Mick Mulvaney

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Mick Mulvaney
Mick Mulvaney, Official Portrait, 113th Congress.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 5th district
Assumed office
January 3, 2011
Preceded by John Spratt
Member of the South Carolina Senate
from the 16th district
In office
January 3, 2009 – January 3, 2011
Preceded by Chauncey Gregory
Succeeded by Chauncey Gregory
Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives
from the 45th district
In office
January 3, 2007 – January 3, 2009
Preceded by Eldridge Emory
Succeeded by Debora Long
Personal details
Born John Michael Mulvaney
(1967-07-21) July 21, 1967 (age 49)
Alexandria, Virginia, U.S.
Political party Republican
Education Georgetown University (BS)
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (JD)

John Michael "Mick" Mulvaney (born July 21, 1967) is an American politician who has served as the U.S. Representative for South Carolina's 5th congressional district since 2011. He is a member of the Republican Party. Mulvaney previously served as a member of the South Carolina Senate, representing the 16th district (Lancaster and York counties),[1] from 2009 to 2011. He is the first Republican to represent South Carolina's 5th district since 1883.[2] On December 16, 2016, it was reported that President-elect Donald Trump has selected Mulvaney as Director of the Office of Management and Budget.[3]

Early life, education, and early career[edit]

Mulvaney was born in Alexandria, Virginia and grew up in Charlotte, North Carolina, before moving to Indian Land, South Carolina. Mulvaney attended Georgetown University where he majored in International Economics, Commerce and Finance. At Georgetown, he was an Honors Scholar, the highest level of academic achievement awarded to members of the Georgetown School of Foreign Service, and ultimately graduated with honors in 1989. Mulvaney attended law school at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He earned a full scholarship to attend law school, where his focus was on anti-trust law. He graduated with his J.D. degree in 1992.[4]

From 1992 to 1997, Mulvaney practiced law with the firm James, McElroy & Diehl. Mulvaney joined his family's homebuilding and real estate business. He participated in the Owners and Presidents Management Program at Harvard Business School. In addition, he had been a minority shareholder and owner-operator in Salsarita's Fresh Cantina, a privately held regional restaurant chain.[5]

South Carolina legislature[edit]

State House[edit]

Mulvaney was elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives in 2006.[6]

State Senate[edit]

In 2008 an unexpected retirement created a vacancy in the South Carolina Senate and he campaigned for and won that office in what was widely regarded to be the hardest fought legislative race in South Carolina that year.[7]

While in the State Senate, Mulvaney served on the Judiciary, Labor/Commerce/Industry, Medical Affairs, Agriculture/Natural Resources, and Corrections Committees. The Palmetto Family Council identified him as the Freshman Legislator of the Year in 2006 for his work on the South Carolina ultrasound bill.[8] In 2010 he was named Legislator of the Year for his work in support of the State's Emergency Medical Services (EMS). He has received one of the few A+ ratings in the entire legislature from the South Carolina Club for Growth.[9][not in citation given]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]



Mulvaney speaking at the 2012 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) in Washington, D.C.

Mulvaney, a GOP Young Gun, ran against Democratic incumbent John Spratt for South Carolina's 5th congressional district. The race was highlighted by Mitt Romney's Free and Strong America PAC's "Take Congress Back: 10 in '10" initiative as one of the top 10 House challenger races. During the campaign, Mulvaney's involvement in the now defunct Edenmoor real estate development in Lancaster County, South Carolina came to public attention.[10] Mulvaney's opponents alleged that Mulvaney misled the Lancaster County council and taxpayers to provide some $30 million in public funding for the Edenmoor real estate development and that once the public funds had been approved, Mulvaney sold his interest in the development to a third party at a substantial profit.[11][12] Mulvaney denied the allegations and claimed that the project's failure was due to Democratic economic policies.[11] Mulvaney defeated Spratt, who had held the seat since 1983; he received 55% of the vote to Spratt's 45%.[13]

Mulvaney's campaign against Spratt was aided by a 501(c)(4) organization named the Commission on Hope, Growth, and Opportunity. The group, which was established by anonymous donors and run by lobbyist Scott W. Reed, has been accused by the watchdog Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington of violating federal campaign finance laws and disclosing false information to the Internal Revenue Service.[14]


He won re-election to a second term, by defeating Democrat Joyce Knott 56%–44%.[15][16]


He won re-election to a third term, by defeating Democrat Tom Adams, a Fort Mill Town Council[17] member, 59%–41%.[18] Mulvaney was a co-founder of the bipartisan Blockchain Caucus "meant to help congressmen stay up to speed on cryptocurrency and blockchain technologies, and develop policies that advance them.[19]


Mulvaney speaking at a campaign event for Senator Rand Paul in Spartanburg, South Carolina in September 2015.

On December 10, 2013, Republican Representative Paul Ryan and Democratic Senator Patty Murray announced that they had negotiated the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013, a proposed two-year budget deal.[20][21] The budget deal would cap the federal government's spending for Fiscal Year 2014 at $1.012 trillion and for Fiscal Year 2015 at $1.014.[22] The proposed deal would eliminate some of the spending cuts required by the sequester by $45 billion of the cuts scheduled to happen in January and $18 billion of the cuts scheduled to happen in 2015.[22] This does not decrease federal spending; instead, by reducing the amount of spending cuts the government was going to be forced to make by the sequester, it actually increases government spending by $45 billion and $18 billion over what would have been spent had the sequester remained in place. Some Republicans wanted Speaker Boehner to pursue a temporary measure that would cover the rest of Fiscal Year 2014 at the level set by the sequester – $967 billion, rather than pass this budget deal, which would have $45 billion in additional spending.[23]

The deal is supposed to make up for this increase in spending by raising airline fees and changing the pension contribution requirements of new federal workers.[20] According to The Hill, Mulvaney is "spearheading opposition to the new budget bill."[23] Mulvaney did not blame Ryan for the budget deal, instead saying that the problem was too few conservatives had been elected to Congress to pass a budget with a greater focus on debt reduction.[23] Mulvaney said that he expected the budget deal to pass because "it was designed to get the support of defense hawks and appropriators and Democrats," not conservatives.[20]

On April 9, 2014, Representative Mulvaney offered a proposal based on the Obama proposal as a substitute amendment in order to force a vote on the President's budget request. The President's proposal failed in a vote of 2–413, although Democrats were urged by their leadership to vote against this "political stunt."[24]

In September 2015, Mulvaney endorsed Rand Paul in the 2016 race for president of the United States.[25]

Committee assignments[edit]

Caucus memberships[edit]

2016 Cabinet nomination[edit]

On December 16, 2016, it was announced that Mulvaney had been chosen by President-elect Donald Trump to be the Director of the Office of Management and Budget.[27] Mulvaney's nomination as Director-designate will be reviewed in hearings held by the members of the United States Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs then presented to the full Senate for a vote at a future date.

Personal life[edit]

He is the son of Mike and Kathy Mulvaney, and has two siblings. Mulvaney married Pamela West in 1998; they have three children: Finn, James, and Caroline.[28]


  1. ^ Chris Cillizza (21 July 2010). "Lindsey Graham's vote on Elena Kagan ensures primary challenge". Political news and analysis. The Washington Post Company. Retrieved 10 August 2010. 
  2. ^ "Rep. Mick Mulvaney: A freshman's view of Washington". 
  3. ^ "Trump picks US Rep. Mulvaney to head White House budget office", Reuters via CNBC, December 16, 2016.
  4. ^ "Sen. Mick Mulvaney (R-SC 16th District)". Congress.Org. Archived from the original on 2012-03-06. Retrieved 10 August 2010. 
  5. ^ "Sen. Mick Mulvaney latest Salsarita's franchisee". FastCasual.Com. 23 March 2009. Retrieved 10 August 2010. 
  6. ^ "Mick Mulvaney". Catholicvote.org. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  7. ^ "It's Spratt v. Mulvaney in SC-05". WolfeReports.Com. Retrieved 10 August 2010. [dead link]
  8. ^ www.palmettofamily.org Archived July 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ "The Club for Growth". VoteSmart.Org. Retrieved 10 August 2010. 
  10. ^ Collins, Jeffrey (October 8, 2010). "Congressman attacks opponent over land deal". Aiken Standard. Associated Press. [dead link]
  11. ^ a b Overman, Jenny (October 19, 2010). "Mulvaney refutes latest Edenmoor accusation". Rock Hill Herald. 
  12. ^ Smith, Stanley (October 29, 2010). "Mulvaney & Edenmoor – I Was There". Herald Independent. [dead link]
  13. ^ "2010 General Election". South Carolina State Election Commission. November 18, 2010. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  14. ^ Weisman, Jonathan (July 17, 2012). "Tax-Exempt Group's Election Activity Highlights Limits of Campaign Finance Rules". The New York Times. Retrieved July 21, 2012. 
  15. ^ POLITICO. "2012 Election Results Map by State - Live Voting Updates". POLITICO. 
  16. ^ "Mulvaney easily defeats challenger to represent 5th Congressional District". GoUpstate.com. 
  17. ^ "South Carolina: Haley, Graham re-elected; Scott to finish term". charlotteobserver. 
  18. ^ "South Carolina Election Results 2014: House Map by District, Live Midterm Voting Updates". POLITICO. 
  19. ^ http://www.financemagnates.com/cryptocurrency/news/trump-picks-cryptocurrency-and-blockchain-advocate-as-budget-chief/
  20. ^ a b c Erik Wasson; Russell Berman (11 December 2013). "Ryan budget deal gets positive review at closed-door Republican conference". The Hill. Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  21. ^ "Murray and Ryan Introduce Bipartisan Budget-Conference Agreement". House of Representatives Committee on the Budget. Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  22. ^ a b Desjardins, Lisa (10 December 2013). "The budget deal in plain English". CNN. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  23. ^ a b c Wasson, Erik (December 11, 2013). "Conservatives: Ryan not tarnished by 'bad' deal". The Hill. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  24. ^ Marcos, Cristina (9 April 2014). "House kills Obama budget 2–413". The Hill. Retrieved 10 April 2014. 
  25. ^ "Rep. Mick Mulvaney endorses Rand Paul for president". Washington Post. 21 September 2015. 
  26. ^ Bialik, Carl; Bycoffe, Aaron (25 September 2015). "The Hard-Line Republicans Who Pushed John Boehner Out". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved 2015-09-28. 
  27. ^ Shear, Michael (December 16, 2016). "Trump Picks Mick Mulvaney, South Carolina Congressman, as Budget Director". The New York Times. Retrieved December 17, 2016. 
  28. ^ "About Mick". Mulvaneyforcongress.com. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
John Spratt
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 5th congressional district

United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Pat Meehan
United States Representatives by seniority
Succeeded by
Kristi Noem