Micro armour (or micro armor) refers to small figurines made of lead, pewter, die cast metal or plastic, usually used for wargaming purposes. Variations of the name include: mini armour, mini armour, microscale, mini tanks, miniature armour, miniature armour, miniature tanks, micro tanks, minitanks, minifigs, armour figurines, tank figurines, etc. are also used. Micro armour is a sub-category of model military vehicle miniature figures used for military simulation, miniature wargaming, scale models, dioramas and collecting.
The specific term "micro armour" originated and was trademarked by GHQ founder Gregory Dean Scott in 1967 for a line of metal 1:285 scale armour miniatures. GHQ also published Micro Armour: The Game - WWII in 2001 some 34 years after founding the company. Early on, a competing company called C in C offered 1:285 scale micro armour starting in 1974.
- 1:300/1:285 (6 mm figure scale)
- 1:144 - 1:183 (10 mm - 12.5 mm figure scale) or N scale
- 1:100 - 1:122 (15 mm figure scale)
- 1:72-1:87 (20 mm - 28 mm figure scale)
|overall scale||1:72 - 1:87||1:100 - 1:122||1:144 - 1:183 (also N Scale)||1:285 - 1:300|
|figure scale||20–28 mm||15 mm||10 - 12.5 mm||6 mm|
|game scale||infantry & armour skirmish||infantry & armour skirmish||squad & armour skirmish||~platoon & armour skirmish|
Beyond squad-level scale there is half-platoon scale, platoon scale, company scale, battalion scale and division scale.
Armour skirmish vs. infantry skirmish scale
Micro armour is usually differentiated from tabletop games based on human shaped heroic scale / infantry skirmish game scale figures (even if the high and low ends of each respective category overlap) because the scales used by most micro armour games are smaller (armour skirmish game scale) and the represented playing field larger - though it is not nearly as large as in naval wargaming. In typical micro armour based games (such as Micro Armour: The Game - WWII) a single tank would represent a typical military unit. Contrast to larger scaled games, such as those using 20 mm - 54 mm heroic scale / infantry skirmish game scale miniatures, (such as MechWarrior, Warhammer 40,000, Warhammer, AT-43, Warmachine or Dungeons & Dragons), a tank would be unusually large and more akin to units like dragons or large catapults which human sized units must gang-up against to defeat. Infantry skirmish games such as The Face of Battle and I Ain't Been Shot, Mum! demonstrate this very well as they are designed to be played with 15mm, 20mm and 25/28mm scale figures, as contrasted with 6mm - 12.5mm armour skirmish figures.
Early (pre-1990) games using lead or pewter miniature armour (for World War II and modern battle simulation) included Angriff! by Z&M Publishing Enterprises (1968) and (1972), Fast Rules by Armored Operations Society (1970) published later by Guidon Games (1972), Tractics by Guidon Games (1971) later by TSR, Inc. (1975), War Games Rules Armour & Infantry 1925-1950 by Wargames Research Group (WRG) (1973), Panzer Warfare by TSR, Inc. (1975), Kampfgruppe by Historical Alternatives Game Co. (1979), Corps Commander: OMG & Korps Commander by Table Top Games (1986) and Command Decision by Game Designers' Workshop (1986).
There were also some science fiction-based games that used micro armour, such as Starguard by Reviresco (1974), Ogre by Steve Jackson Games (1977), Striker by Game Designers' Workshop (1981), Classic BattleTech by FASA (1984) and Space Marine by Games Workshop (1989).
Recent (1990 and later) games include Tide of Iron, Flames of War, Axis & Allies Miniatures, Micro Armour: The Game - WWII, Heavy Gear, Blitzkrieg Commander, Dirtside II, Crossfire, I Ain't Been Shot, Mum!, Cold War Commander, Megablitz, Panzer War, Panzertruppe Panzer Miniatures, Panzer Marsch, First Watch. Jagdpanzer, Command Decision - Test of Battle 4th Edition, the upcoming World Tank Campaigns. "BGMR Modern Rules"
Game piece manufacturers
Metal (and some plastic) gaming pieces are traditionally manufactured by companies such as GHQ (US), GFI (US), CGD (Hong Kong), Pendraken Miniatures (UK), Perrin Miniatures (distributed by Noble Miniatures in the US and Chariot Miniatures in the UK), QRF Models Ltd. (1:100 scale), Stevens International, DM Toys (Germany), C in C, Scotia Micro Models, Skytrex, Heroics & Ros, In-Service Miniatures, Irregular Miniatures, I-94 Enterprises, Armstrong Models (Now part of Heroics & Ros) (UK), Herpa/Roco/Preiser, SHQ Miniatures (1:76 scale/20 mm) and Battlefront Miniatures Limited (1:100 scale).
Recent plastic and diecast metal series intended for collecting and made in the 1:144 scale are manufactured by companies such as Dragon Models Limited (Hong Kong), Takara Tomy (Japan), Trumpeter (China), Pegasus Hobbies (US), ACI Toys Company Ltd. (Hong Kong) and others.
- Article Welcome to the World of GHQ
- Review http://www.boardgamegeek.com/boardgame/17379/wwii-micro-armour-the-game
- The Miniatures Page: WWII Land Rules
- Metal Miniatures - Size and Scale Compatibility
- Miniature figure (gaming)#Scales
- Miniature wargaming#Scale
- Wargaming#Unit or map scale
- List of scale model sizes
- Info http://www.ghqmodels.com/store/mg1.html
- The Face of Battle Web Site: http://www.thefaceofbattle.com/
- I Ain't Been Shot Mum! Web Site: http://toofatlardies.co.uk/index.php?main_page=product_info&products_id=30
- Angriff! Info
- Zimmerman & Myers' Angriff!
- Review: Jagdpanzer (1976) by Kevin Cabai, later published by Greenfield Hobbies (1986), http://rss.boardgamegeek.com/boardgame/41789/panzer-warfare
- The Tactical Wargamer: Listing of Tactical Miniatures Wargames
- Review: http://theminiaturespage.com/rules/scf/starguard.html
- See Ogre Miniatures - Collector's Checklist
- Review: http://www.boardgamegeek.com/boardgame/4001/space-marine
- Info http://www.ghqmodels.com/store/mg1.html
- Web site: http://www.blitzkrieg-commander.com/default.aspx?Area=BKC
- Review: http://theminiaturespage.com/rules/scf/drts.html
- Rules http://www.panzer-war.com/
- Info http://games.groups.yahoo.com/group/panzertruppe_game/
- Info http://www.strikenet-games.com/
- Info http://www.worgaimz.karoo.net/pm/
- Rules http://theminiaturespage.com/rules/ww2/fw.html
- Review: http://www.boardgamegeek.com/boardgame/18930/jagdpanzer
- Review: Command Decision - Test of Battle 4th Edition
- Info http://www.world-tank-campaigns.com/
- Info http://uk.groups.yahoo.com/group/BGMR