Micia

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Micia
Castra Micia 043.jpg
The fort appears only as a raised level of earth. (2014)
Micia is located in Romania
Micia
Location within Romania
Known also as
  • Castra of Mintia
  • Castra of Vețel
Founded 2nd century AD
Abandoned c. 4th–5th century AD
Place in the Roman world
Province Dacia
Administrative unit Dacia Apulensis
Administrative unit Dacia Superior
Nearby water Marisus
Directly connected to
Structure
— Stone structure —
Size and area 181 m x 360 m (6.5 ha)
— Wood and earth structure —
Stationed military units
Legions
Cohorts
Alae
Numeri
Maurorum Micensium[3]
Location
Coordinates 45°54′43″N 22°48′55″E / 45.911806°N 22.815278°E / 45.911806; 22.815278Coordinates: 45°54′43″N 22°48′55″E / 45.911806°N 22.815278°E / 45.911806; 22.815278
Altitude 186 m (610 ft)
Town Mintia
County Hunedoara
Country  Romania
Reference
RO-LMI HD-I-s-A-03214 [4]
RO-RAN 91991.01 [4]
Site notes
Recognition Monument istoric.svg National Historical Monument
Condition Ruined
Exhibitions Muzeul Civilizației Dacice și Romane, Deva

Micia was a large Roman fort for auxiliary troops and an important part of the western Dacian limes (limes Dacia). The archaeological site is located near the municipality of Vețel (Witzel), Hunedoara county in Transylvania, Romania. This Roman garrison monitored and secured the road and the river route to Partiscum, today Szeged, Hungary. In addition, there was a strategically important river port. In the civil settlement, there were large baths and a small amphitheater. The large number of ancient inscriptions are significant.

Castra[edit]

Vicus[edit]

Thermae[edit]

Amphitheater[edit]

In the southeast of the great military bath, at a distance of about hundred meters, there was a small amphitheater. Possessed in a circle around an arena, the stone foundation of the walls had a circumference of 104 meters. The arena consisted of 31 × 29 meters.[5]

Necropolis[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Micia
  2. ^ a b Țentea, Ovidiu (2012). "EX ORIENTE AD DANUBIUM - The Syrian units on the Danube frontier of the Roman Empire". MEGA Publishing House. Retrieved 2014-03-17. 
  3. ^ a b c Tactică, strategie și specific de luptă la cohortele equitate din Dacia Romană, Petru Ureche[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ a b "Situl arheologic de la Veţel-Micia". National Archaeological Record of Romania (RAN). ran.cimec.ro. 2013-06-06. Archived from the original on 2014-03-04. Retrieved 2014-02-04. 
  5. ^ Russell L. Sturzebecker: Photo Atlas. Athletic-Cultural Archaeological Sites in the Greco-Roman World. Europe, North Africa & the Middle East. Russell L. Sturzebecker, West Chester, PA 1985. ISBN 0-9600466-2-3. p. 349.

External links[edit]