapids/1445190354
  162. ^ Complete video of debate, October 12, 2018
  163. ^ https://www.freep.com/story/news/politics/elections/2018/10/12/whitmer-schuette-spar-grand-rapids-debate/1617151002/
  164. ^ https://www.clickondetroit.com/michigan-elections/local-4-to-host-bill-schuette-gretchen-whitmer-for-gubernatorial-debate-on-oct-24
  165. ^ https://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2018/10/governor_candidates_talk_uia_s.html
  166. ^ https://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2018/10/learn_my_name_whitmer_says_aft.html
  167. ^ Complete video of debate, October 24, 2018

External links[edit]

Official campaign websites