Mickey Michaux

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Mickey Michaux
Mickey Michaux.jpg
Member of the North Carolina House of Representatives
from the 31st district
In office
1983 – present
Personal details
Born (1930-09-04) September 4, 1930 (age 84)
Durham, North Carolina
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) June
Residence Durham, North Carolina
Alma mater North Carolina Central University
Profession attorney, real estate, insurance
Religion Methodist

Henry M. "Mickey" Michaux, Jr. (born 1930) is a Democratic member of the North Carolina General Assembly representing the state's thirty-first House district since 1983. He previously served from 1973 through 1977. His district includes constituents in Durham County. As of 2014, Michaux is the longest-serving member of the North Carolina General Assembly.[1] In the 2007-2008 session, Michaux served as senior chairman of the House Appropriations Committee and chairman of the House Select Committee on Street Gang Prevention.[2]


An attorney and businessman, Michaux is a native of Durham, North Carolina and an alumnus of Durham's North Carolina Central University.[3] He served in the United States Army Medical Corps from 1952–1954 and in the Army Reserves from 1954 until 1960. He was an assistant district attorney before being elected to the North Carolina legislature in 1972. In 1977, Michaux became the first black United States Attorney in the South since Reconstruction when he was appointed to head the office in the Middle District of North Carolina.[4] Leaving that post at the end of the Carter administration, Michaux ran for Congress in 1982.

Runoff election threshold[edit]

Michaux polled the most votes in the first round of the Democratic primary, but because no candidate received more than 50 percent of the vote, he was forced into a runoff with Tim Valentine. Valentine won the runoff, and Michaux returned to the state legislature. There, he pushed for the elimination of primary runoffs, and eventually the law was changed to lower the threshold to winning 40 percent to avoid a runoff. Had that law been in place in 1982, Michaux would have been the first African-American elected to Congress from North Carolina in the twentieth century.[5]

In 1992, Michaux lost the Democratic primary in the new 12th congressional district to Mel Watt.[6]

The School of Education at North Carolina Central University was renamed the H. M. Michaux, Jr. School of Education in his honor in 2007.[7]


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