|Little pied cormorant|
Microcarbo has been recognized as a valid genus by the IOC’s World Bird List (Gill and Donsker 2010) on the basis of work by Siegel-Causey (1988), Kennedy et al. (2000), and Christidis and Boles (2008).
As suggested by the name, this genus contains the smallest of the world's cormorants. Five living and one extinct species are recognized.
List of species
|Image||Scientific name||Common Name||Distribution|
|Microcarbo coronatus||Crowned cormorant||Cape Agulhas north to Swakopmund along the coast of southern Africa|
|Microcarbo niger||Little cormorant||Indian Subcontinent and extends east to Java|
|Microcarbo melanoleucos||Little pied cormorant||New Zealand, from Stewart Island to Northland, mainland Australia, Tasmania and Indonesia|
|Microcarbo pygmeus||Pygmy cormorant||south-east of Europe (east of Italy) and south-west of Asia, in Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan|
|Microcarbo africanus||Reed cormorant||Africa south of the Sahara, and Madagascar|
- †Serventys' cormorant, Microcarbo serventyorum
- Christidis, L., and W. E. Boles. 2008. Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Victoria, Australia.
- Gill, F., and D. Donsker (eds.). 2010. IOC World Bird Names (Version 2.4). Available at  (Accessed 12 May 2010).
- Kennedy, M., R. D. Gray, and H. G. Spencer. 2000. The phylogenetic relationships of the shags and cormorants: can sequence data resolve a disagreement between behavior and morphology? Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 17: 345-359.
- Siegel-Causey, D. 1988. Phylogeny of the Phalacrocoracidae. Condor 90: 885-905. Available at  (Accessed 13 May 2010).