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Mick Jagger

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Sir
Mick Jagger
Mick Jagger Deauville 2014.jpg
Jagger in 2014
Born Michael Philip Jagger
(1943-07-26) 26 July 1943 (age 74)[1]
Dartford, Kent, England
Education Dartford Grammar School
Alma mater University of London
London School of Economics and Political Science
Occupation
  • Singer
  • songwriter
  • actor
  • film producer
Years active 1960–present
Spouse(s) Bianca de Macias
(m. 1971; div. 1978)

Jerry Hall
(m. 1990; ann. 1999)
Partner(s) Chrissie Shrimpton
(esp. 1963; sep. 1966)
Marianne Faithfull
(esp. 1966; sep. 1969)
Marsha Hunt
(esp. 1969; sep. 1971)
Luciana Gimenez
(esp. 1998; sep. 1999)
Sophie Dahl
(esp. 2000; sep. 2001)
L'Wren Scott
(esp. 2001; d. 2014)
Melanie Hamrick
(esp. 2014)
Children 8; including Jade, Elizabeth, and Georgia May
Relatives Chris Jagger (brother)
Musical career
Genres
Instruments
  • Vocals
  • guitar
  • harmonica
Labels
Associated acts
Website mickjagger.com

Sir Michael Philip Jagger, MBE (born 26 July 1943) is an English singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and composer, who gained fame as the lead singer and one of the founder members of the Rolling Stones (1962-present). Jagger's career has spanned over five decades, and he has been described as "one of the most popular and influential frontmen in the history of rock & roll". His distinctive voice and performance, along with Keith Richards' guitar style, have been the trademark of the Rolling Stones throughout the career of the band. Jagger gained press notoriety for his admitted drug use and romantic involvements, and was often portrayed as a countercultural figure.

Jagger was born and grew up in Dartford, Kent. He studied at the London School of Economics before abandoning his academic career to join the Rolling Stones. Jagger has written the majority of Rolling Stones songs together with Richards, and they continue to collaborate musically. In the late 1960s, Jagger began acting in films (starting with Performance and Ned Kelly), to a mixed reception. He began a solo career in 1985, releasing his first album, She's the Boss, and joined the electric supergroup SuperHeavy in 2009. Relationships with the Stones, particularly Richards, deteriorated during the 1980s, but Jagger has always found more success with the Stones than his solo and side projects.

In 1989, Jagger was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, and in 2004 into the UK Music Hall of Fame with the Rolling Stones. As member of the Stones and as solo artist he reached the #1 of UK and US singles chart with 13 singles, the Top 10 with 32 singles and the Top 40 with 70 singles. In 2003, he was knighted for his services to popular music.

1943–1961: Early life[edit]

Michael Philip Jagger was born into a middle-class family in Dartford, Kent.[3] His father, Basil Fanshawe "Joe" Jagger (13 April 1913 – 11 November 2006),[4] and grandfather, David Ernest Jagger, were both teachers.[5] His mother, Eva Ensley Mary (née Scutts; 6 April 1913 – 18 May 2000), born in Sydney, Australia, of English descent,[6] was a hairdresser[5] and an active member of the Conservative Party. Jagger's younger brother, Chris (born 19 December 1947), is also a musician.[7] The two have performed together.[8]

Although brought up to follow his father's career path, Jagger "was always a singer" as he stated in According to the Rolling Stones. "I always sang as a child. I was one of those kids who just liked to sing. Some kids sing in choirs; others like to show off in front of the mirror. I was in the church choir and I also loved listening to singers on the radio–the BBC or Radio Luxembourg–or watching them on TV and in the movies."[9]

In September 1950, Keith Richards and Jagger were classmates at Wentworth Primary School, Dartford. In 1954, Jagger passed the eleven-plus and went to Dartford Grammar School, which now has the Mick Jagger Centre installed within the school's site, named after its most famous alumnus. Jagger and Richards lost contact with each other when they went to different schools, but after a chance encounter on platform two at Dartford railway station in July 1960, resumed their friendship and discovered their shared love of rhythm and blues, which for Jagger had begun with Little Richard.[10][11]

Jagger left school in 1961 after passing seven O-levels and three A-levels. With Richards, he moved into a flat in Edith Grove, Chelsea, London, with guitarist Brian Jones. While Richards and Jones planned to start their own rhythm and blues group, Blues Incorporated, Jagger continued to study business on a government grant as an undergraduate student at the London School of Economics,[12] and had seriously considered becoming either a journalist or a politician, comparing the latter to a pop star.[13][14]

When Elmo Lewis and Brian Jones began working at the Earling Blues Club – where he later ran into a "loosely knit version" of Blues Incorporated – Jagger and Richards began to jam with the group, where Jagger eventually became a featured singer. This resulted in him, Richards, and Jones beginning to practice on their own.[15] This practice eventually laid the foundation of the Rolling Stones.[15]

In 1963, Jagger dropped out of the London School of Economics to pursue a career in the music industry with the Rolling Stones in what was originally considered ‘just another beatboom band’.[11]

1962–present: The Rolling Stones[edit]

1960s[edit]

Jagger in 1965

In their earliest days, the Rolling Stones played for no money in the interval of Alexis Korner's gigs at a basement club opposite Ealing Broadway tube station (subsequently called "Ferry's" club). At the time, the group had very little equipment and needed to borrow Korner's gear to play. The group's first appearance under the name the Rollin' Stones (after one of their favourite Muddy Waters tunes) was at the Marquee Club in London, a jazz club, on 12 July 1962. They would later change their name to "the Rolling Stones" as it seemed more formal. Victor Bockris states that the band members included Jagger, Keith Richards, Brian Jones, Ian Stewart on piano, Dick Taylor on bass and Tony Chapman on drums. However, Richards states in Life that "The drummer that night was Mick Avory--not Tony Chapman, as history has mysteriously handed it down..."[16]

By autumn 1963, Jagger had left the London School of Economics in favour of his promising musical career with the Rolling Stones. The group continued to cover songs by American rhythm and blues artists such as Chuck Berry and Bo Diddley, but with the strong encouragement of manager Andrew Loog Oldham, Jagger and Richards soon began to write their own songs. This core songwriting partnership took some time to develop; one of their early compositions, "As Tears Go By", was a song written for Marianne Faithfull, a young singer Loog Oldham was promoting at the time.[17] For the Rolling Stones, the duo would write "The Last Time", the group's third No. 1 single in the UK (their first two UK No. 1 hits had been cover versions) based on "This May Be the Last Time", a traditional Negro spiritual song recorded by the Staple Singers in 1955.[18][19] Jagger and Richards also wrote their first international hit, "(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction". It also established the Rolling Stones' image as defiant troublemakers in contrast to the Beatles' "lovable moptop" image.[20]

Jagger told Stephen Schiff in a 1992 Vanity Fair profile:[21] "I wasn't trying to be rebellious in those days; I was just being me. I wasn't trying to push the edge of anything. I'm being me and ordinary, the guy from suburbia who sings in this band, but someone older might have thought it was just the most awful racket, the most terrible thing, and where are we going if this is music?... But all those songs we sang were pretty tame, really. People didn't think they were, but I thought they were tame."[22][23][24]

The group released several successful albums, including December's Children (And Everybody's), Aftermath and Between the Buttons, but in their personal lives their behaviour was brought into question. In 1967, Jagger and Richards were arrested on drug charges and were given unusually harsh sentences: Jagger was sentenced to three months' imprisonment for possession of four over-the-counter pep pills he had purchased in Italy. The traditionally conservative editor of The Times, William Rees-Mogg, wrote an article critical of the sentences; and on appeal Richards' sentence was overturned and Jagger's was amended to a conditional discharge (although he ended up spending one night inside London's Brixton Prison).[25] The Rolling Stones continued to face legal battles for the next decade.[26][15]

By the release of the Stones album Beggars Banquet, Brian Jones was only sporadically contributing to the band. Jagger stated that Jones was "not psychologically suited to this way of life".[27] His drug use had become a hindrance, and he was unable to obtain a US visa. Richards reported that, in a June meeting with Jagger, Richards, and Watts at Jones' house, Jones admitted that he was unable to "go on the road again", and left the band, saying "'I've left, and if I want to I can come back'".[28] On 3 July 1969, less than a month later, Jones drowned in the swimming pool under mysterious circumstances at his home, Cotchford Farm, in Hartfield, East Sussex.[29]

On 5 July 1969, two days after the death of Jones, the Rolling Stones played a previously scheduled show at Hyde Park, dedicating it as a tribute to him. In front of an estimated 250,000 fans, the Stones performed their first gig with their newest guitarist, Mick Taylor.[30] At the beginning of the show, Jagger read an excerpt from Shelley's poem Adonaïs, an elegy written on the death of his friend John Keats After which they released thousands of butterflies in memory of Jones[30] before starting the show with a song by Johnny Winter, "I'm Yours and I'm Hers".[31] During the concert, they included two songs never previously heard by the audience from two forthcoming albums, "Midnight Rambler", "Love in Vain" (Let It Bleed – released December 1969), and "Give Me A Drink" (appeared on Exile on Main St. – released May 1972). "Honky Tonk Women", released the previous day, was also played at the gig.[32][33][34]

1970s[edit]

 Jagger on stage in July 1972, New York
Jagger on stage in July 1972, New York

In 1970, Jagger bought "Stargroves", a manor house and estate in Hampshire.[35] The Rolling Stones and several other bands recorded there using the Rolling Stones Mobile Studio.[36] Led Zeppelin, which used the mobile studio to record material for the albums Physical Graffiti and Houses of the Holy,  Dire Straits, Lou ReedBob MarleyHorslipsFleetwood MacBad CompanyStatus QuoLed ZeppelinIron MaidenWishbone Ash all recorded within the mobile studio. The Who recorded "Won't Get Fooled Again" in Stargroves itself.[36] The Rolling Stones mobile studio was also used to record the Deep Purple song, "Smoke on the Water". The lyrics to "Smoke on the Water" mention the mobile studio and were intended as a joke about the mobile studio almost being burned to the ground by a fire in close proximity to it – not meant to be released.[37] In order to rescue the mobile from the first started by a flare gun, the Stones crew had to smash a window and release the parking break to roll it out of the way.[37] Deep Purple referred to it as the "Rolling truck Stones thing" in the song, stating previously in the song "We all came out to Montreux ... to make records with a mobile."[37] The mobile is currently owned by the National Music Centre in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.[37]

After Jones's death and their move in 1971 to the south of France as tax exiles,[38] Jagger, along with the rest of the band, changed his look and style as the 1970s progressed.[39] He also learned to play guitar and contributed guitar parts for certain songs on Sticky Fingers (1971) and all subsequent albums (with the exception of Dirty Work in 1986). For the Rolling Stones' highly publicised 1972 American tour, Jagger wore glam-rock clothing and glittery makeup on stage. Later in the decade they ventured into genres like disco and punk with the album Some Girls (1978). Their interest in the blues, however, had been made manifest in the 1972 album Exile on Main St..[40][41][42] His emotional singing on the gospel-influenced "Let It Loose", one of the album's tracks, has been described by music critic Russell Hall as having been Jagger's finest-ever vocal achievement.[43]

After the band's acrimonious split with their second manager, Allen Klein, in 1971, Jagger took control of their business affairs after speaking with an up-and-coming frontman, J. B. Silver, and has managed them ever since in collaboration with his friend and colleague, Prince Rupert Loewenstein. Mick Taylor, Jones's replacement, left the band in December 1974 and was replaced by Faces guitarist Ronnie Wood in 1975, who also operated as a mediator within the group, and between Jagger and Richards in particular.[44]

In 1972, Mick Jagger, Charlie Watts and Bill Wyman, in addition to Nicky Hopkins and Ry Cooder, released the album Jamming with Edward! and was recorded within the Let It Bleed sessions at London's Olympic Studio.[45] The album consisted of loose jams while members (reportedly) were waiting for Keith Richards to return to the studio after leaving due to an issue regarding the supporting guitar role of Cooder.[a][46]

Attempted murder[edit]

In 1975, members of the Hells Angels attempted to murder Jagger.[47] They were angered by him having publicly blamed the Angels, who had been hired to provide security at the Altamont Free Concert in December 1969, for much of the crowd violence at the event, in which a young man, Meredith Hunter was stabbed and beaten to death by several Angels. Three others died at the event, which was attended by roughly 350,000 people. The murder conspirators, it was reported many years later (in 2008), had used a boat to approach a residence Jagger was staying at on New York's Long Island. The plot failed when the boat nearly sank in a storm and the plotters were forced to swim for their lives.[47][48][49]

1980s[edit]

 Jagger in Zuiderpark te Den Haag, Netherlands, 1976
Jagger in Zuiderpark te Den Haag, Netherlands, 1976

While continuing to tour and release albums with the Rolling Stones, Jagger began a solo career. In 1985 he released his first solo album She's the Boss, produced by Nile Rodgers and Bill Laswell, and featuring Herbie Hancock, Jeff Beck, Jan Hammer, Pete Townshend and the Compass Point All Stars. It sold fairly well, and the single "Just Another Night" was a Top Ten hit. During this period, he collaborated with the Jacksons on the song "State of Shock", sharing lead vocals with Michael Jackson.[50]

In an effort to, as stated by Rolling Stone in their 14 February 1985 issue, "establish an artistic identity for himself apart from the Rolling Stones" in what Rolling Stone called his "boldest attempt yet",[51] Jagger started writing and recording solo material for his first solo album She's the Boss.[51] Jagger performed without the Stones for the Live Aid multi-venue charity concert in 1985. He performed at Philadelphia's JFK Stadium, including a duet with Tina Turner of "It's Only Rock and Roll" (which was highlighted by Jagger tearing away Turner's skirt) and a cover of "Dancing in the Street" with David Bowie, who was performing at Wembley Stadium, London. The video was shown simultaneously on the screens of both Wembley and JFK Stadiums. The song reached number one in the UK the same year.[52] In 1987 he released his second solo album, Primitive Cool. While it failed to match the commercial success of his debut, it was critically well received. In 1988 he produced the songs "Glamour Boys" and "Which Way to America" on Living Colour's album Vivid. Between 15 and 28 March he had a solo concert tour in Japan (Tokyo, Nagoya and Osaka).[53]

1990s[edit]

Jagger attempted to re-establish himself as a solo artist in the 1990s. In 1993, he released his third solo album, Wandering Spirit.[54]

Following the successful comeback of the Rolling Stones' Steel Wheels (1989), which saw the end of Jagger and Richards' well-publicised feud, after acquiring Rick Rubin as co-producer in January 1992 Jagger began recording the album in Los Angeles over seven months until September 1992,[55] recording simultaneously as Richards was making Main Offender.[56]

Jagger would keep the celebrity guests to a minimum on Wandering Spirit, only having Lenny Kravitz as a vocalist on his cover of Bill Withers' "Use Me" and bassist Flea from Red Hot Chili Peppers on three tracks. Following the end of the Rolling Stones' Sony Music contract and their signing to Virgin Records, Jagger signed with Atlantic Records (which had signed the Stones in the 1970s) to distribute what would be his only album with the label (with the exception of The Very Best of Mick Jagger – a "best of" compilation album containing no new material.[57][58] Released in February 1993, Wandering Spirit was commercially successful, reaching No.12 in the UK and No.11 in the US.[58][59]

2000s[edit]

Jagger live at the San Siro, Milan, Italy, in 2003

In 2001, Jagger released Goddess in the Doorway, spawning the single "Visions of Paradise", which reached No. 43 for one week.[60] In the same year he also joined Keith Richards in the Concert for New York City, a charity concert in response to the 11 September attacks, to sing "Salt of the Earth" and "Miss You".[61]

He celebrated the Rolling Stones' 40th anniversary by touring with them on the year-long Licks Tour in support of their career retrospective Forty Licks double album.[62] In 2007 the Rolling Stones grossed US$437 million on their A Bigger Bang Tour, which got them into the 2007 edition of Guinness World Records for the most lucrative music tour.[63] Jagger has refused to say when the band will retire, stating in 2007: "I'm sure the Rolling Stones will do more things and more records and more tours. We've got no plans to stop any of that really."[64]

In October 2009, Jagger and U2 performed "Gimme Shelter" (with Fergie and will.i.am) and "Stuck in a Moment You Can't Get Out Of" at the 25th Anniversary Rock & Roll Hall of Fame Concert.[65]

2010s[edit]

 Jagger performing with the Stones at Hyde Park, London in July 2013
Jagger performing with the Stones at Hyde Park, London in July 2013

On 20 May 2011 Jagger announced the formation of a new supergroup, SuperHeavy, which includes Dave Stewart, Joss Stone, Damian Marley and A.R. Rahman.[66] The group started from a phone call that Jagger received from Stewart after Stewart heard three sound systems playing different music at the same time in his home located in St Ann's BayJamaica. This gave Stewart the idea to create a group with Jagger, fusing musical styles of various artists. After multiple phone calls and deliberation, the other members of the group were decided upon.[66] SuperHeavy released one album[67] and two singles in 2011,[68] reportedly recording 29 songs in ten days.[69] Jagger has featured on will.i.am's 2011 single "T.H.E. (The Hardest Ever)". It was officially released to iTunes on 4 February 2012.[70]

On 21 February 2012, Jagger, B.B. King, Buddy Guy and Jeff Beck, along with a blues ensemble, performed at the White House concert series before President Barack Obama. When Jagger held out a mic to him, Obama sang twice the line "Come on, baby don't you want to go" of the blues cover 'Sweet Home Chicago', the blues anthem of Obama's home town.[71] Jagger hosted the season finale of Saturday Night Live on 19 and 20 May 2012, doing several comic skits and playing some of the Rolling Stones' hits with Arcade Fire, Foo Fighters, and Jeff Beck.[72]

Jagger performed in 12-12-12: The Concert for Sandy Relief with the Rolling Stones on 12 December 2012.[73] The Stones finally played the Glastonbury festival in 2013, headlining on Saturday 29 June.[74] This was followed by two concerts in London's Hyde Park as part of their 50th anniversary celebrations, their first in the Park since their famous 1969 performance.[75][76] In 2013, Jagger teamed up with his brother Chris Jagger for two new duets to mark the 40th anniversary of Chris' debut album.[77]

Relationship with Keith Richards[edit]

 Jagger and Richards in San Francisco during the Rolling Stones' 1972 US tour
Jagger and Richards in San Francisco during the Rolling Stones' 1972 US tour

Jagger's relationship with bandmate Keith Richards is frequently described as "love/hate" by the media.[78][79] Richards himself said in a 1998 interview: "I think of our differences as a family squabble. If I shout and scream at him, it's because no one else has the guts to do it or else they're paid not to do it. At the same time I'd hope Mick realises that I'm a friend who is just trying to bring him into line and do what needs to be done."[80]

The Rolling Stones album Dirty Work (UK No. 4; US No. 4) was released in March 1986 to mixed reviews despite the presence of the US Top Five hit "Harlem Shuffle". With relations between Richards and Jagger at a low, Jagger refused to tour to promote the album, and instead undertook his own solo tour, which included Rolling Stones songs.[81][82] Richards has referred to this period in his relations with Jagger as "World War III".[83] As a result of the animosity within the band during this period, they almost broke up.[81] Jagger's solo records, She's the Boss (UK 6; US 13) (1985) and Primitive Cool (UK 26; US 41) (1987), met with moderate success, and in 1988, with the Rolling Stones mostly inactive, Richards released his first solo album, Talk Is Cheap (UK 37; US 24). It was well received by fans and critics, going gold in the US.[84] The following year 5x5: The Continuing Adventures of the Rolling Stones, a documentary spanning the career of the band was released for their 25th anniversary.[85]

Following the success of Steel Wheels (1989), Jagger and Richards' well-publicised feud ended. After hiring Rick Rubin as co-producer in January 1992, Jagger began recording the album Wandering Spirit in Los Angeles over seven months until September 1992,[55] recording simultaneously as Richards was making Main Offender.[56]

Richards' autobiography, Life, was released on 26 October 2010.[86] According to a 15 October 2010 article published by the Associated Press, Richards described Jagger as "unbearable" within the book, noting that their relationship has been strained "for decades"[87]. By 2015, Richards' opinion had softened, still calling Jagger a "snob" (and giving supporting evidence from Jagger's daughter), but adding "I still love him dearly... your friends don't have to be perfect."[88]

Acting and film production[edit]

Jagger has also had an intermittent acting career, most well known of which being Donald Cammell and Nicolas Roeg's Performance (1968) and as Australian bushranger Ned Kelly (1970).[89] He composed an improvised soundtrack for Kenneth Anger's film Invocation of My Demon Brother on the Moog synthesiser in 1969. Jagger auditioned for the role of Dr. Frank N. Furter in the 1975 film adaptation of The Rocky Horror Show, a role that was eventually played by the original performer from its run on London's West End, Tim Curry.[90][91] The same year he was personally approached by director Alejandro Jodorowsky to play the role of Feyd-Rautha[92] in Jodorowsky's proposed adaptation of Frank Herbert's Dune, but the movie never made it to the screen.[93] Jagger appeared as himself in the Rutles' film All You Need Is Cash in 1978 and was cast as Wilbur, a main character in Werner Herzog's Fitzcarraldo, in the late 1970s. However, the illness of main actor Jason Robards (later replaced by Klaus Kinski) and a delay in the film's notoriously difficult production resulted in his being unable to continue, due to schedule conflicts with a band tour; some of the footage of Jagger's work is shown in the documentaries Burden of Dreams[94] and My Best Fiend.[95][96] In 1983 he starred in Faerie Tale Theatre's The Nightingale as the emperor.[97] Jagger developed a reputation for playing the heavy later in his acting career in films including Freejack (1992),[98] Bent (1997),[99] and The Man From Elysian Fields (2002).[100][101]

In 1995 Jagger founded Jagged Films with Victoria Pearman.[102] Jagged Films' first release was the World War II drama Enigma in 2001. That same year it produced a documentary about Jagger entitled Being Mick. The programme, which first aired on television 22 November, coincided with the release of his fourth solo album, Goddess in the Doorway.[103] In 2008 the company began work on The Women, an adaptation of the George Cukor film of the same name. It was directed by Diane English.[104][105]

The Rolling Stones have been the subjects of numerous documentaries, including Gimme Shelter, filmed during the band's 1969 tour of the US, and 1968's Sympathy for the Devil directed by French New Wave director Jean-Luc Godard. Martin Scorsese worked with Jagger on Shine a Light, a documentary film featuring the Rolling Stones with footage from the A Bigger Bang Tour during two nights of performances at New York's Beacon Theatre. It screened in Berlin in February 2008.[106] Variety's Todd McCarthy said the film uses heavy camera coverage and high quality sound effectively, in order "to create an invigorating musical trip down memory lane..."[107] McCarthy predicted the film would fare better once released to video than in its limited theatrical runs.[107] Jagger was a co-producer of, and guest-starred in the first episode of, the short-lived comedy American television series The Knights of Prosperity. He also co-produced the 2014 James Brown biopic, Get On Up.[108] An attempt was made to by Keith Richards and Johnny Depp to persuade Jagger to appear alongside them in Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides, however, it was unsuccessful[109]

Personal life[edit]

Relationships[edit]

Bianca Jagger in a white jacket
Bianca De Macias, Jagger's wife from 1971 to 1978.
Jerry Hall in a black dress
Model Jerry Hall, Jagger's partner from 1977 to 1999; unofficially married from 1990 to 1999.

Jagger has been married (and divorced) once,[110][111][111] and also has had several other relationships.

From 1966 to 1969, Jagger had a relationship with Marianne Faithfull, the English singer-songwriter/actress with whom he wrote "Sister Morphine", a song on the Rolling Stones' 1971 album Sticky Fingers.[112] After his relationship with Faithfull ended, Jagger pursued a relationship with Marsha Hunt from 1969–1970. Jagger met the American singer and, though Hunt was married, the pair began a relationship, beginning in 1969.[113] The relationship ended in June 1970, when Hunt was pregnant with Jagger's first child, Karis. She is the inspiration of the song "Brown Sugar", also from Sticky Fingers.

In 1970, he met Nicaraguan-born Bianca De Macias. They married on 12 May 1971 in a Catholic ceremony in Saint-Tropez, France. They had one child, Jade, separated in 1977, and in May 1978 she filed for divorce on the grounds of his adultery.[114][115][116] During his marriage to De Macias, Jagger had an affair with then-Playboy model Bebe Buell from 1974 to 1976.[117] In late 1977, Jagger began dating American model Jerry Hall;[118] they moved in together and had a total of four children. They attended an unofficial private marriage ceremony in Bali, Indonesia, on 21 November 1990, and lived at Downe House in Richmond, London. During his marriage to Hall, Jagger had an affair with Italian singer/model Carla Bruni, from 1991 to 1994. She went on to become the First Lady of France when she married then-President of France Nicolas Sarkozy.[119] The marriage to Hall and the marriage ceremony were declared invalid, unlawful, and null and void by the High Court of England and Wales in London in 1999.[110][111]

From 2000 to 2001, Jagger had a relationship with the English model Sophie Dahl.[120] Jagger had a relationship with fashion designer L'Wren Scott from 2001 until her suicide in 2014.[121][111][122][123] She left her entire estate, estimated at about US$9 million, to him.[124] Jagger set up the L'Wren Scott scholarship at London's Central Saint Martins College.[125] Since Scott died in 2014, Jagger has since had a relationship with American ballet dancer Melanie Hamrick.[126][127]

Children[edit]

Jagger has eight children with five women.[128][129] Jagger also has five grandchildren,[130][131] and became a great-grandfather on 19 May 2014, when Jade's daughter Assisi gave birth to a daughter.[132]

On 4 November 1970, Marsha Hunt gave birth to Jagger's first child, Karis Hunt Jagger.[129] She was the only child that Jagger had with Hunt. The following year, Bianca Jagger gave birth to the couple's only – Jagger's second – child, Jade Sheena Jezebel Jagger on 21 October 1971.[129]

Jagger had four children with model and actress Jerry Hall, the first of which being Elizabeth 'Lizzie' Scarlett Jagger on 2 March 1984.[129] The couple's second child was born 28 August 1985, named James Leroy Augustin Jagger.[129] Hall gave birth to their third child, Georgia May Ayeesha Jagger, on 12 January 1992.[129] The fourth – and last – child that Jagger would have with Hall was Gabriel Luke Beauregard Jagger on 9 December 1997.[129] The couple's relationship ended after it was discovered that he had had an affair with Brazilian model Luciana Gimenez Morad, resulting in Jagger's seventh child, Lucas Maurice Morad Jagger, being born 18 May 1999.[133][129] After the death of longtime girlfriend L'Wren Scott, Jagger started a relationship with ballerina Melanie Hamrick, which resulted in Deveraux Octavian Basil Jagger, who was born on 8 December 2016.[134][129]

Family[edit]

Jagger's father, Basil "Joe" Jagger died of pneumonia on 11 November 2006 at age 93.[135] Although the Rolling Stones were on the A Bigger Bang tour, Jagger flew to Britain to see his father before returning to Las Vegas the same day after being informed that his condition was improving, where he was to perform that night.[136] The show went ahead as scheduled despite Jagger learning of his father's passing that afternoon,[137] with friends of Jagger stating that the show going on was "what Joe would have wanted".[136] Jagger called his father the "greatest influence" in his life.[138]

Interests and philanthropy[edit]

Jagger is an avid cricket fan.[139] He founded Jagged Internetworks to cover English cricket.[139] He keenly follows the England national football team and has regularly attended FIFA World Cup games, appearing at France 98, Germany 2006, South Africa 2010 and Brazil 2014.[140][141] Jagger is also previously stated his support of the British conservative party, and has previously expressed his admiration for Margaret Thatcher.[142] He has also stated that he wishes to remain apolitical when he pulled out of a David Cameron hosted political event in 2012 due to feeling like a "political football".[143] Jagger was also a supporter of David Cameron and was mildly in favour of Brexit,[144] before reversing his stance on it.[145]

In August 2014, Jagger was one of 200 public figures who were signatories to a letter to The Guardian opposing Scottish independence in the run-up to September's referendum on that issue.[146][147]

Jagger is a supporter of music in schools, and is Patron of The Mick Jagger Centre in Dartford in the UK, and sponsors music through his Red Rooster Programme in local schools. The Red Rooster name is taken from the title of one of the Rolling Stones earliest singles.[148]

Honours[edit]

Jagger was honoured with a knighthood for services to popular music in the Queen's Birthday Honours 2002[149] and on 12 December 2003 he received the accolade by The Prince of Wales.[150] Mick Jagger's knighthood received mixed reactions. Some fans were disappointed when he accepted the honour as it seemed to contradict his anti-establishment stance.[151] A report in UPI noted in December 2003, Jagger has no "known record of charitable work or public services" although he is a patron of the British Museum. Jagger was on record as saying "apart from the Rolling Stones, the Queen is the best thing Britain has got", but was absent from the Queen's Golden Jubilee pop concert at Buckingham Palace that marked her 50 years on the throne.[152][153] Queen Elizabeth II reportedly refused to award Jagger in person.[154] Charlie Watts was quoted in the book According to the Rolling Stones as saying, "Anybody else would be lynched: 18 wives and 20 children and he's knighted, fantastic!"[155] The ceremony took place in December 2003. Jagger’s father and daughters Karis and Elizabeth were in attendance.[136] Jagger stated that while the award did not have significant meaning for him, he was "touched" by the significance that it held for his father, saying that his father "was very proud".[156][136]

Jagger's knighthood also caused some friction between him and bandmate Keith Richards, who was irritated when Jagger accepted the "paltry honour".[157] Richards said that he did not want to take the stage with someone wearing a "coronet and sporting the old ermine. It's not what the Stones is about, is it?"[150] Jagger retorted: "I think he would probably like to get the same honour himself. It's like being given an ice cream—one gets one and they all want one."[150]

In popular culture[edit]

 Jagger's jumpsuit from the Stones 1972 tour, on display at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame museum, Cleveland, Ohio
Jagger's jumpsuit from the Stones 1972 tour, on display at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame museum, Cleveland, Ohio

From the time that the Rolling Stones developed their anti-establishment image in the mid-1960s, Jagger, with Richards, has been an enduring icon of the counterculture. This was enhanced by his drug-related arrests, sexually charged on-stage antics, provocative song lyrics, and his role in Performance. One of his biographers, Christopher Andersen, describes him as "one of the dominant cultural figures of our time", adding that Jagger was "the story of a generation".[158]

Jagger, who at the time described himself as an anarchist and espoused the leftist slogans of the era, took part in a demonstration against the Vietnam War outside the US Embassy in London in 1968. This event inspired him to write "Street Fighting Man" that same year.[159] A variety of celebrities attended a lavish party at New York's St. Regis Hotel to celebrate Jagger's 29th birthday and the end of the band's 1972 American tour. The party made the front pages of the leading New York newspapers.[160]

 Jagger's military-style jacket worn during the 1989–1990 tour, on display at Hard Rock Cafe, Sydney, Australia
Jagger's military-style jacket worn during the 1989–1990 tour, on display at Hard Rock Cafe, Sydney, Australia

Pop artist Andy Warhol painted a series of silkscreen portraits of Jagger in 1975, one of which was owned by Farah Diba, wife of the Shah of Iran. It hung on a wall inside the royal palace in Tehran.[161] In 1967 Cecil Beaton photographed Jagger's naked buttocks, a photo that sold at Sotheby's auction house in 1986 for $4,000.[162]

Jagger was reported to be a contender for the anonymous subject of Carly Simon's 1973 hit song "You're So Vain", in which he sings backing vocals.[163] Although Don McLean does not use Jagger's name in his song "American Pie", he alludes to Jagger onstage at Altamont, calling him Satan.[164]

In 2010, a retrospective exhibition of portraits of Jagger was presented at the festival Rencontres d'Arles, in France. The catalogue of the exhibition is the first photo album of Jagger and shows his evolution over 50 years.[165] He was listed as one of the fifty best-dressed over 50 by the Guardian in March 2013.[166]

Maroon 5's song "Moves like Jagger" is about Jagger. Jagger himself acknowledged the song in an interview, calling the concept "very flattering."[167] Jagger is also referenced in Kesha's song "Tik Tok", the Black Eyed Peas' hit "The Time (Dirty Bit)", and his vocal delivery is referenced by rapper Ghostface Killah in his song "The Champ", from his 2006 album "Fishscale, which was later referenced by Kanye West in the 2008 T.I. and Jay-Z single "Swagga Like Us".

In 1998, The MTV animated show Celebrity Deathmatch had a clay-animated fight to the death between Jagger and Aerosmith lead singer Steven Tyler. Jagger wins the fight by using his tongue to stab Tyler through the chest. The 2000 film Almost Famous, set in 1973, refers to Jagger: "Because if you think Mick Jagger'll still be out there, trying to be a rock star at age 50 ... you're sadly, sadly mistaken."[168]

In 2012, Jagger was among the British cultural icons selected by artist Sir Peter Blake to appear in a new version of his most famous artwork – the Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band album cover – to celebrate the British cultural figures of his life that he most admires.[169]

Jagger's net worth has been estimated at $360 million.[170]

Legacy[edit]

 Jagger singing during the Rolling Stones' 50 & Counting Tour in Boston, Massachusetts, 12 June 2013
Jagger singing during the Rolling Stones' 50 & Counting Tour in Boston, Massachusetts, 12 June 2013

In the words of British dramatist and novelist Philip Norman, "the only point concerning Mick Jagger's influence over 'young people' that doctors and psychologists agreed on was that it wasn't, under any circumstances, fundamentally harmless."[171] According to Norman, even Elvis Presley at his most scandalous had not exerted a "power so wholly and disturbingly physical": "Presley", he wrote in 1984, "while he made girls scream, did not have Jagger's ability to make men feel uncomfortable."[171] Norman also likens Jagger in his early performances with the Rolling Stones in the 1960s to a male ballet dancer, with "his conflicting and colliding sexuality: the swan's neck and smeared harlot eyes allied to an overstuffed and straining codpiece."[171]

Other authors also attribute similar connotations to Jagger. His performance style has been studied in the academic field as an analysis concerning gender, image and sexuality.[172] It has been written for example that his performance style "opened up definitions of gendered masculinity and so laid the foundations for self-invention and sexual plasticity which are now an integral part of contemporary youth culture".[173] His stage personas also contributed significantly to the British tradition of popular music that always featured the character song and where the art of singing becomes a matter of acting—which creates a question concerning the singer's relationship to his own words.[174] His voice has been described as a powerful expressive tool for communicating feelings to his audience and expressing an alternative vision of society.[175] To express "virility and unrestrained passion" he developed techniques previously used by African American preachers and gospel singers such as "the roar, the guttural belt style of singing, and the buzz, a more nasal and raspy sound".[175] Steven Van Zandt also wrote: "The acceptance of Jagger's voice on pop radio was a turning point in rock & roll. He broke open the door for everyone else. Suddenly, Eric Burdon and Van Morrison weren't so weird – even Bob Dylan."[176]

Jagger has been described as "one of the most popular and influential frontmen in the history of rock & roll" by AllMusic and MSN,[177][178] with Billboard sharing similar sentiment. calling him "the rock and roll frontman."[179][180] Musician David Bowie joined many rock bands with blues, folk and soul orientations in his first attempts as a musician in the mid-1960s, and he was to recall: "I used to dream of being their Mick Jagger".[181] Bowie would also offer that "I think Mick Jagger would be astounded and amazed if he realized that to many people he is not a sex symbol, but a mother image."[182] Jagger appeared on Rolling Stone's List of 100 Greatest Singers at number 16; in the article, Lenny Kravitz wrote: "I sometimes talk to people who sing perfectly in a technical sense who don't understand Mick Jagger. [...] His sense of pitch and melody is really sophisticated. His vocals are stunning, flawless in their own kind of perfection."[183] This edition also cites Mick Jagger as a key influence on Jack White, Steven Tyler and Iggy Pop.[183]

More recently, his cultural legacy is also associated with his aging accompanied by some vitality. Bon Jovi frontman Jon Bon Jovi, also a veteran, has said: "We continue to make Number One records and fill stadiums. But will we still be doing 150 shows per tour? I just can't see it. I don't know how the hell Mick Jagger does it at 67. That would be the first question I'd ask him. He runs around the stage as much as I do yet he's got almost 20 years on me."[184] Since his early career Jagger has embodied what some authors describes as a "Dionysian archetype" of "eternal youth" personified by many rock stars and the rock culture.[185]

Jagger has repeatedly said that he will not write an autobiography. However, according to journalist John Blake, co-author of the book Up and Down with the Rolling Stones, in the early 1980s, after a slew of unauthorised books about him, Jagger was persuaded by Lord Weidenfeld to prepare his own, for a £1 million advance. The resulting 75,000-word manuscript is now held by Blake, who, he says, was briefly on track to publish it, until Jagger withdrew support.[186]

Discography[edit]

Solo albums[edit]

Year Album details UK
[19]
AUS
[187]
US BPI / RIAA Certification
1985 She's the Boss 6

(11 wks)

6

(22 wks)

13

(29 wks)

UK: Silver

US: Platinum

1987 Primitive Cool
  • Released: 14 September 1987
  • Label: CBS Records
26

(5 wks)

25

(33 wks)

41

(20 wks)

1993 Wandering Spirit 12

(7 wks)

12

(17 wks)

11

(16 wks)

US: Gold
2001 Goddess in the Doorway 44

(10 wks)

65

(2 wks)

39

(8 wks)

UK: Silver

Compilation[edit]

Year Album details UK US
2007 The Very Best of Mick Jagger 57

(2 wks)

77

(2 wks)

Collaborative albums[edit]

Year Album details UK US
1972 Jamming With Edward! (with Ry Cooder, Nicky Hopkins, Charlie Watts, and Bill Wyman) 33

(12 wks)

2004 Alfie (soundtrack, with Dave Stewart) 171

(2 wks)

2011 SuperHeavy (by SuperHeavy) 13

(5 wks)

26

(5 wks)

Singles[edit]

Year Single Peak chart positions Certifications
(sales thresholds)
Album
AUS
[187]
GER
[188]
IRE
[189]
UK
[19]
US US
Main
US
Dance
US
Sales
1970 "Memo from Turner" 23 32 Performance (soundtrack)
1978 "Don't Look Back" (with Peter Tosh) 20 43 81 Bush Doctor (Peter Tosh album)
1984 "State of Shock" (with The Jacksons) 10 23 8 14 3 3 Victory (The Jacksons album)
1985 "Just Another Night" 13 16 21 32 12 1 11 She's the Boss
"Lonely at the Top" 9
"Lucky in Love" 77 44 91 38 5 11
"Hard Woman" 57
"Dancing in the Street" (with David Bowie) 1 6 1 1 7 3 4 Single only
1986 "Ruthless People" (B-side "I'm Ringing") 51 14 29 Ruthless People (soundtrack)
1987 "Let's Work" (B-side "Catch as Catch Can") 24 29 24 31 39 7 32 Primitive Cool
"Throwaway" 67 7
"Say You Will" 21 39
1988 "Primitive Cool" 98
1993 "Sweet Thing" 18 23 24 84 34 Wandering Spirit
"Wired All Night" 3
"Don't Tear Me Up" 77 86 1
"Out of Focus" 70
2001 "God Gave Me Everything" (B-side "Blue") 60 24 Goddess in the Doorway
2002 "Visions of Paradise" 77 43
2004 "Old Habits Die Hard" (with Dave Stewart) 62 45 Alfie (soundtrack)
2008 "Charmed Life" 18 The Very Best of Mick Jagger
2011 "Miracle Worker" (with SuperHeavy) 136 SuperHeavy (SuperHeavy album)
"T.H.E (The Hardest Ever)" (with will.i.am and Jennifer Lopez) 57 13 3 36 Non-album single
2017 "Gotta Get a Grip/England Lost" 109 2
"—" denotes releases did not chart

Filmography[edit]

Jagger has appeared in the following films:

Year Title
1966 Charlie Is My Darling
1968 Sympathy for the Devil
1969 Invocation of My Demon Brother
1970 Gimme Shelter
Ned Kelly
Performance
1972 Umano non-umano
1978 Wings of Ash (TV pilot for a dramatisation of the life of Antonin Artaud)
1978 All You Need Is Cash (mockumentary)
1982 Burden of Dreams
Let's Spend the Night Together
1987 Running Out of Luck
1991 At the Max
1992 Freejack
1997 Bent
1999 Mein liebster Feind (aka My Best Fiend)
2001 Enigma (cameo only, plus co-producer)
The Man from Elysian Fields
Being Mick
2003 Mayor of the Sunset Strip
2008 Shine a Light
2010 Stones in Exile
Ladies and Gentlemen: The Rolling Stones
2011 Some Girls: Live in Texas '78

Jagger was slated to appear in the 1982 film Fitzcarraldo and some scenes were shot with him, but he had to leave for a Rolling Stones tour and his character was eliminated.[190][191]

As producer[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Another version of events, as told by Glyn Johns, he attributed Richards' absence to a phone call from his partner at the time, Anita Pallenberg.[46] Regardless of which version, they both resulted in Richards being away from the band for a period of time.

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